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Political Theory

2018

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Articles 151 - 172 of 172

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Defining 'Good': Exploring The Meaning Of Politics And Its Relation To The Personal, Tarai Zemba Jan 2018

Defining 'Good': Exploring The Meaning Of Politics And Its Relation To The Personal, Tarai Zemba

Scripps Senior Theses

The US is currently experiencing a confusing and problematic shift in politics under Donald Trump, who continues to disrupt the status quo of American democracy. Such a reality begs us to ask the question of what politics means, and what it should mean for the future. Throughout history, many philosophers and theorists, such as Thomas Hobbes and Max Weber, have identified the meaning of politics as obedience and domination over others. However, such an interpretation is incredibly dangerous, closely aligning with the historical values of authoritarian and totalitarian governments.

Political theorist Hannah Arendt provides a solution to this dilemma, exposing ...


The Foundations Of Aleksandr Dugin's Geopolitics: Montage Fascism And Eurasianism As Blowback, Grant Scott Fellows Jan 2018

The Foundations Of Aleksandr Dugin's Geopolitics: Montage Fascism And Eurasianism As Blowback, Grant Scott Fellows

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is an examination of Aleksandr Dugin's The Foundations of Geopolitics, of which I have translated important sections into English and these are included as an appendix. Despite the importance of Foundations of Geopolitics to Russian strategic thought there has not been a translated edition published in English. This work was published in 1997 and has been quite influential for Russian political and military leadership. I strive to provide context for the setting in which Foundations of Geopolitics was created through an analysis of the social and political conditions that existed in Russia while the text was being ...


The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis As A Problematic: Beyond "Falsificationism", Paul Erb Jan 2018

The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis As A Problematic: Beyond "Falsificationism", Paul Erb

Masters Theses

Halfway into its third decade, the debate surrounding the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis has stalled with political economists and socio-ecologists ascendant and modernization theorists scrambling to give their apparently moribund perspective new life. But beyond the rise and fall of the EKC, there remains a second-order question and decades of data: how do the theoretical perspectives of these contenders shape what their protagonists do and don't see? How have they mistaken episodes of "talking past each other" for genuine dialogue? Which perspective has had the biggest impact on the other’s way of thinking? A qualitative and quantitative ...


The Eu, Democracy And Institutional Structure: Past, Present And Future, Paul Craig Jan 2018

The Eu, Democracy And Institutional Structure: Past, Present And Future, Paul Craig

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


Power, Profit, And Political Participation: How Neoliberal Rationality Limits Citizen Influence In A Democracy, Emma Woods Jan 2018

Power, Profit, And Political Participation: How Neoliberal Rationality Limits Citizen Influence In A Democracy, Emma Woods

Senior Independent Study Theses

Democracy’s promise is that citizens hold the ultimate power in government. However, the ascension of neoliberal rationality, an economic rationality that focuses primarily on economic growth with political activity being secondary or merely instrumental to economic growth, acts as a threat to that promise. This paper offers a critical analysis of political participation in a democracy, using two theoretical frameworks, liberalism and neoliberalism. Based in these theoretical frameworks, it provides an analysis of how changes in individual conceptions of self have institutional effects on politics. Laying out the framework of neoliberalism, tracing its ideological roots in liberalism and its ...


The Original Theory Of Constitutionalism, David Singh Grewal, Jedediah Purdy Jan 2018

The Original Theory Of Constitutionalism, David Singh Grewal, Jedediah Purdy

Faculty Scholarship

The U.S. Constitution embodies a conception of democratic sovereignty that has been substantially forgotten and obscured in today’s commentary. Recovering this original idea of constitution-making shows that today’s originalism is, ironically, unfaithful to its origins in an idea of self-rule that prized both the initial ratification of fundamental law and the political community’s ongoing power to reaffirm or change it. This does not mean, however, that living constitutionalism better fits the original conception of democratic self-rule. Rather, because the Constitution itself makes amendment practically impossible, it all but shuts down the very form of democratic sovereignty ...


Petitioning And The Making Of The Administrative State, Maggie Blackhawk Jan 2018

Petitioning And The Making Of The Administrative State, Maggie Blackhawk

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The administrative state is suffering from a crisis of legitimacy. Many have questioned the legality of the myriad commissions, boards, and agencies through which much of our modern governance occurs. Scholars such as Jerry Mashaw, Theda Skocpol, and Michele Dauber, among others, have provided compelling institutional histories, illustrating that administrative lawmaking has roots in the early American republic. Others have attempted to assuage concerns through interpretive theory, arguing that the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946 implicitly amended our Constitution. Solutions offered thus far, however, have yet to provide a deeper understanding of the meaning and function of the administrative state ...


