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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Challenges Of Electoral Process Institutions Of The Zanzibar And Union Elections Of 1995, 2000 And 2005: Anything New With The Election Expenses Act, 2010?, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Dec 2011

The Challenges Of Electoral Process Institutions Of The Zanzibar And Union Elections Of 1995, 2000 And 2005: Anything New With The Election Expenses Act, 2010?, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Though it is true that elections alone do not guarantee proper functioning of democracies, they are the most convenient means of effecting orderly political successions of office bearers. But for elections to become credible instruments to political succession its adherence to the rules of the game as well as procedures which had been agreed upon by players themselves. In that regard the constitutional and legal framework governing the electoral processes have been always central and among the fundamental issues during elections. They thus constitute most important decrees in setting conditions under which elections are conducted in a country. This paper ...


Three Dimensions Of The Emerging Political Philosophy Of Islam, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2011

Three Dimensions Of The Emerging Political Philosophy Of Islam, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This chapter explores how jurists, philosophers and theologians contribute to islamic political theory.


Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

Review: The Faces Of Terrorism: Social And Psychological Dimensions, By Neil Smelser, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

In the decade since the 9/11 terrorist attacks there have been countless books and articles published that have sought to explain Islamist terrorism and explore policy responses to terrorism from the Muslim world. A smaller sector of the literature has sought to place Islamist terror in its international political context, drawing parallels with terrorism in the Basque country, Northern Ireland and domestic groups in the United States. A smaller sector again seeks to explore not only to describe such terrorism and explore policy responses to it but also to dig deeper and uncover the motivations that drive terrorists and ...


The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane Oct 2011

The United States, Iran And The Continuing Salience Of Geography, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

With recent US political and strategic goals unmet after ineffective diplomatic efforts and economic sanctions, some commentators and foreign policy experts have begun urging American strategists to employ military force to effect change in Iran’s domestic and foreign policies. Presumably inspired by American success in establishing a US-friendly regime in neighbouring Iraq, such commentators suggest that a similar strategy of overwhelming military force could overcome the existing military and political structure of Iran and establish a pro-Western regime in its place. Such notions, however, rely on ignorance of one of the most basic elements of Iran: her geography. This ...


Free The Market. Peter J. Boettke. Spanish Translation, Mario Šilar Oct 2011

Free The Market. Peter J. Boettke. Spanish Translation, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr Oct 2011

Unanswered Questions Of A Minority People In International Law: A Comparative Study Between Southern Cameroons & South Sudan, Bernard Sama Mr

Bernard Sama

The month July of 2011 marked the birth of another nation in the World. The distressful journey of a minority people under the watchful eyes of the international community finally paid off with a new nation called the South Sudan . As I watched the South Sudanese celebrate independence on 9 July 2011, I was filled with joy as though they have finally landed. On a promising note, I read the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon saying “[t]ogether, we welcome the Republic of South Sudan to the community of nations. Together, we affirm our commitment to helping it meet its ...


Geopolitical Mentality And The Turkish Military, Murat Yesiltas Aug 2011

Geopolitical Mentality And The Turkish Military, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

This paper is divided into three sections which are composed of define, use and practice of geopolitics in Turkey particularly in the hands of the military. In the first section, the paper interweaves the problem of meaning with the discourse of geography and geopolitics and argues that defining geopolitics by referring to the “state” rather than “normal politics” determines who can speak and shape geopolitical discourses. In the second section, rather than taking it as a static and value free naturalistic way, geopolitics is argued as a discursive practice which constructs exceptionality and uniqueness of Turkey in terms of its ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz May 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short piece is a contribution to The Encylopedia of Global Justice (ed. D.K. Chatterjee) (forthcoming from Springer Verlag May 2011). It summarizes the state of reserach on the problem for collective choice discovered by Kenneth Arrow in his Impossibility Theorem. In 1951 Arrow proved that a set of four or five (depending on how one counts them) minimal constraints that seem constitutive of democratic decisionmaking, including nondictatorship and rational consistency, are mutually incompatible. This created the burgeoning field of Social Choice Theory. I explain the problem in nontechnical terms, explore its implications especially for global justice, and review ...


2010 Yılında Yahudi Yerleşimleri: İsrail’In İşgal Stratejilerini Çözümlemek, Ali Balci Apr 2011

2010 Yılında Yahudi Yerleşimleri: İsrail’In İşgal Stratejilerini Çözümlemek, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Territorios Digitales: El Camino A La Sociedad De La Innovación. El Caso De San Luis, Argentina, Lucas Jolías, Susana Finquelievich, Alejandro Prince Mar 2011

Territorios Digitales: El Camino A La Sociedad De La Innovación. El Caso De San Luis, Argentina, Lucas Jolías, Susana Finquelievich, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

El artículo describe los resultados de una investigación de campo que estudia los alcances del programa San Luis Digital en Argentina, originado por el gobierno provincial y en el que los municipios de la Provincia han participado activamente. Se hace foco sobre los procesos de innovación social basados en la utilización de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) promovidos por la Gobierno administración provincial a través de acuerdos con otros actores sociales. La metodología utilizada para la investigación fue principalmente la de meta research, es decir la integración de modelos, teorías, datos e información provenientes de diversas ...


