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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund Aug 2019

Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

For someone brand new to public policy advocacy, the concept can seem broad and putting it to practice can seem vague. In part, this is because the spectrum of public policy advocacy is broad and contains a vast variety of actions under its umbrella. The Chicago Jobs Council’s policy advocacy strategies around SNAP Employment and Training that are recounted in this toolkit are shared in context with the intent of shedding some light on the why, how, and when particular strategies are utilized. Our hope is that the examples shared here can be used to inform anyone that is ...


Reform And Democratization In Ukraine: My Service As A Peace Corps Volunteer With An Ukrainian Local Government Organization, Danielle Stevens Apr 2019

Reform And Democratization In Ukraine: My Service As A Peace Corps Volunteer With An Ukrainian Local Government Organization, Danielle Stevens

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

This paper provides a micro-analysis of democratization and reform in an Ukrainian local government institution that was the site placement for the author's Peace Corps service. Through using a culturalist lens and applying open systems theory while working as a Peace Corps Volunteer, the researcher observed how one organization coped with implementing public administration reform that is the result of the Revolution of Dignity in 2013-2014. This paper contributes to existing research regarding reform efficacy in other post-Soviet spaces, and provides a foundation for furthering similar research in Ukraine.


What Do Renters Want: Renter Priorities And Neighborhood Organizations’ Ability To Address Those Issues, Jordan Backstrom Dec 2018

What Do Renters Want: Renter Priorities And Neighborhood Organizations’ Ability To Address Those Issues, Jordan Backstrom

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

The purpose of this capstone paper is to engage the rental population in two Minneapolis neighborhoods and get renter resident feedback on issues of local concern, and potential programs that a neighborhood organization could offer to ameliorate those issues. The study consisted of surveys collected from tenants and property owners in two neighborhoods in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The results of these surveys will help to guide the development of future neighborhood organization programming targeted towards the benefit of the rental population.


Determinants Of Usaid Spending, Austin J. Moser Oct 2018

Determinants Of Usaid Spending, Austin J. Moser

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This paper examines the determinants of USAID’s foreign aid disbursements from 2002-2016. Three noteworthy findings emerge. First, USAID foreign aid is based more on political considerations rather than the policies of recipient countries. Second, foreign aid is determined by location and political history. Third, this pattern emerges across all categories of USAID disbursements.


The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson Dec 2017

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...


The Griz In The Zoo: Evaluating The Relationship Between The City Of Missoula And The University Of Montana, Eliud Uresti Jul 2017

The Griz In The Zoo: Evaluating The Relationship Between The City Of Missoula And The University Of Montana, Eliud Uresti

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This study serves as a qualitative, descriptive case study analyzing the social, economic, and political relationship between the University of Montana and its host municipality, the City of Missoula, often referred to as “The Zoo.” The University of Montana is home to “The Griz” student body; 12,000 of Missoula’s 70,000 residents. Being that the student population in Missoula is a significant portion of its total size, the impact that the university has on Missoula and its residents is quite noticeable, most often in a positive manner, but at times strenuous. This paper provides a brief overview of ...


Marketing The Mountain State: A Large N Study Of User Engagement On Twitter, Kirk Richardson Jun 2017

Marketing The Mountain State: A Large N Study Of User Engagement On Twitter, Kirk Richardson

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

Much of the evolving research on the use of social media in destination marketing emphasizes how information diffusion influences the reputational image of place. The present study uses Twitter data to focus on the relative differences in user engagement across discrete account types. Specifically, this is done to examine how the official destination marketing organization of Montana—the Montana Office of Tourism (MTOT)—performs relative to other account types. Several regression analyses conducted on Twitter data associated with an ongoing MTOT place branding campaign reveal that tweets sent from ‘official’ accounts are more likely to be retweeted, and are estimated ...


