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Sociology

2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Peace-Building In An Inseparable World, Jonathan Moore Dec 2005

Peace-Building In An Inseparable World, Jonathan Moore

New England Journal of Public Policy

Our world is increasingly divided between the haves and the have nots, and the gap between these two is growing. Despite this, with all of its riches, the United States remains disconnected. A poor country in the aftermath of war is a microcosm of the world at large. Given the prodigious problems of the failed and failing nations discussed here -- Afghanistan, Cambodia, East Timor, Haiti, Iraq, Kosovo, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Somalia -- the tendency is to deny the enormity of the task and to treat the problem superficially and peremptorily rather than to attack its root causes. The United Nations ...


Genocide: What Do We Want It To Be?, Alan A. Ryan Jr. Dec 2005

Genocide: What Do We Want It To Be?, Alan A. Ryan Jr.

New England Journal of Public Policy

The definition of genocide in the Genocide Convention has been universally accepted, in the statutes of the ad hoc international tribunals and the International Criminal Court, but it conceals a host of ambiguities. Sociologists, political scientists, and others have not devised any legally adequate substitute. This article proposes a non-linear definition of genocide, that is, a definition that takes into account the presence or absence of several factors, rather than one that attempts to generalize the crime of genocide. It disregards the motives or objectives of the perpetrator, sheds the secondary phenomena that often accompany genocide (such as dehumanization of ...


A Bloody Tradition: Ethnic Cleansing In World War Ii Yugoslavia, Paul Bookbinder Dec 2005

A Bloody Tradition: Ethnic Cleansing In World War Ii Yugoslavia, Paul Bookbinder

New England Journal of Public Policy

When World War II began, a climate for mass violence already existed. The author examines the history of ethnic cleansing, cultural cleansing, mass murder, and genocide in Yugoslavia – Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hertzegovena, and Kosovo – and finds that the historical atrocities are alive in active memory today. With a new awareness of the consequences of ethnic hatred, people can study their own histories cleansed of myth and nationalist delusions so that wars that unleash ethnic violence can be stopped before these excesses erupt.


Postcard: One -Year Anniversary Celebration Of The William J. Clinton Presidential Center Nov 2005

Postcard: One -Year Anniversary Celebration Of The William J. Clinton Presidential Center

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A “Friends & Family Bar-B-Que Reunion.” November 18, 2005.


Trafficking Of North Korean Refugees In China, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Nov 2005

Trafficking Of North Korean Refugees In China, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

No abstract provided.


The Changing Demographic, Legal, And Technological Contexts Of Political Representation, Benjamin Forest Oct 2005

The Changing Demographic, Legal, And Technological Contexts Of Political Representation, Benjamin Forest

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Three developments have created challenges for political representation in the U.S. and particularly for the use of territorially based representation (election by district). First, the demographic complexity of the U.S. population has grown both in absolute terms and in terms of residential patterns. Second, legal developments since the 1960s have recognized an increasing number of groups as eligible for voting rights protection. Third, the growing technical capacities of computer technology, particularly Geographic Information Systems, have allowed political parties and other organizations to create election districts with increasingly precise political and demographic characteristics. Scholars have made considerable progress in ...


Okolie Animba, Ed. Glimpses Of Igbo Culture And Civilization, Michael Andregg Oct 2005

Okolie Animba, Ed. Glimpses Of Igbo Culture And Civilization, Michael Andregg

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Lee Harris, Civlizations And Its Enemies: The Next Stage Of History, Laina Farhat-Holzman Oct 2005

Lee Harris, Civlizations And Its Enemies: The Next Stage Of History, Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr. Oct 2005

Imputed Conflicts Of Interest In International Law Practice, Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Fighting Passions: A Developmental Examination Of The Salafi Jihadi Movement In Jordan And The Roots Of Extremism, Ryo Ragland Oct 2005

Fighting Passions: A Developmental Examination Of The Salafi Jihadi Movement In Jordan And The Roots Of Extremism, Ryo Ragland

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The whole discourse of globalization has been revolutionized by the recent events within and without the Middle East. Within the space of two tragic 9/11’s – the massacre of the World Trade Centre in New York City on the eleventh of September, 2001, and the bombing of three Amman hotels on the ninth of November, 2005 – a reality still in its beginning stages of materialization has, consciously or unconsciously, descended upon the governments and people’s of both East and West. It is a realization that reflects the evolutionary nature of life on the planet as a whole, while ...


Deliberative Democracy And The Politics Of Recognition, Cillian Mcbride Sep 2005

Deliberative Democracy And The Politics Of Recognition, Cillian Mcbride

Cillian McBride

No abstract provided.


Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2005

Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Worldviews emerge from our individual and collective Levels of Consciousness at given points in time and space and from what we come to “believe” is possible or not. In my own experience, my research on Consciousness, and my study of various cultures, societies, and Consciousness literature, I have identified at least seven Levels of Consciousness, twenty-five Archetypal Energies, and various Earth Lessons, which we seem to commonly experience as human beings, in our own unique personal, societal, and global life spaces.


