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Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 195

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


Mindful Justice: The Search For Gandhi’S Sympathetic State After Bhopal, Nehal A. Patel Sep 2015

Mindful Justice: The Search For Gandhi’S Sympathetic State After Bhopal, Nehal A. Patel

Nehal A. Patel

One of the most startling examples of unmitigated disaster occurred in Bhopal, India, in 1984, when a Union Carbide pesticide plant exploded tons of methyl isocyanate into the air, killing 3800 people overnight. 30 years later, the plant site has not been remediated, and the estimated death toll from the explosion now has reached over 20,000. Disaster victims repeatedly have sought relief directly from the government. Yet, the Indian and US governments and Union Carbide have refused to provide the necessary resources for proper remediation. In this Article, I examine the state’s response to the Bhopal disaster using ...


Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Mar 2015

Karl Marx And His Ideas About Inequality, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Marx has looked inequality in his own particular way. He has nowhere discussed about inequality in direct terms but his ideas about it are widely spread in his writings.


Globalizacija I Ideologija U Evropskom Javnom Mnenju, Bojan Todosijević Jan 2015

Globalizacija I Ideologija U Evropskom Javnom Mnenju, Bojan Todosijević

Bojan Todosijević

The end of the XXth century witnessed a transformation of the view of international relations within broader ideological narratives of political Left and Right. The Left has become critical of globalization due to its association with economic liberalism. Resistance against the loss of cultural identity is increasing on the right, as well as the support for the globally expanding economic liberalism. What has remained unclear are the attitudes of the European citizens in this regard. This study analyzes the relationships between ideological self-identification and attitudes towards globalization. Despite certain variations, the results describe rightwing identifiers as more positive about globalization.


Conceptualising (Re)Worked Narratives Of The American Family: From The American Dream To And American Decay In ‘New’ Television, Jo Coghlan Dr Jan 2015

Conceptualising (Re)Worked Narratives Of The American Family: From The American Dream To And American Decay In ‘New’ Television, Jo Coghlan Dr

Jo Coghlan

American television family dramas have long functioned for broadcast networks as a metaphoric framework to affirm the values of the Amerian Dream. 'New' television challenges this constuct.


Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle Jan 2015

Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle

John M Nagle

In order to bolster sustainable peacebuilding in violently divided societies, a normative suggestion is that efforts should be made to construct a shared public identity that overarches ethnic divisions. A number of different centripetal/transformationist processes are identified as engendering a shared identity in comparison to consociational arrangements, which are accused of institutionalizing ethnic differences and perpetuating conflict. These transformationist approaches essentially rest on the premise that since ethnicity is constructed it can be reconstructed into new shared forms. Looking at Northern Ireland, we argue there are limits to the extent that ethnicity can be reconstructed into shared identities. By ...


Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold Sep 2014

Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

No abstract provided.


Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler May 2014

Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO Élites) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México entre seis sectores de élites: gobierno, políticos, academia, medios, empresarios y sociedad civil (N = 629). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adoptan las élites mexicanas hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe compara los resultados descriptivos principales entre los seis grupos de élite y entre ellos y la población general.


Discharged Under The Rainbow: Military Masculinities And Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Ariel M. Martinez Apr 2014

Discharged Under The Rainbow: Military Masculinities And Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Ariel M. Martinez

am8437@bard.edu

No abstract provided.


Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler Apr 2014

Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México (N = 2,400). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adopta la ciudadanía mexicana hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe resume sus hallazgos descriptivos principales.


European Integration And The Evolution Of Economic State Capacities In The Southern And Eastern Peripheries Of Europe, Laszlo Bruszt, Visnja Vukov Jan 2014

European Integration And The Evolution Of Economic State Capacities In The Southern And Eastern Peripheries Of Europe, Laszlo Bruszt, Visnja Vukov

laszlo bruszt

No abstract provided.


Between Politics And Science: The Dilemma Of Reason, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker, Zoran S. Nikolić Jan 2014

Between Politics And Science: The Dilemma Of Reason, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker, Zoran S. Nikolić

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Curiosity, our deepest inner intellectual need and concern brought about what we today call science. This Article will try to address the problem of the interrelation between politics and science. There is no need to discuss which of the two came first, but rather the real question is to what extent can science influence the political process? Can it help proper decision-making and, if it can, to what extent? Decision-making is most often prefixed with the term political. Can the intellectual class representing the world of science have an influence on political decision-making? As C. Wright Mills rightly noticed, if ...


