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Articles 511 - 540 of 549

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Defending Against The Non-State (Criminal) Soldier: Toward A Domestic Response Network, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1998

Defending Against The Non-State (Criminal) Soldier: Toward A Domestic Response Network, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Increasingly, national security scholars recognize that the world in which we were born is passing away and, with it, many of the premises, conventions and structures of modern civilization. Research suggests that the transition into the post-modern era will usher in scientific, economic, social, political and military changes of a magnitude never before experience in American history. Equivalent in scale to the European Renaissance and the Dark Ages, this revolution in political and military affairs, offers both great potentials and dangers for the American public. One of the more fundamental challenges we ill face concerns the protection of citizens. Traditional ...


Five-Dimensional (Cyber) Warfighting: Can The Army After Next Be Defeated Through Complex Concepts And Technologies?, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1998

Five-Dimensional (Cyber) Warfighting: Can The Army After Next Be Defeated Through Complex Concepts And Technologies?, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Nonlethal Weapons: A British Review, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1998

Nonlethal Weapons: A British Review, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Hundreds of documents and articles have been published about nonlethal weapons (NLW) since the 1960s. However, few books had been published on the subject. As NLW significance becomes more recognized for the operational advantages they provide in the Western urban and "failed-state" settings, more books are appearing. Malcolm Dando's book A New Form of Warfare: The Rise of Nonlethal Weapons and Nick Lewer and Steven Schofield's book Nonlethal Weapons: A Fatal Attraction? Military Strategies and Technologies for 21st-Century Conflict are two of the first books to appear. All three authors are academics with ties to the fields of ...


Technology And Transit Terrorism: Trends And Possibilities, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Technology And Transit Terrorism: Trends And Possibilities, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Given this new reality, projecting trends and possibilities of technology employment in transit terrorism appears prudent. Towards this end, this article look at how terrorism is changing the specific transit facility/system target sets that can be attacked, and current technology employment in transit terrorism. Based on this analysis, projections concerning trends and possibilities of technology employment in transit terrorism are made.


Failed-State Operational Environment Concepts, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Failed-State Operational Environment Concepts, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

To help the Army redefine operations in failed states, I propose a new politico-military model. This operational environment model would be composed of a four-cell matrix that would include "war and crime," "war," "crime" and "peace." Three of the cells - war, crime and peace - would pertain to traditional Clausewitzian issues; the fourth - war and crime - would pertain to an emergent neo-Clausewitzian one. To extrapolate the model, we begin with the condition of war. This environment is one of "military issues" that occur between nation-states. It defines the rationale behind US Army operations, as stated in the June 1993 FM 100-5 ...


Battlefield Visualization Seminar, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Battlefield Visualization Seminar, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Epochal Change: War Over Social And Political Organization, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Epochal Change: War Over Social And Political Organization, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The United States has been less affected by this process than most other Western nation-states; we seem to prosper despite such challenges. However, the breakdown of the family, increased drug use among our children, the growing specter of gang violence, and other forms of social terrorism suggest that our own institutions are not immune to a degree of chaos. Ralph Peters, in an earlier Parameters article, stated succinctly that we are witnessing "a struggle to redefine human meaning."[3] Regardless of the state of the revolution to which he referred, the struggle he describes is far from ended. If the ...


Counter-Optical Lasers And Opfor, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Counter-Optical Lasers And Opfor, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Terrorist: Soldier Of The Future?, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

The Terrorist: Soldier Of The Future?, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This article examines the nature of terrorists and terrorist groups and predicts the implications of future terrorists emerging as "criminal soldiers." Opinions expressed are the author's and do not necessarily reflect the policies or positions of the Department of the Army or the Department of the Defense.


Nonlethal Weapons: Terms And References, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1997

Nonlethal Weapons: Terms And References, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The purpose of this paper is to promote an understanding of and research into a new category of weapons, designated nonlethal by military services, and less than lethal or less lethal by law enforcement agencies. The intent is to create an initial term and reference listing to help support joint force and dual use initiatives focused on identifying the potential drawbacks of integrating nonlethal weapons into our military services and law enforcement agencies. The paper is split into two sections: a list of terms that describes nonlethal weapons along with the concepts both surrounding and inhibiting their use, and a ...


Non-Lethal Defense Ii Conference, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Non-Lethal Defense Ii Conference, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Chinese Threat Conference, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Chinese Threat Conference, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Street Gangs—Future Paramilitary Groups?, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Street Gangs—Future Paramilitary Groups?, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The New York and Oklahoma City bombings have shown that the United States is no longer immune to politically motivated terrorist attacks. The latter proved that no part of the country was invulnerable; even worse, the perpetrators may be our own disenfranchised citizens.

Is it possible that street gangs' engaging in such activity looms on the horizon? Although it is unlikely that they would act on a political agenda, the emerging patters are all too familiar. The expanding presence of street gangs in the United States can be linked both to military trends in the non-Western world and to future ...


