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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf Dec 2016

Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf

Athina Karatzogianni

The theorisation and understanding of contemporary social movements, socio-technological phenomena, and the intersection of the two are limited by an incommensurability between the conceptualisations of individual agency and the disciplining powers of social structures. We introduce a theory of sociotechnological agency that bridges the individual and the social through a reconceptualization of the conventional notion of intentionality. Drawing from recent theories of affect and embodiment, posthuman-influenced materialisms and realisms, postmodern critical theory, and critiques of network theory, we introduce a model for understanding sociopolitical action and dissent that accounts for individual human agency as a nexus of overlapping and often ...


Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson Dec 2014

Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson

Athina Karatzogianni

This article focuses on the academic reinscription of the WikiLeaks affair, focusing on the different receptions received within different literatures and fields. The WikiLeaks affair – with or without its hypothesised connections to the Anonymous collective and the Arab Spring – has had massive ruptural effects on aspects of the global political system. A small, movement-based website has inflicted a tremendous informational defeat on the world's last superpower, revealing the possible emergence of a global networked counter-power able to mount effective resistance against the world-system, possibly even the emergence of the state-network conflict as the new great-power bipolarity after the Cold ...


A Cyberconflict Analysis Of The Arab Spring Uprisings, Athina Karatzogianni May 2013

A Cyberconflict Analysis Of The Arab Spring Uprisings, Athina Karatzogianni

Athina Karatzogianni

A cyberconflict perspective on the Arab Spring focuses in the first instance on the environment of cyberconflict. This includes situating the different countries swept by the Arab Spring in the world-systemic, geopolitical and international relations context, and the regional, and national socio-political and economic positions and relationships these countries have historically held. To put it simply then, this addresses the impact of the similarities and differences and identifies the common threads in the diffusion and spread of the uprisings across so many different settings. This is in addition to the obvious social media acceleration, diffusion and transnationalism hypothesis, which is ...


Intercultural Conflict And Dialogue In Transnational Digital Networks - Migration And Gender, Athina Karatzogianni, Nelli Kambouri, Nicos Trimikliniotis, Oksana Morgunova, Olga Lafazani, Grigoris Ioannou Jan 2013

Intercultural Conflict And Dialogue In Transnational Digital Networks - Migration And Gender, Athina Karatzogianni, Nelli Kambouri, Nicos Trimikliniotis, Oksana Morgunova, Olga Lafazani, Grigoris Ioannou

Athina Karatzogianni

The three case studies involve intercultural conflict between migrants and the host society, but also conflicts between migrants of different origin or culture, and intra-communal conflict. These conflicts occur in digital networks and are influencing and are influenced by what is called here by the different research teams interchangeably as ‘real’, ‘offline’, ‘material’ or ‘physical’. Nevertheless, the intention of the research design and philosophical standpoint is to integrate virtuality and materiality as far as this is possible in the analysis. In Cyprus, urban spaces are contested by migrant and anti-migrant groups and played on-line and off-line in an interplay that ...


“Dear Premier I Finally Escaped On Youtube”: A Cyberconflict Perspective On Chinese Dissidents, Athina Karatzogianni Dec 2012

“Dear Premier I Finally Escaped On Youtube”: A Cyberconflict Perspective On Chinese Dissidents, Athina Karatzogianni

Athina Karatzogianni

A cyberconflict perspective would discuss how politico-economic reforms, the media environment, and e-governance have affected dissent in China (i.e. communist party ideology, constructions of social and political identities, representations of and by dissidents, and link to e-governance; control of information, level of censorship; alternative sources; media effects on policy; political contest). Second cluster of elements of concern would be the effect of ICTs on mobilization structures, organizational forms, participation, recruitment, tactics and goals of dissidents, as well as changes in framing processes and the impact of the political opportunity structure on resistances. Third, in relation to ethnic, ethnoreligious and ...


Wikileaks Affects: Ideology, Conflict And The Revolutionary Virtual, Athina Karatzogianni Jan 2012

Wikileaks Affects: Ideology, Conflict And The Revolutionary Virtual, Athina Karatzogianni

Athina Karatzogianni

The chapter focuses on the public feelings over WikiLeaks, and demonstrates how affect and emotion, in conjunction with digital culture and the social media, enabled shifts in the political. I am using the WikiLeaks controversy, and the storm of public feelings it generated, in order to demonstrate how affective flows can snowball into a revolutionary shift in reality. The order of theoretical sampling and analysis begins with a philosophical discussion of the role of affective structures in mediating the actual and the digital virtual. It then moves on to the interface between ideology and organization in WikiLeaks, as an example ...


Cyberconflict And The Future Of Warfare, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2011

Cyberconflict And The Future Of Warfare, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

Writing a brief history of cyberconflict of the last decade and speculating on the future of warfare is by no means an easy task. The reasons are plenty and it is worth mentioning a few here, as they do tend to get lost in colleagues’ specialised debates in the fields of international relations and global politics, global and national security, internet security, new media political communication, international governance, internet governance, information warfare, critical security and the geopolitics of new technologies. Information communication technologies (ICTs) have unsettled in an unprecedented way the majority of academic fields, all of which are currently ...


