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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

American Populism Shouldn’T Have To Embrace Ignorance, Daniel R. Denicola Nov 2017

American Populism Shouldn’T Have To Embrace Ignorance, Daniel R. Denicola

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Public ignorance is an inherent threat to democracy. It breeds superstition, prejudice, and error; and it prevents both a clear-eyed understanding of the world and the formulation of wise policies to adapt to that world.

Plato believed it was more than a threat: He thought it characterized democracies, and would lead them inevitably into anarchy and ultimately tyranny. But the liberal democracies of the modern era, grudgingly extending suffrage, have extended public education in parallel, in the hope of cultivating an informed citizenry. Yet today, given the persistence and severity of public ignorance, the ideal of an enlightened electorate seems ...


History And Politics In The Thought Of Karl Jaspers, Nathan Wallace Jun 2017

History And Politics In The Thought Of Karl Jaspers, Nathan Wallace

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

A relatively overlooked but important work, The Origin and Goal of History, by Karl Jaspers is examined with regard the intellectual history of its development and influence, and its structure and prospects for contemporary and future relevance for political theory. Emphasis is placed on the argument that the central aspect of the work has been neglected in recent, important literature: its connection of a universal historical narrative with a theory of contemporary politics.


Adam Smith, Settler Colonialism, And Cosmopolitan Overstretch, Onur Ulas Ince May 2017

Adam Smith, Settler Colonialism, And Cosmopolitan Overstretch, Onur Ulas Ince

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Adam Smith has recently been celebrated as a precocious theorist of commercialcosmopolitanism who decried the injustice of imperial conquest and extraction. This paperfocuses on Smith’s endorsement of settler colonialism in North America and argues thatSmith’s newfound cosmopolitanism is overstretched. Smith welcomed settler colonies as theembodiment of the “natural progress of opulence” and spared them from his invective againstother imperial practices like chattel slavery and trade monopolies. Smith’s embrace of settlercolonies, however, involved him in an ideological conundrum insofar as the prosperity ofoverseas settlements rested on imperial expansion and seizure of land from Native Americans.I contend that ...


Power, Liberalism, And Political Science: Some Christian Reflections, Daniel E. Young Jan 2017

Power, Liberalism, And Political Science: Some Christian Reflections, Daniel E. Young

Northwestern Review

How should a Christian political scientist think about power, liberalism, and political science? In answering this question, this article first defines power. Considered primarily in relation to the state, power is exercised in conflicts of interests: by officials, parties, or groups or elites getting others to do something the others would not otherwise do, or keeping one or more alternative from even being discussed, and perhaps obscuring what the real interests of others are. Then the argument turns to establishing that how one thinks about power is closely related to one’s larger political theory, e.g., what counts as ...


The Failure Of Westphalia: A Constructivist Examination Of Western And Middle Eastern Relations, Jayson Warren Dec 2016

The Failure Of Westphalia: A Constructivist Examination Of Western And Middle Eastern Relations, Jayson Warren

Masters Theses

This thesis is not intended to be a dogmatic or pedantic endorsement of any one religion, ethic, or culture. To the contrary, it is the intent of the author to examine a number of competing ideas, philosophies, and belief systems in order to extrapolate their geopolitical implications and to pursue them to their logical (albeit sometimes inevitable) conclusions. Too often, any number of presuppositions at work within a given situation go overlooked and subsequently skew geopolitical analysis and resulting policy decisions. This thesis seeks to transcend mere opinion or speculation and achieve instead a framework of Constructivism for pragmatic comprehension ...


Refractions Through The Secular: Islam, Human Rights And Universality, Zara Khan Sep 2016

Refractions Through The Secular: Islam, Human Rights And Universality, Zara Khan

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Universal human rights (HR) are often theorized as philosophically neutral. Because they do not espouse any particular theory of the human being, it is argued, they can be reasonably appropriated by all. In this thesis, I explore HR’s universality claim, by focusing on the discourse’s secular foundation. In the universal human right to freedom of religion, I find a distinctly modern grammar of ‘religion,’ one that separates ‘religion’ from politics and power, law from morality, and the public and private realms. The modern concept of religion also espouses a secular theory of the human, insofar as the human ...


