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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis Dec 2016

Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

In this paper, I argue that religion matters for the provision of public goods. I identify three normative foundations of Eastern Orthodox monasticism with strong economic implications: 1. solidarity, 2. obedience, and 3. universal discipline. I propose and solve a public goods game with a three-tier hierarchy, where these norms are modeled as treatments. Obedience and universal discipline facilitate the provision of threshold public goods in equilibrium, whereas solidarity does not. Empirical evidence is drawn from public goods experiments run with regional bureaucrats in Tomsk and Novosibirsk, Russia. The introduction of the same three norms as experimental treatments produces different ...


Long Live Democracy: The Determinants Of Political Instability In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier Sep 2015

Long Live Democracy: The Determinants Of Political Instability In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

Luisa Blanco

In this paper, we investigate the determinants of political instability in Latin America. In a panel of 18 Latin American countries from 1971 to 2000, we find that democratic countries experience less average instability in the region, indicating that the move to increased democracy in the last couple decades may alleviate the persistent problem of instability in the area. We also find that income inequality and ethnic fractionalization are important determinants of instability. Countries with low levels of inequality also suffer less instability on average, while ethnic diversity has a non-linear effect on instability. Many macroeconomic variables commonly thought to ...


Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier Sep 2015

Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

Luisa Blanco

Latin American politics has taken a left-hand turn in the last decade, with an increasing number of chief executives hailing from left-of-center parties. We investigate the political and socio-economic factors explaining political ideology of the chief executive in a sample of 100 elections taking place between 1975 and 2007 in eighteen Latin American countries. We find that the commodity booms in agricultural, mining and oil are positively and significantly related to the probability that a country will have a chief executive from a left-of-center political party. However, for oil exports, we observe that this effect only holds for Venezuela. We ...


Bending The Arc: How To Achieve Justice At The International Criminal Court, Jacqueline Mcallister Aug 2015

Bending The Arc: How To Achieve Justice At The International Criminal Court, Jacqueline Mcallister

Jacqueline McAllister

This article explores how the ICTY's experience in apprehending 'big fish' might inform the ICC's efforts to do the same.


Business Views Of Democratization In Brazil And Argentina., Engin Erdem Dec 2014

Business Views Of Democratization In Brazil And Argentina., Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

The democratization literature discusses various dynamics of regime change including economic development, social classes, political institutions, culture and international factors. This paper attempts to illuminate the role of business in political change. For this purpose, it examines two cases from Latin America: Brazil and Argentina. In doing so, the research also benefits from within-case comparisons such as the one between the 1961-64 Goulart government and the New Republic (1985-1990). By examining business behavior in different temporal and spatial contexts, the paper expects to enhance our understanding of social dynamics of democratization. This paper is primarily dealt with the following question ...


Transnational Activism And World Politics, Engin Erdem Dec 2014

Transnational Activism And World Politics, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

Transnational activism has become increasingly salient dynamics of world politics in recent decades. Thousands of transnational actors -advocacy networks, social movements, non-governmental organizations and other activists- work for various causes regarding human rights, environment, women’s rights, development, peace and etc. Overall, transnational activism challenges the fundamental characteristic of the modern nation-state system: sovereignty. As a result, the increasing quantity of transnational activism has led to controversies in the field of international relations (IR) theories. While realist theories look them skeptically, neoliberal institutionalism gives them some role in world politics. Constructivism takes them seriously as carries of norms and challengers ...


Regional Integration And Democratic Conditionality: How Democracy Clauses Help Democratic Consolidation And Deepening, Gaspare Genna, Taeko Hiroi Dec 2014

Regional Integration And Democratic Conditionality: How Democracy Clauses Help Democratic Consolidation And Deepening, Gaspare Genna, Taeko Hiroi

Gaspare M Genna

How effective are democracy clauses of regional integration organizations (RIOs) in promoting democratization and democratic consolidation among member-states? RIOs are increasingly adopting "democracy only" clauses in their treaties, requiring democracy and political stability as a condition of membership. Stable democracy is a collective good for RIO members; without political stability, uncertainty regarding economic exchange increases, undermining the promise of integration. The presence of powerful countries may be necessary for the RIOs to legalize democratic conditionality. In this book, the authors argue that once established democracy clauses exert an independent influence in promoting and defending democratic norms and institutions within the ...


