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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 10: Claymore Anti-Personnel Mine (And Other Military Hardware) Recovered In Zacatecas, David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 10: Claymore Anti-Personnel Mine (And Other Military Hardware) Recovered In Zacatecas, David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Adversary Weaponry To 2025, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Adversary Weaponry To 2025, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This chapter will provide an overview of adversary weaponry that will be utilized by criminals and opposing forces (OPFORs) which U.S. law enforcement personnel may encounter domestically. The projected time frame will cover the futures period from 2009 through 2025. Criminal weaponry use will be analyzed using a criminal threat continuum that starts with minimal threats and increases in severity. OPFOR weaponry use will be analyzed using a similar continuum. It should be noted that OPFOR threats, like criminal threats, are illicit in nature and derived from individuals and groups that can be designated as engaging in criminal behavior ...


A Crucible Of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

A Crucible Of Conflict: Third Generation Gang Studies Revisited, John P. Sullivan, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This essay briefly recounts the evolution of the gangs that occupy failed communities and states, further discusses and updates the model of third generation street gangs discussed in an earlier Journal of Gang Research article—typically described simply as third generation gangs (3 GEN Gangs), and suggests strategies for coping with and mitigating this evolved form of gang violence. Of note is the lack of impact 3 GEN Gangs studies have had on domestically focused U.S. academic gang research while, at the same time, becoming a dominant model in use by defense analysis and scholars focusing on increasingly politicized ...


Changing Forms Of Insurgency: Pirates, Narco Gangs And Failed States, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Changing Forms Of Insurgency: Pirates, Narco Gangs And Failed States, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The primarily bipolar world that helped to characterize the decades long Cold War has begun to realign itself. The information revolution, increasing globalizations, the ongoing expansion of transnational terrorist and insurgent networks, and many other elements of this systemic level change have continued to take place into the early twenty-first century. Within the context of this large-scale shift in human and state relations, one question that has often been asked by analysis is whether changing forms of insurgency are taking place. If this is so, these changing forms of insurgency would be distinct from the currently dominant political form of ...


Cultural Relativism And Afghanistan: A Failure Of Policy Not Counterinsurgency Efforts, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Cultural Relativism And Afghanistan: A Failure Of Policy Not Counterinsurgency Efforts, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

While it may be true that many Afghani people yearn for our freedoms and system of governance, such nation building cannot be done without radically reengineering Afghani tribal society. Incising only the offending portions of Afghani culture, as the sergeant suggests, will not work. Do we eliminate blood feuds but not child brides and the honor killings of soiled daughters? Do we stop the execution of Muslim converts to Christianity?


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 13: Man Crucified In Michoacán, Mexico, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 13: Man Crucified In Michoacán, Mexico, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 13: City Of Hidalgo, Texas, Fearful Of Cartel Violence Potentials—Will Not Release New Police Chief’S Photo, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 13: City Of Hidalgo, Texas, Fearful Of Cartel Violence Potentials—Will Not Release New Police Chief’S Photo, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 11: Mg 34 Machine Guns Recovered In Nayarit—Hezbollah Arms Transfer Concerns, David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 11: Mg 34 Machine Guns Recovered In Nayarit—Hezbollah Arms Transfer Concerns, David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 8: Teen Tortured, Dismembered, Beheaded By Trafficking Gang In Bethany, Oklahoma, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2012