A Cordialidade Brasileira: Um Mito Em Contradição, Paulo S. Peres Jan 2014

A Cordialidade Brasileira: Um Mito Em Contradição, Paulo S. Peres

Paulo S. Peres

Neste texto discuto o escopo e os sentidos dados ao conceito de Homem Cordial, com a finalidade de destacar que há duas concepções em conflito atualmente acerca da cordialidade brasileira. De um lado, a visão não-acadêmica percebe a cordialidade como a expressão apenas de sentimentos afáveis e, como tal, consistindo numa característica positiva do povo brasileiro. De outro lado, a visão acadêmica concebe a cordialidade como a expressão de sentimentos tanto afáveis como agressivos, sendo ambos negativos para o desenvolvimento político brasileiro, uma vez que resultam na indistinção entre espaços/bens públicos e privados. Em qualquer um dos casos, como ...


Legitimation, Mark C. Modak-Truran Jan 2014

Legitimation, Mark C. Modak-Truran

Mark C Modak-Truran

This article identifies three different conceptions of legitimation - pre-modern, modern, and post-secular - that compete both within and across national boundaries for the coveted prize of informing the social imaginary regarding how the government and the law should be legitimated in constitutional democracies. Pre-modern conceptions of legitimation consider governments and rulers legitimate if they are ordained by God or if the political system is ordered in accordance with the normative cosmic order. Contemporary proponents of the pre-modern conception range from those in the United States who maintain that the government has been legitimated by the “Judeo-Christian tradition” to those in predominantly ...


Discerning For Peace In Africa: The Sudan Civil Wars And Peace Processes 1955-2013, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Dec 2013

Discerning For Peace In Africa: The Sudan Civil Wars And Peace Processes 1955-2013, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Separation of the Sudan into the Republic of Sudan (North) and the Republic of Southern Sudan (South) was globally extolled as the long-lasting solution to one of the longest civil wars in post-Colonial Africa. However, recent developments in Sudan: continued clashes between north and south, crises in the contested areas and tribal civil wars have uncovered that: separation without addressing the principal root causes of the conflicts is not the panacea to prone and protracted civil wars. Taking a historical analysis framework, the paper attempts to tackle issues of causes, opportunities and challenges for peace in Sudan.


A Crise Social Induzida, Eliel Matias Da Rosa Oct 2013

A Crise Social Induzida, Eliel Matias Da Rosa

Eliel Matias da Rosa

No abrir das cortinas do Século XXI, eis que o homem se depara frente a um triste cenário: A crise humana. Antes de tudo, de falarmos em crise financeira, crise ambiental, crise religiosa, etc, há de se falar em crise do homem, pois é o homem, sem sombra de dúvidas, o idealizador ou o principal agente responsável pela decadência de tais elementos sociais.


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal And National Self-Defense, David B. Kopel Jul 2013

Evolving Christian Attitudes Towards Personal And National Self-Defense, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

This Article analyzes the changes in orthodox Christian attitudes towards defensive violence. While the Article begins in the 19th century and ends in the 21st, most of the Article is about the 20th century. The Article focuses on American Catholicism and on the Vatican, although there is some discussion of American Protestantism.

In the nineteenth and early in the twentieth centuries, the traditional Christian concepts of Just War and of the individual's duty to use force to defend himself and his family remained uncontroversial, as they had been for centuries.

Disillusionment over World War I turned many Catholics and ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Padrões De Segregação Em Metrópoles Não-Centrais, Patrick Silva Apr 2013

Padrões De Segregação Em Metrópoles Não-Centrais, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

No abstract provided.


Ciências Sociais, Censo E Informação Quantitativa No Brasil, Rogério Barbosa, Murilo De Brito, Diogo Ferrari, Patrick Silva, Ian Prates, Leonardo Barone Mar 2013

Ciências Sociais, Censo E Informação Quantitativa No Brasil, Rogério Barbosa, Murilo De Brito, Diogo Ferrari, Patrick Silva, Ian Prates, Leonardo Barone

Patrick Silva

Nesta entrevista, os pesquisadores Elza Berquó e Nelson do Valle Silva relembram suas trajetórias profissionais e a consolidação da pesquisa quantitativa nas ciências sociais no Brasil.


