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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch Mar 2019

Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch

Political Science Publications

How do trade wars affect presidential support? President Trump's aggressive tariffs on China despite his largely rural electoral support base provide a unique opportunity to analyze the relationship between international trade policy and domestic support. If trade-related considerations were ever decisive to American voters, the stark decrease in soy prices, a direct effect of Trump-initiated tariffs immediately preceding the 2018 midterm election, serves as a critical test for studying their effect. This letter shows a robust inverse relationship between county-level soybean production and the change in Republican vote share between the 2016 and 2018 congressional elections.


Strategic Binary Choice Models With Partial Observability, Mark David Nieman Oct 2018

Strategic Binary Choice Models With Partial Observability, Mark David Nieman

Political Science Publications

Strategic interactions among rational, self-interested actors are commonly theorized in the behavioral, economic, and social sciences. The theorized strategic processes have traditionally been modeled with multi-stage structural estimators, which improve parameter estimates at one stage by using the information from other stages. Multi-stage approaches, however, impose rather strict demands on data availability: data must be available for the actions of each strategic actor at every stage of the interaction. Observational data are not always structured in a manner that is conducive to these approaches. Moreover, the theorized strategic process implies that these data are missing not at random. In this ...


Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson May 2018

Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

Political science journals have, for good reason, faced increased scrutiny because of the potential for biases in the editorial process. The representation of women lags behind their distribution in the discipline. Given the importance of publication in hiring, tenure, and promotion, if there are biases in the editorial process, it is vital to the discipline that we determine where in the process these occur and do what is necessary to eliminate them.

Political Behavior uses a double-blind review process. When manuscripts are submitted, the editor determines their fit for the journal in terms of both substance and quality to decide ...


Health Behaviors Among Low-Income Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Shelly M. Palmer, Traci L. Armstrong Florian, Mack C. Shelley May 2018

Health Behaviors Among Low-Income Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Shelly M. Palmer, Traci L. Armstrong Florian, Mack C. Shelley

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. Methods: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA). We created a food behavior scale. Results: Eighty-two percent self-identified as Hispanic (N = 358), with 45% Hispanic-dominant, 25% bicultural, 12% English-dominant, and 18% non-Hispanic white for acculturation status. Food behavior checklist results showed that ...


Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon Mar 2018

Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published creative pieces. We believe that this expression is a reflective way to contribute to critical issues in social justice. It was important to the author that this poem has a bilingual appearance. The poem was originally written in English and translated to Amharic.


Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang Mar 2018

Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang

Political Science Publications

China has undergone rapid social transitions within the last few decades. However, mental health issues, challenges to psychological well-being, and poor dietary choices have gradually surfaced. These health concerns are related to the rapid growth of the aging population and of the fast-paced industrialized society. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about food preferences and psychological well-being measurements in contemporary China. Applying the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) with a cross-sectional study design (n = 7970), we conducted multinomial logistic regression models to investigate the associations of food preferences, including fast food, salty snacks, fruits, vegetables, and sweetened beverages, with ...


Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow Jan 2018

Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This study evaluated the influence of temporal variation on the occurrence, fate, and transport of tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethazine (SMZ); antibiotics commonly used in swine production. Atrazine (ATZ) was used as a reference analyte to indicate the agricultural origin of the antibiotics. We also assessed the impact of season and hydrology on antibiotic concentrations. A reconnaissance study of the South Fork watershed of the Iowa River (SFIR), was conducted from 2013 to 2015. Tile drain effluent and surface water were monitored using polar organic integrative sampler (POCIS) technology. Approximately 169 animal feeding operations (AFOs) exist in SFIR, with 153 of ...


