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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Safety Of The Kingdom: Government Responses To Subversive Threats, J. Michael Martinez Jul 2015

The Safety Of The Kingdom: Government Responses To Subversive Threats, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

The horrendous events of September 11, 2001, heightened awareness of terrorism unlike all but a handful of major catastrophes in American history. Like the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963, 9/11 is a date forever enshrined in our national memory.

But 9/11 once again raised the question: What should government do to eliminate or reduce the likelihood of a future attack? How should national leadership balance its responsibility to protect the civil liberties of U.S. citizens with its sworn duty to protect their lives?

In ...


The Greatest Criminal Cases: Changing The Course Of American Law, J. Michael Martinez Feb 2014

The Greatest Criminal Cases: Changing The Course Of American Law, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Many constitutional protections that Americans take for granted today—the right to exclude illegally obtained evidence, the right to government-financed counsel, and the right to remain silent, among others—were not part of the original Bill of Rights, but were the result of criminal trials and judicial interpretations. The untold stories behind these cases reveal circumstances far more interesting than any legal dossier can evoke. Author J. Michael Martinez provides a brief introduction to the drama and intrigue behind 14 leading court cases in American law. 

This engaging text presents a short summary of high-profile legal proceedings from the late ...


American Environmentalism: Philosophy, History, And Public Policy, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2013

American Environmentalism: Philosophy, History, And Public Policy, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Protecting the natural environment and promoting sustainability have become important objectives, but achieving such goals presents myriad challenges for even the most committed environmentalist. American Environmentalism: Philosophy, History, and Public Policy examines whether competing interests can be reconciled while developing consistent, coherent, effective public policy to regulate uses and protection of the natural environment without destroying the national economy. It then reviews a range of possible solutions.
The book delves into key normative concepts that undergird American perspectives on nature by providing an overview of philosophical concepts found in the western intellectual tradition, the presuppositions inherent in neoclassical economics, and ...


Coming For To Carry Me Home: Race In America From Abolitionism To Jim Crow, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2011

Coming For To Carry Me Home: Race In America From Abolitionism To Jim Crow, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Coming for to Carry Me Home examines the history of the politics surrounding U.S. race relations during the half century between the rise of the abolitionist movement in the 1830s and the dawn of the Jim Crow era in the 1880s. J. Michael Martinez argues that Abraham Lincoln and the Radical Republicans in Congress were the pivotal actors, albeit not the architects, that influenced this evolution. To understand how Lincoln and his contemporaries viewed race, Martinez first explains the origins of abolitionism and the tumultuous decade of the 1830s, when that generation of political leaders came of age. He ...


Terrorist Attacks On American Soil: From The Civil War Era To The Present, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2011

Terrorist Attacks On American Soil: From The Civil War Era To The Present, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Understanding the context of terrorism requires a trek through history, in this case the history of terrorist activity in the United States since the Civil War. Because the topic is large and complex,Terrorists Attacks on American Soil: From the Civil War to the Present does not claim to be an exhaustive history of terrorism or the definitive account of how and why terrorists do what they do. Instead, this book takes a representative sampling of the most horrific terrorist attacks on U.S. soil in an effort to understand the context in which they occurred and the lessons that ...


Faces Of The Florence Stockade, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2009

Faces Of The Florence Stockade, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Abstract forthcoming.


Public Administration Ethics For The 21st Century, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2008

Public Administration Ethics For The 21st Century, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Public Administration Ethics for the 21st Century lays the ethical foundations for a uniform professional code of ethics for public administrators, civil servants, and non-profit administrators in the US. Martinez synthesizes five disparate schools of ethical thought as to how public administrators can come to know the good and behave in ways that advance the values of citizenship, equity, and public interest within their respective organizations. Using case studies, he teaches American administrators how to combine the approaches of all five schools to evaluate and resolve complex ethical dilemmas within the constraints of the U.S. democratic values set.

Martinez ...


Administrative Ethics In The Twenty-First Century, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson Dec 2007

Administrative Ethics In The Twenty-First Century, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson

J. Michael Martinez

After years of languishing in the long shadow of «values», its 1960s-era substitute, public discussion and debate about virtues, vices, character, and ethics are occupying center stage once again. This book joins that debate in a way that is both practical and useful to undergraduate and graduate students who are being introduced to the full breadth of public administration in introductory courses, or specialized ones in administrative ethics. Intended as a supplement to major ethics texts, this book will help readers develop a thorough understanding of the principles of ethics so they will come away with a deeper appreciation of ...


Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, And The Ku Klux Klan: Exposing The Invisible Empire During Reconstruction, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2006

Carpetbaggers, Cavalry, And The Ku Klux Klan: Exposing The Invisible Empire During Reconstruction, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

In some places, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a social fraternity whose members enjoyed sophomoric hijinks and homemade liquor. In other areas, the KKK was a paramilitary group intent on keeping former slaves away from white women and Republicans away from ballot boxes. South Carolina saw the worst Klan violence and, in 1871, President Grant sent federal troops under the command of Major Lewis Merrill to restore law and order. Merrill did not eradicate the Klan, but they arguably did more than any other person or entity to expose the identity of the Invisible Empire as a group of ...