Book Review. Secession: The Morality Of Political Divorce From Fort Sumter To Lithuania And Quebec By Allen Buchanan, Mary Ellen O'Connell Aug 2016

Book Review. Secession: The Morality Of Political Divorce From Fort Sumter To Lithuania And Quebec By Allen Buchanan, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Mary Ellen O'Connell

No abstract provided.


The New Liberalism Of International Relations In Context: An Analysis Of Andrew Moravcsik's 'Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory Of International Politics', Zachary R. Zellmer Jun 2016

The New Liberalism Of International Relations In Context: An Analysis Of Andrew Moravcsik's 'Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory Of International Politics', Zachary R. Zellmer

Honors Projects

This paper summarizes the liberal theory of international politics offered by international relations theorist Andrew Moravcsik, and its development in relation to the insights of key liberal thinkers from the republican and commercial traditions. A discussion of the current status of a liberal paradigm of international politics is followed by a summary of the basic structure of Moravcsik’s theory. Moravcsik’s insights and their origins are then explored through the political philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Kant’s impact on the development of the tradition of republican liberalism into a liberal theory of international relations is evaluated and its language ...


Eurozone In Crisis: Socialist And Liberal Critiques, Clara Jane Hendrickson Mar 2016

Eurozone In Crisis: Socialist And Liberal Critiques, Clara Jane Hendrickson

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Postwar European federalist efforts to encourage cooperation between traditionally hostile countries ultimately gave birth to the European Union and its single currency. Today, the political and economic institutions and structures that emerged from the process of European integration confront the challenges posed by the recent Eurozone crisis. Europe’s survival demonstrates resilience but does not evidence a transformation in the politically contested nature of European economic and political union. This thesis asks why the thick regulatory framework and rules-based nature of the Eurozone produced a suboptimal currency union. To answer this question, this thesis draws on the two major theories ...


Natural Law And Agonistic Pluralism, Daniel E. Young Jan 2016

Natural Law And Agonistic Pluralism, Daniel E. Young

Northwestern Review

John Rawls’ account of political liberalism posits the necessity of a metaphysically neutral “public reason” to avoid privileging any comprehensive doctrine in the public square. The natural law tradition has been claimed by some as meeting this standard. However, thinkers such as Tracey Rowland criticize the attempt to make natural law a secular, neutral ground; she believes it must be rooted in an overtly Trinitarian and Christological theology. However, such theological assumptions are not shared by those of other comprehensive doctrines. Chantal Mouffe has also challenged Rawls’ consensus conception, focusing rather on the inevitable ideological conflicts to be found in ...


Situating Political Obligation In Political Ontology: Ethical Marxism And The Embedded Self, Chris A. Chambers Jan 2016

Situating Political Obligation In Political Ontology: Ethical Marxism And The Embedded Self, Chris A. Chambers

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Though various obligations typically affect our behavior without being recognized, they have a substantial impact on how we operate as human beings. The relationships we have between, say, our parents when in their household obligate us to take out the trash at certain times and wash the dishes after dinner. The relationships we have between our closest friends often oblige us to hear them out when they have undergone a traumatic experience. Upon reflection, it may be easy to point out a number of the obligations which inform our social behavior. What is not so easy, however, is pointing out ...


The Liberal As An Enemy Of Queer Justice, Craig Schamel Oct 2015

The Liberal As An Enemy Of Queer Justice, Craig Schamel

Catalyst: A Social Justice Forum

Abstract

Liberalism as a historical mode of the political is the context in which the movement and ensuing struggle for queer justice emerged in most Western countries. The terminology, practices, tendencies, beliefs, ethics, laws, and patterns of political and social life which have been determined by this mode of the political, it is argued, are inimical to queer justice and render its achievement impossible. Liberalism as a mode of the political is approached from below, from knowledge gained in practical experience in queer groups which considered themselves revolutionary at least to some degree, and from the effects on such groups ...


Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Reconciling Liberalism And Judaism? Human Rights In Israel, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jun 2014

Reconciling Liberalism And Judaism? Human Rights In Israel, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

This essay argues that mixing religion in politics is problematic. It becomes destructive when the religion is unyielding and coercive. Whenever religious powers are on the rise, the foundations of liberal democracy are shaken and its protective mechanisms are regressing. Indeed, in Israel egalitarianism is still in the making. Orthodox Judaism and liberal democracy are in conflict. The rise of one comes at the expense of the other in a situation where religion does not encompass the concept of freedom from religion. This essay further argues that Palestinians and Israelis are entitled to the same rights and liberties. Accommodations and ...


