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Political Theory

2011

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Articles 151 - 176 of 176

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Constituent Authority, Richard Kay Dec 2010

Constituent Authority, Richard Kay

Richard Kay

The force of a constitution, like the force of all enacted law, derives, in significant part, from the circumstances of its enactment. Legal and political theory have long recognized the logical necessity of a “constituent power.” That recognition, however, tells us little about what is necessary for the successful enactment of an enduring constitution. Long term acceptance of a constitution requires a continuing regard for the process that brought it into being. There must be, that is, recognition of the “constituent authority” of the constitution-makers. This paper is a consideration of the idea of “constituent authority” drawing on a comparison ...


Ditching The Script: Moving Beyond Automatic Thinking In Introductory Political Science Courses., Robert W. Glover, Daniel Tagliarina Dec 2010

Ditching The Script: Moving Beyond Automatic Thinking In Introductory Political Science Courses., Robert W. Glover, Daniel Tagliarina

Robert W. Glover

No abstract provided.


"God Bless America - Or Else", Michael Budde Dec 2010

"God Bless America - Or Else", Michael Budde

Michael Budde

No abstract provided.


Review: William Connolly--A World Of Becoming, Robert W. Glover Dec 2010

Review: William Connolly--A World Of Becoming, Robert W. Glover

Robert W. Glover

No abstract provided.


Radically Rethinking Citizenship: Disaggregation, Agonistic Pluralism, And The Politics Of Immigration In The United States, Robert W. Glover Dec 2010

Radically Rethinking Citizenship: Disaggregation, Agonistic Pluralism, And The Politics Of Immigration In The United States, Robert W. Glover

Robert W. Glover

The status of citizenship and the rights extended to non-citizens are among the most contentious and hotly-debated political issues in numerous Western polities. Some scholars, most notably Seyla Benhabib, have deemed the contemporary changes a ‘disaggregation of rights claims’, in which the interplay between ideals of particularism and universalism lead to an ‘unbundling’ of civil, political, and social rights with formal national membership. Yet this theoretical framing harbors deficiencies which complicate our understanding of the contemporary politics of immigration. In this piece, I critically examine this account to show both its theoretical shortcomings and the incomplete explanations to which these ...


International Boggarts: Carl Schmitt, Harry Potter And The Transfiguration Of Identity, Emma R. Norman Dec 2010

International Boggarts: Carl Schmitt, Harry Potter And The Transfiguration Of Identity, Emma R. Norman

Emma R. Norman

Of all the magical monsters in Harry Potter, boggarts are interesting both for the narrative function they perform, and for how they emphasize the complex relation between identity and violence in international politics. In this paper I show that the Potter series illuminates how globalization has transfigured our conceptions of collective identity and violence—to the point where conventionally accepted theories of international relations are having trouble dealing with them. Boggarts arouse our deepest fears, and amorphously shape-shift according to those fears. Consequently, no one knows what a boggart really looks like—adding to our insecurities. The parallels with contemporary ...


“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2010

“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

RESUMO: Neste ensaio analiso o discurso latino-americanista do antropólogo, educador, político, e romancista Darcy Ribeiro. Diferentemente dos outros grandes proponentes da chamada “Pátria Grande”, e graças em parte à sua longa experiência de etnógrafo, Ribeiro reservou um lugar de destaque para os povos indígenas na sua conceituação de uma “federação de estados latino-americanos meridionais”. Como indigenista, chegou a considerar as sociedades americanas sob um ponto de vista que não buscava na modernidade colonialista o único ou o mais legítimo “regime de verdade” para formular uma teoria da história ou para construir um futuro melhor. Proponho que o caráter do pensamento ...


“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição.”, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2010

“Subalternidade Hegemônica: Darcy Ribeiro E A Virtude Da Contradição.”, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

Forthcoming 2011


Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán Dec 2010

Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


Neither Morality Nor Law: Ritual Propriety As Confucian Civility, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2010

Neither Morality Nor Law: Ritual Propriety As Confucian Civility, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

It is common for recent authors on the topic of “civility” to spend some time sketching
the history of their subject.1 One narrative goes like this: civility emerges in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and is part of a larger trend toward disciplining bodily appetites that enables a new kind of cooperation among individuals. Civility interweaves politeness and political respect; it undergirds modern notions of republicanism, civil society, and the public good. In more recent decades—some writers point to World War I as a turning point, but for others, it is the 1960s—civility has declined or at ...