Our Principled Constitution, Mitchell N. Berman Jan 2018

Our Principled Constitution, Mitchell N. Berman

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Suppose that one of us contends, and the other denies, that transgender persons have constitutional rights to be treated in accord with their gender identity. It appears that we are disagreeing about “what the law is.” And, most probably, we disagree about what the law is on this matter because we disagree about what generally makes it the case that our constitutional law is this rather than that.

Constitutional theory should provide guidance. It should endeavor to explain what gives our constitutional rules the contents that they have, or what makes true constitutional propositions true. Call any such account a ...


Is There “Hope For Every Addicted American”? The New U.S. War On Drugs, B Stone Jan 2018

Is There “Hope For Every Addicted American”? The New U.S. War On Drugs, B Stone

Publications and Research

The U.S. has been waging a War on Drugs for the last forty years. But in the mid-2010s, a series of reforms have rejected this militant approach. How did these policies manage to break through a gridlocked Congress? What is the nature of these reforms, and what are their political implications? Using critical discourse analysis, I demonstrate that a new policy framework of “addiction recovery” defines the political crises of the opioid epidemic, the failure of the War on Drugs, and mass incarceration in terms of disease, attributing Drug War injustices to prejudice against “addiction,” rather than a constellation ...


Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire Jan 2018

Hues And Cues Of Voting Behavior On Ballot Initiatives: Party Affiliation And Direct Democracy In Colorado, Gabrielle Vermeire

Undergraduate Honors Theses

How do voters behave when faced when faced with direct democracy measures? What informational cues do voters rely on when, unlike candidate races there is no explicit labeling of an “R” or a “D” on the ballot? I used election results from the 2014 midterm and 2016 presidential elections in Colorado to determine 1) if people do indeed vote on initiatives according to their political affiliation, 2) to what degree people vote in a partisan manner, and 3) what factors within and outside of an initiative impact the partisanship of their vote. I found that, to a high degree, a ...


On The Military’S Normative Commitment To Assist In Revolution, Sebastian Awatramani Jan 2018

On The Military’S Normative Commitment To Assist In Revolution, Sebastian Awatramani

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Locke held that the People reserve a right of revolution in the case that a government egregiously violates the social contract to such an extent that it renders itself illegitimate. At the time of his writing, revolution was a potentially feasible endeavor insofar as the technological war making capabilities of a citizenry were on, or at least on something close to, equal footing with those of the government. As technology advanced over the following centuries, however, a disparity between the war making capability of advanced states and their citizenry arose, wherein the governments of modern, advanced states gained access to ...


Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson Jan 2018

Counter-Stereotypical Exemplars Of Drug Users In Contemporary Media: How Humanizing Efforts In Film And Tv Positively Affect Attitudes Towards Drug Users, Quyncc Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study analyzes the effects of counter-stereotypical depictions of drug users in popular media and film, and the abilities of these media exemplars in eliciting positive attitudes towards drug users and progressive drug policy. Psychological theories of framing and priming effect were used to understand the mechanisms of how beliefs in media are communicated and absorbed in audience members, and their historical use in demonizing drug users in the past. Through content analysis of Moonlight and Orange is the New Black, I use Exemplification Theory to show the profound effects of stereotypical and counter-stereotypic characters in films to incite new ...


Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith Jan 2018

Power And Insecurity: Foucauldian Biopolitics In Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein", Tyler Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis examines Mary Shelley’s 1818 novel Frankenstein using Michel Foucault’s theories of biopolitics. It interprets each of its primary characters as analogous to the groups and institutions involved in political power, and assesses the decisions and behaviors of the primary characters as expressions of various forms of authority as described by Foucault. The thesis finds that the characters’ inconsistent employment of power generates significant instability throughout the text, and concludes that the novel ultimately condemns capriciousness and lack of self-knowledge.


Where Is Your Rage?: Dimensions Of Anger And The Aids Coalition To Unleash Power, Emily Martin Jan 2018

Where Is Your Rage?: Dimensions Of Anger And The Aids Coalition To Unleash Power, Emily Martin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A common narrative in American political discourse suggests that anger, no matter its cause, manifestation, or degree, is inherently dangerous and should have no role in the public sphere. This research challenges the idea that anger cannot—or should not—have a legitimate role in political action, using the direct-action anti-AIDS activism of the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) as a case study. Drawing on interviews of former ACT UP members collected in the ACT UP Oral History Project, as well as more general analyses of anger in other social movements, this paper examines the multiple dimensions of ...


