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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

“Aspectos Jurídicos Del Delito De Trata De Personas En Colombia: Aportes Desde El Derecho Internacional, Derecho Penal Y Las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales”, Andres Barreto, Beatriz Londoño, Antonio Varon, Andrea Mateus Dec 2009

“Aspectos Jurídicos Del Delito De Trata De Personas En Colombia: Aportes Desde El Derecho Internacional, Derecho Penal Y Las Organizaciones No Gubernamentales”, Andres Barreto, Beatriz Londoño, Antonio Varon, Andrea Mateus

Andres Barreto

La preocupación por el fenómeno de la trata de personas en el escenario internacional ha sido una constante para los Estados desde mediados del siglo XIX. En Colombia la legislación que condena el delito empezó su recorrido desde el Código Penal de 1980, en donde se castigaba con penas de prisión de 2 a 6 años a todo aquel que promoviere la entrada o salida del país de mujer o menor de edad para ejercer la prostitución. Sin embargo, la complejidad de las redes criminales de este crimen transnacional empezó a evidenciar que la trata no solo se cometía sobre ...


Manifest Greatness Version5 By Marc Guerrero With Tato Malay, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero Dec 2009

Manifest Greatness Version5 By Marc Guerrero With Tato Malay, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

MANIFEST GREATNESS version5 by Marc Guerrero with Tato Malay


Manifest Greatness Version3 By Marc Guerrero With Jay Fajardo, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero Dec 2009

Manifest Greatness Version3 By Marc Guerrero With Jay Fajardo, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

MANIFEST GREATNESS version3 by Marc Guerrero with Jay Fajardo


Manifest Greatness Version2 With Danielle Van Asch-Prevot, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero Dec 2009

Manifest Greatness Version2 With Danielle Van Asch-Prevot, Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

MANIFEST GREATNESS version2 by Marc Guerrero with Danielle van Asch-Prevot


Manifest Greatness... Panahon Ng Mga Filipino Ang 21st Century: Ang Asian Century (Ang Pagpapanumbalik Sa Likas Na Karangalan Ng Lahat Ng Filipino Sa Buong Mundo), Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero Dec 2009

Manifest Greatness... Panahon Ng Mga Filipino Ang 21st Century: Ang Asian Century (Ang Pagpapanumbalik Sa Likas Na Karangalan Ng Lahat Ng Filipino Sa Buong Mundo), Emmanuel Mario B. Santos Aka Marc Guerrero

Emmanuel Mario B Santos aka Marc Guerrero

MANIFEST GREATNESS Panahon ng mga Filipino ang 21st century: Ang Asian Century (Ang pagpapanumbalik sa likas na Karangalan ng lahat ng Filipino sa buong mundo) Manifest Greatness is a work-in-progress Manifesto of, for and by Filipino citizens of the world in synergy with foreign national friends of the Filipino people worldwide in pursuit of genuine entrepreneurial wisdom


Détecter Et Prévenir : De La Digitalisation Des Corps Et De La Docilité Des Normes., Antoinette Rouvroy, Thomas Berns Jul 2009

Détecter Et Prévenir : De La Digitalisation Des Corps Et De La Docilité Des Normes., Antoinette Rouvroy, Thomas Berns

Antoinette Rouvroy

D’une manière quelque peu intempestive sans doute eût égard au thème général de l’ouvrage – gouverner par les corps - et aux pensées de la biopolitique qui s’y déploient, il s’agit ici de tenter d’identifier en quoi les nouvelles technologies de l’observation, de l’information, de la communication et de la réseautique, procédant à la digitalisation de la vie même, intensifiant la ‘dispersion’ ou la ‘dividualisation’ du sujet humain , tout en alimentant le mythe de sa prévisibilité, donnent lieu à une nouvelle forme de gouvernementalité irréductible aux « arts de gouverner » décrits par Foucault sous les traits ...


Interstate Environmental Impact Assessment, Noah D. Hall Jul 2009

Interstate Environmental Impact Assessment, Noah D. Hall

Noah D Hall

This article proposes a new state-based policy – interstate environmental impact assessment – that builds on the National Environmental Policy Act’s Environmental Impact Statement process to address interstate environmental harms. Interstate environmental harms, which occur when decisions or actions in one state produce negative environmental impacts in another state, have challenged American environmental law for over a century. Interstate environmental impact assessment would provide a procedural mechanism for an affected state and its citizens to influence the source state and minimize or prevent interstate environmental harms. The process itself would address the underlying problems of inadequate information, public process bias, and ...