Engaging Students In Disaster Relief Training Exercises, John Fisher, Muhaedin Bela Dec 2014

Engaging Students In Disaster Relief Training Exercises, John Fisher, Muhaedin Bela

Dr. John R. Fisher

Training and exercises are commonly used among first responders to prepare them for disasters and other emergency situations. Emergency management students from Utah Valley University in the United States shared what they have learned about disaster preparedness and response with university students in the Balkans. The six students divided into teams of two and taught three groups of 15 students each. The Utah Valley University students trained 45 Macedonian students about disaster response principles, search and rescue, triage, and emergency medical care. The training was followed by three simulated exercises. The American students were interviewed about their experience. They reported ...


Teaching Progress: A Critique Of The Grand Narrative Of Human Rights As Pedagogy For Marginalized Studentsitle, Mikaila Arthur, Robyn Linde Dec 2014

Teaching Progress: A Critique Of The Grand Narrative Of Human Rights As Pedagogy For Marginalized Studentsitle, Mikaila Arthur, Robyn Linde

Mikaila Mariel Lemonik Arthur

With the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, education about human rights became an important focus of the new human rights regime and a core method of spreading its values throughout the world. This story of human rights is consistently presented as a progressive teleology that contextualizes the expansion of rights within a larger grand narrative of liberalization, emancipation, and social justice. This paper examines the disjuncture between the grand narrative on international movements for human rights and social justice and the lived experiences of marginalized students in urban environments in the United States. Drawing on ...


Policy Change And Coups: The Role Of Income Inequality And Asset Specificity, Taeko Hiroi, Sawa Omori Dec 2014

Policy Change And Coups: The Role Of Income Inequality And Asset Specificity, Taeko Hiroi, Sawa Omori

Taeko Hiroi

Building on the models developed by Boix, Acemoglu, and Robinson on the relationship between economic structures and regime change, we develop a theory that emphasizes structural characteristics of societies and the effects of policy change in such circumstances. We posit that significant policy change in an unequal or asset-specific society induces coups against the incumbent political leader by the losing faction of the elites seeking to prevent or cut losses associated with the policy shifts. Our empirical analysis indicates that the risk of a coup rises considerably during a period of a significant policy change in a society with a ...


China’S New Identity Crisis, Zheng Wang Sep 2014

China’S New Identity Crisis, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


China's Democracy Challenge, Zheng Wang Sep 2014

China's Democracy Challenge, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Nine-Dashed Line: ‘Engraved In Our Hearts’, Zheng Wang Aug 2014

The Nine-Dashed Line: ‘Engraved In Our Hearts’, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Perception Gap Between China And Its Neighbors, Zheng Wang Aug 2014

The Perception Gap Between China And Its Neighbors, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


“China’S 1989 Choice: The Paradox Of Seeking Wealth And Democracy,” (With Joseph O'Mahoney)., Zheng Wang Jul 2014

“China’S 1989 Choice: The Paradox Of Seeking Wealth And Democracy,” (With Joseph O'Mahoney)., Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Dangers Of History Analogies, Zheng Wang Jul 2014

The Dangers Of History Analogies, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Aesthetic Of Revolution In The Film And Literature Of Naguib Mahfouz, Nathaniel Greenberg Jul 2014

The Aesthetic Of Revolution In The Film And Literature Of Naguib Mahfouz, Nathaniel Greenberg

Nathaniel Greenberg

In the wake of the 1952 Revolution, Egypt’s future Nobel laureate in literature devoted himself exclusively to writing for film. The Aesthetic of Revolution in the Film and Literature of Naguib Mahfouz is the first full-length study in English to examine this critical period in the author’s career and to contextualize it within the scope of post-revolutionary Egyptian politics and culture. Before returning to literature in 1959 with his post-revolutionary masterpiece Children of the Alley, Mahfouz wrote or co-wrote some twenty odd scripts, many of them among the most successful in Egyptian history. He did so at a ...


“Bad Memories, Good Dream: The Legacy Of Historical Memory And China’S Foreign Policy,”, Zheng Wang Jun 2014

“Bad Memories, Good Dream: The Legacy Of Historical Memory And China’S Foreign Policy,”, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Ethiopia: Rebuilding Education, Layer By Layer, Lee Nave Jun 2014

Ethiopia: Rebuilding Education, Layer By Layer, Lee Nave

Lee Nave Jr.

The school system of Ethiopia is growing at levels that were unimaginable thirty years ago. About thirty years ago, the entire country had only two universities; now there are over thirty. Also the Ethiopian government has made education a right not a privilege for its entire population. This includes female students and some of the poorest of the poor being able to attend school all the way from the Kindergarten level well into college.


