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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Effects Of Negative Political Advertisements: A Meta-Analytic Assessment, Richard Lau, Lee Sigelman, Caroline Heldman, Paul Babbitt Nov 1999

The Effects Of Negative Political Advertisements: A Meta-Analytic Assessment, Richard Lau, Lee Sigelman, Caroline Heldman, Paul Babbitt

Caroline Heldman

The conventional wisdom about negative political advertisements holds that no one likes them, but they work, that is, they have the consequences their sponsors intend. Moreover, many analysts have expressed concern over the detrimental effects of such negativism on the American political system. We examine the accuracy of the conventional wisdom and the legitimacy of the fears about the consequences for the political system via meta-analysis, a systematic, quantitative review of the literature. The data do not support either contention. Negative political ads appear to be no more effective than positive ads and do not seem to have especially detrimental ...


How Nations Make Peace, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond Dec 1998

How Nations Make Peace, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond

Greg Raymond

No abstract provided.


The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener Dec 1998

The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener

David S. Mason

This paper examines change in economic justice attitudes in five former communist states (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, eastern Germany, Hungary, and Russia), using data from opinion surveys conducted in 1991 and 1996. We examine the implications of theory and research concerning the popular legitimation of western capitalism for change in support for 'market justice' beliefs and norms among postcommunist publics. Our analyses show: first, that in the Czech Republic and eastern Germany, public opinion is moving closer to market justice as found in western capitalism, but socialist justice remains strong or is increasing in the other three countries; secondly, that ...


Privatizing Professional Licensing Boards: Self-Governance Or Self-Interest?, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson Dec 1998

Privatizing Professional Licensing Boards: Self-Governance Or Self-Interest?, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson

J. Michael Martinez

Because professional licensing boards represent nondemocratic elements in a political system founded on democratic principles, their legitimacy has been questioned in recent years. This article examines legal and medical licensing boards in three states—Georgia, California, and Massachusetts—to determine whether developments in those states suggest a trend toward appointing citizen members to boards. The article concludes that although public acceptance of licensing boards might improve in the wake of appointing citizen members, such a cosmetic change does not necessarily ensure that the “public interest” is protected. Only when the private interests of democratically selected citizen board members are balanced ...