Structural Limits Of Liberal Neutrality: Understanding Problems For Sustainabiity, Madison R. Williams Jan 2014

Structural Limits Of Liberal Neutrality: Understanding Problems For Sustainabiity, Madison R. Williams

Scripps Senior Theses

Liberalism is a political philosophy that is “committed in the strongest possible way to individual rights, and, almost as a deduction from this, to a rigorously neutral state” (Walzer 99). It takes its “constitutive morality” to be a “theory of equality that requires official neutrality amongst theories of what is valuable in life” (Dworkin 203). For this reason, some theorists say Liberalism and the idea of environmental sustainability are not in conflict with one another. According to Mike Mills, because the commitment to neutrality means there is “no given set of policies associated” with Liberalism, any outcome is plausible (168 ...


Progress And Liberty: Friends And/Or Foes, Jesse A. Ross-Silverman Dec 2012

Progress And Liberty: Friends And/Or Foes, Jesse A. Ross-Silverman

The Undergraduate Journal of Social Studies

In his Road to Serfdom, Friedrich von Hayek seeks to explain why societies ought not impose limitations on individual freedom in order to further collective goals, claiming that “a policy of freedom for the individual is the only truly progressive policy.” This paper will argue that Hayek's emphasis on the state's relationship with the individual is myopic, that he inadequately examines both what social progress actually entails and the efficacy of classical liberalism as a means to achieve it.


Chapter 0: Prologue, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 0: Prologue, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter X10: Conclusion, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter X10: Conclusion, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 3: Forty Acres And A Mule? Implications Of The Duty To Respect Person Independence, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 3: Forty Acres And A Mule? Implications Of The Duty To Respect Person Independence, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 2: Status Freedom As Effective Control Self-Ownership, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 2: Status Freedom As Effective Control Self-Ownership, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 5: The Importance Of Independence Ii: Freedom An Integrity, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 5: The Importance Of Independence Ii: Freedom An Integrity, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 9: On Duty, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 9: On Duty, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 6: The Importance Of Independence Iii: Market Vulnerability, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 6: The Importance Of Independence Iii: Market Vulnerability, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 4: The Importance Of Independence I: Framing The Issue, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 4: The Importance Of Independence I: Framing The Issue, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 8: If You're An Egalitarian, Why Do You Want To Be The Boss Of The Poor? Independence And Liberal-Egalitarian Theories Of Justice, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 8: If You're An Egalitarian, Why Do You Want To Be The Boss Of The Poor? Independence And Liberal-Egalitarian Theories Of Justice, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 7: What Good Is A Theory Of Freedom That Allows Forced Labor? Independence And Modern Theories Of Freedom, Karl Widerquist Jan 2012

Chapter 7: What Good Is A Theory Of Freedom That Allows Forced Labor? Independence And Modern Theories Of Freedom, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


El Individuo Y La Comunidad. Aeon J. Skoble, Mario Šilar Jan 2012

El Individuo Y La Comunidad. Aeon J. Skoble, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


Chapter X: Bibliography, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter X: Bibliography, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism Apr 2011

We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism

John Meyer

The shifting relationship between environmental political theorists and liberalism is examined, moving from a total critique to an increasingly nuanced engagement. The argument here is neither for nor against the possibility of ‘greening' liberalism per se. Instead, it is argued that the preoccupation with ‘liberalism' in this context is a category mistake based upon the reification of liberalism as not just a political philosophy, but a characterisation of citizen values and practices in contemporary liberal democratic societies. A different way of thinking about the role and task of environmental political theory and social criticism is proposed. The key is to ...


Christianism And Liberalism. Conference Script. Diego De Covarrubias. San Pablo Ceu, Madrid, 12.12.2011, Mario Šilar Jan 2011

Christianism And Liberalism. Conference Script. Diego De Covarrubias. San Pablo Ceu, Madrid, 12.12.2011, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.