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Articles 31 - 60 of 385

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Element-Based Method Of Civilization Study, Andrew Targowski Oct 2019

The Element-Based Method Of Civilization Study, Andrew Targowski

Comparative Civilizations Review

The purpose: to define the element-based method of studying civilization with a meaningful contribution to contemporary life. The methodology: the transdisciplinary, big-picture view of human development on Earth based on graphic modeling of civilizational elements, their relations, and dynamics. The findings: about 200+ civilizational elements have been recognized within about 500 possible elements of society, culture, and infrastructure. Practical implications: today, civilization infrastructure challenges society and culture, which can lead to the fall of the Homo sapiens race and the rise of a human-machine race. Moreover, one of the options will be the rise of designer babies and the dichotomy ...


Readers: An Invitation To A Continuing Debate, Joseph Drew Oct 2019

Readers: An Invitation To A Continuing Debate, Joseph Drew

Comparative Civilizations Review

The organization was created in 1961, with a conference held at Salzburg, Austria. Scholars gathered there under the auspices of UNESCO for six days in October. Among those present were Pitirim Sorokin and Arnold Toynbee. The topics included the definition of the word “civilization,” problems in the analysis of complex cultures, civilizational encounters in the past, the Orient vs. the Occident, problems of universal history, theories of historiography, and the role of the social sciences and the humanities in globalization.


A Physics For Civilization, Arthur S. Iberall Oct 2019

A Physics For Civilization, Arthur S. Iberall

Comparative Civilizations Review

The following paper, retrieved from the archives at Dickinson College, was presented at a session on the economic origins of civilizations and on the death of civilizations, at the 1980 Annual Conference of the International Society for the Comparative Study of Civilizations, held at Syracuse University, in May 1980. A highly accomplished polymath, Arthur Iberall (1918-2002) served as an executive board member of the ISCSC as well as a long-time member and a distinguished participant in the ISCSC annual meetings. He was an expert on complex systems thinking.


From Our Authors Oct 2019

From Our Authors

Comparative Civilizations Review

We are introducing here a special section dedicated to our member-authors and their published works. The editors of Comparative Civilizations Review extend an invitation to all who write about the comparative study of civilizations and who would like a selection from their work to be published in the journal to submit their copy to Peter Hecht, Managing Editor, at peter.hecht@iscsc.org. The selection will be reviewed by the Editorial Board and, upon acceptance, scheduled for publication as space becomes available.


Grandpa Chopra’S Stories For Life’S Nourishment Retold By Ashok Kumar Malhotra Idea India (Cooperjal Limited), 2011, Peter Hecht Oct 2019

Grandpa Chopra’S Stories For Life’S Nourishment Retold By Ashok Kumar Malhotra Idea India (Cooperjal Limited), 2011, Peter Hecht

Comparative Civilizations Review

In the modern era, information seems to be abundant. The internet is readily accessible for so many. It is a nearly endless source of up-to-the-minute information and qualified, or more often not-so-qualified, opinion. But is humanity any smarter than it was in the days before the internet? How about before the days of the printing press? Or an alphabet?


Back Matter Oct 2019

Back Matter

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Oct 2019

Front Matter

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


The Comparative Study Of Civilizations And Its Relation To China, David Wilkinson Oct 2019

The Comparative Study Of Civilizations And Its Relation To China, David Wilkinson

Comparative Civilizations Review

Chinese scholars have recently expressed much interest in the comparative study of civilizations, lately carried on mostly in the West, but long open to, and increasingly of interest to, diverse perspectives. This essay is intended to suggest a road toward the development of comparative-civilizational studies centered on some questions of both historical and contemporary significance, with particular attention to one question concerning which the initial presuppositions of Western and Chinese scholars, in particular, may be at variance, but where there may be room for the development of agreed empirical-theoretical conclusions.