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 8: Teen Tortured, Dismembered, Beheaded By Trafficking Gang In Bethany, Oklahoma, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 10: Fortified Town (Burgward) Strategy Implemented In Tamaulipas, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 10: Fortified Town (Burgward) Strategy Implemented In Tamaulipas, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 5: Indications & Warning (I&W): Vbied Anti-Vehicular/Anti-Personnel Ambush Capability For Los Zetas [Assumed], Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 5: Indications & Warning (I&W): Vbied Anti-Vehicular/Anti-Personnel Ambush Capability For Los Zetas [Assumed], Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 4: Cartel Military Weapons Cache Discovered Near Fronton, Texas., David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 4: Cartel Military Weapons Cache Discovered Near Fronton, Texas., David A. Kuhn, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 2: Colombian Intelligence (Departamento Administrativo De Seguridad - Das) Compromised By Drug Traffickers, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 2: Colombian Intelligence (Departamento Administrativo De Seguridad - Das) Compromised By Drug Traffickers, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note: Mexican Cartels (Transnational Criminal Organizations) Now Operating In Over 1,000 Us Cities; Up From 195 Us Cities, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note: Mexican Cartels (Transnational Criminal Organizations) Now Operating In Over 1,000 Us Cities; Up From 195 Us Cities, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Why We Should Support Democratic Revolution In The Islamic World, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Why We Should Support Democratic Revolution In The Islamic World, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Recent events in Tunisia, Egypt, and Yemen have caught senior U.S. policymakers off guard like a herd of deer frozen in the headlights of a big rig barreling down the highway. The State Department contingency plan now appears to be to pretend to play the middle in the media—between the democratic yearnings of the mob and the longing looks of friendly despots— while privately clinging to principals of realpolitik. Calls for democratic freedoms and reforms to be implemented in Egypt, the true center of gravity for the Arab region, are being made but they are no more than ...


Extreme Barbarism, A Death Cult, And Holy Warriors In Mexico: Societal Warfare South Of The Border?, Robert J. Bunker, John P. Sullivan Jan 2011

Extreme Barbarism, A Death Cult, And Holy Warriors In Mexico: Societal Warfare South Of The Border?, Robert J. Bunker, John P. Sullivan

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This short essay is about impression—gut feelings combined with a certain amount of analytical skill—about recent trends taking place in Mexico concerning the ongoing criminal insurgencies being waged by the various warring cartels, gangs, and mercenary organizations that have metastasized though out that nation (and in many other regions as well). The authors spent over eight hours sequestered together about a month ago on a five-hundred mile ‗there and back again road trip‘ to attend a training conference as instructors for the Kern County Chiefs of Police. Our talks centered on Mexican Drug Cartels, 3rd Generation Gangs, 3rd ...


The Projected Al Qaeda Use Of Body Cavity Suicide Bombs Against High Value Targets, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

The Projected Al Qaeda Use Of Body Cavity Suicide Bombs Against High Value Targets, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This work is initially derived from a non-public disclosure series of early warning presentations, first delivered in September 2006, by the author on the projected terrorist use of body cavity suicide bombs against high value targets. Subsequent terrorist use of such a device, in August 2009 in Saudi Arabia by an Al Qaeda operative, has allowed for this body of research (along with post-incident analysis) to now be published in an open venue. The work provides a historical overview of the use of suicide bombs by military forces and terrorists; addresses the co-evolution of suicide bombs and countermeasures by security ...


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 8: 230,000 Internally Displaced Persons (Idps) In Mexico And ‘Narco-Refugee’ Potentials For The United States, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 8: 230,000 Internally Displaced Persons (Idps) In Mexico And ‘Narco-Refugee’ Potentials For The United States, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 5: Border Corruption Of Us Officials By The Mexican Cartels & Cases Shown, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 5: Border Corruption Of Us Officials By The Mexican Cartels & Cases Shown, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Mexican Cartel Debate: As Viewed Through Five Divergent Fields Of Security Studies, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

The Mexican Cartel Debate: As Viewed Through Five Divergent Fields Of Security Studies, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The Mexican cartel debate is becoming increasingly more important to U.S. national security, however, it is also becoming ever more confused, heated, and at times downright nasty, with little agreement about what is taking place in Mexico or in other regions of the Americas, such as Guatemala, Honduras, and even this side of the U.S. border. To shed some light on this critical debate—a debate we need to have now and not later— it is the contention of this author that, since the Mexican cartel phenomena is being looked at by scholars from divergent fields of security ...


Criminal (Cartel & Gang) Insurgencies In Mexico And The Americas: What You Need To Know, Not What You Want To Hear, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Criminal (Cartel & Gang) Insurgencies In Mexico And The Americas: What You Need To Know, Not What You Want To Hear, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

We need this basic premise to be clear—that Mexico is facing something way beyond an organized crime threat. With this as the premise from which it starts, this congressional testimony will posit that the Mérida Initiative as it stands is too myopic in nature given the on-the-ground realities currently present in Mexico. These two contentions will herein be discussed in more detail and their merits supported by evidence from my own work and that of other area and subject specialists. Of necessity, therefore, the testimony will focus upon the broader security environment and the policy and strategic levels of ...


