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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal Feb 2019

Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

China’s political system has long been perceived as a controversial one and as somewhat perplexing to Westerners. In an attempt to understand the stability and success of the system, I evaluate the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) post-Mao society by comparing it to the “just society” described in Plato’s Republic. Plato’s philosophy is an appropriate standard against which the Chinese system can be assessed, because Plato does not believe in democracy and thus does not entertain its “advantages.” What’s more, the Republic is classified as a utopia, meaning a place in which the state of things ...


Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr Feb 2019

Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger Mar 2018

House Bill 2 & The Backlash: A Story Of Frames, Kerry Schellenberger

Honors Theses (PPE)

While over 20 states considered so-called bathroom bills between 2013-2016, only one state, North Carolina, passed one - in the form of House Bill 2. House Bill 2 modified North Carolina’s non-discrimination legislation, as well as restricting access to multi-user restrooms on the basis of sex designated on one’s birth certificate, which would require some transgender men to use the women’s restroom. The debate between those for and against HB2 raged in the press, the legal system, and finally at the ballot box. An analysis of the first two months of coverage indicates how frames were used by ...


From The Table Of My Memory: Identity, Political Change, And Shakespeare In Mexico And Argentina, Helena Von Nagy Jan 2018

From The Table Of My Memory: Identity, Political Change, And Shakespeare In Mexico And Argentina, Helena Von Nagy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In Mexico and Argentina, the localization of Shakespeare marks the crystallization of a new nationalist, political identity rooted in a reshaped collective memory. The development of this identity and the role of memory form a new kind of national citizenship. This group citizenship gives an individual a connection to a nation established around the collective memory of events, or what I term the memory-nation. The localization of Shakespeare, then, marks the complete formation of a citizenship in a new memory-nation. In Mexico, the localization of Shakespeare and its use in cinema was part of a larger process of defining post-Revolutionary ...


Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou Nov 2017

Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu Apr 2016

A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu

Honors Theses (PPE)

NASA has released an account of the agency's plans for a mission to Mars. Private organizations, like SpaceX, too have expressed a goal to visit or, in some cases, even establish settlements on Mars. Yet the prospect of establishing settlements, that is, colonizing - as opposed to simply exploring - raises a number of issues. The focus of this study is on the emergence of institutions and organizations on an extraterrestrial planet like Mars. Specifically, the thesis will explore the conscious design of organizations and institutions of collective action, from the Constitutional Political Economy perspective.


Eurozone In Crisis: Socialist And Liberal Critiques, Clara Jane Hendrickson Mar 2016

Eurozone In Crisis: Socialist And Liberal Critiques, Clara Jane Hendrickson

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Postwar European federalist efforts to encourage cooperation between traditionally hostile countries ultimately gave birth to the European Union and its single currency. Today, the political and economic institutions and structures that emerged from the process of European integration confront the challenges posed by the recent Eurozone crisis. Europe’s survival demonstrates resilience but does not evidence a transformation in the politically contested nature of European economic and political union. This thesis asks why the thick regulatory framework and rules-based nature of the Eurozone produced a suboptimal currency union. To answer this question, this thesis draws on the two major theories ...


Responsive Government And Duties Of Conscience, Robert C. Hughes May 2015

Responsive Government And Duties Of Conscience, Robert C. Hughes

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

Many political philosophers have defended the importance of enabling citizens to participate in law-making. Some argue that widespread citizen participation makes the law making process more likely to produce just law.1 Others argue that government must enable citizens to participate in law-making for law to be legitimate or to have legitimate authority.2 Still others argue that government must give citizens an equal share of political power in order to express equal respect for them.3 I will not dispute any of these arguments, but I believe they need to be supplemented, in part because they do not fully ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Online News Consumption On Political Polarization And Deliberative Democracy, Tara Hofbauer Jan 2015

A Study Of The Effect Of Online News Consumption On Political Polarization And Deliberative Democracy, Tara Hofbauer

Honors Theses (PPE)

This paper examines the effect that the Internet and online news consumption has had on American society. It looks first at the number and types of people who use the Web. These are the individuals liable to be impacted by online news consumption. The study then looks at the factors that control Internet users’ acquisition of information. These gatekeepers, as they are referred to here, play a role in determining the impact of online news consumption. At last, the study examines what exactly this effect is, showing that homophilous social networks and incivility online have limited the capacity for serious ...


Advertising, Big Data, And The Clearance Of The Public Realm: Marketers’ New Approaches To The Content Subsidy, Nick Couldry, Joseph Turow Jan 2014

Advertising, Big Data, And The Clearance Of The Public Realm: Marketers’ New Approaches To The Content Subsidy, Nick Couldry, Joseph Turow

Departmental Papers (ASC)

This article addresses implications for democracy of two interconnected developments involving big data and the media. One is the targeting of consumers for advertising by marketers and the new data-capture industry that supports them. The other involves the transformation of advertisers’ approach to subsidizing media content production. We describe these developments and consider their consequences for democratic life, drawing on classical and recent democratic theory (Paine, Dahl, Mouffe, Rosanvallon). We conclude that big data’s embedding in personalized marketing and content production threatens the ecology of connections that link citizens and groups via information, argumentation, empathy, and celebration as members ...


