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2007

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

State Of The Union Address, Alison Howard Nov 2007

State Of The Union Address, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

The Encyclopedia of Political Communication discusses the major theoretical approaches to the field, including direct and limited effects theories, agenda-setting theories, sociological theories, framing and priming theories, and other past and present conceptualizations. With nearly 600 entries, this resource pays considerable attention to important political messages such as political speeches, televised political advertising, political posters and print advertising, televised political debates, and Internet sites. The audiences for political communications are also central, necessitating concentration on citizen reactions to political messages, how the general public and voters in democratic systems respond to political messages, and the effects of all types of ...


Review Of Jillian Schwedler’S 'Faith In Moderation', Anthony Chase Oct 2007

Review Of Jillian Schwedler’S 'Faith In Moderation', Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

No abstract provided.


Understanding Governments And Citizens On-Line: Learning From E-Commerce, Tobias Escher, Helen Margetts Aug 2007

Understanding Governments And Citizens On-Line: Learning From E-Commerce, Tobias Escher, Helen Margetts

Helen Z Margetts

Economists studying commercial activity on-line argue that the most significant difference between on-line and off-line commerce is the ability of firms to ‘know who your customers are and treat them differently’ (Vulkan 2006), customizing prices and offerings. This difference comes from the huge amount of data generated by on-line transactions, in terms of historical records, usage statistics and real-time data. Yet in political life, governmental organizations and political parties have been far slower to use such data to improve their service offerings and devise innovative policy interventions, such as differential pricing and personalized information provision. Likewise, political scientists lag behind ...


When Domestic Meets With International: The Political Transformation Of Turkey, 1997-2004, Engin Erdem Jul 2007

When Domestic Meets With International: The Political Transformation Of Turkey, 1997-2004, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

This paper examines Turkey's relations with the European Union from December 1997 to December 2004 to understand the major dynamics behind the recent democratization and human rights reforms in Turkey. For this purpose, the study focuses on three factors: (1) the impact of EU, particularly the Copenhagen conditionality (2) the government structure (coalition vs. majority government) (3) the governing party's/parties' commitment level to the EU membership goal. The comparison across three periods of Turkey-EU relations (1997-1999, 1999-2002, 2002-2004) makes it possible to identify the relative significance of each factor for the reforms. In combining the international and ...


Making Candidates Count: The Logic Of Electoral Alliances In Two Round Legislative Elections, André Blais, Indridi Indridason Jan 2007

Making Candidates Count: The Logic Of Electoral Alliances In Two Round Legislative Elections, André Blais, Indridi Indridason

Indridi H Indridason

Electoral systems have been shown to influence strategic voting and the development of party systems but the focus has rarely been on the strategies that parties adopt to take advantage of the electoral system under which they compete. Electoral pacts form one such strategy. We present a theory about the formation of electoral pacts in majority run-off elections and pay special attention to the consequences of the presence of extremist parties. Analyzing the 2002 French legislative elections we find that the Socialists and the Greens were more likely to form an alliance (and to agree on a common candidate) in ...


Canterbury To Cameroon: A New Partnership Between Faiths And The World Bank, Christopher Pallas Jan 2007

Canterbury To Cameroon: A New Partnership Between Faiths And The World Bank, Christopher Pallas

Christopher L. Pallas

Abstract forthcoming.


The Black Metropolis In The Twenty-First Century: Race, Power And The Politics Of Place, Robert Bullard Dec 2006

The Black Metropolis In The Twenty-First Century: Race, Power And The Politics Of Place, Robert Bullard

Robert D Bullard

This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened ...


"Medeniyetler Çatışması" Tezi Ve 11 Eylül, Engin Erdem Dec 2006

"Medeniyetler Çatışması" Tezi Ve 11 Eylül, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

No abstract provided.


After Iraq: The Imperiled American Imperium, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond Dec 2006

After Iraq: The Imperiled American Imperium, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond

Greg Raymond

No abstract provided.


