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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Strengthening Democracy By Design: Challenges And Opportunities, Nancy L. Thomas, J. Kyle Upchurch Dec 2018

Strengthening Democracy By Design: Challenges And Opportunities, Nancy L. Thomas, J. Kyle Upchurch

Journal of Public Deliberation

In 2014, the Journal of Public Deliberation published an essay, “Democracy by Design,” a framework for a more aspirational, stronger democracy and approach to civic learning. Here, the authors update and reissue Democracy by Design along with a report on the status of the four foundational attributes of a strong democracy, one that is participatory, free and equal, educated and informed, and accountable and justly governed. The authors argue that American democracy faces multiple challenges reflecting declines in democratic norms and practices, for example, growing inequality, weak and unequal civic education, widening polarization, and the rise of undemocratic forces in ...


Habermas With A Whiff Of Tear Gas: Nonviolent Campaigns And Deliberation In An Era Of Authoritarianism, Peter Levine Dec 2018

Habermas With A Whiff Of Tear Gas: Nonviolent Campaigns And Deliberation In An Era Of Authoritarianism, Peter Levine

Journal of Public Deliberation

Authoritarianism is gaining around the world. Statistics show that deliberation shrinks when authoritarianism grows. In the face of authoritarian repression, directly promoting and organizing deliberation is likely to fail. However, Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan (2011) find that nonviolent campaigns have a strong record of success against authoritarian states. Although nonviolent campaigns are not themselves deliberative or aimed at building deliberative democracy, I argue that some of the reasons that make them successful also stand to benefit public deliberation. Thus the most promising strategy for expanding deliberation in an increasingly authoritarian world is to support nonviolent campaigns and to ...


Deliberative Mini-Publics As A Partial Antidote To Authoritarian Information Strategies, Robert C. Richards Jr. Dec 2018

Deliberative Mini-Publics As A Partial Antidote To Authoritarian Information Strategies, Robert C. Richards Jr.

Journal of Public Deliberation

Authoritarian or illiberal regimes control a growing number of states throughout the world. Among the information strategies that these regimes use to gain and maintain support are the dissemination of false or misleading policy information and the use of manipulative policy frames. Deliberative mini-publics can partially counter those strategies by distributing accurate policy information and employing non-exploitative policy frames that affirm the dignity of members of the polity as free and equal citizens.


Review Of Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive By Nicole Doerr (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Peter Levine Jun 2018

Review Of Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive By Nicole Doerr (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Peter Levine

Journal of Public Deliberation

In Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive, Nicole Doerr uncovers the role of translators as a “third voice within deliberation," neither participants nor facilitators but advocates for specific individuals to be heard and understood. Her empirical research on translation of various types and in various settings also raises broader theoretical issues about direct versus representative democracy.


Outsourcing Participatory Democracy: Critical Reflections On The Participatory Budgeting Experiences In Taiwan, Poe Yu-Ze Wan Jun 2018

Outsourcing Participatory Democracy: Critical Reflections On The Participatory Budgeting Experiences In Taiwan, Poe Yu-Ze Wan

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article attempts to critically examine the experiences of participatory budgeting (PB) that have proliferated across Taiwan’s cities over the past three years. It is argued that PB in Taiwan remains an isolated initiative instead of an integral part of a comprehensive administrative reform. What makes Taiwan’s PB experiences theoretically interesting is that, in most cases outside the Taipei City, the tasks of promoting PB, designing the procedure of participation, and organizing and mobilizing lay citizens have been contracted out to NGOs or teams led by scholars.

In light of the analytical framework of state power - political society ...


Democracy Transformed: Perceived Legitimacy Of The Institutional Shift From Election To Random Selection Of Representatives, Simon Pek, Jeffrey Kennedy, Adam Cronkright Jun 2018

Democracy Transformed: Perceived Legitimacy Of The Institutional Shift From Election To Random Selection Of Representatives, Simon Pek, Jeffrey Kennedy, Adam Cronkright

Journal of Public Deliberation

While democracy remains a firmly-held ideal, the present state of electoral democracy is plagued by growing disaffection. As a result, both scholars and practitioners have shown considerable interest in the potential of random selection as a means of selecting political representatives. Despite its potential, deployment of this alternative is limited by concerns about its perceived legitimacy. Drawing on an inductive analysis of the replacement of elections with random selection in two student governments in Bolivia, we explore stakeholders’ perceptions of the legitimacy of random selection by investigating both their overall support for randomly selecting representatives as well as the views ...


The Instrumental Value Of Deliberative Democracy – Or, Do We Have Good Reasons To Be Deliberative Democrats?, Jonathan W. Kuyper Jun 2018

The Instrumental Value Of Deliberative Democracy – Or, Do We Have Good Reasons To Be Deliberative Democrats?, Jonathan W. Kuyper

Journal of Public Deliberation

Though commanding a prominent role in political theory, deliberative democracy has also become a mainstay of myriad other research traditions in recent years. This diffusion has been propelled along by the notion that deliberation, properly conceived and enacted, generates many beneficial outcomes. This article has three goals geared toward understanding whether these instrumental benefits provide us with good reasons – beyond intrinsic ones – to be deliberative democrats. First, the proclaimed instrumental benefits are systematized in terms of micro, meso, and macro outcomes. Second, relevant literatures are canvassed to critically assess what we know – and what we do not know – about deliberation ...