Capitalism Democracy And Food Stamps: A Case For The Right To Food In The Land Of Freedom And Plenty, Emilie Abrams Jan 2014

Capitalism Democracy And Food Stamps: A Case For The Right To Food In The Land Of Freedom And Plenty, Emilie Abrams

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

14.5% of Americans do not have enough food, and over 1 in 3 Americans is obese. Yet adequate nutrition remains one of the only base human needs whose delivery to communities is not ensured by the government. The United States is one of five countries that has failed to ratify the U.N. covenant establishing a right to food. In the face of these pressing problems, most of the talk associated with movements seeking to make improvements in America’s food system has little grounding in the kind of rigorous debate about rights, and their central role in protecting ...


Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah May 2013

Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The question of whether a majoritarian setup is optimal in terms of broad representation takes up on paramount importance in the context of power-sharing in deeply divided places, whereby unqualified exclusion of segment(s) of the population from government can have potentially disastrous consequences. Governance in deeply-divided places presents a rather intriguing question --- who governs the people, how are they elected, what mandates do they have? What form of government works best - a single-party majoritarian system that by popular belief leads to more effective governance or a consensus-based government that allows for better protection of minority interests? More broadly then ...


Queering Activism: An Analysis Of Localized Lgbtqia Advocacy Efforts, Joseph F. Lawless May 2012

Queering Activism: An Analysis Of Localized Lgbtqia Advocacy Efforts, Joseph F. Lawless

Honors Theses (PPE)

No abstract provided.


Reasoning Is For Arguing: Understanding The Successes And Failures Of Deliberation, Hugo Mercier, Hélène Landemore Apr 2012

Reasoning Is For Arguing: Understanding The Successes And Failures Of Deliberation, Hugo Mercier, Hélène Landemore

Goldstone Research Unit

Theoreticians of deliberative democracy have sometimes found it hard to relate to the seemingly contradictory experimental results produced by psychologists and political scientists. We suggest that this problem may be alleviated by inserting a layer of psychological theory between the empirical results and the normative political theory. In particular, we expose the argumentative theory of reasoning that makes the observed pattern of findings more coherent. According to this theory, individual reasoning mechanisms work best when used to produce and evaluate arguments during a public deliberation. It predicts that when diverse opinions are discussed, group reasoning will outperform individual reasoning. It ...


Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur Jan 2012

Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Part of who we are is whom we communicate with. That basic premise, that our family and friends affect our own personality, is accepted even in academic treatises that promote nature over nurture as determinants of personality (McCrae & Costa Jr. et al., 2000). Social capital, as a theory, is directly tied to that notion; we build a fund based on friendship and trust and favors – a trust fund, figuratively – and we “invest” in jobs or other relationships for the sake of personal benefit. Harvard Professor Robert Putnam’s 1995 Journal of Democracy paper and the follow-up book, Bowling Alone, hypothesize that America has declining social capital.

Putnam believes in the power of local relationships: "The ...


Introduction To Varieties Of Sovereignty And Citizenship , Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Rogers M. Smith Jan 2012

Introduction To Varieties Of Sovereignty And Citizenship , Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Rogers M. Smith

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


Expressions Of Biases In The Ghanaian Political System, Karla Forjoe Jun 2011

Expressions Of Biases In The Ghanaian Political System, Karla Forjoe

Honors Theses (PPE)

This project sought to identify the presence of biases in the Ghanaian political system, in order to define and explain the possible polarization existing within the country, and its consequences on the country’s political progress. This project involved research in Ghana, conducted in a 3 week period between December 2010 and January 2011, to test the hypothesis that biases were present within the local population and the cause of dangerous (rebellion-prompting) polarization within the population. The biases anticipated were motivated bias, explicitly ‘myside’ biases in the form of selective exposure, belief overkill, and biased assimilation/polarization. The research method ...


Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel Apr 2011

Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper intends to contextualize early research on political socialization with recent developments that provide new considerations for the transmission of democratic political learning at a more advanced learning stage. It attempts to demonstrate this literature on political socialization as the foundation for evaluating the continuing research of the Penn Democracy Project in the field of democratic political socialization of undergraduate students. In light of the political socialization literature, this paper reveals the results of the most recent iteration of the Penn Democracy Project research study, which provide insight into the state of citizenship at the University of Pennsylvania. The ...


Populism And Liberal Democracies: Why Palin’S Populism Won’T Work, Rebecca Greenfield Jan 2010

Populism And Liberal Democracies: Why Palin’S Populism Won’T Work, Rebecca Greenfield

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston May 2009

Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Alain Badiou, a French theorist, philosopher and political activist, has been receiving increased attention in the beginning of the 21st century. This paper provides an analysis of his major works and an attempt to display and critique what some might call, and what Badiou certainly hopes, a contemporary, generalized account of politics and the political. It focuses on three fundamental concepts that are central to Badiou's politics--the political subject, the political event, and the political ethic.


Rent-Seeking For A Risky Rent A Model And Experimental Investigation, Ayse Onculer, Rachel Croson Oct 2005

Rent-Seeking For A Risky Rent A Model And Experimental Investigation, Ayse Onculer, Rachel Croson

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Rent-seeking models have been used to predict and explain a wide variety of political decisions. This paper extends Tullock’s classic rent-seeking model to the case of a risky rent, where the winner of the rent-seeking contest does not receive the rent for sure, but only probabilistically. We derive the equilibrium and comparative static predictions from our extended model and present the results of an experiment with subjects from the US and Turkey to test it. Results are consistent with the comparative static predictions of the model, although we observe significantly more absolute levels of rent-seeking than the model predicts ...