Who Isn’T Biased? Perceived Bias As A Dimension Of Credibility In Communication Of Science With Policymakers, Karen Akerlof, Maria Carmen Lemos, Emily Therese Cloyd, Erin Heath Jan 2018

Who Isn’T Biased? Perceived Bias As A Dimension Of Credibility In Communication Of Science With Policymakers, Karen Akerlof, Maria Carmen Lemos, Emily Therese Cloyd, Erin Heath

Iowa State University Summer Symposium on Science Communication

Identifying the determinants of success in communicating scientific information for use in policymaking has been a topic of longstanding interest for many fields. Perceptions of message and messenger credibility are recognized in many disciplines as key to information receptivity, and subsequent changes in attitudes, by decision-makers. Bias also appears as a component of credibility, but is not theoretically well-defined, and its effects can appear inconsistent. This study—comprised of interviews with congressional staff members with energy, environment, and science portfolios (n=16)—finds that perceptions of bias and expertise play a critical role in the way in which policymakers evaluate ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Juvenile Offender Placement In Adult Facilities On Recidivism Rates, Heather Lorraine Swanson Jan 2018

An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Juvenile Offender Placement In Adult Facilities On Recidivism Rates, Heather Lorraine Swanson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over time, efforts have been aimed at protecting the public while at the same time resocializing young people who have entered the juvenile justice system. However, once they have entered, the juvenile justice system is putting young offenders into adult incarceration facilities resulting in them actually becoming worse criminals with higher chances of reoffending. This study demonstrates that not only are juvenile offenders different from adult offenders, they need to be treated as such. This thesis will discuss the ways in which youth offenders are different from adults and use quantitative analyses to show that juveniles incarcerated in adult prisons ...


Modern American Populism: Analyzing The Economics Behind The Silent Majority, The Tea Party And Trumpism, Willis Patenaude Jan 2018

Modern American Populism: Analyzing The Economics Behind The Silent Majority, The Tea Party And Trumpism, Willis Patenaude

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This article researches populism, more specifically, Modern American Populism (MAP), constructed of white, rural, and economically oppressed reactionarianism, which was borne out of the political upheaval of the 1960’s Civil Rights movement. The research looks to explain the causes of populism and what leads voters to support populist movements and politicians. The research focuses on economic anxiety as the main cause but also examines an alternative theory of racial resentment. In an effort to answer the question, what causes

populist movements and motivations, I apply a research approach that utilizes qualitative and quantitative methods. There is an examination of ...


Who Votes For Islamists? A Cross-National Study Of 10 Muslim-Majority Countries, Ahmed Barziq Jan 2018

Who Votes For Islamists? A Cross-National Study Of 10 Muslim-Majority Countries, Ahmed Barziq

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The literature on Islamist voters is scarce. There are little emphases on Islamist voters and, conversely, plenty of scholarly works on Islamist movements and Islamists who support and sympathize with them. Therefore, this thesis aims to remedy this shortcoming in the political science literature and study Islamist voters as political animals. Precisely, the study is focused on underlining the main reasons that drive Islamist voters to the ballot box. Previous studies have studied the matter based upon clientelist and religious theoretical models and found conflicting evidence for the impact of these perspectives on Islamist voters. Thus, this paper seeks to ...


Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler Jan 2018

Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler

Statistics Preprints

Growing availability of disaggregated data, such as data on activity of subnational groups (e.g. protest campaigns, insurgents, terrorist groups, political parties or movements), has raised new types of theoretical and statistical challenges. In particular, rather than random, the observability and availability of disaggregated data are often a function of specific structural processes—an issue we refer to as structural selection. For example, domestic terrorist attacks or protester violence are conditional on the formation of domestic terrorist groups or protester movements in the first place. As a result, analytical inferences derived from subnational or other types of disaggregated data may ...


The Great Game’S New Player: China’S Belt And Road Strategy For Central Asia, Darrell James Carter Jan 2018

The Great Game’S New Player: China’S Belt And Road Strategy For Central Asia, Darrell James Carter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Under the leadership of President Xi Jinping China is taking ambitious strides towards greater economic and political influence globally, seeking to establish itself as great power by all definitions. Recently, one policy pushing towards that goal is the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) initiative which will expand on trade routes and resource pipelines over land and sea reaching to Africa, the Middle East, and even Europe. The land leg of BRI is the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) which passes through Central Asia before reaching the desired destinations, making the region critical to China’s goals for BRI. Through an ...