The Twisted Mirror Of Perception: Social Science In Service Of Political/Ideological Expediency -- The Case Of Russian Eurasianism, Dimtry Shlapentokh Oct 2019

The Twisted Mirror Of Perception: Social Science In Service Of Political/Ideological Expediency -- The Case Of Russian Eurasianism, Dimtry Shlapentokh

Comparative Civilizations Review

There are many reasons why certain creeds or phenomena from foreign countries remain unknown in the West. They could be almost totally ignored for decades before becoming interesting to the scholarly community and general public until, eventually, works about them become published by the leading presses.


Phoenicians: The Quickening Of Western Civilization, John C. Scott Oct 2019

Phoenicians: The Quickening Of Western Civilization, John C. Scott

Comparative Civilizations Review

A relatively recent field of inquiry, Phoenician and Punic studies covers much the same time and geographical areas as Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic Greek and Roman history.1 Adjacent fields include economic, business, writing, agricultural, nautical, and biblical history. Scholarship today is moving beyond the Hellenocentric and Romanocentric viewpoints and the record of Phoenician history is increasingly seen as critical for understanding European origins.


Chiming The Hours Of History: The Historiosophy Of Pitirim A. Sorokin As A Spring Of His Integralistic Sociocultural Paradigm, Vlad Alalykin-Izvekov Oct 2019

Chiming The Hours Of History: The Historiosophy Of Pitirim A. Sorokin As A Spring Of His Integralistic Sociocultural Paradigm, Vlad Alalykin-Izvekov

Comparative Civilizations Review

The purpose here is to present an original rethinking of the genesis, evolution, essence, role, place, and significance of the philosophical and historical views of the great Russian and American philosopher, sociologist and educator Pitirim A. Sorokin. In addition, an attempt will be made to determine their place and role in his scholarly work, as well as in the world’s treasury of the highest achievements of the human spirit.


Spengler’S “Magian” Classification Applied To An Unrecognized Ecumene: The Near East, 1500 To 0 Bce, David B. Richardson Oct 2019

Spengler’S “Magian” Classification Applied To An Unrecognized Ecumene: The Near East, 1500 To 0 Bce, David B. Richardson

Comparative Civilizations Review

My aim in the following discussion was to determine from the historical evidence that small group of ideas, metaphysical assumptions, and attitudes which made up the core of the Magian I psychological world-outlook. The latter two-thirds of the essay is devoted to this problem, while the first third is concerned with the evidence for the very existence in the first millennium B.C. of a Near Eastern worldview of the same order as that of Greece, Europe, China, and India.


A Physics For Civilization, Arthus S. Iberall Oct 2019

A Physics For Civilization, Arthus S. Iberall

Comparative Civilizations Review

A highly accomplished polymath, Arthur Iberall (1918-2002) served as an executive board member of the ISCSC as well as a long-time member and a distinguished participant in the ISCSC annual meetings. He was an expert on complex systems thinking.


Readers: An Invitation To A Continuing Debate, Joseph Drew Oct 2019

Readers: An Invitation To A Continuing Debate, Joseph Drew

Comparative Civilizations Review

The organization was created in 1961, with a conference held at Salzburg, Austria. Scholars gathered there under the auspices of UNESCO for six days in October. Among those present were Pitirim Sorokin and Arnold Toynbee. The topics included the definition of the word “civilization,” problems in the analysis of complex cultures, civilizational encounters in the past, the Orient vs. the Occident, problems of universal history, theories of historiography, and the role of the social sciences and the humanities in globalization.


From Our Authors Oct 2019

From Our Authors

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note Oct 2019

Editor's Note

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Book Reviews Oct 2019

Book Reviews

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


End Matter Oct 2019

End Matter

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


The Element-Based Method Of Civilization Study, Andrew Targowski Oct 2019

The Element-Based Method Of Civilization Study, Andrew Targowski

Comparative Civilizations Review

The purpose: to define the element-based method of studying civilization with a meaningful contribution to contemporary life. The methodology: the transdisciplinary, big-picture view of human development on Earth based on graphic modeling of civilizational elements, their relations, and dynamics. The findings: about 200+ civilizational elements have been recognized within about 500 possible elements of society, culture, and infrastructure. Practical implications: today, civilization infrastructure challenges society and culture, which can lead to the fall of the Homo sapiens race and the rise of a human-machine race. Moreover, one of the options will be the rise of designer babies and the dichotomy ...


