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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson Sep 2019

Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

Lilliana Mason's Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity is easily the best book on American politics I have read in years. I mean this in two important ways. First, the book tackles what may be the most pressing question in politics: Why has the American public become increasing polarized? The answer—that the increasing overlap between identities changes the way that citizens see themselves and others—provides a clear understanding of polarization. But this is not only an important book, it is a good book. Mason constructs a careful argument, grounded in social psychology, and each chapter in ...


Rallying Over Balloting: The Origins Of Millennial Activism, Nolan Higdon May 2019

Rallying Over Balloting: The Origins Of Millennial Activism, Nolan Higdon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

Activism by U.S. millennials, such as the March for Our Lives, Occupy, and Black Lives Matter, has reversed a national decline in civic engagement. Much of the scholarship has focused on how, not why, millennials participate in activism. This qualitative study of 121 purposely sampled millennial participants seeks to identify the origins of millennial activism. This study operates from a generational lens. Interviews of each participant from 2015-2017 went through two cycles of coding to reveal five progenitors of millennial activism: Family and Friends, Institutions and Organizations, Encounters with Activism, Media and Popular Culture, and Hate and Harm. The ...


Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch Mar 2019

Bean Counters: The Effect Of Soy Tariffs On Change In Republican Vote Share Between The 2016 And 2018 Elections., Olga Chyzh, Robert B. Urbatsch

Political Science Publications

How do trade wars affect presidential support? President Trump's aggressive tariffs on China despite his largely rural electoral support base provide a unique opportunity to analyze the relationship between international trade policy and domestic support. If trade-related considerations were ever decisive to American voters, the stark decrease in soy prices, a direct effect of Trump-initiated tariffs immediately preceding the 2018 midterm election, serves as a critical test for studying their effect. This letter shows a robust inverse relationship between county-level soybean production and the change in Republican vote share between the 2016 and 2018 congressional elections.


3 Reasons Why People Fall For Politicians’ Lies About Statistics, Mack C. Shelley Feb 2019

3 Reasons Why People Fall For Politicians’ Lies About Statistics, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Why do people make such poor decisions about politics? Why are they so often distracted by lies, irrelevant alternatives and specious arguments?

Politicians use and abuse statistics and fabricate when it suits their purposes. Contemporary examples of either deliberate or inadvertent misuse of data are easy to find on all sides of the political divide, from the Trump administration’s claim that U.S. border officials detained “nearly 4,000 known or suspected terrorists” last year at the Mexican border to U.S. Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s December tweet asserting that “66 percent of Medicare for All could have been ...


Gaps In Safe Food Handling Practices Of Older Adults, Lelee Yap, Sarah L. Francis, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery, Catherine J. Lillehoj Feb 2019

Gaps In Safe Food Handling Practices Of Older Adults, Lelee Yap, Sarah L. Francis, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery, Catherine J. Lillehoj

Political Science Publications

We identified gaps in safe food handling practices that may be placing older adults at increased risk of food-borne illness. A convenience sample of 1,019 older adults completed the Food Safety Behavior Questionnaire. Majority groups among participants were those who were female, those who were White, and those who were widowed. Participants had lower adherences to safe practices related to temperature control, attention to sell-by/use-by dates on food packages, and cross-contamination. Adherences were significantly (p < .05) influenced by gender, race/ethnicity, age, marital status, and education. Our findings suggest the need for older adult–focused safe food handling education related to temperature control, product selection practices, and cross-contamination.


Classification Of Ad Tone In Political Video Advertisements Under Class Imbalance And Low Data Samples, Mohit Baskota Jan 2019

Classification Of Ad Tone In Political Video Advertisements Under Class Imbalance And Low Data Samples, Mohit Baskota

Creative Components

Ad tone defines the aim of a political video advertisement, which can be either to promote a specific candidate, to attack the candidates or to contrast the candidates. Depending upon the aim, a political video advertisement can be classified into either promote, attack or contrast class. Analysis of ad tone in political video advertisements can provide more insights about the political campaign to political science researchers. Political campaigns are investing more and more on online platforms, which creates a large amount of political video advertisements. Manual classification of ad tones in political video advertisement is time-consuming, labor intensive and not ...


