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Political Theory

2014

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Equitable Sharing: Distributing The Benefits And Detriments Of Democratic Society, Thomas Kleven Jul 2015

Equitable Sharing: Distributing The Benefits And Detriments Of Democratic Society, Thomas Kleven

Thomas Kleven

The book argues that a principle of equitable sharing is fundamental to the concept of democracy and to the democratic society the United States purports to be. It examines the political philosophies of John Locke, John Stuart Mill, and John Rawls, all of which contain a principle of equitable sharing in some form. It then examines the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, both of which evidence a commitment to equitable sharing as foundational to the democratic society they contemplate. The book argues that the Supreme Court also has a meaningful role to play in the dialogue over the requirements ...


Toward A Radical Integral Humanism: Macintyre’S Continuing Marxism, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Toward A Radical Integral Humanism: Macintyre’S Continuing Marxism, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that we must read Alasdair MacIntyre’s mature work through a Marxist lens. I begin by discussing his argument that we must choose which God to worship on principles of justice, which, it turns out, are ones given to us by God. I contend that this argument entails that we must see Mac- Intyre’s early Marxist commitments as given to him by God, and, therefore, that he has never abandoned them in his turn to Thomistic-Aristotelianism. I examine his reading of Marx, with its emphasis on the concept of alienation as a Christian concept, and explain how ...


Does Our Values Become Worsen? — A Study Of The Effects Of Fiscal Policies On Households’ Lives In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah Dec 2014

Does Our Values Become Worsen? — A Study Of The Effects Of Fiscal Policies On Households’ Lives In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah

Yagoub Elryah (PhD)

As a result of the secession of South Sudan, Sudan has experienced the largest increases in the budget deficit, shortages of hard currencies, highest inflation rates, and debt accumulation. In this paper, we attempt to extend and contribute to prior research on the impacts of fiscal policies on households’ life in Sudan. An online data from 1999 until 2013 were used to examine the effects of fiscal policy on households’ life in Sudan. To do this, the OLS and VECM estimation procedures were considered. Our results supported hypotheses that the households’ life has become more worsen than the situation pre-secession ...


A New Agenda For The Cultural Study Of Law: Taking On The Technicalities, Annelise Riles Dec 2014

A New Agenda For The Cultural Study Of Law: Taking On The Technicalities, Annelise Riles

Annelise Riles

This article urges humanistic legal studies to take the technical dimensions of law as a central focus of inquiry. Using archival and ethnographic investigations into developments in American Conflict of Laws doctrines as an example, and building on insights in the anthropology of knowledge and in science and technology studies that focus on technical practices in scientific and engineering domains, it aims to show that the technologies of law - an ideology that law is a tool and an accompanying technical aesthetic of legal knowledge - are far more central and far more interesting dimensions of legal practice than humanists have often ...


Real Time: Unwinding Technocratic And Anthropological Knowledge, Annelise Riles Dec 2014

Real Time: Unwinding Technocratic And Anthropological Knowledge, Annelise Riles

Annelise Riles

“The Bank of Japan is our mother,” bankers in Tokyo sometimes said of Japan's central bank. Drawing on this metaphor as an ethnographic resource, and on the example of central bankers who sought to unwind their own technocratic knowledge by replacing it with a real-time machine, I retrace the ethnographic task of unwinding technocratic knowledge from those anthropological knowledge practices that critique technocracy. In so doing, I draw attention to special methodological problems—involving the relationship between ethnography, analysis, and reception—in the representation and critique of contemporary knowledge practices.


Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson Dec 2014

Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson

Athina Karatzogianni

This article focuses on the academic reinscription of the WikiLeaks affair, focusing on the different receptions received within different literatures and fields. The WikiLeaks affair – with or without its hypothesised connections to the Anonymous collective and the Arab Spring – has had massive ruptural effects on aspects of the global political system. A small, movement-based website has inflicted a tremendous informational defeat on the world's last superpower, revealing the possible emergence of a global networked counter-power able to mount effective resistance against the world-system, possibly even the emergence of the state-network conflict as the new great-power bipolarity after the Cold ...