Us Aid In The Arab World Fact Checking Us Democratization Rhetoric Against Reality, Nicholas Canfield Apr 2017

Us Aid In The Arab World Fact Checking Us Democratization Rhetoric Against Reality, Nicholas Canfield

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Many factors have been used to explain durable authoritarianism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and one of the most important external influences of MENA governments’ structure is support from the United States. The US balances security concerns and democratization rhetoric in the region, but much literature promotes that security concerns are the most important factor for US support in MENA. Using US aid as a proxy for US support, this study finds that US aid actually increases democratization in MENA, and counterintuitively, aid to MENA military and police forces seems to have a stronger democratization effect than ...


And That's The Word: Effects Of The Colbert Report On Political Knowledge And Participation, Nicholas Canfield Apr 2017

And That's The Word: Effects Of The Colbert Report On Political Knowledge And Participation, Nicholas Canfield

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

The Colbert Report was a satirical, political, and “fake” news show that lasted for almost a decade on the Comedy Central Network. Although many scholars have argued the program was less impactful and influential than Jon Stewart’s The Daily Show, phenomena such as the “Colbert Bump” show a definite impact on the political lives of many Americans. Using four quantitative surveys from 2008 to 2012, this thesis investigates the effects of watching The Colbert Report on individuals’ political knowledge and political participation. Results indicate non-Republican viewers increased their political knowledge, but not participation, from watching the show. The educational ...


Self-Confidence In Moroccan Women: Understanding And Implications, Bethan Owen Jan 2017

Self-Confidence In Moroccan Women: Understanding And Implications, Bethan Owen

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This research seeks to explore the theory outlined in the article “Supplemental material for age and gender differences in self-esteem—A cross-cultural window,” which states that women in developing countries are more likely than women in developed countries to have high levels of self-confidence. An observational study was conducted by the author on 30 women in the town of Imouzzer Kandar, Morocco. Based on this very limited sample size, results suggest that these women do, generally, have high rates of self-confidence. Morocco-specific cultural influences are examined, as well as results found in other studies and the author’s personal experiences ...


Community Land Trusts: A Help Or Hindrance To Community Development In The United States, Andrew Kuka Jan 2017

Community Land Trusts: A Help Or Hindrance To Community Development In The United States, Andrew Kuka

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

The availability of affordable housing in the United States continues to be an issue for Americans who are on the brink of homelessness, rely on housing subsidies, or struggle to pay their mortgages or rents. These issues, as well as the gentrification threat that community development poses to low-income residents can have deleterious effects on democratic participation and community development efforts. One proposed solution to these problems is the implementation of more community land trust programs nationally. This paper will assess the practicality of CLTs, and what such an implementation would mean for individuals, government entities, community members, and community ...


Policy Dissemination: Public Administration Theory And International Organizations | A Case Study On The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities In The Kingdom Of Morocco, Rachelle Ann Wilson Dec 2016

Policy Dissemination: Public Administration Theory And International Organizations | A Case Study On The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities In The Kingdom Of Morocco, Rachelle Ann Wilson

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

With the advent of international organizations comes international law. Unprecedented at such a global and influential level, there is no theoretical framework within public administration explicitly focused on administrative structure and strategies for the implementation of international law. Consequently, the current administrative literature and theoretical framework must be looked to and transposed, as much as possible, to the international stage. This paper explores public administration theory and how it would manifest if applied to international policy implementation. By taking a closer look into the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its implementation strategy within the ...


Strategic Housing And Vacant Land Development Plan For A More Viable Detroit, Ryan W. Hebert Aug 2016

Strategic Housing And Vacant Land Development Plan For A More Viable Detroit, Ryan W. Hebert

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

In recent years Detroit has seen the beginnings of a revival with coordinated blight removal efforts from the city and large downtown development investments from foundations, such as the Kresge Foundation, and key players in the corporate sector such as Dan Gilbert, founder and chairman of Quicken Loans. While these efforts have led to tremendous changes and revitalization in the downtown and midtown areas, as well as along the riverfront, much of the city’s neighborhoods remain left to solve their housing and land use crises. What follows is an attempt to build upon the work of others in finding ...