Strategy For The Blind, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Strategy For The Blind, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

A well-known, respected military scholar and decorated Korean and Vietnam war veteran, retired US Army Colonel Harry G. Summers Jr. is a former holder of prestigious chairs at the US Army War College and Marine Corps University. Best known for his On Strategy: A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War (1982); On Strategy II: A Critical Analysis of the Gulf War (1992); and his weekly column in Army Times, his important associations and powerful influence make him one of our country's military intellectual elites.


Generations, Waves, And Epochs: Modes Of Warfare And The Rpma, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Generations, Waves, And Epochs: Modes Of Warfare And The Rpma, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Tofflerian concepts, which have gained so much credence with the Army, are now beginning to openly influence Air Force dialogue on information-based future wars.


Ricochets And Replies: Rpma Update, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Ricochets And Replies: Rpma Update, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

My article "Generations, Waves, and Epochs: Modes of Warfare and the RPMA" (Spring 1996)—which I wrote in the summer of 1995—made reference to two lesser-known theories of future warfare not debated at the time in the military journals. However, these two theories have now begun to actively influence military thinking. In order further facilitate the emerging revolution in political and military affairs (RPMA) debate within the Air Force, I'm including a synopsis and analysis of these two theories.


Internetted Nodes And C2 Structures, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Internetted Nodes And C2 Structures, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

In the article "Center of Gravity" (Military Intelligence, April-June 1995), Captains Bruce Niedrauer and Lisa Bennett succinctly emphasized the concept of understanding the center of gravity and why it is critical to intelligence personnel. This concept, based upon Army doctrine, has been published in FM 100-5, Operations. Since the publication of FM 100-5 in June 1993, however, a number of doctrinal concepts and premises have become obsolete in the rapidly changing environment in which the Army conducts operations. Questions of "conceptual obsolescence" have already been raised toward the former concept of operations other than war (OOTW) and, more recently, toward ...


Visions Of Future Conflict Symposium, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Visions Of Future Conflict Symposium, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Nonlethal Technology And Fourth Epoch War: A New Paradigm Of Politico-Military Force, Robert J. Bunker, T. Lindsay Moore Jan 1996

Nonlethal Technology And Fourth Epoch War: A New Paradigm Of Politico-Military Force, Robert J. Bunker, T. Lindsay Moore

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

How politico-military force will be employed in future war is of major concern to U.S. national security and, because of its operational leadership in this area, to the Army's Force XXI campaign plan. It is envisioned that such force will qualitatively change because of the introduction of advanced technology. This technology will extend the West's continuing mastery of the application of political violence. No longer in war will the West have the capability to solely to kill; now, like a martial arts master, it will be able to reply upon nonlethal means to disarm an opponent. As ...


Advanced Battlespace And Cybermaneuver Concepts: Implications For Force Xxi, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Advanced Battlespace And Cybermaneuver Concepts: Implications For Force Xxi, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This article argues that the traditional perception of the battlefield reveals the limiting assumptions upon which Force XXI is built, that it is constrained by its three dimensions, and that it is most likely outmoded. Paradoxically, it is the rise of nonWestern warfare and the proliferation of advanced weaponry that together have made current "spatial concepts" of the modern battlefield obsolete.[1] To be an effective military force into the 21st century, the US Army should start now to redefine the battlefield so that new operational concepts can evolve and produce the doctrine and materiel requirements that will lead to ...


Book Review: Neuromancer, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Book Review: Neuromancer, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Letter To The Editor: Focus On Technology, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1996

Letter To The Editor: Focus On Technology, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Red Army Tank Commanders: The Armored Guards, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

Book Review: Red Army Tank Commanders: The Armored Guards, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Tofflerian Paradox, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

The Tofflerian Paradox, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Given the issue's importance—the Army's future as an effective 21st-century warfighting institution—Tofflerian theory attributes that are conceptually flawed should be forcefully acknowledged. With this perspective in mind, I posit that the war forms developed in War and Anti-War, specifically First and Second Wave war, are overgeneralized and distort Western warfare's historical development. As such, the war forms do not significantly further RMA theory and potentially pose a great liability. Still, these terms are becoming accepted by Army scholars because of the Tofflers' great theoretical influence.


Information Warfare Conference, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

Information Warfare Conference, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Digital Battlefield Conference, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

Digital Battlefield Conference, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Information Age Army Or Empty Rhetoric?, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

Information Age Army Or Empty Rhetoric?, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Operations Other Than War Symposium Held, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1995

Operations Other Than War Symposium Held, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Letter To The Editor: Other Responses To '4th Generation', Robert J. Bunker Jan 1994

Letter To The Editor: Other Responses To '4th Generation', Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Tank Sergeant, Robert J. Bunker Jan 1994

Book Review: Tank Sergeant, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.