Etapas De La Inclusión Digital En Argentina: Difusión Y Adopción De Tic, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince Mar 2011

Etapas De La Inclusión Digital En Argentina: Difusión Y Adopción De Tic, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

La inclusión digital es uno de los principales desafíos de los gobiernos en los próximos años, pero para cumplir con éste objetivo se debe prestar atención a las particularidades de la adopción de TIC en nuestra región, contemplando las diferencias socioeconómicas, culturales y motivacionales. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la inclusión digital en América Latina y el Caribe, con particular atención al caso de Argentina. Las hipótesis más importantes pueden resumirse en dos: primero, que los niveles de inclusión digital en la actualidad son en gran medida producto del mercado y la capacidad económica y de consumo de ...


El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Jan 2011

El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

Se presenta una revisión de los títulos publicados hasta 2009 que han analizado la situación de la ciencia política en México o algún aspecto de ésta. Destaca el crecimiento y la diversificación de autores e instituciones, de las revistas publicadas y de los enfoques y temas recurrentes. Hasta fines de los años noventa se ven autores recurrentes y momentos de auge en las publicaciones asociados a coyunturas como congresos, procesos de modificación a planes de estudio, etc., Después de estos años hay la emergencia de nuevos autores y enfoques de estudio, y que el desarrollo de estos trabajos en su ...


Beyond Anarchy: The Complex And Chaotic Dynamics Of International Politics, Dylan Kissane Jan 2011

Beyond Anarchy: The Complex And Chaotic Dynamics Of International Politics, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Realism has been the most influential theoretical approach in international relations since the discipline was born. Yet realism, for all its popularity, has always been criticised for its narrow world view of a system of states all seeking power, security and survival in a world of anarchy. Additionally, realism has struggled to provide explanations for some of the major events and evolutions in world politics. The timing of the outbreak of wars, the disappearance of superpowers and trends of regionalisation are all inadequately explained by realism, leaving the critic to ask, simply, why?

Dylan Kissane answers this question by going ...


How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal Jan 2011

How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal

Gregory Brazeal

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. is often credited with creating the metaphor of “the marketplace of ideas,” though he did not use the exact phrase and his argument for free speech was not based on distinctively economic reasoning. Truly economic investigations of the marketplace of ideas have progressed in step with developments and trends in the law and economics literature. These investigations have tended to be one-sided, with writers focusing primarily either on the production of ideas (for example, Posner) or their consumption (for example, behavioral law and economics), without considering in depth how producers and consumers interact. This may ...


Formal Democracy, Structural Violence, And The Possibility Of "Perpetual Peace.", Andrew Pierce Jan 2011

Formal Democracy, Structural Violence, And The Possibility Of "Perpetual Peace.", Andrew Pierce

Andrew J. Pierce

In this paper, I revisit and evaluate Kant’s prerequisites for “perpetual peace,” including the claim, central to contemporary political rhetoric, that formal democracy produces peace. I argue that formal democracy alone is insufficient to address the kinds of deep-rooted structural violence that ultimately manifest in terrorism and other forms of direct violence. I claim that the attempt to eliminate structural violence, and so achieve real “perpetual peace,” requires a more substantive sort of democracy, of which the United States and the West remain poor examples. It requires a political critique that goes deeper than just the critique of state ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz Jan 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short nontechnical article reviews the Arrow Impossibility Theorem and its implications for rational democratic decisionmaking. In the 1950s, economist Kenneth J. Arrow proved that no method for producing a unique social choice involving at least three choices and three actors could satisfy four seemingly obvious constraints that are practically constitutive of democratic decisionmaking. Any such method must violate such a constraint and risks leading to disturbingly irrational results such and Condorcet cycling. I explain the theorem in plain, nonmathematical language, and discuss the history, range, and prospects of avoiding what seems like a fundamental theoretical challenge to the possibility ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz Jan 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short nontechnical article reviews the Arrow Impossibility Theorem and its implications for rational democratic decisionmaking. In the 1950s, economist Kenneth J. Arrow proved that no method for producing a unique social choice involving at least three choices and three actors could satisfy four seemingly obvious constraints that are practically constitutive of democratic decisionmaking. Any such method must violate such a constraint and risks leading to disturbingly irrational results such and Condorcet cycling. I explain the theorem in plain, nonmathematical language, and discuss the history, range, and prospects of avoiding what seems like a fundamental theoretical challenge to the possibility ...


