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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis Dec 2016

Religion, Administration & Public Goods: Experimental Evidence From Russia, Theocharis N. Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

In this paper, I argue that religion matters for the provision of public goods. I identify three normative foundations of Eastern Orthodox monasticism with strong economic implications: 1. solidarity, 2. obedience, and 3. universal discipline. I propose and solve a public goods game with a three-tier hierarchy, where these norms are modeled as treatments. Obedience and universal discipline facilitate the provision of threshold public goods in equilibrium, whereas solidarity does not. Empirical evidence is drawn from public goods experiments run with regional bureaucrats in Tomsk and Novosibirsk, Russia. The introduction of the same three norms as experimental treatments produces different ...


Gop Denying Women Basic Economic Rights, Alev Dudek Nov 2015

Gop Denying Women Basic Economic Rights, Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

As the self-identified party of small government and “maximum economic freedom and the prosperity freedom makes possible,” Republicans have been working hard to restrict women’s rights and coerce them to conform to traditional roles, such as abstaining from sex until marriage, getting married, having babies, and ideally, relying on their husbands to support them. Their opposition to paycheck fairness bills is consistent with these efforts. Although, the pay gap is in contradiction with encouraging productivity, economic activity, and the American Dream that the GOP is allegedly trying to promote or restore. 


Postindustrial Societies, Brian Hoey Dec 2014

Postindustrial Societies, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

The term postindustrial society presupposes categorizing society based on an economic means of classification. Its use rests on assessing the relative status of manufacturing industry as an economic sector. Significant adjustment in sectoral location and nature of employment precipitated by late-twentieth-century deindustrialization in the developed world led many social theorists and critics to predict broad changes throughout domains of everyday life. Some began to speak not only of sectoral transformation but also of an emergent ‘ postindustrial society. ’ Following earlier agrarian and industrial ‘ revolutions, ’ postindustrialism suggested yet another revolution that would again transform how societies were organized.


Policy Change And Coups: The Role Of Income Inequality And Asset Specificity, Taeko Hiroi, Sawa Omori Dec 2014

Policy Change And Coups: The Role Of Income Inequality And Asset Specificity, Taeko Hiroi, Sawa Omori

Taeko Hiroi

Building on the models developed by Boix, Acemoglu, and Robinson on the relationship between economic structures and regime change, we develop a theory that emphasizes structural characteristics of societies and the effects of policy change in such circumstances. We posit that significant policy change in an unequal or asset-specific society induces coups against the incumbent political leader by the losing faction of the elites seeking to prevent or cut losses associated with the policy shifts. Our empirical analysis indicates that the risk of a coup rises considerably during a period of a significant policy change in a society with a ...


Eu-China Economic Relations: Interactions And Barriers, Zheng Lu Nov 2014

Eu-China Economic Relations: Interactions And Barriers, Zheng Lu

Zheng Lu (Chinese: 路征)

EU-China economic interactions became more and more frequent in the past decades, nowadays EU and China are main trade partner for each other. This paper analyzed EU-China economic interactions from three dimensions: bilateral governmental interactions, trade and investment flows as well as barriers to trade and investment. Findings show that EU-China close relationship is particularly based on goods trade especially on intra-industrial trade of manufacturing industrial products, and trade imbalance is arising from trade in Machinery and Transport Equipment and Other Manufactured Goods (e.g., Clothing and clothing accessories); This paper also found that there exist a myriad of trade ...


The Impact Of Government Policies On Access To Broadband, James Prieger Jul 2013

The Impact Of Government Policies On Access To Broadband, James Prieger

James E. Prieger

With a new focus for federal universal service programs on broadband and the NTIA BTOP funding for broadband adoption projects, recent years have been “exciting times” for those interested in broadband policy aimed at stimulating adoption. While most of the recent programs are still too new to be evaluated rigorously, lessons from older academic study can inform our expectations and lend guidance toward evaluating program success. In this brief work, I review what we know from the last decade and a half of literature on the impact of regulation on broadband adoption, discuss the (mostly woeful) attempts at evaluating adoption ...


Principles Of Macroeconomics: Activist Vs. Austerity Policies, Howard Sherman, Mike Meeropol Mar 2013

Principles Of Macroeconomics: Activist Vs. Austerity Policies, Howard Sherman, Mike Meeropol

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This is an economics textbook comparing Neoclassical economic theories with Progressive economic theories, written in extremely accessible prose.


