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Political Theory

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 39

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

To Cross Or Not To Cross? Subjectivization And The Absent State In Cyprus, Olga Demetriou Dec 2007

To Cross Or Not To Cross? Subjectivization And The Absent State In Cyprus, Olga Demetriou

Olga Demetriou

This article is an ethnographic exploration of the process through which citizens come to conceptualize their identities as political subjects in rapidly changing contexts. The focus of the article is the lifting, in 2003, of a ban on crossing between the northern and southern parts of the island of Cyprus, which had been instituted in 1974. The article examines how this new political change affected state rhetoric, and concentrates on the reactions of Greek-Cypriot citizens to this shift. These data are related to the wider discussion on the political theory of subjectivity and the concept of ‘event’, where, it is ...


The Importance Of Ideas: An A Priori Critical Juncture Framework, John Hogan Dec 2007

The Importance Of Ideas: An A Priori Critical Juncture Framework, John Hogan

Articles

This paper sets out an improved framework for examining critical junctures. This framework, while rigorous and broadly applicable and an advance on the frameworks currently employed, primarily seeks to incorporate an a priori element. Until now the frameworks utilized in examining critical junctures were entirely postdictive. Adding a predictive element to the concept will constitute a significant advance. The new framework, and its predictive element, termed the “differentiating factor,” is tested here in examining macro-economic crises and subsequent changes in macro-economic policy, in America and Sweden.


Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2007

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Houve tempo em que a Constituição servia para poisar ou charuto ou tirar um argumento político, como ironicamente afirmaria o grande escritor oitocentista Eça de Queiroz. Hoje a Constituição é a norma das normas. Daí há consequências hermenêuticas. Ao contrário das teorias que importam interpretação tradicional e, por vezes, em grande medida ultrapassada, para o Direito Constitucional, a tendência actual é a inversa: dada a supremacia da Constituição, deve ser a metodologia constitucional a exportar hermenêutica para o todo do Direito. Para isso, começamos neste artigo com grandes princípios de hermenêutica intra-constitucional. Depois se passará à exportação.


Corruption, Governance And Political Instability In Nigeria, Omololu Toluwanimi Omololu Nov 2007

Corruption, Governance And Political Instability In Nigeria, Omololu Toluwanimi Omololu

Omololu Michael FAGBADEBO

The Nigerian State is a victim of high-level corruption, bad governance, political instability and a cyclical legitimacy crisis. Consequently, national development is retarded, and the political environment uncertain. The country’s authoritarian leadership faced a legitimacy crisis, political intrigues, in an ethnically - differentiated polity, where ethnic competition for resources drove much of the pervasive corruption and profligacy. While the political gladiators constantly manipulated the people and the political processes to advance their own selfish agenda, the society remained pauperized, and the people wallowed in abject poverty. This invariably led to weak legitimacy, as the citizens lacked faith in their political ...


Simmons’ Critique Of Natural Duty Approaches To The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz Oct 2007

Simmons’ Critique Of Natural Duty Approaches To The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

In his most recent book on the moral duty to obey the law, A. John Simmons considers and rejects a number of natural duty approaches to justifying political authority. Among the targets of Simmons’ criticism is the account defended by the book’s co-author, Christopher Heath Wellman. In this essay, I evaluate the force of Simmons’ objections to Wellman’s account of political obligation. As will become clear below, I think Wellman’s defense of the duty to obey the law defective in certain ways—but not in all of the ways that Simmons argues it is. By rebutting some ...


The Politic 2007 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2007

The Politic 2007 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Gender In Politics, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton, Melanie M. Hughes Aug 2007

Gender In Politics, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton, Melanie M. Hughes

Sociology Research

Women’s political participation and representation vary dramatically within and between countries. We selectively review the literature on gender in politics, focusing on women’s formal political participation.

We discuss both traditional explanations for women’s political participation and representation, such as the supply of women and the demand for women, and newer explanations such as the role of international actors and gender quotas. We also ask whether women are distinctive—does having more women in office make a difference to public policy? Throughout the review we demonstrate that a full understanding of women’s political representation requires both deep ...