Chinese Reverse Mergers, Accounting Regimes, And The Rule Of Law In China, Benjamin A. Templin Jan 2011

Chinese Reverse Mergers, Accounting Regimes, And The Rule Of Law In China, Benjamin A. Templin

Benjamin A. Templin

In 2010, federal regulators and politicians became increasingly concerned over the accounting practices of Chinese companies that trade on U.S. stock exchanges. In particular, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) targeted companies that went public through a process called the reverse merger. The instances of fraud became so widespread, regulators and commentators coined the term Chinese Reverse Merger (“CRM”) in order to describe a sector where investors assume the risk of accounting irregularities. Although CRMs must comply with international accounting standards, a weak rule of law in China has resulted in poor implementation and enforcement of its accounting regime ...


Un Marco Analítico De Ciudades Del Conocimiento En América Latina, Alejandro Prince Ph.D Jan 2011

Un Marco Analítico De Ciudades Del Conocimiento En América Latina, Alejandro Prince Ph.D

Alejandro Prince

No abstract provided.


Türkiye’Nin Dış Politikası Ve İsrail: 1990’Lar Ve 2000’Lere İlişkin Bir Karşılaştırma, Ali Balci Jan 2011

Türkiye’Nin Dış Politikası Ve İsrail: 1990’Lar Ve 2000’Lere İlişkin Bir Karşılaştırma, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Dış Politika: Yeni Bir Kavramsallaştırma Bağlamında Egemenlik Mitinin Analizi, Ali Balci Jan 2011

Dış Politika: Yeni Bir Kavramsallaştırma Bağlamında Egemenlik Mitinin Analizi, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


1990’Lar Basınında 'Ermenistan Tehdidi’Nin' İnşası: Milliyet Gazetesi Örneği, Ali Balci Jan 2011

1990’Lar Basınında 'Ermenistan Tehdidi’Nin' İnşası: Milliyet Gazetesi Örneği, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Türkiye-İngiltere İlişkileri 2010, Ali Balci Jan 2011

Türkiye-İngiltere İlişkileri 2010, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


The Principles Of Utilitarian Penal Law In Beccaria, Bentham And Mill, James E. Crimmins Jan 2011

The Principles Of Utilitarian Penal Law In Beccaria, Bentham And Mill, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


La Democracia Deliberativa A Debate, Leonardo García Jaramillo Jan 2011

La Democracia Deliberativa A Debate, Leonardo García Jaramillo

Leonardo García Jaramillo

No abstract provided.


Capture In Financial Regulation" Can We Channel It Toward The Common Good?, Lawrence G. Baxter Jan 2011

Capture In Financial Regulation" Can We Channel It Toward The Common Good?, Lawrence G. Baxter

Lawrence G. Baxter

“Regulatory capture” is central to regulatory analysis yet is a troublesome concept. It is difficult to prove and sometimes seems refuted by outcomes unfavorable to powerful interests. Nevertheless, the process of bank regulation and supervision fosters a closeness between regulator and regulated that would seem to be conducive to “capture” or at least to fostering undue sympathy by regulators for the companies they oversee. The influence of very large financial institutions has also become so great that financial regulation appears to have become excessively distorted in favor of these entities and to the detriment of many other legitimate interests, including ...


¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Lucas Jolías, Augusto Reina Jan 2011

¿Gobernadores Eternos? Un Análisis Comparativo De Las Reelecciones En Argentina Y Brasil, Lucas Jolías, Augusto Reina

Lucas Jolías

Cuando se plantea el tema de las reelecciones a nivel provincial emerge una idea directa y sencilla: esto es que las reelecciones son instituciones forzadas por los gobernadores para enquistarse en el poder. Y que, de forma consecuente, estos mecanismos permiten que ciertas oligarquías políticas provinciales se mantengan en el poder a su gusto. Pero, tal como queremos plasmar en el presente artículo, achacarle tantas cosas a la reelección es sobreestimar los efectos de la institución. Plantear el tema en términos tan simples pone de lado otros procesos políticos que facilitan la estabilidad de las elites en la cima del ...


Un Modelo Analítico De Ciudades Del Conocimiento En América Latina, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince, Susana Finquelievich Jan 2011

Un Modelo Analítico De Ciudades Del Conocimiento En América Latina, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince, Susana Finquelievich

Lucas Jolías

El análisis de las Ciudades Digitales ha ocupado en los últimos años un lugar importante en la academia, aunque eso no significa que exista un corpus conceptual y teórico que nos ayude a comprender mejor el tema. Las actuales coyunturas mundiales exigen una renovación en los estudios y prácticas sobre la interfase entre redes electrónicas y ciudades. Surgen nuevos conceptos, nuevas nociones y las ciudades comienzan a ser vistas como medios innovadores, tanto para sus ciudadanos como en relación a las regiones circundantes y a sus países de pertenencia. El objetivo de este artículo es brindar un modelo de análisis ...


American Legal Realism: Sound And Fury Signifying Nothing?, Wouter H. De Been Jan 2011

American Legal Realism: Sound And Fury Signifying Nothing?, Wouter H. De Been

Wouter H. de Been

No abstract provided.


Entrevista Com Eunice Ostrensky, Leandro Rodrigues, Patrick Silva Jan 2011

Entrevista Com Eunice Ostrensky, Leandro Rodrigues, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

No abstract provided.