Zajednicka Spoljna I Bezbednosna Politika, Ivana Radic Sep 2005

Zajednicka Spoljna I Bezbednosna Politika, Ivana Radic

Ivana Radic Milosavljevic

No abstract provided.


Pathways To Power: The Role Of Political Parties In Women’S National Political Representation, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton Sep 2005

Pathways To Power: The Role Of Political Parties In Women’S National Political Representation, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton

Sociology Research

The authors extend previous research on women’s participation in politics by examining the role of female elites in political parties in selecting and supporting women as political candidates. They hypothesize that political parties, in their role as gatekeepers, mediate the relationship between country-level factors, such as women’s participation in the labor force, and political outcomes for women. The article focuses on three outcomes for women: the percentage of female political party leaders, the percentage of female candidates in a country, and the percentage of women elected. New cross-national measures of women’s inclusion in political parties are developed ...


Printed Material: Disney Contemporary Resort Reservation Documents And Bill Aug 2005

Printed Material: Disney Contemporary Resort Reservation Documents And Bill

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Disney Contemporary Resort group reservation information, documents and bill. Date: 2005. Box 10 Folder 9


On The Sources Of Islamic Law And Practices, Ahmed Souaiaia Jul 2005

On The Sources Of Islamic Law And Practices, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


¿Qué Mas?: Una Mirada A Las Posibilidades De Un “Instrumento Político.”, Rebecca Bor Apr 2005

¿Qué Mas?: Una Mirada A Las Posibilidades De Un “Instrumento Político.”, Rebecca Bor

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Llegué a Bolivia y estaba sorprendida de la polarización entre los partidos políticos y los movimientos sociales. Me pareció que habían dos caminos políticos distintos en Bolivia, y ni el camino política institucional ni el camino política no-institucional funcionan bien para el progreso de Bolivia. Dentro de este paradigma, una tercera opción ha sido formada como posibilidad de una alternativa. Esta opción es el instrumento político del Movimiento Al Socialismo (MAS). El Movimiento Al Socialismo no es un partido político ni un movimiento social. Por eso, es necesario entender las teorías de los movimientos sociales y cómo ellos han cambiado ...


Naccs 32nd Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Mar 2005

Naccs 32nd Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

NACCS Conference Programs

Visión: Articulating, Imagining, and Contextualizing Chicana/o Spaces
April 13-17
Hyatt Regency


Black Candidates And Black Voters: Assessing The Impact Of Candidate Race On Uncounted Vote Rates, Michael C. Herron, Jasjeet S. Sekhon Jan 2005

Black Candidates And Black Voters: Assessing The Impact Of Candidate Race On Uncounted Vote Rates, Michael C. Herron, Jasjeet S. Sekhon

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Numerous studies show that the rate at which African‐Americans cast ballots with missing or invalid votes, i.e., the African‐American residual vote rate, is higher than the corresponding white rate. While existing literature argues that the plethora of African‐American residual votes is caused by administrative problems or socioeconomic factors, we show using precinct‐level data from two recent elections in Cook County, Illinois, that the African‐American residual vote rate in electoral contests with black candidates is less than half the rate in contests without black candidates. African Americans, therefore, are able to reduce their residual vote ...


Ticket: The Visit Of President George W. Bush At The Florida Community College At Jacksonville South Campus. Jan 2005

Ticket: The Visit Of President George W. Bush At The Florida Community College At Jacksonville South Campus.

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

President George W. Bush's visit to Florida Community College at Jacksonville, Florida. January 14, 2005.


Consolidación O Simplemente Persistencia Democrática? Un Análisis De Las Percepciones De Las Élites Políticas De Nicaragua, El Salvador Y Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 2005

Consolidación O Simplemente Persistencia Democrática? Un Análisis De Las Percepciones De Las Élites Políticas De Nicaragua, El Salvador Y Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

Retornando el estudio de las élites políticas como elemento de análisis para el examen de la democratización en América Latina, este artículo se interroga sobre el alcance del proceso de convergencia intraelitaria, que siguió a la recuperación o instauración reciente de la democracia, en tres países centroamericanos (Nicaragua, El Salvador y Guatemala). El análisis desarrollado, centrado en las opiniones y actitudes que los principales grupos parlamentarios de estos tres países tienen con respecto a la democracia y sus instituciones, así como también en relación con el vínculo Estado-mercado, subraya las características básicas de un consenso elitista aún débil, dada la ...


