Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

United States History

PDF

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1405

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Hydraulic Dimension Of Reconstruction In Louisiana, 1863-1879, Matthew P. Carlin May 2019

The Hydraulic Dimension Of Reconstruction In Louisiana, 1863-1879, Matthew P. Carlin

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Louisiana developed an extensive system of levees throughout the Atchafalaya Basin and along its territorial Mississippi River. This system reached its zenith on the eve of the American Civil War. It went into dramatic decline following the conflict due to the confluence of military activity, protracted irregular warfare, and neglect stemming from labor and capital revolution. These shifts intensified with the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation and finally consolidated after the ratification of Louisiana’s Constitution of 1879. The shift of responsibility for the construction and maintenance of levees during the Reconstruction Era led to many significant changes in the character and ...


Interview Of Fred J. Foley, Jr., Ph.D., Fred J. Foley Ph.D., Jeanmarie Turner May 2019

Interview Of Fred J. Foley, Jr., Ph.D., Fred J. Foley Ph.D., Jeanmarie Turner

All Oral Histories

Dr. Fred Foley, Jr. was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in December of 1946. His parents were Fred Joseph Foley and Doris Nelson Foley. He moved to the Philadelphia area with his family when he was four years old. He is married, has three children and four grandchildren. He lived in Delaware County growing up. Dr. Foley attended St. Andrew's Grade School and Monsignor Bonner High School for Boys. He attended St. Joseph’s College as an undergrad majoring in Politics. He graduated with a B.A. in Politics in 1968. He attended Princeton University for his Master’s and ...


Oral Argument Tactics On The Supreme Court Bench: A Comparative Analysis Of Verbal Tools Used By Justices Sotomayor, Kagan, And Gorsuch, Corinne Cichowicz Apr 2019

Oral Argument Tactics On The Supreme Court Bench: A Comparative Analysis Of Verbal Tools Used By Justices Sotomayor, Kagan, And Gorsuch, Corinne Cichowicz

Politics Honors Papers

Oral argument scholars like Adam Feldman have categorized the Supreme Court justices’ behavior during oral argument using the approach-based method, labeling each as one-sided, even-handed, or restrained. This approach is too narrowly constructed. Scholars sometimes categorize justices in terms of the tools they use, which include questions, hypotheticals, declarations, interruptions, tone of voice, and silence (Feldman 2018a). Neither of these methods alone produce a nuanced analysis of each justice’s actions during an individual case or across a Term. As the Court’s composition and dynamics are continuously changing, scholarship on oral argument needs to adapt to become more effective ...


Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin Apr 2019

Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Electoral College is used by the United States of America to elect the president every four years. It has been amended and updated several times; however, it remains an extremely convoluted and outdated system. Four presidencies were the product of incongruent elections –– the candidate won the electoral college but lost the popular vote –– and each of these presidencies resulted in immense consequences. Reforming the current electoral college will be difficult, but it is extremely vital and necessary. The American election system must be restructured so that it may fairly and adequately represent the voices of its citizens.


Patton, Paul Edward, B. 1937 (Sc 3400), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2019

Patton, Paul Edward, B. 1937 (Sc 3400), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3400. Letter, 16 April 1987, of Paul E. Patton, Pikeville, Kentucky, to Riley Handy, Bowling Green, Kentucky. The letter asks support for Patton’s campaign for Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky and outlines his experience and qualifications for the office.


Nunn, Louie Broady, 1924-2004 (Sc 3405), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2019

Nunn, Louie Broady, 1924-2004 (Sc 3405), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3405. Letter, 25 October 1971, to “Fellow Kentuckian” from Kentucky Governor Louie B. Nunn. Preparing to leave office, he provides a report on his administration’s accomplishments with respect to agriculture in the state. Much of the detail is set out in a report to Nunn from the Commissioner of Agriculture that is included with the letter.


Thatcher, Margaret Hilda (Roberts), 1925-2013 (Sc 3372), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Apr 2019

Thatcher, Margaret Hilda (Roberts), 1925-2013 (Sc 3372), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3372. Printed letter in her handwriting, May 1979, from Margaret Thatcher to Mrs. Hobson Sinclair (June Rose Garrott), Bowling Green, Kentucky, thanking her for her message of congratulation on Thatcher’s election as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. “We were thrilled with the decisive result and good majority,” the letter states, and declares that “there is work to be done” to fulfill the trust placed in her government by the public.