Peace Meal: A Senior Citizen's Right To Food In East Central Illinois, Jessica Aceves, Chris Wellin Jan 2016

Peace Meal: A Senior Citizen's Right To Food In East Central Illinois, Jessica Aceves, Chris Wellin

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

This study provides a formative evaluation of the Older Americans Act (OAA) Senior Nutrition Program, Peace Meal. Peace Meal provides home delivered and congregate meals for older adults in 14 counties in east central Illinois. The East Central Illinois Area Agency on Aging (ECIAAA) is a funding source for Peace Meal and advocates that the OAA Senior Nutrition Program help older adults have improved food security and reduced social isolation. Key informant interviews and focus groups provided personal stories of how people in the community access food, what dietary and nutritional elements affect their food choices and health, and how ...


A Formative Evaluation Of The Bloomington-Normal Entrepreneurial Ecosystem, Emily Rego Jan 2016

A Formative Evaluation Of The Bloomington-Normal Entrepreneurial Ecosystem, Emily Rego

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

This study serves as a formative evaluation of the Bloomington-Normal-McLean County, IL region’s entrepreneurial ecosystem, which the development thereof is a tactical strategy outlined in the recently created Bloomington-Normal economic development plan (also known as BN Advantage). An entrepreneurial ecosystem is a network comprising of entrepreneurs, supporting organizations and entities such as investors, governments, universities and various other organizations with a focus on economic development. Vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystems strengthen local entrepreneurial capacity, which then spurs economic development through job creation and growth, economic diversity and increasing a region’s competitive advantage. The methodology of this study involved combining qualitative ...


Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, Julia Neaves Oct 2015

Road To Recovery: Recidivism And The Mclean County Drug Court, Julia Neaves

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This study explores the effectiveness of the McLean County Drug Court at reducing time to recidivism using survival analysis techniques. Data on 146 drug court participants was collected using the county’s proprietary case management systems. Findings suggest that length of drug court programming significantly reduces time to recidivism. Unfortunately, black offenders and offenders with prior criminal history were found to return to the prison system more rapidly than other groups, suggesting that drug court programming may not be addressing the greater systemic issues present in the criminal justice system. These findings collectively inform policy recommendations provided to county administrators ...


“Building Louder”: An Assessment Of Habitat For Humanity, International’S Government Relations And Advocacy Efforts, Joanna A. Bossi Jan 2015

“Building Louder”: An Assessment Of Habitat For Humanity, International’S Government Relations And Advocacy Efforts, Joanna A. Bossi

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This paper examines the role that advocacy and lobbying has in nonprofit organizations and, specifically, makes an assessment of how well Habitat for Humanity, International is utilizing advocacy. This paper reviews the role of nonprofits in the United States, the barriers that keep some nonprofits from utilizing advocacy methods, and the advocacy methods that Habitat for Humanity, International has in place, as well as the methods of other nonprofits of similar size. Recommendations to Habitat for Humanity, International to increase their advocacy capacity are provided.


Building On Social Capital To Improve Health: The Interactional Approach To Community Development, Matthew Charles Tomlin Mr Jan 2015

Building On Social Capital To Improve Health: The Interactional Approach To Community Development, Matthew Charles Tomlin Mr

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Since political scientist, Robert Putnam, (1995) brought the concept of social capital into popular discourse, there has been a surge in debate over its definition, causes, and consequences in a range of social science disciplines. While social capital has been found to support self-rated overall health at the state level (Kawachi et al, 1999), there is still a dearth of data and research on localities in different regions of the country. This study analyzes survey data collected in the United Way of McLean County’s 2014 Community Assessment to better understand the dynamic between social capital and health in one ...


