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Ross Burkhart

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Turmoil In American Public Policy: Science, Democracy, And The Environment, Leslie Alm, Ross Burkhart, Marc Simon Apr 2014

Turmoil In American Public Policy: Science, Democracy, And The Environment, Leslie Alm, Ross Burkhart, Marc Simon

Ross Burkhart

This book explores the intricacies of the science-policy linkage that pervades environmental policymaking in a democracy.To what extent should science inform and shape the environmental policymaking process? By what mechanisms does it do so in the United States and other liberal democracies? How can scientists most effectively discharge their duty as citizens and public trustees to ensure that environmental policymaking in the United States is scientifically sound?These are the key questions that this primary textbook for courses on American public policymaking and environmental policymaking addresses and attempts to answer. Turmoil in American Public Policy: Science, Democracy, and the ...


Economic Freedom And Democracy: Post-Cold War Tests, Ross Burkhart Aug 2011

Economic Freedom And Democracy: Post-Cold War Tests, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Current theorizing about the connection between cross–national economic development, capitalist economic structure, and democracy has reached critical mass. Current empirical modeling of the effect of economic structure on democracy, however, has slowed down; the most recent study uses data from 1965. Freedom House has developed for 82 countries rankings on 'economic freedom' in 1995, a measure of capitalism based on the freedom to: own property, earn a living, operate a business, invest earnings, trade internationally, and participate in a market economy. This manuscript presents a political economy model of democracy, including the Freedom House measure as a control variable ...


Democracy’S Effect On Economic Growth: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis, 1951–1980, Charles Kurzman, Regina Werum, Ross Burkhart Aug 2011

Democracy’S Effect On Economic Growth: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis, 1951–1980, Charles Kurzman, Regina Werum, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

The relationship between democracy and economic growth has concerned social scientists since the 17th century, but recent democracy movements make this question especially important today. Do poor countries face a cruel trade-off between democracy and growth? Do democracy and growth go together as a "win-win" proposition? Or is democracy irrelevant to growth? Using pooled annual time-series data from 1951-1980 for 106 countries, including 88 non-core countries, we explore long-term and short-term direct and indirect effects of democracy on growth. Little or no direct effect emerges, but positive indirect effects appear via two mechanisms: a marginally significant effect via investment and ...


Left Out: Trust And Social Capital Among Migrant Seasonal Farmworkers, Maria Chávez, Brian Wampler, Ross Burkhart Jun 2011

Left Out: Trust And Social Capital Among Migrant Seasonal Farmworkers, Maria Chávez, Brian Wampler, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Objectives. We analyze the levels of trust and social capital among an understudied group: migrant seasonal farmworkers (MSFW). MSFWs of today are likely to become the "Hispanics" of tomorrow, which means that understanding what affects the development of social capital of this group is critical to understanding how these individuals are incorporated—or not—into the U.S. polity. Methods. We utilize logistic regression analysis and ordered logit analysis to analyze a data set of 555 MSFWs and comments from four focus groups in Idaho. Results. We find that MSFWs have lower levels of generalized trust than do Hispanics nationally ...


'Curvilinearity', 'Modeling', 'Skewed', And 'Threshold Effect', Ross Burkhart Dec 2003

'Curvilinearity', 'Modeling', 'Skewed', And 'Threshold Effect', Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

No abstract provided.


Globalization, Regimes, And Development, Ross Burkhart Dec 2001

Globalization, Regimes, And Development, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Does globalization lead to a higher quality of life? Or, does it lead to more difficult times? In what ways does globalization have its influences? Is it strictly through economic development, or by way of more broad-based human development? Or, perhaps, in a flavor-of-the-month way, is globalization overrated in its impact, with other political, economic, social, and cultural factors better poised to provide us with a more complete understanding of the global development condition? To find answers to these questions, after a brief introduction and literature summary, I put forth in this chapter a measure of globalization based on an ...


Democracy, Ross Burkhart Dec 2000

Democracy, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

No abstract provided.


Comparative Democracy And Income Distribution: Shape And Direction Of The Causal Arrow, Ross Burkhart Jan 1997

Comparative Democracy And Income Distribution: Shape And Direction Of The Causal Arrow, Ross Burkhart

Ross Burkhart

Few research studies examine the effect of income distribution on democracy cross-nationally in a simultaneous equation environment (with democracy also influencing income distribution). The most recent such study asserts that no linear relationship exists between the two variables, without testing for nonlinear relationships. In this study, I operationalize democracy and income distribution for 56 countries over the years 1973–1988. I find through pooled two-stage least-squares estimation that democracy and income distribution have nonlinear effects on each other (inverted U-shaped curves). I reflect on these findings as they affect public policy.