The United States In Comparative Perspective, Peter Dreier Jul 2007

The United States In Comparative Perspective, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2007 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2007

The Politic 2007 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


A Theory Of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, And The Bonds Of Society By Margaret Gilbert (Book Review), David Lefkowitz Jun 2007

A Theory Of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, And The Bonds Of Society By Margaret Gilbert (Book Review), David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Does membership in a political society, in and of itself, involve obligations to uphold that society’s political institutions? Margaret Gilbert offers a novel argument in defense of an affirmative answer to this question, which she labels the membership problem. Given a plausible construal of the concepts obligation, political society, and membership in a political society, Gilbert argues that it follows analytically that to be a member of a political society just is to have an obligation to uphold and support that society’s political institutions. The key to Gilbert’s argument is the idea of a joint commitment; those ...


Breaking The Law! Conditions For And Perception Of Civil Disobedience By Democratic Citizens, Adam Stanley May 2007

Breaking The Law! Conditions For And Perception Of Civil Disobedience By Democratic Citizens, Adam Stanley

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

This paper examines actions of civil disobedience and the laws relevant to those actions. Each case study was tested against an operational definition of civil disobedience to see if these actions could be considered a legitimate expression of civil disobedience. The legitimacy of the laws was assessed through the use of two competing legal philosophies of H. L. A. Hart and Ronald Dworkin. Then, the public’s opinion of civil disobedience was measured through the use of polls and survey data. The results showed that the three cases did follow the guidelines of civil disobedience established by the literature, but ...


The Politic 2007 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2007

The Politic 2007 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


What Are We Fighting For? An Analysis Of The Sociopolitical Non-Fiction Of Herbert George Wells, Jason Edward Sloan Apr 2007

What Are We Fighting For? An Analysis Of The Sociopolitical Non-Fiction Of Herbert George Wells, Jason Edward Sloan

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The legacy of H. G. Wells’ should not be limited to that of a British fiction writer. Wells advocated universal human rights and supported the engagement of broad public policy debate, and he often commented on the British government. His country had lived through World War I, the supposed “war to end all wars.” The roaring 1920’s arrived next, offering hope after World War I’s devastation. World War II was then thrust upon Britain. Wells was incensed that a thirty-year period had elapsed and, despite numerous promises by the British government, no social reform had emerged. For more ...


El Staff Presidencial En México. Del Secretario Particular A Las Oficinas De La Presidencia, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Feb 2007

El Staff Presidencial En México. Del Secretario Particular A Las Oficinas De La Presidencia, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


An International Mission, Matthew Wilburn King Jan 2007

An International Mission, Matthew Wilburn King

Matthew Wilburn King PhD

University of Tulsa Magazine Publication Issue - Research: Bright Ideas


Filistin 2006, Ali Balci Jan 2007

Filistin 2006, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Evropska Unija – Pojam I Razvoj, Ivana Radic Jan 2007

Evropska Unija – Pojam I Razvoj, Ivana Radic

Ivana Radic Milosavljevic

No abstract provided.


Reseña A "Derechos Humanos Como Límite A La Democracia", Leonardo García Jaramillo Jan 2007

Reseña A "Derechos Humanos Como Límite A La Democracia", Leonardo García Jaramillo

Leonardo García Jaramillo

No abstract provided.


Reseña A "Filosofía De La Democracia", Leonardo García Jaramillo Jan 2007

Reseña A "Filosofía De La Democracia", Leonardo García Jaramillo

Leonardo García Jaramillo

No abstract provided.


Parecidos Pero Diferentes: Las Instituciones Políticas De Los Países Del Mercosur En Perspectiva Comparada, Lucas Jolías, Pablo A. Bulcourf Jan 2007

Parecidos Pero Diferentes: Las Instituciones Políticas De Los Países Del Mercosur En Perspectiva Comparada, Lucas Jolías, Pablo A. Bulcourf

Lucas Jolías

No abstract provided.


