Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Theory

Public Deliberation

Deliberative democracy

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Building A Better Referendum: Linking Mini-Publics And Mass Publics In Popular Votes, Spencer Mckay Apr 2019

Building A Better Referendum: Linking Mini-Publics And Mass Publics In Popular Votes, Spencer Mckay

Journal of Public Deliberation

Popular votes and mini-publics are both increasingly implemented as elected officials seek to build legitimacy for decisions, although these democratic innovations suffer from their own democratic deficits. Popular votes often do not live up to deliberative ideals while mini-publics may be limited in their capacities for inclusion and decision-making. Pairing these two devices can improve deliberation in referendum campaigns, while tying mini-publics to a clear and inclusive process for decision-making. Empirical studies of this strategy have found both successes and shortcomings. Little attention has been given to the possibility that the success of mini-publics in influencing public opinion is determined ...


Civic Virtue In The Deliberative System, Daniel Hutton Ferris Apr 2019

Civic Virtue In The Deliberative System, Daniel Hutton Ferris

Journal of Public Deliberation

The normative stability of a deliberative and democratic political order and the creativity and quality of the decisions its produces depend on citizens developing civic orientations and capacities through participation in deliberative events aiming at the cooperative solution of political problems. That, at least, is the claim made by critics of the systems approach to deliberative democracy, who argue that its proponents have lost sight of the educative function that respectful public reasoning plays for citizens. In this article I offer a response to this line of argument. There is no good philosophical reason to suppose that only unitary deliberation ...


Review Of Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive By Nicole Doerr (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Peter Levine Jun 2018

Review Of Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive By Nicole Doerr (Cambridge University Press, 2018), Peter Levine

Journal of Public Deliberation

In Political Translation: How Social Movement Democracies Survive, Nicole Doerr uncovers the role of translators as a “third voice within deliberation," neither participants nor facilitators but advocates for specific individuals to be heard and understood. Her empirical research on translation of various types and in various settings also raises broader theoretical issues about direct versus representative democracy.


The Instrumental Value Of Deliberative Democracy – Or, Do We Have Good Reasons To Be Deliberative Democrats?, Jonathan W. Kuyper Jun 2018

The Instrumental Value Of Deliberative Democracy – Or, Do We Have Good Reasons To Be Deliberative Democrats?, Jonathan W. Kuyper

Journal of Public Deliberation

Though commanding a prominent role in political theory, deliberative democracy has also become a mainstay of myriad other research traditions in recent years. This diffusion has been propelled along by the notion that deliberation, properly conceived and enacted, generates many beneficial outcomes. This article has three goals geared toward understanding whether these instrumental benefits provide us with good reasons – beyond intrinsic ones – to be deliberative democrats. First, the proclaimed instrumental benefits are systematized in terms of micro, meso, and macro outcomes. Second, relevant literatures are canvassed to critically assess what we know – and what we do not know – about deliberation ...


Reason, Deliberation, And Democracy In Divided Societies: Perspectives From The Jafari School Of Thought, Nicolas Pirsoul Apr 2017

Reason, Deliberation, And Democracy In Divided Societies: Perspectives From The Jafari School Of Thought, Nicolas Pirsoul

Journal of Public Deliberation

In this article I argue that because of its emphasis on the use of reason, the Jafari Islamic school of thought is not only compatible with, but even promotes certain forms of deliberative democracy. I particularly focus on how this characteristic offers a valuable conceptual tool to promote peace and justice in deeply divided societies. My argument is grounded in traditional Shia theology and history but develops a political framework embedded within contemporary political theory. I distinguish this democratic political framework from the theocratic model of Wilayat-ul-Faqih, the political system currently being applied in Iran, and argue that an emphasis ...


Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael Oct 2016

Ideals Of Inclusion In Deliberation, Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael

Journal of Public Deliberation

Building on prior thinking about political representation in democratic deliberation, we argue for four ideals of inclusion, each of which is most appropriate to a different situation. These principles of inclusion depend not only on the goals of a deliberation, but also on its level of empowerment in the political system, and its openness to all who want to participate. Holistic and open deliberations can most legitimately incorporate and decide for the people as a whole if they are open to all who want to participate and affirmatively recruit perspectives that would be underrepresented otherwise. Chicago Community Policing beat meetings ...