Jeffersonian And Hamiltonian Views Of Nature In The Early American Republic, J. Michael Martinez Aug 2005

Jeffersonian And Hamiltonian Views Of Nature In The Early American Republic, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

It is well known that Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton differed in their respective views on the appropriate role of government in the American republic; however, their views on the natural environment are far less familiar. Accordingly, this article examines the Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian thinking on nature in the context of two prevailing views of the natural environment: an intrinsic view and an instrumental view. An intrinsic view values nature for its innate qualities without regard to its uses. An instrumental view, by contrast, values nature insofar as it serves mankind's purposes. The article concludes that although they differed ...


Have Gun, Will Travel: The Dispute Between The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention And The National Rifle Association On Firearm Violence As A Public Health Problem, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez May 2004

Have Gun, Will Travel: The Dispute Between The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention And The National Rifle Association On Firearm Violence As A Public Health Problem, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

This article presents a case study of the political controversy in 1995 and 1996 between the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Rifle Association (NRA) over whether the CDC should conduct policy research on firearm-related violence as a public health issue. In 1996, largely as a result of the NRA's lobbying efforts, Congress curtailed the CDC's authority in addressing firearm violence as a public health problem by redirecting funding toward research on traumatic brain injuries. In essence, the CDC was relegated to the domain of compiling and reporting statistical nationwide data on ...


Life And Death In Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments Of Corporal John Wesly Minnich, C.S.A. And Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, U.S.A., J. Michael Martinez Dec 2003

Life And Death In Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments Of Corporal John Wesly Minnich, C.S.A. And Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, U.S.A., J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

More than anything, Civil War soldiers feared becoming a prisoner of war. Among the deadliest prisons for Confederates was Rock Island Prison in Illinois. One of the most notorious for Northern prisoners was Georgia's Camp Sumter - better known as "Andersonville." Dysentery, starvation, exposure to harsh weather, and brutal mistreatment killed more men in prisons than were killed at Gettysburg, the war's deadliest battle.
The gruesome reality of Civil War prison life is found in the personal stories of those who suffered it. Two such victims were Corporal John Wesley Minnich - a Southern teenager from Louisiana - and Sergeant Warren ...


Liability And Volunteer Organizations: A Survey Of The Law, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2002

Liability And Volunteer Organizations: A Survey Of The Law, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

The question of how and when liability attaches is one of the most important issues facing volunteer organizations today. The liability issue has three related components: (1) whether the organization is liable to third parties for acts performed by volunteers, (2) whether the organization is liable to volunteers who are injured while performing their duties, and (3) whether an individual volunteer is liable for acts performed while working with a volunteer organization. This article explores each of these issues and suggests effective risk management practices that can reduce, although not eliminate, liability in most instances.


The Leviathan's Choice: Capital Punishment In The Twenty-First Century, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson, Brandon D. Hornsby Dec 2001

The Leviathan's Choice: Capital Punishment In The Twenty-First Century, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson, Brandon D. Hornsby

J. Michael Martinez

The death penalty is one of the most contentious issues of our time and has generated an astonishing amount of arguments both for and against capital punishment. Out of this debate, Martinez, Richardson, and Hornsby have crafted the broadest and most balanced account to date. The Leviathan's Choice: Capital Punishment in the Twenty-First Century explores the death penalty from four distinct perspectives—philosophical, theological, social science, and legal—and includes scholarly essays on both sides of the debate. An ideal reader for students and policy makers, The Leviathan's Choice is essential for everyone following the arguments surrounding the ...


The Carter Administration And The Evolution Of American Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy, 1977-1981, J. Michael Martinez Dec 2001

The Carter Administration And The Evolution Of American Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy, 1977-1981, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

In the wake of India's May 1998 decision to resume nuclear testing for the first time since 1974, as well as arch-rival Pakistan's subsequent response, the attention of the world again has focused on nuclear nonproliferation policy as a means of maintaining stability in politically troubled regions of the world. The 1990s proved to be an uncertain time for nonproliferation policy. Pakistan acquired nuclear capabilities. Iraq displayed its well-known intransigence by refusing to allow International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) arms inspectors access to facilities suspected of manufacturing nuclear weapons. North Korea maintained a nuclear weapons program despite opposition ...


Privatizing Professional Licensing Boards: Self-Governance Or Self-Interest?, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson Dec 1998

Privatizing Professional Licensing Boards: Self-Governance Or Self-Interest?, Christine M. Cagle, J. Michael Martinez, William D. Richardson

J. Michael Martinez

Because professional licensing boards represent nondemocratic elements in a political system founded on democratic principles, their legitimacy has been questioned in recent years. This article examines legal and medical licensing boards in three states—Georgia, California, and Massachusetts—to determine whether developments in those states suggest a trend toward appointing citizen members to boards. The article concludes that although public acceptance of licensing boards might improve in the wake of appointing citizen members, such a cosmetic change does not necessarily ensure that the “public interest” is protected. Only when the private interests of democratically selected citizen board members are balanced ...


State Displays Of Confederate Symbols: Legal Challenges And The Political Question Doctrine, J. Michael Martinez Feb 1997

State Displays Of Confederate Symbols: Legal Challenges And The Political Question Doctrine, J. Michael Martinez

J. Michael Martinez

Official state displays of Confederate symbols, especially in state flags, have been challenged in court in recent years. In challenging such displays, plaintiffs often have relied upon various constitutional and statutory provisions, including, in order of preference, the Fourteenth, Thirteenth, and First Amendments, as well as various civil rights statutes and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In most instances, however, courts have held that cases involving state displays of Confederate symbols are political questions that should be addressed in a legislative, not judicial, forum. Accordingly, absent the development of a new legal strategy, plaintiffs' time, money and energy probably ...