The Admissibility Of Social Science Evidence In Criminal Cases, Hon. Donald E. Shelton Jul 2009

The Admissibility Of Social Science Evidence In Criminal Cases, Hon. Donald E. Shelton

Hon. Donald E. Shelton

The rapid development of emerging scientific methods, especially the increased understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid ("DNA"), has had, and will undoubtedly continue to have, an almost stunning impact on our justice system, particularly at the trial level. The forensic applications of these new scientific discoveries have been most dramatically seen in the criminal trial court. They have also caused us to re-examine other forms of forensic evidence that have been rather routinely admitted in our courts. Forensic evidence from social scientists is certainly one of those forms. Which of these forms of scientific forensic evidence have sufficient validity to be used ...


Africa, Mark J. Calaguas Jun 2009

Africa, Mark J. Calaguas

Mark J Calaguas

The Africa Committee's contribution to the 2008 Year-in-Review issue of the American Bar Association Section of International Law's quarterly journal, The International Lawyer


Le Corps Statistique, Antoinette Rouvroy, Thomas Berns Jun 2009

Le Corps Statistique, Antoinette Rouvroy, Thomas Berns

Antoinette Rouvroy

S’il est question de « corps statistique », c’est dans la mesure où l’on veut ici analyser la gouvernementalité contemporaine, dans ce qu’elle tente de dire, de prédire et d’orienter des comportements (et intentions), et en ce que, à ce titre, elle se présenterait 1) comme statistique, au sens où elle repose fondamentalement sur l’exploitation de grandes quantités de données – signifiantes ou non aux yeux des individus eux-mêmes - recueillies dans une multitude de contextes de vie et d’action hétérogènes les uns aux autres, et sur la ‘découverte’ algorithmique de corrélations prédictives des comportements futurs et ...


Russian Energy Strategy And Transit Routes In Eastern Europe, Aleksander Kotlowski May 2009

Russian Energy Strategy And Transit Routes In Eastern Europe, Aleksander Kotlowski

Aleksander Kotlowski

The article considers perceptions of the new Russian energy policy in Eastern Europe with a particular focus on the Polish perspective. It explains the regional reservations to Russo-German cooperation on the Nord Stream Pipeline project. Then, it summarises the view of the Russian-Ukrainian gas disputes. The paper discusses Poland’s energy security policy and conflicting expectations concerning the Yamal-Europe Gas Pipeline. Attempts to develop new energy alliances and a regional energy security policy towards Russia are further presented together with the joint energy projects in Eastern Europe such as Odessa-Brody, Amber Stream, Skanled and Baltic Pipe, as well as Mazeikiu ...


Policing With Chinese Characteristics, Kam C. Wong Apr 2009

Policing With Chinese Characteristics, Kam C. Wong

Kam C. Wong

A review of (occidental) literature on Chinese social control-policing shows that there is an imbalance in research output. There is a lot of research into social control system in imperial China; its historical roots, philosophical foundation, structural framework, and functional process. However, there are very little raw data and research output on how Chinese police worked in the past or PRC public security functions at present.

This book is the only book that provide for a systematic and comprehensive treatment on various aspects of China policing, including: idea (Chapter 2), origin (Chapter 3), history (Chapter 4), education (Chapter 5), culture ...


Equality, Race And Gifted Education: An Egalitarian Critique Of Admission To New York City's Specialized High Schools, Steven V. Mazie Apr 2009

Equality, Race And Gifted Education: An Egalitarian Critique Of Admission To New York City's Specialized High Schools, Steven V. Mazie

Steven V. Mazie

Educational programs for gifted students face both philosophical and practical challenges from egalitarians. Some object that gifted schools inherently undermine a commitment to equality in education, while others observe that schools for talented students cater to privileged youth and effectively discriminate against disadvantaged minorities. This article taps into recent theorizing on equality to explore an illuminating case study: admissions policies at New York City’s so-called ‘specialized’ high schools. After dismissing less nuanced proposals on both ends of the spectrum, I draw upon Elizabeth Anderson’s theory of ‘democratic egalitarianism’ to argue that, while schools devoted to talented students could ...


A Pre-Emptive Pardon For Those Who Tortured Could Backfire, Ariel Meyerstein, David D. Caron Jan 2009

A Pre-Emptive Pardon For Those Who Tortured Could Backfire, Ariel Meyerstein, David D. Caron

Ariel Meyerstein, JD, PhD

No abstract provided.


Ethanol Diplomacy: Brazil And Us In Search Of Renewable Energies, Wilson Jesus Beserra Almeida Jan 2009

Ethanol Diplomacy: Brazil And Us In Search Of Renewable Energies, Wilson Jesus Beserra Almeida

Wilson Jesus Beserra Almeida

The objective of this study is to broaden the discussion regarding renewable energies to better un- derstand relations between the United States and Brazil. The administrations of those nations, as well as certain companies from each country, have already begun the search for creative solutions for what is considered today the biggest problem facing our planet: the imminent lack of energy once oil runs out.