Totems, Fetishes, And Enchanted Modernity: Hegelian Marxism Confronts Idolatry, Mark Worrell, Dan Krier Jan 2018

Totems, Fetishes, And Enchanted Modernity: Hegelian Marxism Confronts Idolatry, Mark Worrell, Dan Krier

Sociology Publications

Translation is an odd business. In the Preface to the Phenomenology Hegel has a wonderful characterization of Understanding as being metaphorically akin to a table of contents compared to the rest of the book: i.e., skeletal and reliant for meaning and substance upon something external to itself:

Wenn die Bestimmtheit auch eine solche, wie zum Beispiel Magnetismus, eine an sich konkrete oder wirkliche ist, so ist sie doch zu etwas Totem herabgesunken, da sie von einem andern Dasein nur prädiziert und nicht als immanentes Leben dieses Daseins, oder wie sie in diesem ihre einheimische und eigentümliche Selbsterzeugung und Darstellung ...


Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher Jan 2018

Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher

Political Science Publications

There is no doubt that college–industry collaborations are vital to the success of undergraduate students with engineering and technology majors. This collaboration provides students with an opportunity to bridge the gap between classroom education and real-world experience. Inviting industry representatives to engage in the classroom and involving students with professional organizations, student field trips, virtual plant tours, and industry-focused final projects are ways in which an instructor can incorporate student–industry engagement into their course. During their undergraduate degree program, students are required to participate in an internship program where they gain substantial industry engagement and opportunities to learn ...


Analysis Of The Relationship Between University Students’ Problematic Internet Use And Loneliness, Mustafa T. Hebebci, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2018

Analysis Of The Relationship Between University Students’ Problematic Internet Use And Loneliness, Mustafa T. Hebebci, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

: The computer is part of the information and communication age, and the Internet today is the most used communication tool. Studies have shown that there is a relationship between problematic Internet use and loneliness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between problematic Internet use sub-scales and loneliness. In this study, data were collected from the college students at an Anatolian University in Turkey. The participants of this study consisted of 392 undergraduates. Of the participants, 43% are male (n = 167) and 57% female (n = 225). The average age for the participants is 22 years old. The ...


Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson Jan 2018

Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Xenophobia And Its Implications For Refugee Policies: A Cross-National Study, Elisa A. D'Amico Jan 2018

Xenophobia And Its Implications For Refugee Policies: A Cross-National Study, Elisa A. D'Amico

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Refugee policy matters, both for academic researchers and real-world policy debates. The topic of refugee integration is just as relevant. Xenophobia has been on the rise and is an important theme in the realm of refugee policy discussion as well. Does xenophobia lower the likelihood of a nation’s policies helping to integrate refugees with the rest of society? If host-nation citizens fear that refugees will harm the economy, increase terrorism and heighten crime rates, lawmakers will have little reason to prioritize integrative refugee policies. These factors suggest that when a country is more xenophobic, integrative refugee policies will not ...


Setting The Bar: Bright-Line Indicators In American Higher Education Accreditation, Jacob Allen Martin Jan 2018

Setting The Bar: Bright-Line Indicators In American Higher Education Accreditation, Jacob Allen Martin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Responding to increased calls for uniform standards in higher education accreditation, this paper uses punctuated equilibrium theory to ask whether bright lines will have disproportionate impacts on various institution types in higher education. Using ordinary least squares and logistic regressions, I analyze the impacts of predominant degree granted, profit structure, and institutional ownership on 150 percent time completion rates, student loan default rates, and debt to earnings ratio. The results suggest that bright lines in completion rate would disproportionately impact institutions based on predominant degree granted, profit structure, and institutional ownership. Bright lines in student loan default rate would disproportionately ...


The Organic Composition Of Big Mama, Daniel Krier, Mark P. Worrell Oct 2017

The Organic Composition Of Big Mama, Daniel Krier, Mark P. Worrell

Sociology Publications

A century and a half after Marx’s Capital, a synthetic idea of post-revolutionary society remains to be completed. We note a disconnect between Marx’s brilliant dialectical analysis of the commodity and the prophesized post-revolutionary world where people are once and for all free of domination. Unlike Marx’s analysis of the commodity, his vision of communism is untenable because it lacks an adequate social ontology and rational conceptual structure: in short, it represents what can best be described of as an atopia. We detect what amounts to an Oedipal fantasy in the theory of communist association in which ...