The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp Jan 2019

The Muslim Brotherhood: Exploring Divergent Views In Saudi Arabia And Qatar, Andrew Lipp

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis upset the traditional alliances of the Middle East. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt severed ties with Qatar, accusing Qatar of sponsoring terrorist organizations and compromising the Gulf Cooperation Council by strengthening relations with Iran. This article highlights the role of the Muslim Brotherhood within both Saudi Arabia and Qatar to demonstrate why the Islamist organization was an important piece in the initiation of the ongoing diplomatic crisis. Using two historical case studies, this paper reveals two divergent views of the MB in Saudi Arabia and Qatar. The Saudi royal family views ...


In Defense Of Privacy, Jacob Wilson Jan 2019

In Defense Of Privacy, Jacob Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is no shortage of threats to an individual’s privacy in the contemporary world. At any time, it is possible for any citizen to be subjected to an invasion of their personal privacy in a number of different ways. In this thesis I outline three differing perspectives from which society can view issues pertaining to individual privacy. Using differing political theories as advocates of each perspective, I analyze the logical results and the effects each perspective has on society at large. Whichever perspective we adopt has great influence over legislative discretion, legal rules, and executive authority when issues of ...


Strategic Deferment: A Study Of The Rogue State, Status Quo State Relationship With A Focus On The United States And North Korea, Nathan Hoffman Jan 2019

Strategic Deferment: A Study Of The Rogue State, Status Quo State Relationship With A Focus On The United States And North Korea, Nathan Hoffman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The existing nuclear deterrence literature has, as a whole, overlooked rogue states, and especially North Korea. In the first half of this paper, I present a game-theoretic model that demonstrates the differences between how a rogue state acts with and without nuclear weapons. The second half of this paper is a case study focusing on North Korea, examining how North Korea fits into the model. My analysis of the model results in these conclusions: One, North Korea will respond with nuclear weapons if attacked; Two, a nuclear first strike by the U.S. on North Korea is possible if the ...


The Effects Of Dog-Whistle Politics On Political Violence, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Clayton Webb Jan 2019

The Effects Of Dog-Whistle Politics On Political Violence, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Clayton Webb

Political Science Publications

The election of President Trump marked significant changes in the content, outlets, and the level of civility of political rhetoric. The traditional left/right policy disagreements took on a more populist tone, activating extremist elements within society. We explore the consequences of political appeals to nationalist identity within the context of modern-day America. We argue that employed by elected officials, nationalist political rhetoric legitimizes extremist views and their expression. This effect is exacerbated by the social media, which provides an unmoderated channel for communication between elected officials and their extremist supporters. We test the link between nationalist rhetoric and hate ...


Long Run Confidence: Estimating Confidence Intervals When Using Long Run Multipliers, Mark David Nieman, David A. M. Peterson Jan 2019

Long Run Confidence: Estimating Confidence Intervals When Using Long Run Multipliers, Mark David Nieman, David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

The recent exchange on Error Correction Models in Political Analysis and elsewhere dealt with several important issues involved in time series analysis. While there was much disagreement in the symposium, one common theme was the lack of power due to the few number of observations for much of this work. In this paper we highlight two well known but rarely discussed problems this has for inferences from standard time series techniques. First, one result of low power is inflated standard errors. One issue low powered time series can face is that the confidence interval on a lagged dependent variable, even ...


Peaceful Neighborhoods And Democratic Differences, Douglas M. Gibler, Mark D. Nieman Jan 2019

Peaceful Neighborhoods And Democratic Differences, Douglas M. Gibler, Mark D. Nieman

Political Science Publications

Democracies are thought to behave differently than other states when cooperating in alliances, organizations, trade, and a host of other international institutions. We contend, however, that these democratic differences largely depend upon geopolitical environments that make cooperation possible. Though studies have demonstrated endogeneity between democracy and peace, few analyze the effects of this joint relationship on democratic differences in cooperative foreign policy behavior. We address this using the alliance literature as an example. We argue that alliances are used to either deter aggression or serve as conduits to advance other goals. Alliances that deter occur in dangerous environments, while those ...