From Innovative Democracy To Warfare State: Ancient Athens As A Model Of Hegemonic Decline, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2010

From Innovative Democracy To Warfare State: Ancient Athens As A Model Of Hegemonic Decline, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

This chapter focuses on less popularised aspects of Athenian hegemony and decline, starting from the capture of hegemony after the Persian wars, exploring specific strengths and weaknesses of the Athenian system, and debating the causes and the effects of that violent architect of hegemonic decline, the Peloponnesian war. The chapter sheds light on the disastrous effects of the hunt for regional hegemony and power for Ancient Greek city states, the role of political innovation through the establishment of knowledge networks in Ancient Athens, both as an enabling force to capture hegemony, but also as a factor for inciting fear and ...


Blame It On The Russians: Tracking The Portrayal Of Russians During Cyber Conflict Incidents, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Oct 2010

Blame It On The Russians: Tracking The Portrayal Of Russians During Cyber Conflict Incidents, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

This article analyses various cyber conflicts and cyber crime incidents attributed to Russian hackers, such as the Estonian and Georgian cyber conflicts and the ‘Climategate hack’. The article argues that Russian hackers were blamed by dozens of outlets for the Climategate hack, because that was consistent with global media coverage of cyber crime incidents which portrayed Russians as highly powerful hackers responsible for many hacking incidents. This narrative also was congruent with the new Cold War rhetoric that consistently takes issue with Russia acting on its geopolitical interests. These interests are seen to manifest themselves in Russia’s objection to ...


The Thorny Triangle: Cyber Conflict, Business And The Sino-American Relationship In The Global System, Athina Karatzogianni Mar 2010

The Thorny Triangle: Cyber Conflict, Business And The Sino-American Relationship In The Global System, Athina Karatzogianni

Athina Karatzogianni

The Google-China event in January 2010 is a snapshot example of developments in global politics, the world economy, and the major media transformation causing/accompanying these developments, in ways which will prove revealing in more than one disciplines of study. The history of the media and the internet censorship in China is well documented, as well as the various cyberconflicts linked to conflicts pertaining to the real world or tied specifically to internet freedom in general and to the Chinese approach to ICTs in particular. The purpose of this article is to sketch roughly the web of complex issues in ...


Power, Conflict And Resistance: Social Movements, Networks And Hierarchies, Athina Karatzogianni, Andrew Robinson Dec 2009

Power, Conflict And Resistance: Social Movements, Networks And Hierarchies, Athina Karatzogianni, Andrew Robinson

Athina Karatzogianni

Drawing on theory by Deleuze and others on the structure of hierarchies and networks, the authors seek to reinterpret World Systems Theory in order to engage with issues of power, resistance, and conflict in the contemporary world. The authors engage with the world-systems, contemporary scholarship in global politics, and new concepts: global cities, bifurcations, hegemonic transitions, the relationship between capitalism and the state, the position of East Asia, active and reactive network movements. They develop new theory to interpret empirical cases of resistance and conflict including: Afghanistan, Iraq, anti-terror paranoia, political Islam, specific indigenous and activist movements


Cyberconflict At The Edge Of Chaos: Cryptohierarchies And Self-Organization In The Open Source, Athina Karatzogianni Dr, George Michaelides Dec 2008

Cyberconflict At The Edge Of Chaos: Cryptohierarchies And Self-Organization In The Open Source, Athina Karatzogianni Dr, George Michaelides

Athina Karatzogianni

This paper differentiates between different levels of conflict in the open-source movement and discusses the role conflict and self-organization play in the emergence of structures of leadership and the bifurcation into core and peripheral groups and soft control by cryptohierarchies; in the different levels of group polarization and conflict between communities negotiating their identity, strategy, coordination and complexity; and lastly, in the dynamic relationships between hierarchies and networks. These dynamics are forcing open-source communities to exist at the edge of chaos, and to constantly engage in lines of flight and resistance from the system of global control, while ignoring current ...


Introduction: New Media And The Reconfiguration Of Power In Global Politics, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2008

Introduction: New Media And The Reconfiguration Of Power In Global Politics, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

Whatever the developments and transformations in the sphere of global politics, the new media technologies and the political opportunities they present are unsettling the world system, the are rendering it chaotic and they are having a deeper systemic effect than the more powerful actors care to admit. It remains to be seen whether information age ideologies, new modes of capitalism, conflict, activism, terrorism and war in cyberspace will ever transfer to the ‘real world’ reversing the opposite trend, and causing everyday effects on a bigger scale than we are witnessing today. Even so, we are undoubtedly living in interesting times ...


Confronting Internal And External Problems Of Inter-Displinarity.., Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2008

Confronting Internal And External Problems Of Inter-Displinarity.., Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

No abstract provided.


How Small Are Small Numbers In Cyberspace? Small, Virtual, Wannabe ‘States’, Minorities And Their Cyber Conflicts, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2008

How Small Are Small Numbers In Cyberspace? Small, Virtual, Wannabe ‘States’, Minorities And Their Cyber Conflicts, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Cyberconflict, Athina Karatzogianni Dr Dec 2005

The Politics Of Cyberconflict, Athina Karatzogianni Dr

Athina Karatzogianni

The thrust of this analysis is to disclose the extent to which the internet has affected politics and political conflict in particular (cyberconflict) and provide a theoretical framework for explaining this phenomenon. The aim of the book is to first theoretically and then empirically locate and introduce the new issues confronting global politics today, due to the impact of new communication technologies.