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Political Theory

2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 97

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Los Estudios Municipales En Argentina: Desarrollo Y Líneas De Investigación En Ciencias Sociales, Lucas Jolías, Nicolás Fernández Arroyo Dec 2009

Los Estudios Municipales En Argentina: Desarrollo Y Líneas De Investigación En Ciencias Sociales, Lucas Jolías, Nicolás Fernández Arroyo

Lucas Jolías

No abstract provided.


Ideologia E Utopias Nas Mais Recentes Constituintes Brasileira E Portuguesa: Algumas Linhas De Leitura, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2009

Ideologia E Utopias Nas Mais Recentes Constituintes Brasileira E Portuguesa: Algumas Linhas De Leitura, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Based upon a political compromise, in which « democratic socialists » and « social democrats » were the main protagonists, the ideology of Portuguese Constitution of 1976 was discrete, subtle. And ulterior constitutional revisions confirmed that fondamental aspect. Of course, utopia was present. But, even more present was the « hope principle ». We believe that the Brazilean constituent assembly, with the original importance of popular contributions, also had hope principle’s decisive influence. But the dinamics of the constituent assembly moderated, since the very beggining, the verbal signs of less discret ideologies. Utopia, neverthless, is very present in the aim of the « Citizen Constitution » to ...


Szerződésértelmezés Hermeneutika És Jogpolitika Között. A Contra Proferentem Szabály [Contract Interpretation Between Hermeneutics And Policy: The Contra Proferentem Rule], Péter Cserne Oct 2009

Szerződésértelmezés Hermeneutika És Jogpolitika Között. A Contra Proferentem Szabály [Contract Interpretation Between Hermeneutics And Policy: The Contra Proferentem Rule], Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

This paper discusses why contract interpretation is substantially different from the interpretation of literary works and illustrates the argument with the analysis of the contra proferentem rule. It is a substantially revised version of my ‘Policy considerations in contract interpretation: the contra proferentem rule from a comparative law and economics perspective’ (2009)


Interview With Otis Cunningham, Danny Fenster Oct 2009

Interview With Otis Cunningham, Danny Fenster

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 98 minutes

Interview of Otis Cunningham by Danny Fenster


Interview With Funeka Sihlali, Renell Schubert Oct 2009

Interview With Funeka Sihlali, Renell Schubert

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 92 minutes

Interview of Funeka Sihlali by Renell Schubert


Interview With Cheryl Graves, Guadalupe Santoyo Oct 2009

Interview With Cheryl Graves, Guadalupe Santoyo

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 88 minutes

Oral history interview of Cheryl Graves by Guadalupe Santoyo


Interview With Cheryl Johnson-Odim, Carrie Armbruster Oct 2009

Interview With Cheryl Johnson-Odim, Carrie Armbruster

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 57 minutes

Oral history interview of Cheryl Johnson-Odim by Carrie Armbruster


Interview With Lisa Ann Brock, Amanda Anderson Oct 2009

Interview With Lisa Ann Brock, Amanda Anderson

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 96 minutes

Oral history interview of Lisa Ann Brock by Amanda Anderson


Interview With Mary Scott Boria, Pamela Birchard Oct 2009

Interview With Mary Scott Boria, Pamela Birchard

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 92 minutes

Oral history interview of Mary Schott Boria by Pamela Birchard


Interview With Njoki Kamau, Christian Tulp Oct 2009

Interview With Njoki Kamau, Christian Tulp

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 96 minutes

Oral history interview of Njoki Kamau by Christian Tulp


Interview With Rosetta Daylie, Sarah Bonkowski Oct 2009

Interview With Rosetta Daylie, Sarah Bonkowski

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 71 minutes

Oral history interview of Rosetta Daylie by Sarah Bonkowski


Interview With Tim Wright, Jonathen Vogel Oct 2009

Interview With Tim Wright, Jonathen Vogel

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 69 minutes

Oral history interview of Tim Wright by Jonathen Vogel


Interview With Willie Williamson, Lisa Duke Oct 2009

Interview With Willie Williamson, Lisa Duke

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 79 minutes

Oral history interview of Willie Williamson by Lisa Duke


Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior Oct 2009

Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Partisan theories of political economy expect that bondholders will panic with the election of a left-wing presidential candidate. The latter seems to be what happened in Brazil in the 2002 presidential elections. However, quantitative analysis of perceptions of sovereign credit risk in Argentine, Brazilian, Mexican, and Venezuelan presidential elections from 1994 until 2007 shows no real evidence of a link between partisanship and perceptions of risk, even if the left-right divide is further broken down into left, center-left, center-right, right. Instead, international and domestic economic fundamentals have a stronger influence on risk evaluations. Qualitative analysis of the individual presidential elections ...