Carter, Tim Lee, 1910-1987 (Sc 3370), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Mar 2019

Carter, Tim Lee, 1910-1987 (Sc 3370), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3370. Letters to retired WKU faculty member Frances Richards from Congressman Tim Lee Carter, a former student. He compliments her as “one of my finest teachers” and recalls others at WKU. He also comments on Monroe County, Kentucky’s 1971 sesquicentennial, sends her his floor speech on noise pollution, and refers briefly to poverty programs, rural depopulation, and his hope for bipartisan politics in Kentucky. Includes a letter from Carter’s sister Mae with data about her family.


Divided By The Sermon On The Mount, David A. Skeel Jr. Feb 2019

Divided By The Sermon On The Mount, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Essay, written for a festschrift for Bob Cochran, argues that the much-discussed friction between evangelical supporters of President Trump and evangelical critics is a symptom of a much deeper theological divide over the Sermon on the Mount, where Jesus told his disciples to turn the other cheek when struck, love their neighbor as themselves, and pray that their debts will be forgiven as they forgive their debtors. Divergent interpretations of these teachings have given rise to competing evangelical visions of justice.

The historical context dates back to the 1880s, a period when the influence of the Sermon on the ...


Sanders, William Willard "Whitey," B. 1931 (Mss 659), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2019

Sanders, William Willard "Whitey," B. 1931 (Mss 659), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 659. Correspondence, articles and miscellaneous material documenting the career of newspaper editorial cartoonist Bill “Whitey” Sanders. Includes letters from readers, public figures and fellow cartoonists, video of programs and appearances, and material related to Sanders’ books and his participation in professional organizations. Correspondence, articles and miscellaneous material documenting the career of newspaper editorial cartoonist Bill Whitey” Sanders. Includes letters from readers, public figures and fellow cartoonists, video of programs and appearances, and material related to Sanders’ books and his participation in professional organizations.


The Mixed Reception Of The Hamilton Premiere In Puerto Rico, Daniel Pollack-Pelzner Jan 2019

The Mixed Reception Of The Hamilton Premiere In Puerto Rico, Daniel Pollack-Pelzner

Faculty Publications

In this article originally published in The Atlantic, Daniel Pollack-Pelzner wonders about the challenges of premiering the famed Broadway musical, Hamilton, during a time of political discord in the aftermath of 2017's Hurricane Maria, in Puerto Rico.


Scott Family - Letters To (Sc 3318), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jan 2019

Scott Family - Letters To (Sc 3318), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3318. Letters to the Scott family of Ashland, Kentucky, chiefly to Sarah Asenath Scott from Fred Osborne, written from Clinchco, Virginia prior to their marriage. Fred refers to his work and health, their marriage plans, and a pending legal case. Other letters to Sarah are from childhood friends and classmates and friends of her mother. Includes a family letter to Sarah’s mother, and letters to her father from his sister and her children in Knoxville, Tennessee, which refer to farming operations and hopes for an improved economy under the new president, Franklin ...


Genocide Masquerading: The Politics Of The Sharpeville Massacre And Soweto Uprising, Jessica P. Forsee Jan 2019

Genocide Masquerading: The Politics Of The Sharpeville Massacre And Soweto Uprising, Jessica P. Forsee

University Honors Program Theses

Apartheid South Africa represented a paradox as a US ally and human rights pariah. “Genocide Masquerading” uncovers the implications of US foreign policy on the rise and decline of apartheid, looking specifically at the 1960 Sharpeville Massacre and the 1976 Soweto Uprising. By comparing Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Ford, and Carter foreign policy responses, this thesis creates a comparative analysis of how effective, or ineffective, the United States was during pivotal moments in apartheid history. This thesis will not only expand on the developing South African literature but add to the conversation of international aid, diplomacy practices, and North-South relationships.


“Of Every Sort”: Conceptions Of Property Rights At The Time Of The American Founding, Zachary Wong Jan 2019

“Of Every Sort”: Conceptions Of Property Rights At The Time Of The American Founding, Zachary Wong

CMC Senior Theses

The most contentious issues of our day often have to do with political and social rights as opposed to economic rights. Through the lens of property rights I investigate whether this dichotomy existed at the time of the American founding. First, I examine the state constitutions and identify three clauses, common to the documents, which protect property rights. I examine their historical basis and reveal their connection to English common law and Locke, primarily. Then, I discuss the personal views of Madison and Jefferson to gain insight into the personal thoughts of two of the most influential Founders. Finally, I ...


