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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 51

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Gulf Cooperative Council And The Arab Spring, Ahmed Souaiaia Dec 2011

The Gulf Cooperative Council And The Arab Spring, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


Apathy In The Face Of Cruelty, Ahmed Souaiaia Dec 2011

Apathy In The Face Of Cruelty, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


Bankrupt Representation And Party System Collapse, Jana Morgan Nov 2011

Bankrupt Representation And Party System Collapse, Jana Morgan

Jana Morgan

No abstract provided.


Analysis: China Looks Across Asia And Sees New Threats, Reuters, Nov. 10, 2011, Zheng Wang Nov 2011

Analysis: China Looks Across Asia And Sees New Threats, Reuters, Nov. 10, 2011, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Religious Soft Power As Accountability Mechanism For Power In World Politics, Sherrie Steiner Nov 2011

Religious Soft Power As Accountability Mechanism For Power In World Politics, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

This case study of the Interfaith Leaders’ Summit(s) from 2005-2010 expands the concept of ‘soft power’ as an accountability mechanism to include religious soft power. The Interfaith Leaders exercise public reputational and peer accountability in relation to the G8/G20 leaders. The value of the dialogue process is not contingent upon political leader responsiveness. The significance of the religious accountability mechanism is ascertained by using a complex theoretical standard for assessing the legitimacy of global governance institutions against which observations are then gauged. The InterFaith Dialogue Mechanism shows increasing compliance with the complex standard between 2005 and 2010. The ...


The Trouble With Unity: Latino Politics And The Creation Of Identity (2010), By Cristina Beltrán, José Villalobos Oct 2011

The Trouble With Unity: Latino Politics And The Creation Of Identity (2010), By Cristina Beltrán, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Close Elections And Cognitive Engagement, Cindy Kam, Stephen Utych Sep 2011

Close Elections And Cognitive Engagement, Cindy Kam, Stephen Utych

Stephen Utych

Existing research has focused primarily on the extent to which close elections affect turnout. While turnout is important, campaigns can also serve a social function by cultivating cognitive engagement. This article thus focuses on the extent to which close elections stimulate cognitive engagement among citizens. Observational data analysis suggests that close elections have a positive effect on cognitive engagement in senate campaigns. Experimental data analysis suggests that when close-election reminders appear in campaign discourse, citizens respond with greater cognitive engagement, as measured by a cognitive-response task and an information-seeking task. When reminded that a race is close, subjects think more ...


《中国的外交政策:强硬还是软弱?》 (China’S Foreign Policy: Soft Or Assertive?). Singapore: Lianhe Zaobao, September 18, 2011., Zheng Wang Sep 2011

《中国的外交政策:强硬还是软弱?》 (China’S Foreign Policy: Soft Or Assertive?). Singapore: Lianhe Zaobao, September 18, 2011., Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


A Civil Society Strategy For Revitalizing The Left, Stephen D'Arcy Sep 2011

A Civil Society Strategy For Revitalizing The Left, Stephen D'Arcy

Stephen D'Arcy

The case for a community-based anti-capitalist strategy.


Economic Freedom And Democracy: Post-Cold War Tests, Ross Burkhart Aug 2011

Economic Freedom And Democracy: Post-Cold War Tests, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Current theorizing about the connection between cross–national economic development, capitalist economic structure, and democracy has reached critical mass. Current empirical modeling of the effect of economic structure on democracy, however, has slowed down; the most recent study uses data from 1965. Freedom House has developed for 82 countries rankings on 'economic freedom' in 1995, a measure of capitalism based on the freedom to: own property, earn a living, operate a business, invest earnings, trade internationally, and participate in a market economy. This manuscript presents a political economy model of democracy, including the Freedom House measure as a control variable ...


Democracy’S Effect On Economic Growth: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis, 1951–1980, Charles Kurzman, Regina Werum, Ross Burkhart Aug 2011

Democracy’S Effect On Economic Growth: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis, 1951–1980, Charles Kurzman, Regina Werum, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

The relationship between democracy and economic growth has concerned social scientists since the 17th century, but recent democracy movements make this question especially important today. Do poor countries face a cruel trade-off between democracy and growth? Do democracy and growth go together as a "win-win" proposition? Or is democracy irrelevant to growth? Using pooled annual time-series data from 1951-1980 for 106 countries, including 88 non-core countries, we explore long-term and short-term direct and indirect effects of democracy on growth. Little or no direct effect emerges, but positive indirect effects appear via two mechanisms: a marginally significant effect via investment and ...