İran 2006, Murat Yesiltas Jan 2007

İran 2006, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

Ortadoğu Yıllığı 2006 kitabı, Ortadoğu Yıllığı 2005 adlı çalışmamızın devamı olarak ülkemizin de çok önemli bir parçasını oluşturduğu Ortadoğu konusunda araştırma yapan akademik çevreden olan ya da olmayan herkes için değerli bir kaynak olma amacı taşımaktadır. Kitapta, Çekirdek Ortadoğu, olarak adlandırdığımız bölgede yer alan 15 ülkenin ilgili yıla ait gelişmelerinin yanı sıra Türkiye’nin Ortadoğu politikasına ve 2006 yılından bağımsız bir şekilde Ortadoğu yıllığı ile ilgili makalelere yer verilmiştir. Ancak bu yıldaki bağımsız makaleler bölümünde yeni bir projenin bir parçası olarak, Büyük Güçlerin (ABD, Çin, İngiltere ve Fransa) Ortadoğu politikalarını inceleyen yazılara yer verilmiştir. Her yeni yılın başında, bir önceki ...


Michael Wheeler: Reconstructing The Cognitive World: The Next Step, Leslie Marsh Jan 2007

Michael Wheeler: Reconstructing The Cognitive World: The Next Step, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Michael Wheeler is the latest in a new wave of philosophical theorists that fall within a loose coalition of anti-representationalism (or anti-Cartesianism): Dynamical –, Embodied –, Extended –, Distributed –, and Situated –, theories of cognition (DEEDS an apt acronym). Against this background, cognition for Wheeler is, or should be, a more ecumenical concept. This ecumenical approach would still be amenable to making theoretical distinctions, the central one being the notion of offline and online styles of intelligence, a distinction that makes conceptual space for another closely related notion, that of propositional knowledge (knowing that) and tacit knowledge (knowing how).


Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon Jan 2007

Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon

Michael F. Cannon

No abstract provided.


Breaking Their Silence: Mizrahi Women And The Israeli Feminist Movement, Henriette Dahan Kalev Jan 2007

Breaking Their Silence: Mizrahi Women And The Israeli Feminist Movement, Henriette Dahan Kalev

henriette dahan kalev

Political scientists tend to examine the impact of grass roots activism in terms of visible output in the public sphere: for instance, how many laws were legislated, which desired policies came about, and whether decision-makers changed their minds as a result of grass roots pressure. In this fashion, feminist movements are often evaluated on the basis of the impact they make, even though changes in women's status are the outcome of many factors -- not all of them visible in the public sphere. Social changes most often begin with a shift in consciousness reinforced by economic and political factors, although ...


Tolerance And Democracy Instead Of Fundamentalism And Empire, Guillermo C. Hansen Jan 2007

Tolerance And Democracy Instead Of Fundamentalism And Empire, Guillermo C. Hansen

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Your Most Important Role In A Democracy: Thinking For Yourself, Vanessa Urch Druskat Jan 2007

Your Most Important Role In A Democracy: Thinking For Yourself, Vanessa Urch Druskat

The University Dialogue

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2007 Winter, The Politic, Inc. Jan 2007

The Politic 2007 Winter, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


John Rawls’S Proffer To Believers: A Bargain Called, ‘The Idea Of Public Reason’, William J. Wagner Jan 2007

John Rawls’S Proffer To Believers: A Bargain Called, ‘The Idea Of Public Reason’, William J. Wagner

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

No abstract provided.


Inventing Leadership: The Challenge Of Democracy, J. Thomas Wren Jan 2007

Inventing Leadership: The Challenge Of Democracy, J. Thomas Wren

Bookshelf

The tension between ruler and ruled in democratic societies has never been satisfactorily resolved, and the competing interpretations of this relationship lie at the bottom of much modern political discourse. In this fascinating book, Thomas Wren clarifies and elevates the debates over leadership by identifying the fundamental premises and assumptions that underlie past and present understandings.


Japanese National Identity And National Security, Christopher Gene Phillips Jan 2007

Japanese National Identity And National Security, Christopher Gene Phillips

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis examines the interrelation between national security and nationalism in Japan. Beginning from the stance of classical realism as put forth by Hans Morgenthau, the essay takes a "culturalist" view as its starting point. The culturalist view, in accepting the basic assumptions of classical realism as given, understands that all states act freely and rationally to maximize their interests, defined in terms of power. Power, as Morgenthau points out, is not a fixed concept, its definition being subject to the vicissitudes of time and culture. The culturalist model attempts to understand how each civilization understands power by examining its ...