Institutional Design And Governance In Microbial Research Commons, Charlotte Hess Oct 2009

Institutional Design And Governance In Microbial Research Commons, Charlotte Hess

Libraries' and Librarians' Publications

Presentation slides on institutional design and governance to facilitate a global research commons for microbiology delivered at the International Symposium on Designing the Microbial Research Commons, sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 8-9 October 2009.


The Politic 2009 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2009

The Politic 2009 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Fear And Projection As Root Causes Of War, And The Archetypal Energies "Trust" And "Peace" As Antidotes, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2009

Fear And Projection As Root Causes Of War, And The Archetypal Energies "Trust" And "Peace" As Antidotes, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

I want to use this opportunity to discuss a phenomenon that continues to plague the human experience. It is called the game of war. War is perhaps the deadliest game that humanity has created. The conflict itself represents what appears to be opposing views about the way things should be. Each side believes that it is right and that its actions are justified. Each side therefore seeks to impose its views on the other or to defend its views against the other. Each side fears the other as an enemy and each side projects its fears onto its perceived “enemy.”


"Applying Carl Schmitt To Global Puzzles: Identity, Conflict And The Friend/Enemy Antithesis,", Emma R. Norman Aug 2009

"Applying Carl Schmitt To Global Puzzles: Identity, Conflict And The Friend/Enemy Antithesis,", Emma R. Norman

Emma R. Norman

This paper demonstrates the broad appeal and usefulness of the political and legal thought of Carl Schmitt to scholars of international relations by applying his seminal friend-enemy antithesis to current global problems as well as to current IR theories used to negotiate them. I argue that Schmitt’s contemporary appeal lies, first, in his insistence that collective identity is necessarily formed through conflict (enmity); and second, that identity lies at the very base of what motivates behavior on the international stage (at the sub-national, national and transnational levels). By implication, Schmitt’s theories offer some fresh insights into the sources ...


An Assessment Of Democratic Policing In The Turkish National Police: Police Officials' Attitudes Toward Recent Police Reforms, Akin Karatay Aug 2009

An Assessment Of Democratic Policing In The Turkish National Police: Police Officials' Attitudes Toward Recent Police Reforms, Akin Karatay

Dissertations

This study defines democracy, describes democratic policing, analyzes the development of democratic policing principles in the developing country of Turkey and contends that democracy can be enduring only when the police embody democratic values. As Turkey transforms itself in order to become a member of the European Union, the process has fostered national, institutional, cultural and socioeconomic adaptations, all of which lead towards democracy. This process has influenced the Turkish National Police (TNP) as well. In theory, these efforts towards political democratization, legal reform and the adoption of European Union police policy guidelines should have a positive effect on Turkish ...


The Mirror Effect, The Law Of Attraction, And "Points Of Attraction" That Can Nurture The Evolution Of Human Consciousness, Carroy U. Ferguson Jul 2009

The Mirror Effect, The Law Of Attraction, And "Points Of Attraction" That Can Nurture The Evolution Of Human Consciousness, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

This message has several purposes. First, I want to express my immense joy that Chip Baggett and I are serving as Co-Presidents of AHP since August 16, 2009. In my view, Chip and I are long-time friends, who have a transcendent connection and synergistic energies. My desire and intent is for our co-presidency to mirror the effect(s) of synergistic collaboration as a “point of attraction” that can assist in the evolution of human consciousness across often “perceived personal and societal boundaries” (e.g., race, culture, ethnicity, class, individual and collective belief systems, and dogma). More generally, however, this message ...


¿Dominación Racional O Racionalización De La Dominación? Algunas Notas En Torno A Marx Y Weber, Lucas Jolías Jul 2009

¿Dominación Racional O Racionalización De La Dominación? Algunas Notas En Torno A Marx Y Weber, Lucas Jolías

Lucas Jolías

No abstract provided.


Why Economic Performance Has Differed Between Brazil And China? A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian And Chinese Macroeconomic Policy, Fernando Ferrari-Filho, Anthony Petros Spanakos Jun 2009

Why Economic Performance Has Differed Between Brazil And China? A Comparative Analysis Of Brazilian And Chinese Macroeconomic Policy, Fernando Ferrari-Filho, Anthony Petros Spanakos

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

This paper addresses a specific question: why has China grown so rapidly and Brazil not? To answer this question, it (i) establishes the basis for comparison between China and Brazil by contextualizing these countries within the BRICs concept, and (ii) presents a comparative analysis of Brazilian and Chinese reforms focusing only on the issue of macroeconomic policy, especially the monetary and exchange rate regimes, and its effect on growth.