On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min Dec 2014

On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay suggests that the issue of culture is vital to advance deliberation theories and practices. After discussing whether deliberative democracy is a Western-specific or universal concept, it argues that current deliberation research is heavily immersed in Western cultural and methodological standards. An empirical portion also suggests that the positive effects of deliberation were greater for Western participants as opposed to non-Western participants. It argues that deliberation theories and research should be expanded so that they can include more cultural sensibilities.


Review Of Democracy And Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government Is Smarter By Ilya Somin (Stanford, Ca: Stanford University Press, 2013), Nicholas Zavediuk Dec 2014

Review Of Democracy And Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government Is Smarter By Ilya Somin (Stanford, Ca: Stanford University Press, 2013), Nicholas Zavediuk

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Democracy and Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government is Smarter by Ilya Somin (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013).


Review Of Democracy As Popular Sovereignty By Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2013)., David W. Mcivor Dec 2014

Review Of Democracy As Popular Sovereignty By Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2013)., David W. Mcivor

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Democracy as Popular Sovereignty by Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013).


What Is Islamic Democracy? The Three Cs Of Islamic Governance, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2014

What Is Islamic Democracy? The Three Cs Of Islamic Governance, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This book chapter explores the three Cs of Islamic Governance; Constitution, Consultation and Consent.


Republican Realignment: Building A Majority Coalition For Future Electoral Success, Anthony J. Del Signore Dec 2014

Republican Realignment: Building A Majority Coalition For Future Electoral Success, Anthony J. Del Signore

Honors College Theses

Since the election of President George H. W. Bush, Republican presidential candidates have had difficulty winning popular elections. Republican candidates lost five of the next six popular elections to their Democratic opponents. This paper investigates why. It outlines the growing demographic shift in electoral politics which is detrimental for future Republican success. The growing dissonance between non-white, non-male voters and the Republican Party hinders the Party’s success when its message does not resonate with a majority of voters.

Utilizing realignment theory as first espoused by political scientist V. O. Key, this paper analyzes nine essential battleground states and the ...


Government Dependency Theory: Public Services, Banking Crisis, And The Likelihood Of Protests, Titus Bickel Dec 2014

Government Dependency Theory: Public Services, Banking Crisis, And The Likelihood Of Protests, Titus Bickel

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to determine what causes certain countries to experience mass protests during economic crises while other governments weather the same events and emerge unscathed. Further research on this topic could predict the likelihood of protests that lead to state collapse in countries like Ukraine. I argue that high gross domestic product expenditure on social services creates a dependent society that will protest when those goods and services are threatened by banking crises. I originated this theory and titled it the Government Dependency Theory. My theory uses data from 147 banking crises occurring in 115 countries ...


“Decentralization Dilemma In Indonesia: Does Decentralization Breed Corruption?”, Glenys Kirana Dec 2014

“Decentralization Dilemma In Indonesia: Does Decentralization Breed Corruption?”, Glenys Kirana

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Given the pervasiveness of corruption, collusion and nepotism during Suharto’s rule (1967-1998), many people assume that the Reformasi era (1998-present) would introduce a new wave of liberal democratic values, which would consequently reduce corruption in Indonesia. This paper seeks to look at the changes in people’s socio-political incentives to corrupt given the changes in political and legal structure, analyzing it in the context of its contribution to Indonesia’s socio-economic development. Specifically, it centers on how decentralization has affected corruption in the regional districts, legislative, judiciary, and other civil society groups. It is the prominence of the corruption ...


From Topos To Utopia: Critical Buddhism, Globalization, And Ideology Criticism, James Shields Nov 2014

From Topos To Utopia: Critical Buddhism, Globalization, And Ideology Criticism, James Shields

Faculty Contributions to Books

No abstract provided.


