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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Return On Social Bonds: Social Hierarchy And International Conflict, Mark David Nieman Jan 2016

The Return On Social Bonds: Social Hierarchy And International Conflict, Mark David Nieman

Political Science Publications

This article takes a game-theoretic and latent variable approach to modeling the effect of international social hierarchies on conflict among states. I start with the premise that international states are social actors and are nested within informal social networks of friendly and conflictual relationships. Rather than lateral relationships among equals, networks among states tend to have a vertical or hierarchical structure. Although international hierarchical relationships may arise as a result of material power asymmetries, this article focuses on non-material asymmetries that stem from political legitimacy or policy innovation – a subject that has received less attention in scholarly research. I argue ...


Ethnic Interest Groups In American Foreign Policy, James M. Mccormick Jan 2012

Ethnic Interest Groups In American Foreign Policy, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

In March 2010, the House Committee on Foreign Affairs narrowly passed H. Res. 252 by a vote of 23-22 and sent the resolution to the full House for its consideration. The non-binding resolution called upon the president to acknowledge the Armenian genocide of 1915 by_ Turkey. Three years earlier, the same resolution passed the committee by a larger margin (27-21), but failed to reach a vote on the House floor. The Armenian Assembly and the Armenian National Committee of America, the key interest groups of the Armenian community in the United States, supported and lobbied for the 2007 and 2010 ...


The Obama Presidency: A Foreign Policy Of Change?, James M. Mccormick Jan 2011

The Obama Presidency: A Foreign Policy Of Change?, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

Barack Obama ran for the presidency on a policy of change-change in domestic policy and change in foreign policy. During both the nomination and election campaigns, this focus on change was the overarching theme that he struck at virtually every stop on the campaign trail. In foreign policy, Candidate Obama's emphasis on change focused on an array of issues-ending the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars and bringing American troops home; "resetting" and "restarting" American relations with allies and other major powers throughout the world; engaging with adversaries to address a number of outstanding issues; and dealing with global economic and ...


The War On Terror And Contemporary U.S.-European Relations, James M. Mccormick Jan 2008

The War On Terror And Contemporary U.S.-European Relations, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

The Bush Administration's "WAR ON TERROR" and its implications for U.S.European relations often evoke contradictory views among Americans. On the one hand, they can generate considerable apprehension since European views toward Americans generally-and President Bush in particularhas been caricatured in a number of unflattering ways. Recall, for example, the headline in the British tabloid, the Daily Mirror, immediately after the November 2004 presidential election: "How can 59,054,087 people be so DUMB?" On the other hand, those topics can evoke the considerable affection that Europeans have for the American people, if not always for their government ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Decision Making Limitations From Communication Barriers In Government Structures In Chinese Rural Energy Projects, Nathan Gregory Johnson Jan 2008

Decision Making Limitations From Communication Barriers In Government Structures In Chinese Rural Energy Projects, Nathan Gregory Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Field research was conducted in the Li Cheng District (about 1,200 km 2) of Shan Dong Province. Data collection occurred during a two-week period in July 2006. At that time, seven villages represented all relevant sites in the district that contained gasification technologies. Small-group interviews with village leaders, station managers, and community members were conducted locally. Contact with external government agencies and technology scientists completed the set of potential stakeholders.;This study analyzes the failure of state-owned energy development initiatives in China. Communication barriers in bureaucratic structures and culturally prescribed patterns of interaction were revealed as inhibiting information transfer ...


Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Public sector reform programs implemented across Africa, including the World Bank’s “first” and ‘second” generation reforms, are based on the assumption that all public organizations are inefficient. This problematic assumption has had significant implications for policy in Africa. By failing to recognize that not all public organizations perform poorly, we ignore any potential lessons that could have been learnt from the experiences of organizations that have managed to perform effectively under the same social, political, economic and institutional environment. This paper uses Ghana as a case study to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor ...


Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2004

Predicting Higher Education Graduation Rates From Institutional Characteristics And Resource Allocation, Florence A. Hamrick, John H. Schuh, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

This study incorporated institutional characteristics (e.g., Carnegie type, selectivity) and resource allocations (e.g., instructional expenditures, student affairs expenditures) into a statistical model to predict undergraduate graduation rates. Instructional expenditures, library expenditures, and a number of institutional classification variables were significant predictors of graduation rates. Based on these results, recommendations as well as warranted cautions are included about allocating academic financial resources to optimize graduation rates


The Impact Of Supplemental Instruction: Results From A Large, Public, Midwestern University, Kari A. Hensen, Mack C. Shelley Ii Jan 2003

The Impact Of Supplemental Instruction: Results From A Large, Public, Midwestern University, Kari A. Hensen, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Supplemental Instruction (SI) is an academic support program developed by Deanna Martin, at the University of Missouri at Kansas City in 1973, utilizing peer-assisted study sessions to enhance student performance and retention (Widmar, 1994). The goals of SI include improving students' grades in traditionally difficult courses, reducing the attrition rate in those courses, and helping students develop study strategies to assist them in future courses (Behrman, Dark, & Paul, 1984; Martin, Blanc, & DeBuhr, 1983; Peters, 1990; Prather, 1983; Wolfe, 1987).


The 2002 Senate Farm Bill: The Ban On Packer Ownership Of Livestock, Roger A. Mceowen, Peter C. Carstensen, Neil E. Harl Jan 2002

The 2002 Senate Farm Bill: The Ban On Packer Ownership Of Livestock, Roger A. Mceowen, Peter C. Carstensen, Neil E. Harl

Economics Publications

On December 13, 2001, the United States Senate approved an amendment to the Senate Farm Bill making it unlawful for a packer to own, feed, or control livestock intended for slaughter more than fourteen days prior to slaughter. 1 The amendment includes exemptions for packing houses owned by farmer cooperatives, and packers with less than two percent of national slaughter. The amendment was approved 51-46, and became part of the Senate Farm Bill.2 In early 2002, the amendment language was clarified to prohibit arrangements that give packers ―operational, managerial, or supervisory control over the livestock, or over the farming ...


Sounding The American Heart: Cultural Politics, Country Music, And Contemporary American Film, Barbara Ching Jan 2001

Sounding The American Heart: Cultural Politics, Country Music, And Contemporary American Film, Barbara Ching

Barbara Ching

"When you hear twin fiddles and a steel guitar, you're listening to the sound of the American heart," sings a young boy's faltering voice in the opening frame of Christopher Cain's Pure Country (1992). The words of this song ("Heartland") assure us that while we listen to this music we "still know wrong from right." 1 This opening sequence thus celebrates its viewers as it stakes a claim to both the film's and country music's power to unequivocally represent the best qualities (the "pure") of the United States (the "country"). When placed in a history ...


Distance Learning: The Case Of Political Science, Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Monty Van Wart, Jane Clayton, Erin Schreck Jan 2000

Distance Learning: The Case Of Political Science, Steffen W. Schmidt, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Monty Van Wart, Jane Clayton, Erin Schreck

Political Science Publications

This article reports the results from a national survey directed to the department chairs of political science to assess the current and future state of distance learning in that discipline. The insights of this research are relevant to all social science fields and offer important insights to other academic disciplines as well. Key findings of the study include the low utilization of distance learning courses, a low degree of importance currently attributed to distance learning and modest expectations of future growth, ambivalent acceptance of a future role for distance learning, the common use of Internet-related technologies, low levels of faculty ...


Human Rights Violations, Umbrella Concepts, And Empirical Analysis, James M. Mccormick, Neil J. Mitchell Jan 1997

Human Rights Violations, Umbrella Concepts, And Empirical Analysis, James M. Mccormick, Neil J. Mitchell

Political Science Publications

Only in last decade or two have political scientists begun sys tematic, cross-national research on government violations of human rights. The primary research focus has been the rights associ ated with the "integrity of the person." At least two factors account for this relatively recent attention: the interest of President Jimmy Carter and Congress in setting human rights as a goal of American foreign policy and the publication of country-by-country accounts of human rights performance by the U.S. Department of State, Amnesty Inter national, and Freedom House. As the issue rose on the political agenda and as data sources ...


Assessing Clinton’S Foreign Policy At Midterm, James M. Mccormick Jan 1995

Assessing Clinton’S Foreign Policy At Midterm, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

Bill Clinton ran for president on the theme of change-change in domestic policy and change in foreign policy. With the end of the cold war, candidate Clinton argued, American foreign policy had to meet novel challenges as it prepared for the twentyfirst century. What was needed, Clinton said in 1991, was "a new vision and the strength to meet a new set of opportunities and threats." "We face the same challenge today that we faced in 1946-to build a world of security, freedom, democracy, free markets and growth at a time of great change." In candidate Clinton's view, the ...