Positive Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Youth Development A Case Study Of The Royal Swazi Sugar Corporation In Swaziland, Danielle V. Shtraus Oct 2014

Positive Effects Of Corporate Social Responsibility On Youth Development A Case Study Of The Royal Swazi Sugar Corporation In Swaziland, Danielle V. Shtraus

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

What is corporate social responsibility (CSR)? How does it directly affect the youth in the areas where corporations come in to set up factories or farms? When one thinks of corporations operating in Africa, only those examples from the news come to mind, and they are all negative. One example is the recent strikes at the Marikana Mines in the Gauteng province of South Africa due to unfair wages and sanitation issues in the camps where employees live. I intend in this capstone to paint a picture of a corporation in Africa that strives to work towards best practices, and ...


Post-Development Theory And Food Security: A Case Study In Swaziland, Lauren Karplus Apr 2014

Post-Development Theory And Food Security: A Case Study In Swaziland, Lauren Karplus

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

Post-development theory argues that development theory and the practice of Post-World War II development projects have failed because the entire concept of development is a Western, non-universal measure of progress. Indeed, examples of failed development interventions abound from around the world. While development experts argue amongst themselves about how best to deliver development interventions in order to minimize the failures of development, post-development theorists believe that no amount of tweaking will make the development agenda a success. They argue that the problem with development is not about how it is implemented, but rather that development itself is a flawed concept ...


Terrorism: Libya’S Role In The Instability Of The Region, Cara Rabe-Hemp, Cayla Comens Apr 2014

Terrorism: Libya’S Role In The Instability Of The Region, Cara Rabe-Hemp, Cayla Comens

Graduate Research - Criminal Justice

When media focuses its attention on the subject of terrorism, the country of Libya is not typically at the forefront of the discussion. However, Libya has a deep hand in terrorism dating back to when Colonel Muammar Qaddafi took control of the country in 1969. During the years that Qaddafi was in control, he financially backed terrorist organizations, who repeatedly aimed their sights on the United States and their allies. Even after the fall of Qaddafi’s regime, terrorism is still a part of the governmental strategy in the country. The attack in Benghazi against an American compound, which resulted ...


Politics Of Environmental Policy: A Case Study Of Alamor And The Yasuní National Park, Katie Weber Apr 2014

Politics Of Environmental Policy: A Case Study Of Alamor And The Yasuní National Park, Katie Weber

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

In 2008 Ecuador made environmental history by giving rights to Mother Nature in its constitution and was widely recognized as the most environmentally friendly country in the world. This paper examines the environmental movement in the following years and seeks to understand the primary actors that make decisions as well as who benefits and who is harmed when the environment is not protected. In order to answer these questions, the paper focuses on two distinct cases; that of the small town of Alamor in southern Ecuador and that of the Yasuní National Park in the Amazon.


El Salvador: The Case Of Credicampo, Alexandria J. Trimble Jan 2014

El Salvador: The Case Of Credicampo, Alexandria J. Trimble

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

The study of community development is constantly exploring new methods and ideas to improve the living conditions and opportunities for people who live in poverty. Governments, financial institutions, non-governmental organizations, and grassroots community groups coordinate efforts to bring about profound change and growth through a variety of mechanisms such as public grants, education, small business development, and microfinance. Whereas the study of community development is rarely viewed as a scientific endeavor, the qualitatively measured relationships between communities and outside development intervention may allow for more understanding and exploration into the field.

Working to include and utilize the abilities of local ...


Balancing Preservation And Promotion Of Natural Resources: A Case Study Of Newaygo County, Michigan, Jeffrey Koch Jan 2014

Balancing Preservation And Promotion Of Natural Resources: A Case Study Of Newaygo County, Michigan, Jeffrey Koch

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Natural resource management (NRM) involves a multitude of levels and interests. Options for sustainable management must involve all stakeholders and balance levels of decision-makers, whether local, regional, or national. No one-size-fits-all approach applies to NRM; instead, co-management of resources and multi-stakeholder collaborations assist in achieving sustainable solutions, given the multiple interest groups involved in the commons. Through good governance, flexibility to change, and community engagement efforts, NRM has a better chance for success and sustainability.

Clearly, natural resources cross governmental boundaries and jurisdictions, and NRM strategies must compensate for this dynamic. The region of West Michigan contains a wealth of ...


