Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Addressing The State Of The Union: The Evolution And Impact Of The Presidents's Big Speech, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard Mar 2016

Addressing The State Of The Union: The Evolution And Impact Of The Presidents's Big Speech, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

The State of the Union is no ordinary speech on at least two accounts: it is a fundamental statement of how a president approaches current policy debates, and it is the one presidential address that US citizens are most likely to hear each year. Donna Hoffman and Alison Howard document the political significance and legislative impact, or often, lack of impact, of this most visible of presidential communications. Exploring how and why the State of the Union address came to be a key tool in the exercise of presidential power, the authors outline the ways presidents use it to gain ...


Teaching Better, Teaching Together: A Coordinated Student Exit Poll Across The States, Jennifer Kelkres Emery, Alison D. Howard, Jocelyn Evans Oct 2014

Teaching Better, Teaching Together: A Coordinated Student Exit Poll Across The States, Jennifer Kelkres Emery, Alison D. Howard, Jocelyn Evans

Alison Dana Howard

Student exit polling has demonstrated value in the classroom (Berry and Robinson 2012; Evans and Lagergren 2007; Lelieveldt and Rossen 2009), but faculty typically operate these polls in isolation. When faculty collaborate, however, students gain additional benefits from the experience. Collaboration provides a geographically diverse “student community” that allows students to engage in experiential learning beyond the confines of their immediate classrooms. The authors have created assignments and an instructor's manual on running student exit polls in undergraduate courses. Three institutions used these assignments during the Fall 2012 semester. By using structured assignments, these instructors created an opportunity to ...


State Of The Union 2013 Coverage, Alison Howard Feb 2013

State Of The Union 2013 Coverage, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: Building American National Identity Through Art, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Dec 2012

A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: Building American National Identity Through Art, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

With the adoption of the Constitution, the government of the United States took on a new role. Unlike other governments of the time, the United States was primarily founded on ideas, and, as a result, there were many challenges at the beginning of the newly-created republic. One of the biggest challenges was establishing credibility and legitimacy. In addition, republics require the support of the people; thus, to support the new political system, people needed to believe in the principles and ideals of the nascent government. As one form of communication, art has the capacity to reflect social contexts, depict specific ...


Obama In Words And Deeds, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Nov 2012

Obama In Words And Deeds, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

Objective 
We assess how President Barack Obama acted as chief legislator using the rhetoric contained in his initial joint address to Congress and his three subsequent State of the Union addresses (SUAs).
Method 
Using content analysis, we analyze how Obama conveyed policy substance (both credit claiming and position taking) and used symbolism as he carried out the constitutional requirements of reporting and recommending measures to Congress.
Results 
Obama's first-term SUA rhetoric is consistent in regard to credit claiming; he devotes about 17 percent of his speeches to this activity. His SUAs typically contain about 35 legislative requests, and these ...


Marin Students To Conduct Exit Polling During November Election [Interview], Alison Howard Oct 2012

Marin Students To Conduct Exit Polling During November Election [Interview], Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: Building National Identity Through Art, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Apr 2012

A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Words: Building National Identity Through Art, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

The abstract principles of a republican form of government would be tested with the ratification of the Constitution. It would be challenging to not only establish a government that was unlike any other in the world, but to also construct for the public a shared identity and national narrative that would encompass the values and ideals of the newly formed Republic. Art is one form of communication that has the capacity to reflect social contexts. Edelman (1995, 6) believed art to be an “essential and fundamental element” in political ideas and action. We examine how the portraits, historical paintings, and ...


Chief Legislators And Pet Projects, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard Aug 2008

Chief Legislators And Pet Projects, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Chief Legislators And Pet Projects: The Rhetoric And Outcome Of Americorps And Faith Based Initiatives, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Aug 2007

Chief Legislators And Pet Projects: The Rhetoric And Outcome Of Americorps And Faith Based Initiatives, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

In a system of shared powers, a chief legislator's ability to accomplish his goals is limited. One of the tools he has at his disposal is the power of rhetoric. Presidents enter office with many policy goals that, if successful, not only shape public policy, but also can aid their re-election and their desire to secure a positive legacy. Often times, one policy in particular, a pet project will be personally important to a president and will ultimately be placed on the agenda because of the attention given to it by the president. When Bill Clinton campaigned for office ...


Policy-Making Rhetoric And Youth Issues In The 2004 Presidential Campaign, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Apr 2007

Policy-Making Rhetoric And Youth Issues In The 2004 Presidential Campaign, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

Campaigns make strategic decisions about appealing to various electoral groups. In 2004, both presidential campaigns did choose to appeal to those younger than 30 with their policy-making rhetoric. The authors find, however, that Bush and Kerry approached this demographic differently. Bush did not single out young adults to the extent Kerry did. Instead, Bush chose to treat young voters more as a part of the general electorate than a distinct group, appealing to their self-interest. Kerry was more attentive, directly targeting young citizens by focusing on issues of higher education and especially seeking to appeal to service-oriented young adults.


Representations Of 9-11 In Editorial Cartoons, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 2007

Representations Of 9-11 In Editorial Cartoons, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

Throughout American history editorial cartoons have exposed corruption, offered criticism of people in power, questioned and supported policies, and in general given the public another format assisting in the understanding of current events. The freedom to caricature politicians and visually comment on social and political issues has been a hallmark of the editorial cartoonist's profession. In the aftermath of the worldwide furor over Danish cartoonists' use of the Prophet Muhammad's image in early 2006, it is useful to ask whether certain images from the War on Terror have become taboo as a subject for American editorial cartoonists.


State Of The Union 2006 Coverage, Alison Howard Dec 2005

State Of The Union 2006 Coverage, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Bill Clinton And The Rhetoric Of Chief Legislator: Did Deeds Follow Words?, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Oct 2005

Bill Clinton And The Rhetoric Of Chief Legislator: Did Deeds Follow Words?, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

With a State of the Union address, the president seeks to exert leadership by setting the nation on a path, outlining an agenda, and using the art of persuasion to achieve his policy goals. One means that a president uses to signal his legislative agenda to Congress and the American public is the State of the Union address (SUA). While the policies mentioned in this speech do no encompass the whole of the president's legislative agenda, the policies mentioned indicate the items which the administration has chosen to highlight publicly before both Congress and the rest of the country ...


State Of The Union 2005 Coverage, Alison Howard Dec 2004

State Of The Union 2005 Coverage, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Ask And Ye Shall Receive? Policy Requests In State Of The Union Addresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Jul 2003

Ask And Ye Shall Receive? Policy Requests In State Of The Union Addresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Agendas, Rhetoric, And Social Change: State Of The Union Addresses From Eisenhower To Clinton, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 2003

Agendas, Rhetoric, And Social Change: State Of The Union Addresses From Eisenhower To Clinton, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Value Change Or Culture War? Evidence From State Of The Union Addresses, 1960-2000, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Jul 2002

Value Change Or Culture War? Evidence From State Of The Union Addresses, 1960-2000, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Political Communication Through Art: Fdr And The New Deal, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Aug 1999

Political Communication Through Art: Fdr And The New Deal, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Transforming Policies Into Persuasive Visual Images: Art And Fdr, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 1999

Transforming Policies Into Persuasive Visual Images: Art And Fdr, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


The Influence Of The Minority Party In The Legislative Process: The Democrats In The 104th And 105th Congresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 1998

The Influence Of The Minority Party In The Legislative Process: The Democrats In The 104th And 105th Congresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available