Review Of Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles To A Science Of Consciousness, Leslie Marsh Jan 2005

Review Of Sweet Dreams: Philosophical Obstacles To A Science Of Consciousness, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

The question of how a physical system gives rise to the phenomenal or experiential (olfactory, visual, somatosensitive, gestatory and auditory), is considered the most intractable of scientific and philosophical puzzles. Though this question has dominated the philosophy of mind over the last quarter century, it articulates a version of the age-old mind–body problem. The most famous response, Cartesian dualism, is on Daniel Dennett’s view still a corrosively residual and redundant feature of popular (and academic) thinking on these matters. Fifteen years on from his anti-Cartesian theory of consciousness (Consciousness Explained, 1991), Dennett’s frustration with this tradition is ...


'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper Jan 2005

'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper

Krista M. Harper

The development and pollution of two rivers, the Danube and Tisza, have been the site and subject of environmental protests and projects in Hungary since the late 1980s. Protests against the damming of the Danube rallied opposition to the state socialist government, drawing on discourses of national sovereignty and international environmentalism. The Tisza suffered a major environmental disaster in 2000, when a globally financed gold mine in Romania spilled thousands of tons of cyanide and other heavy metals into the river, sending a plume of pollution downriver into neighboring countries. In this article, I examine the symbolic ecologies that emerged ...


Foucault And Habermas, David Ingram Jan 2005

Foucault And Habermas, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

The article is a comprehensive comparison of Foucault and Habermas which focuses on their distinctive styles of critical theory. The article maintains that Foucault's virtue ethical understanding of aesthetic self-realization as a form of resistance to normalizing practices provides counterpoint to Habermas's more juridical approach to institutional justice and the critique of ideology. The article contains an extensive discussion of their respective treatments of speech action, both strategic and communicative, and concludes by addressing Foucault's understanding of parrhesia as a non-discursive form of truth-telling.


Fire And Dust, Peter Mclaren Jan 2005

Fire And Dust, Peter Mclaren

Education Faculty Articles and Research

Drawing upon a Hegelian-Marxist critique of political economy that underscores the fundamental importance of developing a philosophy of praxis, the author theorizes a revolutionary Freireian critical pedagogy which seeks forms of organization that best enable the pursuit of doing critical philosophy as a way of life. The authors argues that the revolutionary critical pedagogy operates from an understanding that the basis of education is political and that spaces need to be created where students can imagine a different world outside of capitalism’s law of value (i.e., social form of labor), where alternatives to capitalism and capitalist institutions can ...


Contributors To Residence Hall Student Retention: Why Do Students Choose To Leave Or Stay?, Yan Li, Mack C. Shelley, Donald E. Whalen Jan 2005

Contributors To Residence Hall Student Retention: Why Do Students Choose To Leave Or Stay?, Yan Li, Mack C. Shelley, Donald E. Whalen

Political Science Publications

Residence hall occupancy is of concern to housing administrators because higher occupancy leads to financial stability. While many areas are housing more students, some regions such as the Midwest are experiencing enrollment declines primarily due to a decline in high-school graduates and a struggling economy (Meline, 2003). In the Midwest there are daily newspaper reports of declining enrollment, budget cuts, reduction in financial resources, and increased competition for government funding and private support. When occupancy is low, it is especially desirable for housing administrators to learn more about what motivates students in their choice of housing.


'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper Jan 2005

'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

The development and pollution of two rivers, the Danube and Tisza, have been the site and subject of environmental protests and projects in Hungary since the late 1980s. Protests against the damming of the Danube rallied opposition to the state socialist government, drawing on discourses of national sovereignty and international environmentalism. The Tisza suffered a major environmental disaster in 2000, when a globally financed gold mine in Romania spilled thousands of tons of cyanide and other heavy metals into the river, sending a plume of pollution downriver into neighboring countries. In this article, I examine the symbolic ecologies that emerged ...


Ticket Splitting In Arkansas Elections, Chase Carmichael Jan 2005

Ticket Splitting In Arkansas Elections, Chase Carmichael

Honors Theses

The Republican Party is sweeping the South, or is it? Throughout the Old South Republicans have been making gains in an area that has traditionally been a bastion of Democratic strength in American politics. While Arkansas may appear to be following this trend, in reality GOP gains in the Natural State may be only superficial. Despite strong showings by Republican candidates for higher offices in Arkansas, a GOP contender has yet to win a statewide office past the Lieutenant Governor's race.

This research paper examines "ticket splitting" in Arkansas elections. Ticket splitting is the practice of voting for candidates ...


How Do Corporations Play Politics? The Fedex Story, Jill E. Fisch Jan 2005

How Do Corporations Play Politics? The Fedex Story, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The 'Diaspora' Diaspora, Rogers Brubaker Dec 2004

The 'Diaspora' Diaspora, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

As the use of ‘diaspora’ has proliferated in the last decade, its meaning has been stretched in various directions. This article traces the dispersion of the term in semantic, conceptual and disciplinary space; analyses three core elements that continue to be understood as constitutive of diaspora; assesses claims made by theorists of diaspora about a radical shift in perspective and a fundamental change in the social world; and proposes to treat diaspora not as a bounded entity but as an idiom, stance andclaim.