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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Crucible Of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

A Crucible Of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This essay briefly recounts the evolution of the gangs that occupy failed communities and states, further discusses and updates the model of third generation street gangs discussed in an earlier Journal of Gang Research article—typically described simply as third generation gangs (3 GEN Gangs), and suggests strategies for coping with and mitigating this evolved form of gang violence. Of note is the lack of impact 3 GEN Gangs studies have had on domestically focused U.S. academic gang research while, at the same time, becoming a dominant model in use by defense analysis and scholars focusing on increasingly politicized ...


Criminal (Cartel & Gang) Insurgencies In Mexico And The Americas: What You Need To Know, Not What You Want To Hear, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Criminal (Cartel & Gang) Insurgencies In Mexico And The Americas: What You Need To Know, Not What You Want To Hear, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

We need this basic premise to be clear—that Mexico is facing something way beyond an organized crime threat. With this as the premise from which it starts, this congressional testimony will posit that the Mérida Initiative as it stands is too myopic in nature given the on-the-ground realities currently present in Mexico. These two contentions will herein be discussed in more detail and their merits supported by evidence from my own work and that of other area and subject specialists. Of necessity, therefore, the testimony will focus upon the broader security environment and the policy and strategic levels of ...


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 6: Cross Border Incursion With Swat Teams Responding: 15 Cartel/Gang Gunmen Cross Into Us Near Escobares, Texas, Robert J. Bunker, Sid Heal Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 6: Cross Border Incursion With Swat Teams Responding: 15 Cartel/Gang Gunmen Cross Into Us Near Escobares, Texas, Robert J. Bunker, Sid Heal

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 6: 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment: 40% Increase In Active Gang Members From 2009 To 1.4 Million, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 6: 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment: 40% Increase In Active Gang Members From 2009 To 1.4 Million, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Spiritual Significance Of ¿Plata O Plomo?, Pamela L. Bunker, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2010

The Spiritual Significance Of ¿Plata O Plomo?, Pamela L. Bunker, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

A recent insight, gained by the authors after the conclusion of a major research project on Mexican drug groups, is that this insurgency has at its basis a spiritual, if not religious, component that threatens the underlying foundations of our modern Western value system. This component is derived from the well known cartel technique of offering an individual ¿Plata O Plomo?—take our silver or we will fill you with our lead. As a tactic taken by groups with a theological bent, such as La Familia, this offer becomes Faustian, join us and in the process give up your soul ...


Third Generation Gang Studies: An Introduction, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2007

Third Generation Gang Studies: An Introduction, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This paper reviews the literature and research related to third generation street gangs. Widely known as third generation gangs (3 GEN Gangs), these complex gangs operation with broad reach—often across borders—and have mercenary and at times political and potentially terrorist objectives. These are frequently identified as transnational gangs, known as Maras, and occupy the 3 GEN niche. The typology of the three generations of gang revolution, based on the interaction of three factors: politicization, internationalism, and sophistication found in the literature is also described. Finally, future research and security concerns are identified.