Wrongs Against Immigrants' Rights: Why Terminating The Parental Rights Of Deported Immigrants Raises Constitutional And Human Rights Concerns, Rachel C. Zoghlin Jan 2013

Wrongs Against Immigrants' Rights: Why Terminating The Parental Rights Of Deported Immigrants Raises Constitutional And Human Rights Concerns, Rachel C. Zoghlin

Rachel Claire Zoghlin

Since President Barack Obama first took office in January 2009, his administration has made immigration enforcement a top priority. In 2012, the U.S. government spent more money to deport immigrants – $18 billion – than on the FBI, Secret Service, DEA, U.S. Marshal Service and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms combined. Since January 2009, the Obama administration has removed over 2.2 million immigrants. Of the over 211,000 individuals deported between January and June of 2011, nearly 22% (over 46,000) are parents of U.S.-citizen children. One collateral consequence of these deportations is that over ...


Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Neoliberalism can be understood as the deregulation of the economy from political control by deliberate action or inaction of the state. As such it is both constituted by the law and deeply affects it. I show how the methods of historical materialism can illuminate this phenomenon in all three branches of the the U.S. government. Considering the example the global financial crisis of 2007-08 that began with the housing bubble developing from trade in unregulated and overvalued mortgage backed securities, I show how the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which established a firewall between commercial and investment banking, allowed ...


Global Adversarial Legalism: The Private Regulation Of Fdi As A Species Of Global Administrative Law, Ariel Meyerstein Jan 2013

Global Adversarial Legalism: The Private Regulation Of Fdi As A Species Of Global Administrative Law, Ariel Meyerstein

Ariel Meyerstein, JD, PhD

This article explores the theoretical paradigm I refer to as “global adversarial legalism,” building on Robert Kagan’s description of the American legal system. Adversarial legalism has also been explained as a governance strategy deployed by the relatively weak central governance institutions of the European Union as a means of spreading EU law. It usefully captures the fragmented political authority and relatively weak hierarchical control of the global governance, or lack thereof, of foreign direct investment.

One facet of this global adversarial legalism, already much debated, is the concern that investment arbitration tribunals exercise an overly broad and perhaps illegitimate ...


Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Wage Regulation In The Private Sector In Europe, Maarten Keune, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2010 Et 2011, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Le Groupe d’analyse des conflits sociaux (GRACOS) est un collectif interdisciplinaire ayant pour objectif l’étude des principaux mouvements de grève et autres éléments de la conflictualité sociale qui jalonnent l’actualité de chaque année civile. Il se compose actuellement de dix chercheurs : A. Bingen, M. Capron, V. Demertzis, F. Dorssemont, A. Dufresne, J. Faniel, C. Gobin, E. Martinez, K. Vandaele et J. Vandewattyne. Dans le second de ses deux volumes sur l’année 2012, le GRACOS se penche tout d’abord sur divers événements représentatifs de l’évolution de la conflictualité sociale dans le secteur public. Trois domaines ...


Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Union Responses To Young Workers Since The Great Recession In Ireland, The Netherlands And Sweden: Are Youth Structures Re-Orienting The Union Agenda?, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This article analyses how youth structures at the confederal level of trade unions are influencing the union agenda in the face of the growing problem of youth unemployment in Europe. Five youth structures from union confederations in Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden have been studied. Although youth structures were already able to influence the union agenda in certain confederations before the crisis, the evidence demonstrates that youth issues have gained prominence today. A particular pattern discernible across countries is coalition-building between youth structures and student organizations for guiding the transition of the next generation of young workers from school to ...


Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele Jan 2013

Workers’ Rights, Worker Mobilisation And Workers’ Voice, Stefan Clauwaert, Aline Hoffmann, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In his address to the European Parliament on 14 September 2011, ILO Director-General Juan Somovia declared that ‘respect for fundamental principles and rights at work is non-negotiable: not even in times of crisis when questions of fairness abound. This is particularly important in countries having to adopt austerity measures. We cannot use the crisis as an excuse to disregard internationally agreed labour standards.’ This warning is cleary not being heeded. As will be elaborated in the first section of this chapter, the labour reforms proposed or initiated by the EU and the Troika have indeed had detrimental effects on workers ...


‘Jogalkotási Javaslatok Megfogalmazása A Jogtudományban’ [Policy Proposals And Legal Scholarship], Péter Cserne, György Gajduschek Jan 2013

‘Jogalkotási Javaslatok Megfogalmazása A Jogtudományban’ [Policy Proposals And Legal Scholarship], Péter Cserne, György Gajduschek

Péter Cserne

This is the manuscript of a chapter written for a Hungarian handbook on legal scholarship. It provides an historical overview and a theoretical defense of a policy oriented, in contrast to doctrinal, study of law. The chapter also provides an introduction to the foundations and methodological tools of public policy analysis, including regulatory impact assessment.