“Escándalo Público”: La Destitución De Miguel Ángel Beltrán, Las Últimas Investigaciones De Michel Foucault Y La Autonomía Universitaria ("Public Scandal": The Dismissal Of Miguel Angel Beltrán, Michel Foucault's Final Lectures And The Principle Of Autonomous University), Andrés Henao Castro Oct 2014

“Escándalo Público”: La Destitución De Miguel Ángel Beltrán, Las Últimas Investigaciones De Michel Foucault Y La Autonomía Universitaria ("Public Scandal": The Dismissal Of Miguel Angel Beltrán, Michel Foucault's Final Lectures And The Principle Of Autonomous University), Andrés Henao Castro

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

En este artículo he querido repensar la destitución del profesor Miguel Ángel Beltrán como constituyente de un evento en el que se reconfiguran las relaciones entre el poder y el saber en Colombia; un evento que manifiesta una doble transformación: de un lado, un cambio en el riesgo que supone el conflicto entre el discurso de la verdad y el ejercicio del poder y, de otro lado, una reconfiguración del actor social que produce la partición ya no solo ética sino también política de este mundo en dos.


Are There Cracks In The Democratic Peace?, James W. Farmer, Jamie E. Scalera Oct 2014

Are There Cracks In The Democratic Peace?, James W. Farmer, Jamie E. Scalera

Jamie Scalera

The Democratic Peace Principle is both a well-documented and a heavily scrutinized element of International Relations theory. My research aims to further analyze the principle to determine more precise conditions under which conflict can arise between democratic states. More specifically, my research analyzes the amount of conflict between democratic states of differing military and economic capabilities in order to see if such dyads have different dynamics than dyads with comparable military and economic might. If there are differing degrees of the democratic peace based on factors such as military and economic strength, this could indicate where future wars between democratic ...


After Fukushima: The Equivalence Of Catastrophes, Jean-Luc Nancy Oct 2014

After Fukushima: The Equivalence Of Catastrophes, Jean-Luc Nancy

Philosophy

In this book, the philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy examines the nature of catastrophes in the era of globalization and technology. Can a catastrophe be an isolated occurrence? Is there such a thing as a “natural” catastrophe when all of our technologies—nuclear energy, power supply, water supply—are necessarily implicated, drawing together the biological, social, economic, and political? Nancy examines these questions and more. Exclusive to this English edition are two interviews with Nancy conducted by Danielle Cohen-Levinas and Yuji Nishiyama and Yotetsu Tonaki.


The Problem Of State Intervention In Post-Abolition Slavery: A Critique Of Consensus, Anthony Talbott, David Watkins Oct 2014

The Problem Of State Intervention In Post-Abolition Slavery: A Critique Of Consensus, Anthony Talbott, David Watkins

Political Science Faculty Publications

Slavery is now illegal by all states and under international law. Contrary to the hopes of abolitionists, this state of affairs has transformed rather than eradicated slavery as an institution. Furthermore, responses by states to post-abolition forms of slavery have often been less than ideal. This paper begins by comparing two state responses to slavery in the early 20th century: the federal peonage trials in Montgomery, Alabama from 1903-1905, and the federal response to an alleged epidemic of “white slavery” from 1909-1910, culminating in the passage of the White Slave-Traffic Act. Taken together, these responses engender pessimism about the state ...


How Secular Should Democracy Be? A Cross-Disciplinary Study Of Catholicism And Islam In Promoting Public Reason, David Ingram, David Ingram Oct 2014

How Secular Should Democracy Be? A Cross-Disciplinary Study Of Catholicism And Islam In Promoting Public Reason, David Ingram, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

I argue that the same factors (strategic and principled) that motivated Catholicism to champion liberal democracy are the same that motivate 21st Century Islam to do the same. I defend this claim by linking political liberalism to democratic secularism. Distinguishing institutional, political, and epistemic dimensions of democratic secularism, I show that moderate forms of political and epistemic secularism are most conducive to fostering the kind of public reasoning essential to democratic legitimacy. This demonstration draws upon the ambivalent impact of Indonesia’s Islamic parties in advancing universal social justice aims as against more sectarian policies.