Moral Education For Sustainable Development: Exploring Morally Challenging Business Situations Within The Global Supply Chain Context, Jung Ha-Brookshire, Laura Mcandrews, Jooyoun Kim, Charles Freeman Jr, Byoungho Jin, Pamela Norum, Melody L.A. Lehew, Elena E. Karpova, Lesya M. Hassall, Sara Marcketti Sep 2017

Moral Education For Sustainable Development: Exploring Morally Challenging Business Situations Within The Global Supply Chain Context, Jung Ha-Brookshire, Laura Mcandrews, Jooyoun Kim, Charles Freeman Jr, Byoungho Jin, Pamela Norum, Melody L.A. Lehew, Elena E. Karpova, Lesya M. Hassall, Sara Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study presents the need for moral development education of current and future professionals so they can help build sustainable companies and global supply chains. Grounded in Ha-Brookshire’s moral responsibility theory of corporate sustainability, the authors explored a set of real-life business situations where business professionals experienced morally challenging dilemmas. The study was conducted within the context of the textile and apparel (TA) industry because of the global and fragmented supply chain nature of the industry. The real-life business situations were interpreted using Kohlberg’s moral development stage theory. The results of in-depth individual interviews followed by three focus ...


Trump And The Media, Chris Anderson Jan 2017

Trump And The Media, Chris Anderson

Veritas

The Trump administration is uniquely unorthodox in a number of ways, one of which being how Trump handles his relationship with the media. Since first announcing his candidacy in 2015, Trump has transformed our idea of what we can expect from presidential politics.


Politicians Clown Around: When Politics Divide, Annabelle White Jan 2017

Politicians Clown Around: When Politics Divide, Annabelle White

Veritas

In today’s politics, there are extreme divisions between the political parties and with that there is a tendency to look at politics in black and white. People are either for or against policies. This trend has created harsh stereotypes between the parties that make it hard to believe that people in the opposing party think similarly.


Freedom Of Movement, Audra Kincart Jan 2017

Freedom Of Movement, Audra Kincart

Veritas

America was founded on freedom; the freedom of speech, the freedom of press, the freedom of religion, the freedom to petition, and the freedom to peacefully assemble. Now, some don’t have the freedom of movement.


Trump And Democrats: An Uncanny Combination, Courtney Carstens Jan 2017

Trump And Democrats: An Uncanny Combination, Courtney Carstens

Veritas

Donald Trump won the U.S. presidential election in 2016. Many people, a proportion of them being Democrat, claimed that Donald Trump was not their president. In one broadcast, a news team called those who voted for the president racist, xenophobic and uneducated. The hashtag "not my president" was viral throughout the first few weeks after his presidency was claimed. Listening to the stereotypes, Republicans presumably were the only ones to vote for this man—but according to BBC, 9 percent of Democrats, those who identified as registered Democrats, voted for Trump.


Community Input, Veritas Jan 2017

Community Input, Veritas

Veritas

"If you could change one stereotype in politics, whether it be politics as a whole or in a particular party, what would it be and why?"


Veritas (Issue 3), Veritas Jan 2017

Veritas (Issue 3), Veritas

Veritas

Contents: Chris Anderson, "Trump and the media;" Courtney Castens, "A transition of power;" "Community input;" Audra Kincart, "The Freedom of Movement;" Anthony Chavez, "Scalia Missed Out."


Veritas (Fall 2017), Veritas Jan 2017

Veritas (Fall 2017), Veritas

Veritas

Contents: Politicians clowning around: When politics divide; Trump and Democrats: An uncanny combination; Making spaces out of staples and copy paper; Community input; Social change; Blood and soil; Wind ethanol agriculture and Trump


Scalia Missed Out: A Review Of The 2015–2016 Supreme Court Session And Its 4-4 Decisions, Anthony Chavez Jan 2017

Scalia Missed Out: A Review Of The 2015–2016 Supreme Court Session And Its 4-4 Decisions, Anthony Chavez

Veritas

It’s not unusual for there to be close decisions in the Supreme Court, but with a vacancy there are rising 4-4 decisions. In all these decisions they upheld a circuit court’s ruling. Many of these cases, often politically charged, will likely make their way up to the Supreme Court again after the appointment of the ninth justice.


A Transition Of Power, Courtney Carstens Jan 2017

A Transition Of Power, Courtney Carstens

Veritas

With a new president comes new cabinet appointments. One such appointment is Gov. Terry Branstad as ambassador to Beijing, a move that affects every Iowan.