Cambodia’S Garment Industry: A Case Study In Governance, Sophal Ear Mar 2013

Cambodia’S Garment Industry: A Case Study In Governance, Sophal Ear

Sophal Ear

Cambodia has struggled to diversify its economy in the past decade despite nearly doubledigit growth per annum. Chinese interest and investment during this time comes at a critical juncture. This investment is driven from Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, and China and has spilled into multiple industries, but most notably the garment industry which represents 14 per cent of Cambodia’s GDP and is by far its largest foreign exchange earner. The specific investment in garments demonstrates hand-in-hand governance where governments and firms work together to create an environment generating growth, and thus far has produced positive results. Surprisingly, Cambodia ...


The Hungry Dragon: How China's Resource Quest Is Reshaping The World, Sophal Ear Dec 2012

The Hungry Dragon: How China's Resource Quest Is Reshaping The World, Sophal Ear

Sophal Ear

This book explores China’s quest for energy sources, raw materials and natural resources around the world, with a specific emphasis on oil. China’s ubiquitous presence in Africa, Asia and Latin America is reshaping the world with regards to economics, politics and national security. It offers a comprehensive examination of China’s energy security strategy.

The first two chapters delve into Chinese relations with energy markets and the world, and the global geopolitics of China's resource quest. This introductory section is complemented by three in-depth country case studies: Angola, Brazil and Cambodia. The two concluding chapters cover opportunities ...


News Of Corporate Failure: Evaluating The Relationship Between Individual Assessments And Market Investments, Ann Williams Dec 2012

News Of Corporate Failure: Evaluating The Relationship Between Individual Assessments And Market Investments, Ann Williams

Ann E Williams

Individuals’ comprehension of communication is shaped by the use of metaphor. This study illustrates how the use of metaphor in business and economic news coverage shapes individuals’ responsibility attributions in ways that can ultimately influence consumers’ investment decisions. In a randomized experimental design, participants were invited to read news articles that described the bankruptcy of a business. The treatment text narrated the bankruptcy using metaphor, while the control text narrated the same event without the use of metaphor. After exposure to the communication text narrated with metaphor, responsibility attributions and subsequent investment decisions were significantly altered. The findings suggest that ...


The Politics Of Rights-Based Approaches In Conservation, Prakash Kashwan Dec 2012

The Politics Of Rights-Based Approaches In Conservation, Prakash Kashwan

Prakash Kashwan

Scholars and advocates increasingly favor rights-based approaches over traditional exclusionary policies in conservation. Yet, national and international conservation policies and programs have often led to the exclusion of forest-dependent peoples. This article proposes and tests the hypothesis that the failures of rights-based approaches in conservation can be attributed in significant measure to the political economic interest of the state in the tropics. To this end, the article presents findings from the empirical analysis of the Forest Rights Act of 2006 in India. Two key recommendations emerge from this analysis. One, the proposals for operationalizing rights-based approaches will likely be far ...


Aid Dependence In Cambodia: How Foreign Assistance Undermines Democracy, Sophal Ear Dec 2012

Aid Dependence In Cambodia: How Foreign Assistance Undermines Democracy, Sophal Ear

Sophal Ear

International intervention liberated Cambodia from pariah state status in the early 1990s and laid the foundations for more peaceful, representative rule. Yet the country's social indicators and the integrity of its political institutions declined rapidly within a few short years, while inequality grew dramatically. Conducting an unflinching investigation into these developments, Sophal Ear reveals the pernicious effects of aid dependence and its perversion of Cambodian democracy.

International intervention and foreign aid resulted in higher maternal (and possibly infant and child) mortality rates and unprecedented corruption by the mid-2000s. Similarly, in example after example, Ear finds the more aid dependent ...


Mindscapes And Landscapes: Hayek And Simon On Cognitive Extension, Leslie Marsh Oct 2012

Mindscapes And Landscapes: Hayek And Simon On Cognitive Extension, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Hayek’s and Simon’s social externalism runs on a shared presupposition: mind is constrained in its computational capacity to detect, harvest, and assimilate “data” generated by the infinitely fine-grained and perpetually dynamic characteristic of experience in complex social environments. For Hayek, mind and sociality are co-evolved spontaneous orders, allowing little or no prospect of comprehensive explanation, trapped in a hermeneutically sealed, i.e. inescapably context bound, eco-system. For Simon, it is the simplicity of mind that is the bottleneck, overwhelmed by the ambient complexity of the environmental. Since on Simon’s account complexity is unidirectional, Simon is far more ...