Space, Power, Policy, And The Creation Of The “Illegal” Migrant At The United States Boundary With Mexico, Catalina J. Biesman-Simons Jan 2019

Space, Power, Policy, And The Creation Of The “Illegal” Migrant At The United States Boundary With Mexico, Catalina J. Biesman-Simons

Scripps Senior Theses

This thesis discusses the relationship between space (physical and figurative) and sovereign power, with respect to the history of the United States' immigration and boundary policy. It examines spatial organization as a social product, and simultaneously a producer of mainstream associations of illegal activity at the border with Mexico. It begins with a brief introduction to a spatially informed analytical framework, a history of relevant United States' immigration policy. The paper then uses newspaper coverage from the 1970s and 1980s to examine the local and national rise of xenophobia in the United States, and the normalization of boundary control and ...


The Federal State And Hegemony: Politics In Floyd County, Kentucky And The Latter Years Of The War On Poverty, Riccardo Paolo D'Amato Jan 2019

The Federal State And Hegemony: Politics In Floyd County, Kentucky And The Latter Years Of The War On Poverty, Riccardo Paolo D'Amato

Online Theses and Dissertations

The central question this thesis addresses is how increasing federal power impacted local peoples, both politicians and otherwise. Kentucky politics was an already convoluted subject of local interconnected patronage without adding even more possible connections. The War on Poverty did just that, adding more players to the ‘game’ of Kentucky politics through numerous influential programs. This thesis closely follows the later years of the War on Poverty in Floyd County specifically to discover what changes were created in the political and social spheres.

This thesis’ findings are based in a contextualized reading of local and foreign newspapers, letters to Representative ...


Halbert, William Clarence, 1856-1931 (Sc 3310), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Dec 2018

Halbert, William Clarence, 1856-1931 (Sc 3310), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3310. Certificate, 22 March 1900, of the appointment on 5 December 1899 of William C. Halbert as 1st Lieutenant, 2nd Infantry, Kentucky State Guard. Signed by Governor William S. Taylor, who requested that a militia company be raised in anticipation of violence following the contested gubernatorial election of 1899.


Images, Art, And Paraphernalia: Analyzing Tactics Of The United Farm Workers And The Coalition Of Immokalee Workers, Felicia Viano Dec 2018

Images, Art, And Paraphernalia: Analyzing Tactics Of The United Farm Workers And The Coalition Of Immokalee Workers, Felicia Viano

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

What do grapes and tomatoes have in common? Both of these foods have been or are major points of contention for influential farm worker movements. The United Farm Workers formed by Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Gilbert Padilla in 1962 has become a hallmark of success in labor history. This movement used traditional yet innovative methods of social movement strategy, eventually branding themselves as a household name. The images and paraphernalia such as buttons, bumper stickers, and posters distributed during the Delano Grape Strike seemed like a simple concept at the time, but there were strategic decisions made to incorporate ...


Divided Agencies: Internal Strife In The Fight Against Castro, Stephanie R. Schmidt Dec 2018

Divided Agencies: Internal Strife In The Fight Against Castro, Stephanie R. Schmidt

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines how the Central Intelligence Agency and the U.S. State Department differed in their approaches to dealing with the Castro regime from 1959 through the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Using declassified documents from the CIA and State Department, I argue that the approaches of the CIA in dealing with the Castro regime were more aggressive than the approaches of the U.S. State Department. Many of the primary sources used in this work were accessed in the CIA electronic reading room and on the office of the historian website. The office of the historian ...


Remembering An Invasion: The Panama Intervention In America’S Political Memory, Dave Nagaji Dec 2018

Remembering An Invasion: The Panama Intervention In America’S Political Memory, Dave Nagaji

Senior Theses

In December of 1989, the United States launched Operation Just Cause, a military invasion of the country of Panama, capturing Manuel Noriega and overthrowing his government. This research project examines how Colin Powell, Richard Cheney, James Baker, and George H.W. Bush presented Operation Just Cause in their memoirs. It attempts to determine how these senior leaders’ depictions of this invasion incorporated it into the Bush administration’s overall foreign-policy strategy. The research finds that their general approach was to present the Panama intervention as an isolated incident which had no intentional link to other major events at the time ...


Smith, Pearl Irene (Kearney), 1888-1972 (Sc 3302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Smith, Pearl Irene (Kearney), 1888-1972 (Sc 3302), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3302. Letters, clippings, invitations and associated material relating to the involvement of Pearl Irene (Mrs. Stuart A.) Smith, Louisville, Kentucky, in state and local politics and civic causes. Active in local Democratic councils, Mrs. Smith left the party in acrimony in 1927 over its selection of candidates for governor of Kentucky and mayor of Louisville, and worked thereafter in Republican campaign committees and delegations. Includes a petition demanding enforcement of American neutrality in World War II.