"The American System Of Social Security: Separating Fact From Fallacy", Max Skidmore Dec 2006

"The American System Of Social Security: Separating Fact From Fallacy", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Challenges In Enhancing Responsiveness In Neighborhood Governance, Thomas Bryer, Terry Cooper Dec 2006

Challenges In Enhancing Responsiveness In Neighborhood Governance, Thomas Bryer, Terry Cooper

Thomas A Bryer

When numerous stakeholders, constituencies, and service requests are competing for limited city agency resources, administrators need to decide to whom and how to be responsive. A review of literature on bureaucratic responsiveness suggests five possible determining factors for agencies facing conflicting demands: (a) organizational culture, (b) organizational leadership, (c) organizational rules and structure, (d) dependency on a stakeholder making a demand, and (e) the extent of external control placed on the agency. Based on an action research study of City of Los Angeles neighborhood councils and departments, this article suggests areas for future research on these and other possible influences ...


Poland: A Young Democracy, David Mason, Krzysztof Jasiewicz Dec 2006

Poland: A Young Democracy, David Mason, Krzysztof Jasiewicz

David S. Mason

No abstract available.

Note: Link is to the catalog entry in WorldCat's catalog. Please see your local librarian for assistance in borrowing this item via interlibrary loan.


William Robertson: Exemplar Of Politics And Public Management Rightly Understood, Terry Cooper, Thomas Bryer Dec 2006

William Robertson: Exemplar Of Politics And Public Management Rightly Understood, Terry Cooper, Thomas Bryer

Thomas A Bryer

William Robertson, director of the City of Los Angeles' Bureau of Street Services, is profiled here as an exemplary public administrator. The authors suggest that Robertson practices politics appropriately in his role in order to achieve great outcomes for his bureau, the citizens with whom he works, and the city as a whole. To adequately define the ways in which Robertson uses politics, Sherry Arnstein's "ladder of participation" is reconceptualized as a circle of participation in which Robertson uses multiple strategies of interaction with citizens, elected officials, employees, and peers. Lessons for public administrators are offered based on Robertson ...


Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec): Economic Cooperation Through Political Conflict, Jonathan Ping Dec 2006

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec): Economic Cooperation Through Political Conflict, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Politics, Society And The Media, Paul Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2006

Politics, Society And The Media, Paul Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

No abstract provided.


Women And Politics: Paths To Power And Political Influence, Julie Dolan, Melissa Deckman, Michele Swers Dec 2006

Women And Politics: Paths To Power And Political Influence, Julie Dolan, Melissa Deckman, Michele Swers

Julie Dolan

No abstract provided.


"Real Reforms To Enhance, Not Curtail, Social Security", Max Skidmore, George Mcgovern Dec 2006

"Real Reforms To Enhance, Not Curtail, Social Security", Max Skidmore, George Mcgovern

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Toward A Relevant Agenda For A Responsive Public Administration, Thomas Bryer Dec 2006

Toward A Relevant Agenda For A Responsive Public Administration, Thomas Bryer

Thomas A Bryer

The relevance of the concept "bureaucratic responsiveness" has been questioned in recent years. One reason for the questioned relevance is the apparent environmental changes that are occurring in public administration. Globalization and devolution have infiltrated the halls of bureaucracies. Public agencies are being asked to collaborate with actors in other sectors of society, including, and especially, citizens and citizen associations. In addition to these environmental changes, administrators are being confronted with potentially competing ethical obligations that make decisions regarding responsiveness challenging. This article uses these evolving environments and competing ethical obligations to formulate a set of six variants of bureaucratic ...


Collaborative Design Of Citizen Engagement In City And County Comprehensive Planning: A Simulation, Thomas Bryer Dec 2006

Collaborative Design Of Citizen Engagement In City And County Comprehensive Planning: A Simulation, Thomas Bryer

Thomas A Bryer

The Secretary of the Florida Department of Community Affairs has called a special meeting. Invited are an elected official, two public managers, a citizen activist, a business representative, and a facilitator. The Secretary's charge to them is to create an alternative proposal for engaging citizens in comprehensive planning. The purpose of this simulation is to allow students to experience a collaborative problem solving process, as well as to explore the challenges of public managers collaborating with the public. In addition, the simulation can be used to teach facilitation skills.