Roe And The Politics Of Backlash: Countermobilization Against The Courts And Abortion Rights Claiming, Scott E. Lemieux Jan 2009

Roe And The Politics Of Backlash: Countermobilization Against The Courts And Abortion Rights Claiming, Scott E. Lemieux

Scott E Lemieux

Conventional wisdom holds that Roe v. Wade might have been a serious strategic error on the part of the pro-choice movement, as abortion law was being liberalized anyway and the Supreme Court's intervention produced a furious backlash. This paper argues that every element of this argument is erroneous. The drive for liberalization was stalled before 1973 by a very well-organized pro-life movement, and both the American and Canadian cases suggest that judicial opinions do not produce any more backlash than commensurate legislative policy changes.


Looking For Fair Use In The Dmca's Safety Dance, Ira Nathenson Jan 2009

Looking For Fair Use In The Dmca's Safety Dance, Ira Nathenson

Ira Steven Nathenson

Like a ballet, the notice-and-take-down provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA") provide complex procedures to obtain take-downs of online infringement. Copyright owners send notices of infringement to service providers, who in turn remove claimed infringement in exchange for a statutory safe harbor from copyright liability. But like a dance meant for two, the DMCA is less effective in protecting the "third wheel," the users of internet services. Even Senator John McCain - who in 1998 voted for the DMCA - wrote in exasperation to YouTube after some of his presidential campaign videos were removed due to take-downs. McCain asked YouTube ...


The Mexican Kidnapping Industry: Does Federalism Hold The Government Hostage In Its Efforts To Combat Such Criminality?, Charles B. Bowers Jan 2009

The Mexican Kidnapping Industry: Does Federalism Hold The Government Hostage In Its Efforts To Combat Such Criminality?, Charles B. Bowers

Charles Bowers

No abstract provided.


Conflicting Sovereignties In The World Wide Web Of Contracts - Property Rights And The Globalization Of The Power System, Jean-Philippe Robé Jan 2009

Conflicting Sovereignties In The World Wide Web Of Contracts - Property Rights And The Globalization Of The Power System, Jean-Philippe Robé

Jean-Philippe Robé

No abstract provided.


Ministry Of Defense And Support For The Armed Forces Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran V. Elahi, Case Note, Ariel Meyerstein Jan 2009

Ministry Of Defense And Support For The Armed Forces Of The Islamic Republic Of Iran V. Elahi, Case Note, Ariel Meyerstein

Ariel Meyerstein, JD, PhD

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Treaties On Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, And Investment Flows, Lauge Skovgaard Poulsen Jan 2009

The Effect Of Treaties On Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, And Investment Flows, Lauge Skovgaard Poulsen

Lauge N. Skovgaard Poulsen

Review of: K. Sauvant, and L. Sachs, (eds), The Effect of Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties, and Investment Flows (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).


The North American Great Lakes, Noah D. Hall Jan 2009

The North American Great Lakes, Noah D. Hall

Noah D Hall

The Great Lakes are a vast resource shared by two countries, ten states and provinces, and hundreds of Indian tribes or First Nations. They are the quintessential commons that have seen their share of tragedies. Addressing competing pressures of economic development and environmental protection is only part of the challenge. The real struggle has been governance: How is management of an international transboundary resource best accomplished under the legal and political limitations of constitutional federalism? This chapter analyses the international agreements, court decisions, interstate compacts, and federal statutes that created a transboundary water regime, considering in detail the Great Lakes ...


Towards A New Transitional Justice Model: Assessing The Serbian Case, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2009

Towards A New Transitional Justice Model: Assessing The Serbian Case, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Given the “third wave” of democratic development and entrenchment that has taken hold around the world within the past three decades, the topic of how these transitioning societies cope with the legacy of atrocity and criminality that often accompany authoritarian rule has taken on a fresh salience. The structural, ethical, legal, and political problems faced during such transitions have become the topic of a burgeoning “transitional justice” sub-field within the fields of Law and Political Science. This Article will survey key episodes of transitional justice in various countries since the 1970s, and then apply the lessons gleaned to the transition ...


La Economía Que Devuelve España A Los Españoles, Mario Šilar Jan 2009

La Economía Que Devuelve España A Los Españoles, Mario Šilar

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


The Irreduceable Moral Nature Of Human Action, Mario Šilar, José María Torralba Jan 2009

The Irreduceable Moral Nature Of Human Action, Mario Šilar, José María Torralba

Mario Šilar

No abstract provided.