Unmaking History: Seth's Europe's Indians, Mindy Peden Jul 2011

Unmaking History: Seth's Europe's Indians, Mindy Peden

Mindy Peden

Book review of: Vanita Seth. Europe’s Indians: Producing Racial Difference, 1500-1900.


Australia's International Education As Public Diplomacy: Soft Power Potential, Caitlin Byrne, Rebecca Hall Jul 2011

Australia's International Education As Public Diplomacy: Soft Power Potential, Caitlin Byrne, Rebecca Hall

Caitlin Byrne

Australia's international education serves as public diplomacy, essentially engaging and influencing public audiences in a way that progresses Australian foreign policy priorities and ultimately, national interests. The multidimensional and increasingly globalised nature of international education presents enormous opportunity for vital exchange and interactions between and with students, academics and communities via onshore and offshore modes of delivery. Positive experiences of exchange and the development of intellectual, commercial and social relationships can build upon a nation's reputation, and enhance the ability of that nation to participate in and influence regional or global outcomes. This is ultimately the essence of ...


《解決南中国海僵局需要新思维》 (New Thinking Is Necessary In Solving The South China Sea Stalemate). Singapore: Lianhe Zaobao, July 17, 2011., Zheng Wang Jul 2011

《解決南中国海僵局需要新思维》 (New Thinking Is Necessary In Solving The South China Sea Stalemate). Singapore: Lianhe Zaobao, July 17, 2011., Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


What Is A "Constitutional Conservative" Anyway?, Brian Glenn Jul 2011

What Is A "Constitutional Conservative" Anyway?, Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.


Assessment Governance, Richard Weiner, Karl Benziger Jun 2011

Assessment Governance, Richard Weiner, Karl Benziger

Karl P. Benziger

There has emerged a web of exogenous forces emanating from national and regional accreditation associations, particularly a satellite professional association involved in teacher preparation called the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS). The reality of this web contradicts the implicit idealist sentiment in John Ishiyama’s report on the “Assessment of Student Outcomes’ meetings at the 2004 TLC where he describes “assessment as a voluntarist/bootstrapping “bottom up” effort of individual faculty members. [PS.27: 3, July 2004, 483-85.] Faculty are increasingly bombarded by outside agencies for standards inventory matrices, evaluation rubrics, and course maps.


Piacular Subjectivity And Contested Narrative In The Imre Nagy Memorials, Karl Benziger, Richard Weiner Jun 2011

Piacular Subjectivity And Contested Narrative In The Imre Nagy Memorials, Karl Benziger, Richard Weiner

Karl P. Benziger

The funeral of Imre Nagy on June 16, 1989 can be seen as a critical moment in the Hungarian transition to a democratic republic as it explicitly undermined the moral and political authority of the communist government then in power. This Nagy memorial signified a longing for a national identity tied to the spirit of republicanism that had been thwarted in 1956 and had roots going back to 1848. The unity of purpose displayed by the Hungarian people at the funeral brings to mind Emile Durkheim_s analysis of piaculum and the conscience collective. This is what the sociologist, Robert Bellah ...


Global Terrorism And Military Preemption: Policy Problems And Normative Perils, Charles Kegley, Gregory Raymond Jun 2011

Global Terrorism And Military Preemption: Policy Problems And Normative Perils, Charles Kegley, Gregory Raymond

Greg Raymond

The Bush administration has shifted from the six-decade US national security strategy of containment to one based on what is called forward deterrence. Consequently, the president now claims for the United States ‘the prerogative of using force preemptively and unilaterally, however its interests dictate’. This represents the most sweeping reformulation of US strategy in over half a century. The result, however, will only erode America's reputation and squander its ability to exercise leadership on pressing global issues.


Left Out: Trust And Social Capital Among Migrant Seasonal Farmworkers, Maria Chávez, Brian Wampler, Ross Burkhart Jun 2011

Left Out: Trust And Social Capital Among Migrant Seasonal Farmworkers, Maria Chávez, Brian Wampler, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Objectives. We analyze the levels of trust and social capital among an understudied group: migrant seasonal farmworkers (MSFW). MSFWs of today are likely to become the "Hispanics" of tomorrow, which means that understanding what affects the development of social capital of this group is critical to understanding how these individuals are incorporated—or not—into the U.S. polity. Methods. We utilize logistic regression analysis and ordered logit analysis to analyze a data set of 555 MSFWs and comments from four focus groups in Idaho. Results. We find that MSFWs have lower levels of generalized trust than do Hispanics nationally ...