The Role Of Theory And Evidence In Media Regulation And Law: A Response To Baker And A Defense Of Empirical Legal Studies, Daniel E. Ho, Kevin M. Quinn Jun 2009

The Role Of Theory And Evidence In Media Regulation And Law: A Response To Baker And A Defense Of Empirical Legal Studies, Daniel E. Ho, Kevin M. Quinn

Federal Communications Law Journal

We thank Professor Baker for a stimulating response to an Article in which we offered empirical evidence of editorial viewpoint diversity in the face of media consolidation. We appreciate his praise of the Article as "apply[ing] innovative statistical techniques" and as "far superior methodologically to most empirical studies" he has seen. At the same time, Baker "denies the policy relevance" to our Article because empirical evidence is "entirely irrelevant" to the field of media regulation under his preferred normative theory. Baker argues sweepingly that the legal academy's increased willingness to consider the perspectives of quantitative empiricists and positive ...


O Que É Uma Universidade?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2009

O Que É Uma Universidade?, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Pouca gente sabe hoje o que é uma Universidade, a sério. Confunde-se muito Universidade e super-mercado de aulas, ou fábrica de « investigação » ou « pesquisa », assim como se confunde serviço público com negócio, vocação com interesse pessoal, etc. É a própria essência da Universidade que está em causa. A confusão é grande no público, que vê a Universidade sobretudo como uma forma de promoção social, pelos diplomas. A confusão não é menor na própria Universidade. Os universitários mais responsáveis interrogam-se sobre a sua função, o sentido do trabalho que fizeram e fazem, e a sua sorte na universidade que vem aí ...


The Politics Of Exceptionalism In Turkey: Sovereign Ban And State (In)Security In The War On Terror, Murat Yesiltas May 2009

The Politics Of Exceptionalism In Turkey: Sovereign Ban And State (In)Security In The War On Terror, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

In this paper, I will analysis the link between political ontology of exceptionalism and state in/security in the war on terror from a perspective which is based on Giorgio Agamben’s political-philosophical theory of “state of exception” and Foucauldian concept of governmentality”. This paper introduces an analytical and methodological term of “governmentality of exception” [Agamben, 1998; Foucault, 1991] in order to understand/interpret unpack the concept of state in/security and to analyse its rational, conceptual and institutional components. This paper asks a central question: what is the nature of the relationship between state in/security and the politics ...


Theories Of Poverty/The Poverty Of Theory, Barbara Stark May 2009

Theories Of Poverty/The Poverty Of Theory, Barbara Stark

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Political Application Of Humor, Matthew K. Harris May 2009

The Political Application Of Humor, Matthew K. Harris

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

In the weeks preceding the 2008 US Presidential Election, both major party candidates and their running mates made appearances on several late night comedy programs. Candidates told jokes during campaign speeches. Advertisements from both sides featured humor. In examining the campaigns of candidates since the dawn of radio and television, humor is clearly a weapon politicians believe to be important when running for office. In my Capstone Project, I hoped to answer a very basic question: Why? Psychologically, what factors allow humor to be a valuable tool for politicians in appealing to voters?

For the following thesis, I examined research ...


Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston May 2009

Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Alain Badiou, a French theorist, philosopher and political activist, has been receiving increased attention in the beginning of the 21st century. This paper provides an analysis of his major works and an attempt to display and critique what some might call, and what Badiou certainly hopes, a contemporary, generalized account of politics and the political. It focuses on three fundamental concepts that are central to Badiou's politics--the political subject, the political event, and the political ethic.


A Social Psychology Of Africa’S Development Impasse: Insights From A Nigerian Survey, David O. Moveh Mr Apr 2009

A Social Psychology Of Africa’S Development Impasse: Insights From A Nigerian Survey, David O. Moveh Mr

David O Moveh PhD.

Various theories and strategies have attempted to explain and overcome Africa’s developmental impasse to no avail. Indeed, from the modernization through the dependency debates the question of why Africa remains underdeveloped continues to attract attention -so much that there is now a shift towards alternative paradigms in the literature on African development and underdevelopment. How exactly do Africans conceive of development? Are there any psychological predispositions that can facilitate our understanding of Africa’s developmental impasse; particularly in the context of the modern state system? In essence, is post colonial Africa characterized by an African personality with regards to ...


Interview With Carol Thompson, Marcia Monaco Apr 2009

Interview With Carol Thompson, Marcia Monaco

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 91 minutes

Interview of Carol Thompson by Marcia Monaco