Climate Change Mitigation And Intergenerational Justice, Fabian Schuppert Dec 2010

Climate Change Mitigation And Intergenerational Justice, Fabian Schuppert

Fabian Schuppert

No abstract provided.


Cancun Climate Negotiations, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Dec 2010

Cancun Climate Negotiations, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, held from November 29 to December 11, 2010, in Cancún, Mexico, relaunched the United Nation's multilateral facilitation role.


International Boggarts: Carl Schmitt, Harry Potter And The Transfiguration Of Identity, Emma R. Norman Dec 2010

International Boggarts: Carl Schmitt, Harry Potter And The Transfiguration Of Identity, Emma R. Norman

Emma R. Norman

Of all the magical monsters in Harry Potter, boggarts are interesting both for the narrative function they perform, and for how they emphasize the complex relation between identity and violence in international politics. In this paper I show that the Potter series illuminates how globalization has transfigured our conceptions of collective identity and violence—to the point where conventionally accepted theories of international relations are having trouble dealing with them. Boggarts arouse our deepest fears, and amorphously shape-shift according to those fears. Consequently, no one knows what a boggart really looks like—adding to our insecurities. The parallels with contemporary ...


The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr. Dec 2010

The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr.

Salvador Santino Jr. F Regilme

Utilising constructivism this work analyses the contemporary relational complexities of East Asia vis-à-vis the European Union (EU). Mindful of the social constructivist themes of identity and interests, it is argued that there are fundamental difficulties found in these interregional relations, which must be urgently addressed. The EU continues to be under-valued and misunderstood in the eyes of the East Asian public; despite the relatively strong economic and political engagement of the Union. With the emergence of China as a global actor, Europe must reinforce its political capital amidst the failures of the EU to reconcile its policy inconsistencies juxtaposed with ...


From Innovative Democracy To Warfare State: Ancient Athens As A Model Of Hegemonic Decline, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2010

From Innovative Democracy To Warfare State: Ancient Athens As A Model Of Hegemonic Decline, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

This chapter focuses on less popularised aspects of Athenian hegemony and decline, starting from the capture of hegemony after the Persian wars, exploring specific strengths and weaknesses of the Athenian system, and debating the causes and the effects of that violent architect of hegemonic decline, the Peloponnesian war. The chapter sheds light on the disastrous effects of the hunt for regional hegemony and power for Ancient Greek city states, the role of political innovation through the establishment of knowledge networks in Ancient Athens, both as an enabling force to capture hegemony, but also as a factor for inciting fear and ...


Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, Carroy U. Ferguson Dec 2010

Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Every day we, as human beings, maneuver through a myriad of circumstances in our individual and collective life spaces. Central to our experiences is the nature, kind, and quality of our relationships. When we encounter differences (racial, ethnic, cultural, religious, economic, sexual orientation, the mentally and physically challenged), a common issue that often emerges in our experiences is the extent to which we use tolerance in relating to other people and circumstances. For this reason, I want to discuss the nature of tolerance and its limitations, and how to move beyond tolerance by consciously using Universal Energy Laws, discernment, and ...


Filistin 2010, Ali Balci Dec 2010

Filistin 2010, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Fernando Pessoa, Hermenêutica Jurídica E Retórica, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Fernando Pessoa, Hermenêutica Jurídica E Retórica, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Um curioso aspecto do pensamento de Pessoa foi deixado por ele esparso, e o que parece totalmente ao acaso dos investigadores: o Direito. Em política, temos até um auto-retrato bastante completo, e a sucessão de textos que foi escrevendo, em prosa e em verso, facilmente nos permite reconstruir um percurso, a partir das suas bases ideológicas. Mas o que pensaria Pessoa do Direito? Neste caso, o “fingidor” não fingiu, não posou para a sua tão cuidadosamente preparada fama póstuma. Estamos, assim, perante um aspecto da sua vida mental que parece ter escapado à composição para um público (ainda que futuro ...