Renegade Neoliberalism And Reactionary Politics: Donald Trump, Higher Education, And The Public Sphere, Emily Anderson Jan 2018

Renegade Neoliberalism And Reactionary Politics: Donald Trump, Higher Education, And The Public Sphere, Emily Anderson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Neoliberalism is undoubtedly the hegemonic governing rationality of the early 21st century. However, despite its apparent infiltration into various spheres, such as education, scholars have often understood it as a monolithic phenomenon. Because of this, the rise of Donald Trump has been difficult to explain. While Trump certainly fits into the standard neoliberal definition in many regards, there are areas where his political ideology is less explicable–his positions on trade, and his authoritarianism, for example. This thesis argues that Trump represents a new trend in neoliberalism –renegade neoliberalism. Using higher education as a case study, it argues that renegade ...


What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson Jan 2018

What Determines The Political Focus Of Right-Wing Populist Parties In Europe? A Case Study Of Norway And Switzerland, Michael Johnson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past several decades right-wing populism has reshaped European politics. The late 20th and early 21st centuries are experiencing the rise of several right-wing populist parties in countries including France, Norway, Switzerland, Finland, Poland, Britain, and many others. This rise in right-wing populism is not a new phenomenon, and many of these parties trace their roots back to the 1970s as globalization permeated Europe. In this paper, I will examine the peculiar phenomena regarding the varying levels of success these right-wing populist parties have experienced. Specifically, I focus on the success of both the Norwegian and Swiss populist parties ...


Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha B. Battey Jan 2018

Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha B. Battey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a broad case study attempting to reconcile how structural realism can use different liberal theories and concepts to accomplish realist ends. That being said, the current situation in the Arctic has real-world significance that draws equal importance with the theoretical implications of this thesis. As climate change is opening the Arctic to economic exploitation in the near future, this paper addresses the rising importance of the Arctic and the issue of how the U.S. and its allies should respond to Russian militarization of the Arctic while ensuring their own interests. By the utilization of structural realism ...


Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha Battey Jan 2018

Here Comes The Sun: Constraining Russian Aggression And Ambition In The Arctic Through The Analysis Of Structural Realism, Samantha Battey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a broad case study attempting to reconcile how structural realism can use different liberal theories and concepts to accomplish realist ends. That being said, the current situation in the Arctic has real-world significance that draws equal importance with the theoretical implications of this thesis. As climate change is opening the Arctic to economic exploitation in the near future, this paper addresses the rising importance of the Arctic and the issue of how the U.S. and its allies should respond to Russian militarization of the Arctic while ensuring their own interests. By the utilization of structural realism ...


Factors That Influence Mexican Emigration To The United States: The Role Of Economics, Education Quality, Crime, And Violence, Kristina Aiad-Toss Jan 2018

Factors That Influence Mexican Emigration To The United States: The Role Of Economics, Education Quality, Crime, And Violence, Kristina Aiad-Toss

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This study explores the factors that influence Mexican emigration to the United States. By determining the relationship between emigration and different economic, social, and demographic variables, this paper seeks to determine the relative importance of factors that drive Mexicans to leave their country. This paper looks at the following emigration push and pull factors: home-country economic conditions, employment opportunities, education quality, crime, drug-cartel related violence, social ties in the U.S., gender, age, and income. Using a nationwide survey opinion data from 2015, the perceptions of Mexican individuals support the hypotheses that social ties, home-country education quality, gender, and age ...


Marketization In North Korea Is Corrupting The Corrupted, Joseph Kim Jan 2018

Marketization In North Korea Is Corrupting The Corrupted, Joseph Kim

Senior Projects Fall 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


Sexual Violence In The Field Of Vision, Sharon Sliwinski Dec 2017

Sexual Violence In The Field Of Vision, Sharon Sliwinski

Sharon Sliwinski

Meditating on a single photograph from a recent Human Rights Watch report concerning police violence in Northern British Columbia, Canada, this paper pursues two lines of questions about the visual politics of human rights. One concerns how our ways of seeing—our modes of attending to the vulnerability and integrity of particular persons—can itself be understood as a form of human rights practice. The other aims to widen space in contemporary political theory for thinking about how sexual violence functions as a central technology of sovereignty and how we might make this phenomenon more perceptible. The paper explores the ...


The Woman Who Walks Through Photographs, Sharon Sliwinski Dec 2017

The Woman Who Walks Through Photographs, Sharon Sliwinski

Sharon Sliwinski

This paper explores Michal Heiman's creative strategy to imaginatively enter the space of asylum. Her recent project, RETURN: ASYLUM (THE DRESS, 1855-2018), offers a new way to extend solidarity to people who have been subjugated by the institution. She actively enlists the public's help in developing further strategies for connecting with those individuals who have been bereft of legal rights to property, family, or public hearing. This article explores Heiman's crucial political intervention, which blends creative visual practice with object relations theory.