Strategic Binary Choice Models With Partial Observability, Mark David Nieman Oct 2018

Strategic Binary Choice Models With Partial Observability, Mark David Nieman

Political Science Publications

Strategic interactions among rational, self-interested actors are commonly theorized in the behavioral, economic, and social sciences. The theorized strategic processes have traditionally been modeled with multi-stage structural estimators, which improve parameter estimates at one stage by using the information from other stages. Multi-stage approaches, however, impose rather strict demands on data availability: data must be available for the actions of each strategic actor at every stage of the interaction. Observational data are not always structured in a manner that is conducive to these approaches. Moreover, the theorized strategic process implies that these data are missing not at random. In this ...


Strategies To Redefine The Problem Exploration Space For Design Innovation, Seda Mckilligan, Samantha L. Creeger Sep 2018

Strategies To Redefine The Problem Exploration Space For Design Innovation, Seda Mckilligan, Samantha L. Creeger

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Designers are used to solving problems that are given to them, leading them to focus on creating feasible solutions rather than exploring novel perspectives on the presented problems. Creative innovations in problem understanding may lead directly to more innovation solutions. Although problem exploration has been identified as a key process in design thinking, how designers restructure and reframe the problem is not fully examined. The present work aimed to understand how designers intentionally explore variants of problems on the way to solutions. Through an empirical study industrial design students, we documented a high degree of variation in the problem perspectives ...


Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson May 2018

Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

Political science journals have, for good reason, faced increased scrutiny because of the potential for biases in the editorial process. The representation of women lags behind their distribution in the discipline. Given the importance of publication in hiring, tenure, and promotion, if there are biases in the editorial process, it is vital to the discipline that we determine where in the process these occur and do what is necessary to eliminate them.

Political Behavior uses a double-blind review process. When manuscripts are submitted, the editor determines their fit for the journal in terms of both substance and quality to decide ...


Health Behaviors Among Low-Income Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Shelly M. Palmer, Traci L. Armstrong Florian, Mack C. Shelley May 2018

Health Behaviors Among Low-Income Hispanic And Non-Hispanic White Women, Donna M. Winham, Shelly M. Palmer, Traci L. Armstrong Florian, Mack C. Shelley

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Objectives: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. Methods: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA). We created a food behavior scale. Results: Eighty-two percent self-identified as Hispanic (N = 358), with 45% Hispanic-dominant, 25% bicultural, 12% English-dominant, and 18% non-Hispanic white for acculturation status. Food behavior checklist results showed that ...


Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon Mar 2018

Personae Non Gratae, Laura Bisaillon

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

The Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis has traditionally published creative pieces. We believe that this expression is a reflective way to contribute to critical issues in social justice. It was important to the author that this poem has a bilingual appearance. The poem was originally written in English and translated to Amharic.


Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang Mar 2018

Assessing The Association Of Food Preferences And Self-Reported Psychological Well-Being Among Middle-Aged And Older Adults In Contemporary China-Results From The China Health And Nutrition Survey, Yen-Han Lee, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Ching-Ti Lu, Yen-Chang Chang

Political Science Publications

China has undergone rapid social transitions within the last few decades. However, mental health issues, challenges to psychological well-being, and poor dietary choices have gradually surfaced. These health concerns are related to the rapid growth of the aging population and of the fast-paced industrialized society. Nevertheless, there is little knowledge about food preferences and psychological well-being measurements in contemporary China. Applying the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) with a cross-sectional study design (n = 7970), we conducted multinomial logistic regression models to investigate the associations of food preferences, including fast food, salty snacks, fruits, vegetables, and sweetened beverages, with ...


Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow Jan 2018

Monitoring Tylosin And Sulfamethazine In A Tile-Drained Agricultural Watershed Using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (Pocis), Maurice T. Washingtion, Thomas Moorman, Michelle L. Soupir, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Amy J. Morrow

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

This study evaluated the influence of temporal variation on the occurrence, fate, and transport of tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethazine (SMZ); antibiotics commonly used in swine production. Atrazine (ATZ) was used as a reference analyte to indicate the agricultural origin of the antibiotics. We also assessed the impact of season and hydrology on antibiotic concentrations. A reconnaissance study of the South Fork watershed of the Iowa River (SFIR), was conducted from 2013 to 2015. Tile drain effluent and surface water were monitored using polar organic integrative sampler (POCIS) technology. Approximately 169 animal feeding operations (AFOs) exist in SFIR, with 153 of ...


Who Isn’T Biased? Perceived Bias As A Dimension Of Credibility In Communication Of Science With Policymakers, Karen Akerlof, Maria Carmen Lemos, Emily Therese Cloyd, Erin Heath Jan 2018

Who Isn’T Biased? Perceived Bias As A Dimension Of Credibility In Communication Of Science With Policymakers, Karen Akerlof, Maria Carmen Lemos, Emily Therese Cloyd, Erin Heath

Iowa State University Summer Symposium on Science Communication

Identifying the determinants of success in communicating scientific information for use in policymaking has been a topic of longstanding interest for many fields. Perceptions of message and messenger credibility are recognized in many disciplines as key to information receptivity, and subsequent changes in attitudes, by decision-makers. Bias also appears as a component of credibility, but is not theoretically well-defined, and its effects can appear inconsistent. This study—comprised of interviews with congressional staff members with energy, environment, and science portfolios (n=16)—finds that perceptions of bias and expertise play a critical role in the way in which policymakers evaluate ...


Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler Jan 2018

Modeling Structural Selection In Disaggregated Event Data, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman, Douglas M. Gibler

Statistics Preprints

Growing availability of disaggregated data, such as data on activity of subnational groups (e.g. protest campaigns, insurgents, terrorist groups, political parties or movements), has raised new types of theoretical and statistical challenges. In particular, rather than random, the observability and availability of disaggregated data are often a function of specific structural processes—an issue we refer to as structural selection. For example, domestic terrorist attacks or protester violence are conditional on the formation of domestic terrorist groups or protester movements in the first place. As a result, analytical inferences derived from subnational or other types of disaggregated data may ...


Totems, Fetishes, And Enchanted Modernity: Hegelian Marxism Confronts Idolatry, Mark Worrell, Dan Krier Jan 2018

Totems, Fetishes, And Enchanted Modernity: Hegelian Marxism Confronts Idolatry, Mark Worrell, Dan Krier

Sociology Publications

Translation is an odd business. In the Preface to the Phenomenology Hegel has a wonderful characterization of Understanding as being metaphorically akin to a table of contents compared to the rest of the book: i.e., skeletal and reliant for meaning and substance upon something external to itself:

Wenn die Bestimmtheit auch eine solche, wie zum Beispiel Magnetismus, eine an sich konkrete oder wirkliche ist, so ist sie doch zu etwas Totem herabgesunken, da sie von einem andern Dasein nur prädiziert und nicht als immanentes Leben dieses Daseins, oder wie sie in diesem ihre einheimische und eigentümliche Selbsterzeugung und Darstellung ...


Xenophobia And Its Implications For Refugee Policies: A Cross-National Study, Elisa A. D'Amico Jan 2018

Xenophobia And Its Implications For Refugee Policies: A Cross-National Study, Elisa A. D'Amico

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Refugee policy matters, both for academic researchers and real-world policy debates. The topic of refugee integration is just as relevant. Xenophobia has been on the rise and is an important theme in the realm of refugee policy discussion as well. Does xenophobia lower the likelihood of a nation’s policies helping to integrate refugees with the rest of society? If host-nation citizens fear that refugees will harm the economy, increase terrorism and heighten crime rates, lawmakers will have little reason to prioritize integrative refugee policies. These factors suggest that when a country is more xenophobic, integrative refugee policies will not ...