Full Issue Oct 2019

Full Issue

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Didier Maleuvre. The Art Of Civilization, A Bourgeois History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, Pedro Geiger Apr 2019

Didier Maleuvre. The Art Of Civilization, A Bourgeois History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, Pedro Geiger

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Andrew Robinson. Earth-Shattering Events: Earthquakes, Nations, And Civilizations. London And New York: Thames & Hudson, 2016, Ernest B. Hook Apr 2019

Andrew Robinson. Earth-Shattering Events: Earthquakes, Nations, And Civilizations. London And New York: Thames & Hudson, 2016, Ernest B. Hook

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review Apr 2019

Front Matter, Comparative Civilizations Review

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Note, Joseph Drew Apr 2019

Editor's Note, Joseph Drew

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Polynesian Civilization And The Future Colonization Of Space, John Grayzel Apr 2019

Polynesian Civilization And The Future Colonization Of Space, John Grayzel

Comparative Civilizations Review

Polynesian civilization was configured—prior to Western colonization—in ways similar to that sometimes described as necessary for humanity's interstellar migration into space. Over thousands of years and miles, across open ocean, a core population expanded to settle on hundreds of scattered islands, while maintaining shared identity, continued awareness and repetitive contact with each other. Key to their expansion was their development of robust ocean-going vessels and their extraordinary abilities to navigate across vast expanses of open water. The first half of the 1800s saw a surge in contacts between Polynesia and western missionaries and whalers, followed by significant ...


In And Out Of Place: Civilization Interaction And The Making Of Australia In Oceania And Asia, Jeremy C. A. Smith Apr 2019

In And Out Of Place: Civilization Interaction And The Making Of Australia In Oceania And Asia, Jeremy C. A. Smith

Comparative Civilizations Review

The making of Euro-Australia occurred against the backdrop of two dimensions of its historical constitution. First, it occurred on the back of Britain’s entry into the Oceanian world and its intercivilizational encounters with Pacific cultures. The second dimension was the appropriation of the land of a complex and internally diverse Aboriginal civilization and suppression of its social world view. This was vital to a lasting sense of ambivalence in Australian identity and in the relations of the Commonwealth of Australia with island states in the Pacific. After Federation (1901), Australia became more independent in the context of devolution of ...


Multiple Identities: Touchstones In Terrorism, Democratic Institutions, And The Rule Of Law, Mary Frances Lebamoff Apr 2019

Multiple Identities: Touchstones In Terrorism, Democratic Institutions, And The Rule Of Law, Mary Frances Lebamoff

Comparative Civilizations Review

This paper explores the underlying, foundational politico-social theories and themes that relate closely to radicalization, terrorism, democracy and the rule of law. It examines factors (touchstones) critical to these areas (political violence, terrorism, rule of law and democracy, along with democratic institutions). Some of these touchstones include the ‘lenses’ of identities, tribalism, and contrasts between identities, including cultural, linguistic, socialization and civilizational aspects.


Contemporary Contexts Of Confucianism, Yuanhui Shi Apr 2019

Contemporary Contexts Of Confucianism, Yuanhui Shi

Comparative Civilizations Review

This paper discusses the possibility that Confucianism will be put into political practice in present-day China. Although New Confucians in mainland China often call for the revival of Confucianism for the cure of many current social problems, there are some unconquerable obstacles, among which political construction is the most crucial. What is more noteworthy is that Confucianism itself has some doctrinal defects provoking those practical obstacles. Therefore, this paper argues that Confucianism, advocating a moral government of benevolence, is a doctrine of idealized political order, but it lacks the practical elements needed for realistic political operation.

Since 2014 some New ...


Five Selected Writings Authored By Prof. Palmer Talbutt, Palmer Talbutt Apr 2019

Five Selected Writings Authored By Prof. Palmer Talbutt, Palmer Talbutt

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Mythological Models In Civilization Analysis, Vytautas Kavolis Apr 2019

Mythological Models In Civilization Analysis, Vytautas Kavolis

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.