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2005

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Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Oil For What?—Illicit Iraqi Oil Contracts And The U.N. Security Council, Paul Heaton Oct 2005

Oil For What?—Illicit Iraqi Oil Contracts And The U.N. Security Council, Paul Heaton

Paul Heaton

Over a 6½-year period the Iraqi government issued over 1300 oil contracts through the U.N. Oil-For-Food Program. This paper demonstrates that Security Council members obtained significantly more contracts than non-members and contract receipt is associated with pro-Hussein votes on resolutions. For non-permanent seat holders Council membership is associated with a 46% premium in contract value, while permanent seat holders obtained an estimated benefit of approximately $29 million each over the life of the program. A 10% increase in the probability of casting a pro-Iraq vote on the Council corresponds to $55 million in additional contracts. Contrary to median voter ...


Japan's Quandary Over East Asia Summit, Kori Urayama Aug 2005

Japan's Quandary Over East Asia Summit, Kori Urayama

Kori Urayama

No abstract provided.


Jeffersonian And Hamiltonian Views Of Nature In The Early American Republic, J. Michael Martinez Aug 2005

Jeffersonian And Hamiltonian Views Of Nature In The Early American Republic, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

It is well known that Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton differed in their respective views on the appropriate role of government in the American republic; however, their views on the natural environment are far less familiar. Accordingly, this article examines the Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian thinking on nature in the context of two prevailing views of the natural environment: an intrinsic view and an instrumental view. An intrinsic view values nature for its innate qualities without regard to its uses. An instrumental view, by contrast, values nature insofar as it serves mankind's purposes. The article concludes that although they differed ...


Review Of Catharine A. Mackinnon, Women’S Lives, Men’S Laws, Rose Corrigan Jul 2005

Review Of Catharine A. Mackinnon, Women’S Lives, Men’S Laws, Rose Corrigan

Rose Corrigan

No abstract provided.


On The Sources Of Islamic Law And Practices, Ahmed Souaiaia Jul 2005

On The Sources Of Islamic Law And Practices, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


The Timing Of Cabinet Reshuffles In Five Westminster Parliamentary Systems, Indridi Indridason, Christopher Kam May 2005

The Timing Of Cabinet Reshuffles In Five Westminster Parliamentary Systems, Indridi Indridason, Christopher Kam

Indridi H Indridason

Despite their political prominence, cabinet reshuffles have not attracted a great deal of scholarly attention. We provide a theory of cabinet reshuffles that emphasizes both systematic and time-varying causes. In particular, we argue that prime ministers employ cabinet reshuffles to retain power in the face of both intraparty and electoral challenges to their leadership. We use repeated-events duration models to examine the timing of cabinet reshuffles in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom in the period 1960–2001, and find support for several of our hypotheses.


Sacred Visions Of Law, Robert Tsai Feb 2005

Sacred Visions Of Law, Robert Tsai

Robert L Tsai

Around the time of the Bicentennial Celebration of the U.S. Constitution’s framing, Sanford Levinson called upon Americans to renew our “constitutional faith.” This Article answers the call by explicating the ways in which two landmark constitutional law decisions—Marbury v. Madison and Brown v. Board of Education—have been used by jurists over the years to tend the American community of faith. Blending constitutional theory and the study of religious form, the Article argues that the legal symbols have become increasingly linked in the legal imagination even as they have come to signify very different sacred visions of ...


"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore Feb 2005

"Why Privatizing Social Security Is A Terrible Idea", Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


Political Choice, Public Policy, And Distributional Outcomes, Nathan Kelly Dec 2004

Political Choice, Public Policy, And Distributional Outcomes, Nathan Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

I address the functioning of the U.S. governing system by analyzing distributional outcomes from 1947 to 2000. The key question is whether public policy influences distributional outcomes. The macropolitics model and power resource theory suggest that left policies should equalize the distribution of income. I utilize single equation error correction models to assess the impact of policy on income inequality through two mechanisms—market conditioning and redistribution. Since nearly every government action influences markets in some way, I examine policy in the aggregate rather than focusing only on policies explicitly designed to redistribute income. The analysis indicates that policy ...


Palestinian Labor Migration To Israel: Labor, Land And Occupation, Leila Farsakh Dec 2004

Palestinian Labor Migration To Israel: Labor, Land And Occupation, Leila Farsakh

Leila Farsakh

No abstract provided.


Issue Attitudes And Survey Continuity Across Interview Mode In The 2000 Nes, Nathan Kelly, Brian Fogarty, H. Kilburn Dec 2004

Issue Attitudes And Survey Continuity Across Interview Mode In The 2000 Nes, Nathan Kelly, Brian Fogarty, H. Kilburn

Nathan J Kelly

Can researchers draw consistent inferences about the U.S. public's issue attitudes when studying survey results from both the in-person and telephone interview modes of the 2000 National Election Studies (NES) survey? We address this question through an analysis contrasting the distribution of issue attitudes across modes in the dual sample design of the 2000 NES. We find clear differences across mode even when applying a method devised by the NES to improve comparability by recoding issue attitude scales from the in-person mode. We present an alternative method of recoding these scales, which substantially improves comparability between modes. Through ...


