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Articles 2191 - 2220 of 2298

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

False Hopes: The United States Senate And Campaign Finance Reform 1980-1990, James Heimbach Jan 1991

False Hopes: The United States Senate And Campaign Finance Reform 1980-1990, James Heimbach

Honors Theses

The cost of winning a seat in the United States Senate has risen dramatically over the last ten years. It has become the norm rather than the exception to spend over $1 million on a campaign. For example, in the 34 Senate races in the 1988 election, 32 campaigns spent over $1 million. Due to the necessity to raise more and more money, candidates have had to turn to alternative sources of campaign funds. Thus, the rise in campaign costs has been accompanied by a rise in the role of the political action committee (PAC). PACs are special interest groups ...


Content Discrimination And The First Amendment, Susan H. Williams Jan 1991

Content Discrimination And The First Amendment, Susan H. Williams

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Rights, Communities, And Tradition, Brian Slattery Dec 1990

Rights, Communities, And Tradition, Brian Slattery

Brian Slattery

This paper argues that there is a close connection between basic human rights and communal bonds.  It criticizes the philosophical views of Alan Gewirth and Alasdair MacIntyre, which in differing ways deny this connection.


Yale Political Monthly 1990 November, The Politic, Inc. Nov 1990

Yale Political Monthly 1990 November, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Yale Political Monthly 1990 October, The Politic, Inc. Oct 1990

Yale Political Monthly 1990 October, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Case For Negotiated Independence, James E. Crimmins, M R. Moore Jan 1990

The Case For Negotiated Independence, James E. Crimmins, M R. Moore

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


The Common Law And Benthamic Praxis: Crimmins On Postema’, James E. Crimmins Jan 1990

The Common Law And Benthamic Praxis: Crimmins On Postema’, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


The "L-Word": A Short History Of Liberalism, Terence Ball, Richard Dagger Jan 1990

The "L-Word": A Short History Of Liberalism, Terence Ball, Richard Dagger

Political Science Faculty Publications

Hence the question: Are these good or bad times for liberalism? To answer, we shall need a broader perspective than a survey of contemporary developments can provide. We shall need to look back, that is, to see what liberalism was in order to understand what it has become. Only then can we assess its current condition and prospects-and appreciate how politics in the United States is largely an intramural debate between different wings of liberalism.


Soviet National Security Decision Making, Kurt M. Campbell, Jeffrey W. Legro Jan 1990

Soviet National Security Decision Making, Kurt M. Campbell, Jeffrey W. Legro

Political Science Faculty Publications

Winston Churchill's characterization of the Soviet Union as a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma may overstate Western understanding of the USSR's national security decision-making. The evidence in this domain is sparse, and what we do have is incomplete. Indeed, the Soviets have taken extraordinary steps to maintain the black box that shields how and why their decisions are made. With these caveats in mind, knowledge of Soviet decision-making can be summed up in a few general statements. First, the Soviet leadership is an integrated political-military body, where political authority is dominant, but where the professional ...


Book Review. Conceptual Change And The Constitution, Stephen A. Conrad Jan 1990

Book Review. Conceptual Change And The Constitution, Stephen A. Conrad

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Military Meaning Of The New Soviet Doctrine, Jeffrey W. Legro Dec 1989

The Military Meaning Of The New Soviet Doctrine, Jeffrey W. Legro

Political Science Faculty Publications

The current ferment in Soviet military doctrine has led to uncertainty and debate over its implications. On one hand, Gorbachev's peaceful rhetoric, backed by force reductions, is competing with the Bolshoi's ballerinas for favorable Western press reviews. Public opinion-and many public officials-perceive a reduced military threat from the Soviet army. On the other hand, skeptics believe that recent doctrinal changes are compatible with a modernized, more efficient Soviet military machine. In their view, the Soviet army is definitely changing, but the threat will not. A review of the operational implications of the new Soviet security themes indicates that ...


Yale Political Magazine 1989 November, The Politic, Inc. Nov 1989

Yale Political Magazine 1989 November, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Yale Political Magazine 1989 April, The Politic, Inc. Apr 1989

Yale Political Magazine 1989 April, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Religion, Utility And Politics: Bentham Versus Paley, James E. Crimmins Jan 1989

Religion, Utility And Politics: Bentham Versus Paley, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Second-Order Reasons, Uncertainty And Legal Theory, Stephen R. Perry Jan 1989

Second-Order Reasons, Uncertainty And Legal Theory, Stephen R. Perry

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Are Constitutional Cases Political?, Brian Slattery Dec 1988

Are Constitutional Cases Political?, Brian Slattery

Brian Slattery

To argue that constitutional adjudication is political does not carry us very far unless we go on to specify what the pursuit of politics entails, the goals it seeks to attain, and the basic principles informing its practice. The word political has no clearly defined meaning in modern usage. Rather, it has the chameleon-like capacity to change colours so as to blend with a variety of different conceptual backgrounds. Of course, if we adopt an Aristotelian notion of politics as the pursuit of the common good of a community and the individual goods of its members, we can agree that ...