Desafios Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Desafios Constitucionais, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há tentativas de fazer recuar as Constituições, de as “rever e romper”. Foi um sonho desde sempre acalentado pelos inimigos e falsos amigos das constituições modernas, sociais, democráticas, culturais, humanísticas, mas que hoje encontra terreno mais propício. Porque as forças sociais, as “pedras vivas”, estão mais vulneráveis. E os “Homens Livres” menos unidos e interventivos, pelo menos por agora. E a crise gera o medo, e o medo a vã esperança em mudanças radicais, que seriam afinal para pior. É assim que se vão incubando as ditaduras. Tal ocorre sobretudo nos países que, dominados por crises económicas e financeiras, se ...


Universidade: Um Manifesto Pelo Sonho, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Universidade: Um Manifesto Pelo Sonho, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Por muito vilipendiado que seja, e é-o praticamente todos os dias por sociedades que recusam ser educadas e se comprazem na sua má-educação e incultura, além de por políticos impreparados, e mesmo por colegas não solidários, o Professor que o é por vocação está como Lutero: aqui está, aqui fica, não pode fazer de outra maneira. Só este professor por vocação e por sonho ainda faz a Escola valer. Até quando continuará a haver professores destes? E até onde irá a sua inadaptação com as condições em que tem de sobreviver, fazendo um papel que lhe não é reconhecido, tantas ...


Concretizar A Constituição, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Concretizar A Constituição, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O presente artigo pondera observações sobre a Constituição Portuguesa: é ela realmente normativa, ou inefectiva? Impõe-se uma análise das críticas ao statu quo constitucional: dirigem-se elas à Constituição em si ou apenas ao seu deficiente cumprimento? Finalmente, em que medida é que a Constituição, parecendo a alguns impecilho para a resolução da crise, contudo pode ser adjuvante para a sua superação.


Crítica Da Razão Jurídica, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2010

Crítica Da Razão Jurídica, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A razão jurídica racionalista fez-se abstraccionismo e dogmatismo e tornou-se legalismo. O Direito ficou, em muitos casos, empedernido e injusto. Abrir o Direito aos sentidos e aos sentimentos, na senda, por exemplo, de um Luis Alberto Warat, sendo fascinante e iconoclasta, não é tarefa fácil, se for empresa prudente. Precisamente porque os juristas, mesmo muitos dos mais radicias, se habituaram a certos limites, e mesmo na semiótica dos seus lugares, dos seus modos e vestes reconheceríamos sombras avessas às paixões. As quais podem ser, porém, um vício oposto ao racionalismo. O desafio é reinventar a razão jurídica sem o normativismo ...


Neither Morality Nor Law: Ritual Propriety As Confucian Civility, Stephen C. Angle Dec 2010

Neither Morality Nor Law: Ritual Propriety As Confucian Civility, Stephen C. Angle

Stephen C. Angle

It is common for recent authors on the topic of “civility” to spend some time sketching
the history of their subject.1 One narrative goes like this: civility emerges in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and is part of a larger trend toward disciplining bodily appetites that enables a new kind of cooperation among individuals. Civility interweaves politeness and political respect; it undergirds modern notions of republicanism, civil society, and the public good. In more recent decades—some writers point to World War I as a turning point, but for others, it is the 1960s—civility has declined or at ...


Why We Demand An Unconditional Basic Income: The Ecso Freedom Case, Karl Widerquist Dec 2010

Why We Demand An Unconditional Basic Income: The Ecso Freedom Case, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Philippe Van Parijs’s (1995) Real Freedom for All: What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism makes a very thorough and challenging philosophical argument for basic income. But I believe that it has two important limitations that inhibit it from giving a compelling explanation why basic income supporters believe that support for the disadvantage must be not only universal but also unconditional and enough to meet an individual’s basic needs. This essay briefly discusses those limitations and then proposes an alternative argument for basic income that I believe relies on a more compelling concept of freedom, defined below as “Freedom ...


Duress, Péter Cserne Dec 2010

Duress, Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

This chapter is to appear in Contact Law and Economics, part of the Elgar Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, 2nd ed. Its purpose is to provide an overview of the economic analyses of contractual duress. The focus is on the distinctive features of the economic perspective on the duress doctrine, as developed in the theoretical literature of law and economics. Along with the results of economic analysis, the legal background and some non-economic theories of duress are also briefly presented.


Review: Gilroy Darker Than Blue, Shiera S. El-Malik Dec 2010

Review: Gilroy Darker Than Blue, Shiera S. El-Malik

Shiera S el-Malik

No abstract provided.