Crossing The Green Line: Anti-Settler Sentiment In Cyprus, Adrienne Christiansen Dec 2004

Crossing The Green Line: Anti-Settler Sentiment In Cyprus, Adrienne Christiansen

Adrienne Christiansen

No abstract provided.


The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt Dec 2004

The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This study analyzes the constitutional provisions in 44 predominantly Muslim countries addressing the relationship between religion and the state, freedom of religion or belief, and other related human rights as measured against recognized international human rights standards. The geographic diversity of the Muslim world mirrors a central finding of the study, that predominantly Muslim countries encompass a variety of constitutional arrangements - ranging from Islamic republics with Islam as the official state religion, to secular states with strict separation of religion and state. Key findings of the survey include: More than half of the world's Muslim population (estimated at over ...


Sovereignty, Democracy, And Global Civil Society, Elisabeth Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark Dec 2004

Sovereignty, Democracy, And Global Civil Society, Elisabeth Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark

Ann Marie Clark

Sovereignty, Democracy, and Global Civil Society explores the growing power of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) by analyzing a microcosm of contemporary global state-society relations at UN World Conferences. The intense interactions between states and NGOs at conferences on the environment, human rights, women's issues, and other topics confirm the emergence of a new transnational democratic sphere of activity. Employing both regional and global case studies, the book charts noticeable growth in the ability of NGOs to build networks among themselves and effect change within UN processes. Using a multidimensional understanding of state sovereignty, the authors find that states use sovereignty ...


'Like Butter Scraped Over Too Much Bread': Animal Protection Policy In Mexico, Emma Norman, Norma Contreras Hernández Dec 2004

'Like Butter Scraped Over Too Much Bread': Animal Protection Policy In Mexico, Emma Norman, Norma Contreras Hernández

Emma R. Norman

Over the past fifteen years Mexico has developed a string of comprehensive animal protection regulations designed to address the serious problems that affect both wild and domestic animals in the territory. Yet for all their detailed coherence and despite serious government efforts, the regulations continue to lack effective enforcement and authorities are increasingly overstretched. This study discusses three key areas that obstruct the effective implementation of Mexican animal protection policy, but where advances could be feasibly initiated. The first concerns deficiencies at the political level. The second addresses the awkward relation between government and civil society on the issue. The ...


Trade Policies Of The Former Centrally Planned Economies, James Toole, James Lutz Dec 2004

Trade Policies Of The Former Centrally Planned Economies, James Toole, James Lutz

James M Lutz

Since the end of Communist rule, the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have been forced to restructure their formerly centrally planned economies. Among the dilemmas they have faced is how open they should be to international trade. Using multiple regression, the openness of these economies to trade is empirically determined while controlling for the effects of both population and wealth. Residuals from the regression equations are then examined in order to identify how much more or less open to trade each country has been. Analysis of the residuals for six distinct regions of the former Communist ...


Religion And Latino Partisanship In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Kelly Dec 2004

Religion And Latino Partisanship In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Kelly

Nathan J Kelly

This article examines the interplay among religion, ethnicity, and the partisanship of Latinos in the U.S. Using pooled data from the 1990-2000 National Election Studies, we assess denominational affiliation and religious commitment as explanations of partisanship. We show that there is more religious diversity among Latinos than is usually acknowledged in studies of Latino politics and that the political importance of religion among Latinos has not been adequately assessed because variation beyond a Catholic/non-Catholic dichotomy has been ignored. We demonstrate that variation in Latino religious affiliation has important political implications.


Pathologies Of Accountability: Icann And The Challenge Of “Multiple Accountabilities Disorder”, Jonathan Koppell Dec 2004

Pathologies Of Accountability: Icann And The Challenge Of “Multiple Accountabilities Disorder”, Jonathan Koppell

Jonathan GS Koppell

Accountability is a core concept of public administration, yet disagreement about its meaning is masked by consensus on its importance and desirability. This article proposes a five-part typology of accountability conceptions. Transparency, liability, controllability, responsibility, and responsiveness are defined as distinct dimensions of accountability, providing an improvement on the current state of conceptual fuzziness. The typology provides a vocabulary for the core argument: that conflicting expectations borne of disparate conceptions of accountability undermine organizational effectiveness. This phenomenon—labeled multiple accountabilities disorder— is illustrated with a case study. ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, is a nascent organization ...


Middle Power Statecraft: Indonesia, Malaysia And The Asia-Pacific, Jonathan Ping Dec 2004

Middle Power Statecraft: Indonesia, Malaysia And The Asia-Pacific, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

Jonathan Ping's volume establishes a unifying theory for the concept of middle power (MP). MPs are states which have an innate form of statecraft and perceived power as a result of their size. The book presents hybridization theory as a basis for analysis, policy development and prediction of MP statecraft and perceived power. A prerequisite to the founding of hybridization theory is the new statistical method of definition which identifies sixteen MPs of Asia and the Pacific.

The volume takes a comparative focus on Indonesia and Malaysia to inform and test hybridization theory, as well as to provide a ...