Setting The Bar: Bright-Line Indicators In American Higher Education Accreditation, Jacob Allen Martin Jan 2018

Setting The Bar: Bright-Line Indicators In American Higher Education Accreditation, Jacob Allen Martin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Responding to increased calls for uniform standards in higher education accreditation, this paper uses punctuated equilibrium theory to ask whether bright lines will have disproportionate impacts on various institution types in higher education. Using ordinary least squares and logistic regressions, I analyze the impacts of predominant degree granted, profit structure, and institutional ownership on 150 percent time completion rates, student loan default rates, and debt to earnings ratio. The results suggest that bright lines in completion rate would disproportionately impact institutions based on predominant degree granted, profit structure, and institutional ownership. Bright lines in student loan default rate would disproportionately ...


The Great Game’S New Player: China’S Belt And Road Strategy For Central Asia, Darrell James Carter Jan 2018

The Great Game’S New Player: China’S Belt And Road Strategy For Central Asia, Darrell James Carter

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Under the leadership of President Xi Jinping China is taking ambitious strides towards greater economic and political influence globally, seeking to establish itself as great power by all definitions. Recently, one policy pushing towards that goal is the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) initiative which will expand on trade routes and resource pipelines over land and sea reaching to Africa, the Middle East, and even Europe. The land leg of BRI is the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) which passes through Central Asia before reaching the desired destinations, making the region critical to China’s goals for BRI. Through an ...


Modern American Populism: Analyzing The Economics Behind The Silent Majority, The Tea Party And Trumpism, Willis Patenaude Jan 2018

Modern American Populism: Analyzing The Economics Behind The Silent Majority, The Tea Party And Trumpism, Willis Patenaude

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This article researches populism, more specifically, Modern American Populism (MAP), constructed of white, rural, and economically oppressed reactionarianism, which was borne out of the political upheaval of the 1960’s Civil Rights movement. The research looks to explain the causes of populism and what leads voters to support populist movements and politicians. The research focuses on economic anxiety as the main cause but also examines an alternative theory of racial resentment. In an effort to answer the question, what causes

populist movements and motivations, I apply a research approach that utilizes qualitative and quantitative methods. There is an examination of ...


Who Votes For Islamists? A Cross-National Study Of 10 Muslim-Majority Countries, Ahmed Barziq Jan 2018

Who Votes For Islamists? A Cross-National Study Of 10 Muslim-Majority Countries, Ahmed Barziq

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The literature on Islamist voters is scarce. There are little emphases on Islamist voters and, conversely, plenty of scholarly works on Islamist movements and Islamists who support and sympathize with them. Therefore, this thesis aims to remedy this shortcoming in the political science literature and study Islamist voters as political animals. Precisely, the study is focused on underlining the main reasons that drive Islamist voters to the ballot box. Previous studies have studied the matter based upon clientelist and religious theoretical models and found conflicting evidence for the impact of these perspectives on Islamist voters. Thus, this paper seeks to ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Juvenile Offender Placement In Adult Facilities On Recidivism Rates, Heather Lorraine Swanson Jan 2018

An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Juvenile Offender Placement In Adult Facilities On Recidivism Rates, Heather Lorraine Swanson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over time, efforts have been aimed at protecting the public while at the same time resocializing young people who have entered the juvenile justice system. However, once they have entered, the juvenile justice system is putting young offenders into adult incarceration facilities resulting in them actually becoming worse criminals with higher chances of reoffending. This study demonstrates that not only are juvenile offenders different from adult offenders, they need to be treated as such. This thesis will discuss the ways in which youth offenders are different from adults and use quantitative analyses to show that juveniles incarcerated in adult prisons ...


Analysis Of The Relationship Between University Students’ Problematic Internet Use And Loneliness, Mustafa T. Hebebci, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2018

Analysis Of The Relationship Between University Students’ Problematic Internet Use And Loneliness, Mustafa T. Hebebci, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

: The computer is part of the information and communication age, and the Internet today is the most used communication tool. Studies have shown that there is a relationship between problematic Internet use and loneliness. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between problematic Internet use sub-scales and loneliness. In this study, data were collected from the college students at an Anatolian University in Turkey. The participants of this study consisted of 392 undergraduates. Of the participants, 43% are male (n = 167) and 57% female (n = 225). The average age for the participants is 22 years old. The ...


Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson Jan 2018

Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.