Citizanship In Austria, Germany, And Switzerland, Claus Hofhansel Jun 2011

Citizanship In Austria, Germany, And Switzerland, Claus Hofhansel

Claus Hofhansel

A common claim has been that liberalization of citizenship policy depends on making policy behind closed doors. I challenge one variant of this line of argument, which regards courts as the primary �countermajoritarian� champion of the expansion of immigrant rights, through a comparison of citizenship policy in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. In all three countries subnational authorities play a significant role in the administration of naturalization policy. Courts have played more of a �nationalizing� rather than a �countermajoritarian� role. I also show how differences in federal structures affected recent efforts to reform citizenship policy in these countries.


Learning Democracy, Claus Hofhansel Jun 2011

Learning Democracy, Claus Hofhansel

Claus Hofhansel

After the initial euphoria over German (re)unification had subsided, it became clear that it would take longer to tear down the mental barriers separating eastern and western Germans than to remove concrete slabs from the Berlin Wall. Studies of German electoral behavior found that eastern and western Germans displayed different voting patterns and that eastern Germans were less supportive of the principles of a market economy and the political institutions of unified Germany than western Germans.


Nixon’S Super-Secretaries: The Last Grand Presidential Reorganization Effort (2010), By Mordecai Lee, José Villalobos May 2011

Nixon’S Super-Secretaries: The Last Grand Presidential Reorganization Effort (2010), By Mordecai Lee, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


After Bin Laden, Mark Ensalaco May 2011

After Bin Laden, Mark Ensalaco

Mark Ensalaco

University of Dayton terrorism expert Mark Ensalaco explains what the death of Osama bin Laden means for the U.S., the world and terrorism.


We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism Apr 2011

We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism

John Meyer

The shifting relationship between environmental political theorists and liberalism is examined, moving from a total critique to an increasingly nuanced engagement. The argument here is neither for nor against the possibility of ‘greening' liberalism per se. Instead, it is argued that the preoccupation with ‘liberalism' in this context is a category mistake based upon the reification of liberalism as not just a political philosophy, but a characterisation of citizen values and practices in contemporary liberal democratic societies. A different way of thinking about the role and task of environmental political theory and social criticism is proposed. The key is to ...


¡Qué Bonita Familia!, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Mar 2011

¡Qué Bonita Familia!, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier E Revelo-Rebolledo

No abstract provided.


La "Teacher" Que No Enseña, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Feb 2011

La "Teacher" Que No Enseña, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier E Revelo-Rebolledo

No abstract provided.


¿Reconstrucción = Competitividad?, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Jan 2011

¿Reconstrucción = Competitividad?, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier E Revelo-Rebolledo

No abstract provided.


Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh Dec 2010

Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Hayek's philosophical psychology as set out in his The Sensory Order (1952) has, for the most part, been neglected. Despite being lauded by computer scientist grandee Frank Rosenblatt and by Nobel prize-winning biologist Gerald Edelman, cognitive scientists -- with a few exceptions -- have yet to discover Hayek's philosophical psychology. On the other hand, social theorists, Hayek's traditional disciplinary constituency, have only recently begun to take note and examine the importance of psychology in the complete Hayek corpus. This volume brings together for the first time state-of-the-art contributions from neuroscientists and philosophers of mind as well as economists and ...


Witness Of The Body: The Past, Present And Future Of Christian Martyrdom, Michael Budde Dec 2010

Witness Of The Body: The Past, Present And Future Of Christian Martyrdom, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

In an age of suicide bombers and paranoid political rhetoric, the concept of martyrdom can make ordinary Christians uncomfortable or even squeamish, filled simultaneously with fascination and with dread. In Witness of the Body, twelve scholars from across academic disciplines and church traditions attempt to demystify Christian martyrdom and resituate it within the everyday practices of the church. Beginning with the earliest church history, they explore the place of martyrdom in the church through all ages and into the future. Throughout, they remind readers that Christian martyrdom is neither a quick ticket to heaven nor a cheap political ploy, but ...


Review Of Paul Farmer's 'Partner To The Poor', Anthony Chase Dec 2010

Review Of Paul Farmer's 'Partner To The Poor', Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

No abstract provided.