Dynamics Of The Current Crisis, Howard Sherman, Mike Meeropol Apr 2012

Dynamics Of The Current Crisis, Howard Sherman, Mike Meeropol

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Sometimes, it is useful to take a step back and remind ourselves why recessions occur and why recoveries usually follow shortly thereafter. Having done that, we can try to understand the causes of far more serious recessions and what must be done to recover. The authors point out how such severe recessions, including the Great Recession of 2007 to 2009, differ profoundly from most others


Challenges Of The Cooperative Movement In Addressing Issues Of Human Security In The Context Of A Neoliberal World: The Case Of Argentina, Stefan Ivanovski Mar 2012

Challenges Of The Cooperative Movement In Addressing Issues Of Human Security In The Context Of A Neoliberal World: The Case Of Argentina, Stefan Ivanovski

Stefan Ivanovski

The response of some Argentine workers to the 2001 crisis of neoliberalism gave rise to a movement of worker-recovered enterprises (empresas recuperadas por sus trabajadores or ERTs). The ERTs have emerged as former employees took over the control of generally fraudulently bankrupt factories and enterprises. The analysis of the ERT movement within the neoliberal global capitalist order will draw from William Robinson’s (2004) neo-Gramscian concept of hegemony. The theoretical framework of neo-Gramscian hegemony will be used in exposing the contradictions of capitalism on the global, national, organizational and individual scales and the effects they have on the ERT movement ...


Stigmergy 3.0: From Ants To Economies, Leslie Marsh, Margery Doyle Dec 2011

Stigmergy 3.0: From Ants To Economies, Leslie Marsh, Margery Doyle

Leslie Marsh

No abstract provided.


Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh Dec 2010

Hayek's Philosophical Psychology, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Hayek's philosophical psychology as set out in his The Sensory Order (1952) has, for the most part, been neglected. Despite being lauded by computer scientist grandee Frank Rosenblatt and by Nobel prize-winning biologist Gerald Edelman, cognitive scientists -- with a few exceptions -- have yet to discover Hayek's philosophical psychology. On the other hand, social theorists, Hayek's traditional disciplinary constituency, have only recently begun to take note and examine the importance of psychology in the complete Hayek corpus. This volume brings together for the first time state-of-the-art contributions from neuroscientists and philosophers of mind as well as economists and ...


Who's To Blame When A Business Fails? How Journalistic Death Metaphors Influence Responsibility Attributions, Ann Williams Dec 2010

Who's To Blame When A Business Fails? How Journalistic Death Metaphors Influence Responsibility Attributions, Ann Williams

Ann E Williams

This study unites a textual analysis and an experimental audience study to document the use of death metaphor in business news and to assess the impact that death metaphor has on audiences' attributions of responsibility for corporate failure. The findings show that death metaphors are frequently used in financial press coverage and that the use of death metaphor influences audience members' responsibility attributions by intensifying overall levels of blame, while simultaneously deflecting blame away from the executives responsible for managing the firm and diffusing it to other factors, including the state of the economy, the government, and individual consumers.


North American Futures: Canadian & U.S. Perspectives, Managing The Arctic, David Caron Mar 2010

North American Futures: Canadian & U.S. Perspectives, Managing The Arctic, David Caron

David D. Caron

Presentation and discussion of issues relevant to balanced Arctic exploration, multilateral cooperation policy, growth and development and political-economic perspectives.


Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec): Economic Cooperation Through Political Conflict, Jonathan Ping Dec 2006

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec): Economic Cooperation Through Political Conflict, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Strategic Appointments, Sven Feldmann, Anthony Bertelli Dec 2006

Strategic Appointments, Sven Feldmann, Anthony Bertelli

Sven Feldmann

This article develops an institutional spatial theory of presidential appointments to administrative agencies that falls within the spirit of a recent line of theoretical research toward an institutional theory of the presidency. We show that when bureaucrats implement policy that results from negotiation with constituents, the ally principle—appointing political allies—holds only as a knife-edge condition. Presidents are better served by appointing administrators whose preferences partially offset the influence of organized interests. The incentives described have implications for the selection of a whole range of bureaucratic personnel at various levels, generating significant implications for the study of public management ...