"A Hatchet For Paley’S Net:” Bentham On Capital Punishment And Judicial Discretion, James E. Crimmins Jan 1988

"A Hatchet For Paley’S Net:” Bentham On Capital Punishment And Judicial Discretion, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Unger's Philosophy: A Critical Legal Study, William Ewald Jan 1988

Unger's Philosophy: A Critical Legal Study, William Ewald

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Of all the scholars associated with the Critical Legal Studies movement, none has garnered greater attention or higher praise than Roberto Unger of Harvard Law School. In this Article, William Ewald argues that Professor Unger's reputation as a brilliant philosopher of law is undeserved. Despite the seeming erudition of his books, Professor Unger's work displays little familiarity with the basic philosophical literature, and the philosophical, legal, and political analysis in those works-in particular, the celebrated critique of liberalism in Knowledge and Politics-is so riddled with logical and historical errors as to be unworthy of serious scholarly attention.


Treating Crazy People Less Specially, Stephen J. Morse Jan 1988

Treating Crazy People Less Specially, Stephen J. Morse

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Yale Political Monthly 1987 November, The Politic, Inc. Nov 1987

Yale Political Monthly 1987 November, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Stalemate In Northern Ireland?, James E. Crimmins, J F. Mcgarry Jan 1987

Stalemate In Northern Ireland?, James E. Crimmins, J F. Mcgarry

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Socialist Legal Theory In The Post-Pashukanis Era, Rett R. Ludwikowski Jan 1987

Socialist Legal Theory In The Post-Pashukanis Era, Rett R. Ludwikowski

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

No abstract provided.


Book Review. The New Right V. The Constitution; The Supreme Court And The Decline Of Constitutional Aspiration, Stephen A. Conrad Jan 1987

Book Review. The New Right V. The Constitution; The Supreme Court And The Decline Of Constitutional Aspiration, Stephen A. Conrad

Articles by Maurer Faculty

These two books are much of a piece. Both advocate a libertarian jurisprudence of "Natural Rights"; and the rights in question are, they tell us, determinate and historic. It is primarily this distinctive historicism common to both books that I take as an invitation to consider them as a pair.


Taking Liberties: Privacy, Private Choice, And Social Contract Theory, Anita L. Allen Jan 1987

Taking Liberties: Privacy, Private Choice, And Social Contract Theory, Anita L. Allen

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


A Marxist Critique Of Alasdair Macintyre's After Virtue, Colin S. Cavell Jan 1987

A Marxist Critique Of Alasdair Macintyre's After Virtue, Colin S. Cavell

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Alasdair Macintyre asserts in After Virtue that contemporary moral discourse is only arbitrary assertion of the will. Appeals to reasoned arguments have been replaced by expressions of preference, attitude and feeling-- in short, by "emotivism." Macintyre locates this moral breakdown in the Enlightenment philosophers' failed attempt to replace Aristotelian teleology with a rational justification for morality.

Macintyre's analysis fails because he does not show whose interests are served through the assertion of arbitrary supposed will or whose interests were served when "objective" standard of the Middle the Ages prevailed. He does not acknowledge the preeminent role the material relations ...


The Separation Of Law And Morals, Noel Reynolds Nov 1986

The Separation Of Law And Morals, Noel Reynolds

Noel B Reynolds

The classic opposition of legal positivism and natural law theory resurfaces continually and reminds us that we have yet to resolve this key conflict in our ways of understanding the moral authority of law. The strengths and weaknesses of the two theories are reviewed—both have fatal flaws. Conventionalism is proposed as a means of finding internal standards in a man-made system of law. The naturally emerging standards for a conventionalist system of law turn out to be the already familiar principles of the rule of law.


Yale Political Monthly 1986 November, The Politic, Inc. Nov 1986

Yale Political Monthly 1986 November, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Hume And His Critics--Reid And Kames, Noel B. Reynolds May 1986

Hume And His Critics--Reid And Kames, Noel B. Reynolds

Noel B Reynolds

This presentation was in response to Kenneth MacKinnon’s defense of Thomas Reid’s preference for natural virtue against David Hume’s conventionalism in his theory of law. It is argued that because Hume’s legal theory follows easily from his theory of human nature, Reid and Kames—and MacKinnon—need to refute Hume at that level to be successful in their rejection of his conventionalism.


Morality And The Rule Of Law, Noel Reynolds May 1986

Morality And The Rule Of Law, Noel Reynolds

Noel B Reynolds

This paper lays out the logic of a conservative view of liberty and morality based on an understanding of human nature as both social and rational on the one hand, and radically individual and self-seeking on the other. Without public virtue, a people cannot govern itself as a free people. But neither virtue nor moral truth can be legislated. The rule of law under constitutionalism is the most successful human arrangement for providing freedom and allowing moral action on the part of individuals.


Bentham’S Unpublished Manuscripts On Subscription To Articles Of Faith, James E. Crimmins Mar 1986

Bentham’S Unpublished Manuscripts On Subscription To Articles Of Faith, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.