Voting Across The Sea: The Politics Of French Nationals In Morocco, Sydney France Oct 2014

Voting Across The Sea: The Politics Of French Nationals In Morocco, Sydney France

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The goal of this paper is to explore the way French nationals in Morocco continue to participate in French politics even though they no longer live in French territory. The research examines three organizations that are based in Morocco and participated in French elections in May 2014. They are the Union de Français de l’Etranger, Français du Monde and UMP Maroc. The paper examines how these organizations interact with French nationals in Morocco and how these organizations interact with the French government. The paper determines that Union de Français de l’EtrangerCasablancaand Français du Monde Maroc are different from ...


Antigone And Democratic Theory, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro Sep 2014

Antigone And Democratic Theory, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

No abstract provided.


Postmodern Antigones, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro Sep 2014

Postmodern Antigones, Andrés Fabián Henao Castro

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

No abstract provided.


Manjari, Professor Vibhuti Patel Sep 2014

Manjari, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Analysis of trends of womens’ participation to contest elections to the State Legislatures indicate that there is a gender discrimination which is responsible for poor representation of women in India .Women’s role in decision making is one of the most important questions for consideration in the movement for their empowerment. The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1992) to the Indian Constitution have served as a major break through towards ensuring women’s equal access and increased participation in political power structures. This Amendment provided for reservation of one third of seats for women at level of local governance in urban ...


Malaysian Political Essay Collection, Chuen-Tat Kang Sep 2014

Malaysian Political Essay Collection, Chuen-Tat Kang

Chuen-Tat Kang (江俊达)

The project is about freelance commentary on various politics in Malaysian society. The book allows collection of various articles related to governmental administration in the contemporary Malaysian society in the beginning of twenty first century.


Groundings Volume One, Issue One Sep 2014

Groundings Volume One, Issue One

Groundings

This is the full issue of Groundings Vol. 1, Iss. 1.


La Necropolítica Y El “Mal Menor”: Hacia Una Nueva Economía Del Poder Después De Gaza (Necropolitics And The "Lesser Evil": Towards A New Economy Of Power After Gaza), Andrés Henao Castro Sep 2014

La Necropolítica Y El “Mal Menor”: Hacia Una Nueva Economía Del Poder Después De Gaza (Necropolitics And The "Lesser Evil": Towards A New Economy Of Power After Gaza), Andrés Henao Castro

Andrés Fabián Henao-Castro

La matanza protagonizada por Israel en Gaza pone de presente que la necropolítica y el “mal menor” continúan siendo los dos idiomas centrales para describir las formas más extremas de violencia neocolonial actual. Esta nueva economía del poder acentúa las formas estatales del “dejar morir”, la creación de condiciones que garantizan la “muerte lenta” del “otro”, el exterminio de los palestinos mediante el racionamiento mortal de sus condiciones de vida y la anexión ilegal de sus territorios por parte del Estado de Israel. En esta nueva economía del poder la crítica y el conflicto aparecen ya anticipados en el cálculo ...


Rodney Papers At Auc Robert W. Woodruff Library Sep 2014

Rodney Papers At Auc Robert W. Woodruff Library

Groundings

No abstract provided.


Remembrances Sep 2014

Remembrances

Groundings

No abstract provided.


Foundation News Sep 2014

Foundation News

Groundings

No abstract provided.


Walter Rodney's Removal --- 33 Years Later, Eusi Kwayana Sep 2014

Walter Rodney's Removal --- 33 Years Later, Eusi Kwayana

Groundings

No abstract provided.