The Asian Financial Crisis: The International Monetary Fund's Increasing Importance, Jonathan Ping Dec 2006

The Asian Financial Crisis: The International Monetary Fund's Increasing Importance, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Lobbying Bureaucrats, Sven Feldmann, Morten Bennedsen Nov 2006

Lobbying Bureaucrats, Sven Feldmann, Morten Bennedsen

Sven Feldmann

We study how interest group lobbying of the bureaucracy affects policy outcomes and how it changes the legislature's willingness to delegate decision-making authority to the bureaucracy. We extend the standard model of delegation to account for interest group influence during the implementation stage of policy. We analyze how the decision to delegate changes when the bureaucratic agent is subject to external influence. The optimal degree of delegation as well as the extent to which interest groups influence policy outcomes differ depending on whether the system of government is characterized by unified or divided control. The result is a comparative ...


A History Of Political Experience, Leslie Marsh Dec 2005

A History Of Political Experience, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

This book survives superficial but fails deeper scrutiny. A facile, undiscerning criticism of Lectures in the History of Political Thought (LHPT) is that on Oakeshott’s own account these are lectures on a non-subject: ‘I cannot detect anything which could properly correspond to the expression “the history of political thought”’ (p. 32). This is an entirely typical Oakeshottian swipe – elegant and oblique – at the title of the lecture course he inherited from Harold Laski. If title and quotation sit awkwardly we should remember that Oakeshott never prepared the text for publication – a fortiori he did not prepare it for publication ...


Oil For What?—Illicit Iraqi Oil Contracts And The U.N. Security Council, Paul Heaton Oct 2005

Oil For What?—Illicit Iraqi Oil Contracts And The U.N. Security Council, Paul Heaton

Paul Heaton

Over a 6½-year period the Iraqi government issued over 1300 oil contracts through the U.N. Oil-For-Food Program. This paper demonstrates that Security Council members obtained significantly more contracts than non-members and contract receipt is associated with pro-Hussein votes on resolutions. For non-permanent seat holders Council membership is associated with a 46% premium in contract value, while permanent seat holders obtained an estimated benefit of approximately $29 million each over the life of the program. A 10% increase in the probability of casting a pro-Iraq vote on the Council corresponds to $55 million in additional contracts. Contrary to median voter ...


Palestinian Labor Migration To Israel: Labor, Land And Occupation, Leila Farsakh Dec 2004

Palestinian Labor Migration To Israel: Labor, Land And Occupation, Leila Farsakh

Leila Farsakh

No abstract provided.


Reclaiming Evolution: A Marxist-Institutionalist Dialogue On Social Change, Howard Sherman, William Dugger Dec 1999

Reclaiming Evolution: A Marxist-Institutionalist Dialogue On Social Change, Howard Sherman, William Dugger

HOWARD J SHERMAN

In this unique book, Howard Sherman and William M.Dugger engage in a dialogue on social evolution from Institutionalist and Marxist perspectives, each representing one side. It is their intention to explore the way society develops using the equally radical, but very different approaches of Thorstein Veblen and Karl Marx. The dialogue proceeds with a series of questions - each answered from the two perspectives. Beginning with an intellectual history and definition, Reclaiming Evolution examines social evolution in terms of causal elements; economic relations, technology, enabling myth and political relations, and social processes; structural change, social tension and social conflict. It ...


The Business Cycle: Growth And Crisis In Capitalism, Howard Sherman Dec 1990

The Business Cycle: Growth And Crisis In Capitalism, Howard Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Are the recurring recessions of the capitalist world merely short-term adjustments to changing economic circumstances in a system that tends, in general, toward equilibrium? In this accessible study of the business cycle, Howard Sherman makes a powerful case that recessions and painful involuntary unemployment are endogenous to capitalism. Drawing especially on the work of Wesley Clair Mitchell, Karl Marx, and John M. Keynes, Sherman explains why the nature of the business cycle produces serious economic loss and misery during its contraction phase, just as it produces growth in its expansion phase.


Comparing Economic Systems: A Political-Economic Approach, Howard Sherman Dec 1987

Comparing Economic Systems: A Political-Economic Approach, Howard Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

No abstract provided.


A New Social Contract : The Economy And Government After Reagan, Derek Shearer, Martin Carnoy, Russell Rumberger Dec 1982

A New Social Contract : The Economy And Government After Reagan, Derek Shearer, Martin Carnoy, Russell Rumberger

Derek Shearer

No abstract provided.