Public Religion: Balancing On The Tightrope, Erik Lorenz Nov 2018

Public Religion: Balancing On The Tightrope, Erik Lorenz

Student Research

No abstract provided.


Hutchinson, Julian Terrence, Jr., 1933-2004 (Sc 3298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Hutchinson, Julian Terrence, Jr., 1933-2004 (Sc 3298), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3298. Lists, drafts, receipts, and campaign and organizational materials relating to Julian T. Hutchinson’s involvement in Democratic politics in Fayette County, Kentucky. Includes material relating to the formation of the Blue Grass Fayette County Democratic Club and the Fayette County Young Democrats Club, and to Hutchinson’s 1965 campaign for the Democratic nomination to represent Kentucky’s 54th District in the state legislature.


Clements, Earle Chester, 1896-1985 (Sc 3292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Clements, Earle Chester, 1896-1985 (Sc 3292), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3292. Letter, 11 July 1947, to a voter from the chairman of Earle C. Clements’ campaign for governor of Kentucky, providing brief data on the candidate and soliciting support; also letter, 30 October 1961, from Clements replying to the recipient’s telegram about a toll road groundbreaking ceremony in Leitchfield, Kentucky. Clements, who had earlier resigned as state highway commissioner and was not informed of the ceremony, nevertheless expresses satisfaction that he had initiated the project.


Carroll, Julian Morton, B. 1931 (Sc 3290), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Carroll, Julian Morton, B. 1931 (Sc 3290), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3290. Letters, February-July 1975, of Kentucky Governor Julian M. Carroll and officials of his election campaign. The letters thank the recipients for support and for a presentation of portraits of Carroll and his wife Charlann. A handwritten 1987 letter thanks the recipient for supporting Carroll’s unsuccessful attempt to win the Democratic nomination for another term as governor.


Brown, John Young, Jr., B. 1933 (Sc 3289), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Brown, John Young, Jr., B. 1933 (Sc 3289), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3288. Letter, 27 September 1979, from the Finance Chairman of the campaign of Democrat John Y. Brown, Jr. for Governor of Kentucky, asking the recipient for support through the sale of pins to contributors. Also letter, 12 December 1983, of Governor John Y. Brown, Jr. thanking the recipient for his good wishes as Brownprepares to leave office.


Brown, Phyllis Ann (George), B. 1949 (Sc 3288), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Brown, Phyllis Ann (George), B. 1949 (Sc 3288), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3288. Mass-mailed letter, 15 October 1979, in the handwriting of Phyllis (George) Brown, wife of John Y. Brown, Jr., Democratic candidate for Governor of Kentucky. She summarizes the election issues and praises her husband’s political skills and agenda.


Black, James Dixon, 1849-1938 (Sc 3286), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2018

Black, James Dixon, 1849-1938 (Sc 3286), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3286. Letter, 9 August 1919, of James D. Black, Governor of Kentucky, to Orville J. Stivers, Louisville, Kentucky, thanking him for his letter of congratulations on Black’s victory in the Democratic primary for the gubernatorial election in November. Black took office the previous May when his predecessor, Augustus O. Stanley, was elected to the U.S. Senate.


Westerman, Robert Vaughn, B. 1948 - Collector (Sc 3284), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Westerman, Robert Vaughn, B. 1948 - Collector (Sc 3284), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3284. Three political items collected by Robert V. Westerman: a certificate, 6 November 1868, of three Gallatin County, Kentucky officials reporting the vote count for electors for President, Vice President, and Member of Congress for Kentucky’s 6th Congressional District; a letter, 2 February 1949, of Garrett L. Withers to Pearl Sugg, Providence, Kentucky, with expressions of friendship after his appointment to the U.S. Senate to replace Vice President Alben Barkley; and a form letter of Harry Lee Waterfield, Clinton, Kentucky, seeking support in his 1967 campaign for Governor of Kentucky.


Ballew, William A., 1842-1915 (Sc 3277), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2018

Ballew, William A., 1842-1915 (Sc 3277), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 3277. Letter, 12 November 1864, from William A. Ballew to Thomas Hopkins, Clinton County, Kentucky. Writing from Spring Hill, Tennessee, where he is serving with the 12th Kentucky Infantry, Ballew notes his regiment’s support of presidential candidate George B. McClellan (“little mack”). Although they were not yet enfranchised, he cites a mock election held by African Americans in Nashville as evidence for President Abraham Lincoln’s likely reelection. He notes the good health of his fellow soldiers, including Hopkins’ two sons, Lewis and Shelby.