A Dialogical-Republican Revival: Respect-Worthy Constitutionalism In Post-Conflict Northern Ireland, South Africa, And Southern Philippines, Edsel F. Tupaz Jan 2009

A Dialogical-Republican Revival: Respect-Worthy Constitutionalism In Post-Conflict Northern Ireland, South Africa, And Southern Philippines, Edsel F. Tupaz

Edsel F Tupaz

This Article addresses the question of constitutional design and negotiation for deeply divided societies in post-conflict settings. It argues in favor of the adoption and application of what might be termed as the “dialogical” model of democratic constitutionalism as opposed to the “enforcement” model which characterizes much of contemporary legal ordering. In discussing their features, the Article charts a normative apparatus for making the constitutional choice between the two, and, thereafter, it tests theory into practice by undertaking a comparative analysis of what might well be successful policymaking and constitution-making practices in Northern Ireland and South Africa. The findings show ...


Deliberative Democracy And Weak Courts: Constitutional Design In Nascent Democracies, Edsel F. Tupaz Jan 2009

Deliberative Democracy And Weak Courts: Constitutional Design In Nascent Democracies, Edsel F. Tupaz

Edsel F Tupaz

This Article addresses the question of constitutional design in young and transitional democracies. It argues for the adoption of a “weak” form of judicial review, as opposed to “strong” review which typifies much of contemporary adjudication. It briefly describes how the dialogical strain of deliberative democratic theory might well constitute the normative predicate for systems of weak review. In doing so, the Article draws from various judicial practices, from European supranational tribunals to Canadian courts and even Indian jurisprudence. The Article concludes with the suggestion that no judicial apparatus other than the weak structure of judicial review can better incite ...


An Indirect-Effects Model Of Mediated Adjudication: The Csi Myth, The Tech Effect, And Metropolitan Jurors' Expectations For Scientific Evidence, Hon. Donald E. Shelton, Young S. Kim, Gregg Barak Jan 2009

An Indirect-Effects Model Of Mediated Adjudication: The Csi Myth, The Tech Effect, And Metropolitan Jurors' Expectations For Scientific Evidence, Hon. Donald E. Shelton, Young S. Kim, Gregg Barak

Hon. Donald E. Shelton

Part I of this article defines the "CSI effect", given that the phrase has come to have many different meanings ascribed to it. It emphasizes the epistemological importance of first describing the effect of the “CSI effect” as observed in juror behavior documented in a new study conducted in Wayne County (Detroit), Michigan, and then looking at causative factors that may be related to an explanation of those observed effects. Part II describes the methodology of the Wayne County study, provides a descriptive analysis of Wayne County jurors, and compares the jurors demographically to the Washtenaw County jurors who were ...


Twenty-First Century Forensic Science Challenges For Trial Judges In Criminal Cases: Where The "Polybutadiene" Meets The "Bitumen", Hon. Donald E. Shelton Jan 2009

Twenty-First Century Forensic Science Challenges For Trial Judges In Criminal Cases: Where The "Polybutadiene" Meets The "Bitumen", Hon. Donald E. Shelton

Hon. Donald E. Shelton

This artice discusses the challenges faced by trial judges in crimnal cases in fulfilling their Daubert "gatekeeping" role in the face of rapid advancements in forensic science. Admissibility questions for various forms of scientific evidence are reviewed, from DNA to fingerprints to social science "syndrome" evidence. The article discusses the pretrial issues presented by DNA databases, search issues and limitations problems as well as the impact of forensic science developments on juror expectations. Finally, forensic science issues regarding trial conduct are discussed, including voir dire, arguments and jury instructions,


The Intersection Of Judicial Attitudes And Litigant Selection Theories: Explaining U.S. Supreme Court Decision Making, Jeff L. Yates, Elizabeth Coggins Jan 2009

The Intersection Of Judicial Attitudes And Litigant Selection Theories: Explaining U.S. Supreme Court Decision Making, Jeff L. Yates, Elizabeth Coggins

Jeff L Yates

Two prominent theories of legal decision making provide seemingly contradictory explanations for judicial outcomes. In political science, the Attitudinal Model suggests that judicial outcomes are driven by judges' sincere policy preferences -- judges bring their ideological inclinations to the decision making process and their case outcome choices largely reflect these policy preferences. In contrast, in the law and economics literature, Priest and Klein's well-known Selection Hypothesis posits that court outcomes are largely driven by the litigants' strategic choices in the selection of cases for formal dispute or adjudication -- forward thinking litigants settle cases where potential judicial outcomes are readily discernable ...