Taking The Goals Of Deliberation Seriously: A Differentiated View On Equality And Equity In Deliberative Designs And Processes, Edana Beauvais, Andre Baechtiger Oct 2016

Taking The Goals Of Deliberation Seriously: A Differentiated View On Equality And Equity In Deliberative Designs And Processes, Edana Beauvais, Andre Baechtiger

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberation must be immunized against coercive power by a baseline of equality. But what does the requirement of equality mean, in practice, for organizers designing deliberative events and forums? This question is complicated by the fact that equality is fundamentally about two—at times contradictory—values. On the one hand, the value of universal moral equality, which requires abstracting from social circumstances. On the other hand, the value of equity, which requires attending to social circumstances. Deliberative institutions vary in their capacity to promote one value over the other, or in their capacity to compromise between the two. We argue ...


Leaders’ Response To Terrorism: The Role Of Epideictic Rhetoric In Deliberative Democracies, Eirik Vatnoey Dec 2015

Leaders’ Response To Terrorism: The Role Of Epideictic Rhetoric In Deliberative Democracies, Eirik Vatnoey

Journal of Public Deliberation

New initiatives in deliberative democracy theory allow for a broader understanding of the different rhetorical practices that influence deliberation in real life settings. This solves the “problem” rhetoricians have long had with deliberative theory: that political communication is reduced to rational deliberation, disregarding a lot of non-deliberative forms of communication that are essential for the formation of public opinion and political decisions. This article elaborates on the role of epideictic rhetoric and provides an example as to how we might benefit from combining the two theoretical traditions. Often reduced to ceremonial practice, the epideictic genre has long been overlooked in ...


Public Engagement With Internet Voting In Edmonton: Design, Outcomes, And Challenges To Deliberative Models, Kalina Kamenova, Nicole Goodman Dec 2015

Public Engagement With Internet Voting In Edmonton: Design, Outcomes, And Challenges To Deliberative Models, Kalina Kamenova, Nicole Goodman

Journal of Public Deliberation

In September 2012, the City of Edmonton launched a four-month strategy to engage a range of citizens in the development of a policy proposal for the use of Internet voting in civic elections. A variety of initiatives were implemented, including public opinions surveys, roundtable advisory meetings with seniors and other stakeholder, and a mock “Jellybean” online election to test the technology. At the core of the public involvement campaign was a Citizens’ Jury – a deliberative forum which engaged a group of citizens, demographically and attitudinally representative of the city’s population, in assessment of Internet voting and the development of ...


Variations Of Institutional Design For Empowered Deliberation, Carolina Johnson, John Gastil May 2015

Variations Of Institutional Design For Empowered Deliberation, Carolina Johnson, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper lays out the practical and theoretical characteristics of formally empowered deliberation as a distinctive subset of deliberative processes. As part of a recent broad shift toward a more deliberative conception of democratic politics, participatory deliberative processes increasingly have been formally empowered as part of democratic governance. Governments have moved to delegate authority and deliberative responsibility from elite bodies to lay publics more quickly than scholars have been able to fully identify the implications of this institutionalization for the quality of both deliberation and democracy. This paper describes the emerging characteristics of formally empowered deliberation as a distinctive subset ...


Deliberative Democracy And Illiteracy: Exploring A Theoretical Gap, Udit Bhatia Oct 2013

Deliberative Democracy And Illiteracy: Exploring A Theoretical Gap, Udit Bhatia

Journal of Public Deliberation

In this essay, I demonstrate that literacy is not necessary for participation in a deliberative democracy. First, I examine the literature on the subject and demonstrate how the necessity of literacy has either been assumed or left entirely unquestioned. I argue that this is a significant gap with major conceptual and normative significance since several democracies have very high illiteracy rates. I reflect upon the overwhelming focus on ideal theory as a method of conceptual and normative analysis, and its inability to provide guidance in cases that depart radically from the ideal- but which are a normal feature of political ...


Contemporary Trends Of Deliberative Research: Synthesizing A New Study Agenda, Simon Beste Oct 2013

Contemporary Trends Of Deliberative Research: Synthesizing A New Study Agenda, Simon Beste

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberation is among the most widely acknowledged figures of thought in social theory. Taking the growing interest in the research conducted around deliberative democracy as an initial position, this paper seeks to provide an overview of recent predispositions and paradigm shifts of approaches taken towards the analysis of real-world discourses. Therefore, as a first step three different – nevertheless correlating – trends of deliberative research are identified: (1) an “empirical turn” and an effort to test and “falsify” assumptions of deliberative theories, (2) the consideration of certain epistemic dimensions of deliberative democracy and (3) the conceptual opening towards not fully rationalizable modes ...