Iowa Greenhouse Applicators' Preceptions And Use Of Personal Protective Equipment, Janis Stone, Steven Padgitt, Wendy Wintersteen, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Sandra Chisholm Jan 1994

Iowa Greenhouse Applicators' Preceptions And Use Of Personal Protective Equipment, Janis Stone, Steven Padgitt, Wendy Wintersteen, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Sandra Chisholm

Political Science Publications

A mail survey of Iowa greenhouse pesticide applicators was conducted in 1992 to establish benchmark data concerning use of personal protective equipment (PPE), safety attitudes, and experience with pesticide-related illness symptoms before the implementation of the Worker Protection Standard for Agricultural Pesticides. A 72% response rate provided 185 observations revealing that 79% were employees of firms, but the remaining 21% were self-employed. Hypotheses of difference in use of P PE between the self-employed and employees of firms were not confirmed except with relation to use of regular work gloves, disposable coveralls, and boots. Applicators' clothing was reported to meet pesticide ...


The Domestic Politics Of Contra Aid: Public Opinion, Congress, And The President, Eugene R. Wittkopf, James M. Mccormick Jan 1993

The Domestic Politics Of Contra Aid: Public Opinion, Congress, And The President, Eugene R. Wittkopf, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

The domestic politics of contra aid during the Reagan administration is a story of both success and failure. It is a story of success in that public preferences on the issue were mirrored in congressional behavior and ultimately constrained presidential action in a manner roughly consistent with the expectations of democratic theory. It is story of failure in that the president of the United States fought a long political battle against a determined domestic opposition and came up short. That fact distinguishes this case from most other presidential foreign policy initiatives. Truman enjoyed overwhelming support for his opposition to communism ...


Bipartisanship, Partisanship, And Ideology In Congressional-Executive Foreign Policy Relations, 1947–1988, James M. Mccormick, Eugene R. Wittkopf Jan 1990

Bipartisanship, Partisanship, And Ideology In Congressional-Executive Foreign Policy Relations, 1947–1988, James M. Mccormick, Eugene R. Wittkopf

Political Science Publications

The question we posed at the outset is whether bipartisanship or politics hold as appropriate explanations of congressional-executive relations in the historical periods to which they are typically applied, namely, the pre-Vietnam period in the case of bipartisanship, and the post-Vietnam period in the case of politics. The evidence suggests, first, that the bipartisan perspective applies best to the first two decades of the postwar era, but that it has not been replaced by the political perspective, in which partisanship and ideology are central concepts. Instead, the political perspective applies throughout the postwar era, even though it may now appear ...


Intergovernmental Organizations And Foreign Policy Behavior: Some Empirical Findings, James M. Mccormick, Young W. Khil Jan 1979

Intergovernmental Organizations And Foreign Policy Behavior: Some Empirical Findings, James M. Mccormick, Young W. Khil

Political Science Publications

In this study, we evaluate whether the increase in the number of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) has resulted in their increased use for foreign policy behavior by the nations of the world. This question is examined in three related ways: (1) the aggregate use of IGOs for foreign policy behavior; (2) the relationship between IGO membership and IGO use; and (3) the kinds of states that use IGOs. Our data base consists of the 35 nations in the CREON (Comparative Research on the Events of Nations) data set for the years 1959-1968.

The main findings are that IGOs were employed over ...


The Making Of International Agreements: A Reappraisal Of Congressional Involvement, Loch Johnson, James M. Mccormick Jan 1978

The Making Of International Agreements: A Reappraisal Of Congressional Involvement, Loch Johnson, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

Although the constitution implies that the primary responsibility in the making of foreign policy resides in the Executive Branch, the Congress shares several important powers in this area.' Among these is the prerogative to join in the making of international commitments, as expressed in the treaty-making provisions of the Constitution.2 Lately, however, critics have argued that the foreign policy powers of Congress have eroded drastically through unilateral action taken by the Executive Branch. The criticism contends, first, that the form of international commitments has changed in recent years. Increasingly, the President has used executive agreements, proclamations, or other unilateral ...