History In The Making: Tunisia's Revolution, Nathaniel Greenberg May 2014

History In The Making: Tunisia's Revolution, Nathaniel Greenberg

Nathaniel Greenberg

ON THE NIGHT of January 24, 2011, I sat smoking shisha and sipping tea at a coffee shop in the downtown Cairo neighborhood of Lazoghly, just blocks from Tahrir Square. The Tunisian revolution had reached a crescendo, but there was little talk of it in this largely working-class neighborhood. With rumors spreading that protests were planned for the coming day, I asked some of the regulars if they thought Egypt could go the way of Tunisia. It was a laughable query. Egypt was too divided, they said, Mubarak too powerful. The following day seemed to confirm their skepticism. No one ...


中国の歴史認識はどう作られたのか (How Historical Memories Have Been Forged In China), Zheng Wang Apr 2014

中国の歴史認識はどう作られたのか (How Historical Memories Have Been Forged In China), Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

the Japanese version of Never Forget National Humiliation: Historical Memory in Chinese Politics and Foreign Relations, New York: Columbia University Press, 2012.


Tiananmen As The Turning Point: China’S Impossible Balancing Act, Zheng Wang Apr 2014

Tiananmen As The Turning Point: China’S Impossible Balancing Act, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


History Education: The Source Of Conflict Between China And Japan, Zheng Wang Apr 2014

History Education: The Source Of Conflict Between China And Japan, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Lion & The Ringmaster: Croatia's Accession To The European Union, Jelena Bilandzich Apr 2014

The Lion & The Ringmaster: Croatia's Accession To The European Union, Jelena Bilandzich

Jelena N Bilandzich

July 1, 2013 marked Croatia's official induction into the European Union. For Croatia this was the culmination of a long negotiation process filled with concessions and challenges. This situation inspired the question of how Croatia's alliance with the EU has affected the state? In order to analyze this relationship the aspects of Croatian identity and sovereignty were explored, in addition to the EU's principles and problems regarding member and candidate states. The evidence found within this investigation came from a number of literary sources ranging from the academic to official government documents. Furthermore, nine interviews were conducted ...


Jet Lag: A Neglected Problem Of Modern Diplomacy?, Dan Caldwell, William Hocking Feb 2014

Jet Lag: A Neglected Problem Of Modern Diplomacy?, Dan Caldwell, William Hocking

Dan Caldwell

The observations and anecdotes of diplomats and policy-makers in memoirs and our interviews clearly document their experience with jet lag and raise important questions: what are the physical and mental effects of jet lag; what impact does jet lag have on leaders and diplomatic negotiations; and finally, what can be done to ameliorate these effects? This article addresses these central questions.


Dimensions Of Legislative Conflict: Coalitions, Obstructionism, And Lawmaking In Multiparty Presidential Regimes, Taeko Hiroi, Lucio Renno Dec 2013

Dimensions Of Legislative Conflict: Coalitions, Obstructionism, And Lawmaking In Multiparty Presidential Regimes, Taeko Hiroi, Lucio Renno

Taeko Hiroi

This article addresses central issues in multiparty presidential systems: the functioning of legislative coalitions and the dynamics of legislative conflict. Since electoral competition has elements of both positive-sum (increase in common support) and zero-sum (exact division of the support) qualities, lawmaking in coalitional systems presents unique challenges. Using legislative data from Brazil, we examine how coalition management and unity affect legislative delay and obstructionism. We find, among others, that: (1) coalition management is pivotal for both faster legislative approval and less obstructionism, but its effect depends on coalition size; and (2) cohesive opposition impedes the legislative process.


Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia Dec 2013

Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The 'Arab Spring' that began in 2011 has placed a spotlight on the transfer of political power in Islamic societies, reviving old questions about the place of political dissent and rebellion in Islamic civilization and raising new ones about the place of religion in modern Islamic societies.

In Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies, Ahmed E. Souaiaia examines the complex historical evolution of Islamic civilization in an effort to trace the roots of the paradigms and principles of Islamic political and legal theories. This study is one of the first attempts at providing a fuller picture of the place of ...


Interview -- About The Third Plenum And China’S Efforts At Reform, Zheng Wang Nov 2013

Interview -- About The Third Plenum And China’S Efforts At Reform, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


China’S Foreign Policy Debates, Zheng Wang Oct 2013

China’S Foreign Policy Debates, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


The Chinese Dream From Mao To Xi, Zheng Wang Sep 2013

The Chinese Dream From Mao To Xi, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.