The Role Of Children In A Mixed-Socioeconomic Community Development Model: A Quantitative Study Of Grand Rapids, Michigan Housing Projects, Phillip R. Dawson Aug 2013

The Role Of Children In A Mixed-Socioeconomic Community Development Model: A Quantitative Study Of Grand Rapids, Michigan Housing Projects, Phillip R. Dawson

Master's Theses - Politics and Government

This thesis analyzes the relationship between parental social capital and child-based activities in public housing programs.


Memory And Politics In El Salvador, Andrew Piotrowski Jul 2013

Memory And Politics In El Salvador, Andrew Piotrowski

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

Abstract: The Civil War in El Salvador impacted more than the economic and political structure of the tiny Central American nation. Every Salvadoran citizen who endured the conflict was affected personally by the conflict. This effect is demonstrated through memory, and is manifested in the political spectrum. Memories of the war diverge along political lines, and narratives of past events are continually reinforced by the country’s two major political parties, who each played the dominating roles as opposing forces in the conflict. This study examines the manner in which memory of the Salvadoran Civil War has been reconstructed by ...


Credit Building Program Evaluation & The Opportunity For Capacity Building, Carolyn Schulte Jul 2013

Credit Building Program Evaluation & The Opportunity For Capacity Building, Carolyn Schulte

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

This paper investigates the evaluation practices of nonprofit organizations engaging clients in credit building programming and how these organizations could be supported to improve their evaluation work. The paper utilizes academic journal articles, industry reports and articles, public documents produced by these nonprofit organizations, interviews with practitioners, and the authors own experience working in the field. The paper discovers that many of these organizations are evaluating their credit building work and facing similar challenges including limited staff time and funds to dedicate to evaluation and limited ability to collect valuable follow up information. The paper concludes with several recommendations for ...


An Assessment Of The Human Right To Safe And Sanitary Housing For Transitional Age Youth In Mendocino County, Jamie Boban May 2013

An Assessment Of The Human Right To Safe And Sanitary Housing For Transitional Age Youth In Mendocino County, Jamie Boban

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Dr. Michaelene Cox of the Politics and Government Department at Illinois State University. Her guidance and assistance has been the foundation of my research. I would also like to extend my thanks to the Stevenson Center for Economic and Community Development at Illinois State University. Their support has pushed me and kept me moving through my atypical path of graduate school. I am also grateful to Redwood Children’s Services for their encouragement and in-­‐kind contributions to my capstone research. Finally, I would like to thank all of the youth ...


Building A Community-Based Food System: Green Economic Development In Central Illinois, Tim Glaza May 2013

Building A Community-Based Food System: Green Economic Development In Central Illinois, Tim Glaza

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

It has been a challenge for many community-based, small to medium scale, fruit and vegetable farmers to meet the high demand of locally sourced food. Community-based producers have been mostly using farm stands, farmers’ markets and community-supported agriculture (CSAs) to meet this demand. Although there has been tremendous growth in the number of farmers’ markets and CSA subscriptions, a gap remains for institutional buyers demanding community-based food. Regional food hubs may be the critical piece needed for filling this gap. The Edible Economy Project in partnership with Heartland Community College is working on a regional food hub network project in ...


The Past, Present And Future Of Transnational Conflict In Jordan: A Study Of Syrian Refugees In The Hashemite Kingdom, David F. Becker May 2013

The Past, Present And Future Of Transnational Conflict In Jordan: A Study Of Syrian Refugees In The Hashemite Kingdom, David F. Becker

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

In this paper I am considering the numerous effects that hosting refugees can have on a host country. These effects can be seen when examining a host country’s health, economic, educational, and security sectors. In addition, many cases of refugee flows are associated with conflict contagion, which may cause a refugee population to become militarized. After reviewing the relevant literature on these topics, I study how these possible effects unfold in the context of the Syrian refugees currently escaping to Jordan from their civil war. The Kingdom of Jordan and its people are significantly affected by the increased stresses ...