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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Evolving Executive: Provisional Decrees And Their Impact On Brazil's Executive-Legislative Relationship, Lance L. Arberry Dec 2013

The Evolving Executive: Provisional Decrees And Their Impact On Brazil's Executive-Legislative Relationship, Lance L. Arberry

Theses

Comparatively, the lawmaking process in presidential systems is often comprised of negotiations between a legislative body, tasked with authoring and legislating laws, and an executive, who must authorize and administer the enactment of the law. While executives are often empowered with certain constitutional powers to help influence the lawmaking process, these powers are typically constrained and supervisory in nature. Presidents are rarely given broad-and-discretionary legislative powers, since lawmaking is ultimately the responsibility of the legislative body; however, this does not hold true for the case of Brazil. Following the adoption of Brazil’s 1988 Constitution, Presidents were empowered with the ...


Writing Indigenous Activism In Brazil: Belo Monte And The Acampamento Indígena Revolucionário, Tracy Devine Guzmán Jan 2012

Writing Indigenous Activism In Brazil: Belo Monte And The Acampamento Indígena Revolucionário, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Claiming the authority to adopt the pen (and the laptop) on behalf of their communities and in the interest of “all humanity,” Native Brazilian writers call into question the nationalist rhetoric, colonialist rationale, and neoliberal math that have been used by the state and propped up by its dominant majority to justify recent anti-indigenous public policies in the name of Brazilian sovereignty and development. Key among these is the Belo Monte hydroelectric dam, revived from military rule by the administration of President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva, and currently a lynchpin of the Rousseff administration’s Accelerated Growth Program (PAC ...


“On Writing And Indigenous Activism After A Century Of Brazilian Indigenism: O Acampamento Indígena Revolucionário And The Belo Monte Hydroelectric Dam”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2011

“On Writing And Indigenous Activism After A Century Of Brazilian Indigenism: O Acampamento Indígena Revolucionário And The Belo Monte Hydroelectric Dam”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Forthcoming


“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2010

“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

RESUMO: Neste ensaio analiso o discurso latino-americanista do antropólogo, educador, político, e romancista Darcy Ribeiro. Diferentemente dos outros grandes proponentes da chamada “Pátria Grande”, e graças em parte à sua longa experiência de etnógrafo, Ribeiro reservou um lugar de destaque para os povos indígenas na sua conceituação de uma “federação de estados latino-americanos meridionais”. Como indigenista, chegou a considerar as sociedades americanas sob um ponto de vista que não buscava na modernidade colonialista o único ou o mais legítimo “regime de verdade” para formular uma teoria da história ou para construir um futuro melhor. Proponho que o caráter do pensamento ...


“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição.”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2010

“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição.”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Forthcoming 2011


“Our Indians In Our America: Anti-Imperialist Imperialism And The Construction Of Brazilian Modernity”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2009

“Our Indians In Our America: Anti-Imperialist Imperialism And The Construction Of Brazilian Modernity”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Indigenous peoples have been used and imagined as guardians of the Brazilian frontier since at least the mid-nineteenth century. This association was central to the foundation of the Indian Protection Service (Serviço de Proteção aos Índios, or SPI) during the early 1900s and culminated with the Amazonian Vigilance System (Sistema de Vigelância da Amazônia, or SIVAM) at the turn of the millennium. Throughout the period, the abiding desire to establish defensive dominion over disputed national territory subjected individuals and groups identified as "Indians" to the power of overlapping discourses of scientific progress, national security, and economic development. A trinity of ...


Why Economic Performance Has Differed Between Brazil And China? A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian And Chinese Macroeconomic Policy, Fernando Ferrari-Filho, Anthony Petros Spanakos Jun 2009

Why Economic Performance Has Differed Between Brazil And China? A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian And Chinese Macroeconomic Policy, Fernando Ferrari-Filho, Anthony Petros Spanakos

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This paper addresses a specific question: why has China grown so rapidly and Brazil not? To answer this question, it (i) establishes the basis for comparison between China and Brazil by contextualizing these countries within the BRICs concept, and (ii) presents a comparative analysis of Brazilian and Chinese reforms focusing only on the issue of macroeconomic policy, especially the monetary and exchange rate regimes, and its effect on growth.


Why Brazil Has Not Grown: A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian, Indian, And Chinese Economic Management, Fernando Ferrari, Anthony Petros Spanakos Mar 2008

Why Brazil Has Not Grown: A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian, Indian, And Chinese Economic Management, Fernando Ferrari, Anthony Petros Spanakos

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This paper does not aim to dispute that Brazil would benefit from reforms in any or all of these areas. Rather, the paper offers a skeptical perspective on reform menus and proposes an alternative explanation for the faster growth of Brazil’s peers India and China2. The paper begins by introducing (section 1) the idea of the BRICs countries, to establish the basis for comparisons of most similar cases. It then surveys the results of a generation of Washington Consensus era growth (section 2). Although there is a considerable amount of divergence over what causes growth, it seems that something ...


“Diacuí Killed Iracema: Indigenism, Nationalism And The Struggle For Brazilianness”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2004

“Diacuí Killed Iracema: Indigenism, Nationalism And The Struggle For Brazilianness”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


“‘Indians’ And Ailing National Culture In Brazil Under Vargas”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Jan 2003

“‘Indians’ And Ailing National Culture In Brazil Under Vargas”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.