Criminal Insurgencies In Mexico: Web And Social Media Resources, Robert J. Bunker, John P. Sullivan Jan 2011

Criminal Insurgencies In Mexico: Web And Social Media Resources, Robert J. Bunker, John P. Sullivan

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

The authors of this piece, individually, collectively, and in cooperation with other scholars and analysts, have written about the criminal insurgencies in Mexico and various themes related to them in Small Wars Journal and in many other publications for some years now. The Small Wars publications alone include "State of Siege: Mexico's Criminal Insurgency," "Plazas for Profit: Mexico's Criminal Insurgency," "Cartel v. Cartel: Mexico's Criminal Insurgency," "The Spiritual Significance of ¿Plata O Plomo?," "Explosive Escalation?: Reflections on the Car Bombing in Ciudad Juarez," and "The U.S. Strategic Imperative Must Shift From Iraq/Afghanistan to Mexico/The ...


Realism, Idealism, And U.S. Foreign Policy In The Islamic World: Why Democratic Realpolitik Is Essential, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Realism, Idealism, And U.S. Foreign Policy In The Islamic World: Why Democratic Realpolitik Is Essential, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Enough comment and critical debate has been generated by the essay Why We Should Support Democratic Revolution in the Islamic World to warrant further elaboration on the themes it contains and why support of the despotic status quo in the Islamic World is not only morally unacceptable but, more importantly for many of the Small Wars Journal readership, no longer rational from the perspective of realpolitik and purely selfish U.S. interests at home and abroad. The latter concern shall be addressed first since those who are presently students of insurgency and foreign policy tend to focus on realism— how ...


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 7: Los Zetas Three Vehicle (Suv) Commando Engages In Offensive Action In Northwest Harris County, Texas: Ensuing Fire Fight With Us Law Enforcement, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 7: Los Zetas Three Vehicle (Suv) Commando Engages In Offensive Action In Northwest Harris County, Texas: Ensuing Fire Fight With Us Law Enforcement, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 6: Cross Border Incursion With Swat Teams Responding: 15 Cartel/Gang Gunmen Cross Into Us Near Escobares, Texas, Robert J. Bunker, Sid Heal Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Tactical Note No. 6: Cross Border Incursion With Swat Teams Responding: 15 Cartel/Gang Gunmen Cross Into Us Near Escobares, Texas, Robert J. Bunker, Sid Heal

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 7: Us National Security And The Mexican Cartels: Proceso Magazine Interview With Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 7: Us National Security And The Mexican Cartels: Proceso Magazine Interview With Dr. Robert J. Bunker, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


The Growing Mexican Cartel And Vigilante War In Cyberspace: Information Offensives And Counter-Offensives, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

The Growing Mexican Cartel And Vigilante War In Cyberspace: Information Offensives And Counter-Offensives, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This short essay blends traditional Mexican cartel analysis indicative of earlier Small Wars Journal writings by this author with advanced (5th dimensional) warfighting concepts. These concepts have utility for engagement with non-state (new warmaking) entities. They are being increasingly discussed now that cyberspace and ‘dual dimensional’ operations are more frequently breaking out in the Mexican conflict.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 4: Texas Border Security: A Strategic Military Assessment, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 4: Texas Border Security: A Strategic Military Assessment, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 6: 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment: 40% Increase In Active Gang Members From 2009 To 1.4 Million, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 6: 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment: 40% Increase In Active Gang Members From 2009 To 1.4 Million, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 11: Mexico’S Vietnam War? Soldier-To-Criminal Exchange Rates And Narco Battlefield Deaths In Context, Robert J. Bunker Jan 2011

Mexican Cartel Strategic Note No. 11: Mexico’S Vietnam War? Soldier-To-Criminal Exchange Rates And Narco Battlefield Deaths In Context, Robert J. Bunker

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

No abstract provided.