Strategic Appointments, Sven Feldmann, Anthony Bertelli Dec 2006

Strategic Appointments, Sven Feldmann, Anthony Bertelli

Sven Feldmann

This article develops an institutional spatial theory of presidential appointments to administrative agencies that falls within the spirit of a recent line of theoretical research toward an institutional theory of the presidency. We show that when bureaucrats implement policy that results from negotiation with constituents, the ally principle—appointing political allies—holds only as a knife-edge condition. Presidents are better served by appointing administrators whose preferences partially offset the influence of organized interests. The incentives described have implications for the selection of a whole range of bureaucratic personnel at various levels, generating significant implications for the study of public management ...


The Asian Financial Crisis: The International Monetary Fund's Increasing Importance, Jonathan Ping Dec 2006

The Asian Financial Crisis: The International Monetary Fund's Increasing Importance, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Proceedings Of The First Annual Macalester Civic Forum, Andrew Latham Dec 2006

Proceedings Of The First Annual Macalester Civic Forum, Andrew Latham

Andrew Latham

No abstract provided.


Negotiating Bureaucratic Responsiveness In Collaboration With Citizens: Findings From Action Research In Los Angeles, Thomas Bryer Dec 2006

Negotiating Bureaucratic Responsiveness In Collaboration With Citizens: Findings From Action Research In Los Angeles, Thomas Bryer

Thomas A Bryer

The Collaborative Learning Project conducted an action research program in the City of Los Angeles between 2003 and 2006, in which researchers facilitated a collaborative process between recently created neighborhood councils and city departments of council choosing. In two cases conducted, the patterns of administrative responsiveness to the neighborhood councils differed substantially. This dissertation asks: How can we explain the patterns of administrator responsiveness observed in each of two cases of collaboration between administrators and neighborhood council representatives? To answer the question, an exploratory assessment of each case was conducted from multiple emergent perspectives using an inductive analysis. Data from ...


Transnational Debates On Human Rights In The Muslim World: Politics, Economics, And Society, Anthony Chase Dec 2006

Transnational Debates On Human Rights In The Muslim World: Politics, Economics, And Society, Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

No abstract provided.


La Racionalidad De Las Preferencias Políticas En México: Estudios Recientes De Opinión Pública Y Comportamiento Electoral, Rodolfo Sarsfield Dec 2006

La Racionalidad De Las Preferencias Políticas En México: Estudios Recientes De Opinión Pública Y Comportamiento Electoral, Rodolfo Sarsfield

Rodolfo Sarsfield

La revisión de los cuatro libros seleccionados conduce al retrato de dos mundos distintos en lo tocante a la racionalidad de las preferencias políticas mexicanas. El primer mundo nos revela un grupo de dimensiones de opinión pública y comportamiento político que muestran signos de coherencia y predictibilidad. Este mapa justifica hablar de preferencias políticas racionales. De manera opuesta, un segundo conjunto de dimensiones indica patrones contradictorios e inconsistentes entre sí. Esta segunda imagen cuestiona la racionalidad de las preferencias políticas de los mexicanos. El retrato que surge de la opinión pública y del comportamiento electoral en México es paradójico. Palabras ...


Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, And The Ku Klux Klan: Exposing The Invisible Empire During Reconstruction, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2006

Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, And The Ku Klux Klan: Exposing The Invisible Empire During Reconstruction, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

In some places, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a social fraternity whose members enjoyed sophomoric hijinks and homemade liquor. In other areas, the KKK was a paramilitary group intent on keeping former slaves away from white women and Republicans away from ballot boxes. South Carolina saw the worst Klan violence and, in 1871, President Grant sent federal troops under the command of Major Lewis Merrill to restore law and order. Merrill did not eradicate the Klan, but they arguably did more than any other person or entity to expose the identity of the Invisible Empire as a group of ...