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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Contesting Human Rights Defenders At The Un Human Rights Council, M. Joel Voss Oct 2019

Contesting Human Rights Defenders At The Un Human Rights Council, M. Joel Voss

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

Human rights defenders are being increasingly targeted across the globe. The rise of nationalist, populist regimes is of great concern to both human rights defenders and those that advocate for the rights of defenders. The problem is not only of domestic concern. The UN Human Rights Council, the UN’s preeminent human rights institution, is also seeing an increasing number of attacks on defenders, both in formal settings like discussions on resolutions and the Universal Periodic Review process and informally, through threats to participants at the Council.

This paper attempts to better understand and predict which states will both try ...


Sports Betting And Indian Gaming: Overcoming Barriers To Market Entry And Integration Of Sports Books Into Tribal Casinos, Steve Light May 2019

Sports Betting And Indian Gaming: Overcoming Barriers To Market Entry And Integration Of Sports Books Into Tribal Casinos, Steve Light

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

Abstract

Even before the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision In Murphy v. NCAA (2018) permitting states to legalize sports wagering, the biggest brand-names in gaming worldwide were positioning themselves to capitalize on the fan base for America’s most recognizable sports leagues.

Sports wagering already is up and running in five states; analysts predict that more than half the states will legalize it within five years. Many will be among the 29 states that currently have casinos owned and operated by American Indian tribes in this $32.4 billion market segment.

There is no firm sense and little ...


The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm Apr 2019

The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Eliminating the use of coal-fired power nationwide has been a popular talking point in recent legislative debates in Washington, D.C. Despite obvious threats to the environment, investing in coal-fired energy offers considerable economic benefits to Americans. In Montana, this debate has been centered around the closure of the Colstrip Power Plant. The Montana Energy Security Act (HB 203), proposed by Representative Rodney Garcia, would permit the state of Montana to sell bonds to finance the $500m purchase of the Colstrip Power Plant. This case study offers a cost benefit analysis of the Montana Energy Security Act, comparing the societal ...


Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff Nov 2017

Homophobia, Human Rights And Diplomacy, Douglas Janoff

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

Multilateral human rights diplomacy is a product of the triad relationship between intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), civil society organizations (CSOs), and states. This paper examines the emergence of LGBT rights within the context of the UN human rights system. Recently, the global debates around LGBT rights have become much more public and increasingly complex: Ministers, leaders, and even the UN Secretary-General routinely call on states to do more to protect sexual minorities. Countries such as Uganda and Russia are labeled “homophobic” — not just by human rights activists, but by other states. These “accusations” are delivered both bilaterally and in multilateral forums ...


Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray Nov 2017

Agency, Equality And Courage: A Case Study Of Women On The Front Lines Of Egypt’S 2011 Revolution, Carol Gray

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

How were women involved in Egypt’s 2011 revolution/uprising? What role did they play vis-à-vis male activists? To what degree were Egyptian women “equal” during those 18 days in Tahrir Square? These questions will be explored within the context of interviews conducted by this writer in Cairo during and following Egypt’s 18-day revolution (uprising). This essay will explore the public/private sphere split, political consciousness-raising, and gender equality within the context of the stories of Egyptian women on the front lines of protest.

Much of the recent literature on women's protests in Egypt has focused on women ...


Gender, Displacement And Transitional Justice, Sinead Mcgrath Nov 2017

Gender, Displacement And Transitional Justice, Sinead Mcgrath

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

In the past fifteen years, there has been huge emphasis on the need for gendered mechanisms dealing with both forced migration and peacebuilding. The UN landmark resolution on Women, Peace and Security (S/RES/1325) and the gender-mainstreaming of the 1951 Refugee Convention have urged all actors to increase the participation of women in peacebuilding and their protection in instances of displacement. An underdeveloped link between these issues has not been addressed by the academic community, particularly when looking at societies in transition and the relationship of displaced women to international migration organisations in the context of transitional justice. This ...


The Business Of Being Good: How It Pays To Be A Humanitarian State, Taylor Benjamin-Britton, Danielle Scherer Nov 2017

The Business Of Being Good: How It Pays To Be A Humanitarian State, Taylor Benjamin-Britton, Danielle Scherer

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

In an era where human rights increasingly take a position of primacy in international relations, certain states have donned the mantle of the humanitarian, prioritizing human rights over nearly every other item on the foreign policy agenda and mainstreaming humanitarianism in other areas of foreign policy.

Existing arguments find that states that advance humanitarian policies are coerced, socialized, or mimicking, but they fail to seriously consider that states may choose and benefit from humanitarianism in several ways. We do not focus on explaining or theorizing why states have chosen to engage in humanitarianism; rather, we offer an analysis of the ...


Papers Please: Immigration, Enforcement, And Remittances, Jose A. Rojas-Fallas May 2017

Papers Please: Immigration, Enforcement, And Remittances, Jose A. Rojas-Fallas

Student Research Symposium

Immigrants are an understated agent in local economies. Whilst legal immigrants may be accounted for in the macro realm, illegal immigrants are very much an externality. Immigrant agents participate heavily in local economies, almost exclusively, due to their status and the implicit risks associated with it. Immigrants’ decision to migrate towards better economies come with the goal of achieving prosperity that more than likely would not have been possible in their location of origin. A majority of immigrants are heads of households that migrate alone seeking greater wages to support their household. They do this through remittances. These are capital ...


The Conflict In Syria: Should The United States Get More Involved?, Jacob Peoples Nov 2016

The Conflict In Syria: Should The United States Get More Involved?, Jacob Peoples

Posters-at-the-Capitol

The purpose of this research is to explore the relations between Syria, Russia, and the United States in the Syrian civil war. The relationship has been in turmoil because of the complexities of the situation. Syria has been a designated state sponsor of terrorism since December 29, 1979, five years before the next designated state of Iran. Syria is a very important and strategic country and now more than ever has a large risk of being completely overrun by the newest terrorist group ISIS. The turmoil is possibly stemming initially from the result of a failed 1957 Central Intelligence Agency ...


United States Federal Courts And Inter-Branch War Powers, Erica Lindsey Fields Nov 2016

United States Federal Courts And Inter-Branch War Powers, Erica Lindsey Fields

Posters-at-the-Capitol

US Federal Courts and Inter-Branch War Powers

Author: Erica Fields, with Dr. Jasmine Farrier and Dr. Laura Moyer

Department of Political Science- University of Louisville

Introduction

When a separation of powers issue arises between the branches of the United States government, they can seek remedy in the federal courts. This has become especially relevant in the area of war powers. Over the past 40 years, members of Congress have challenged Presidential encroachment of war powers 10 times in the courts.

Purpose

To determine if the rulings in the 10 war powers cases could best be explained by the ideologies of ...


Hybrid Governance In The Arctic: Carving Out A Political Space For Coastal Indigenous Communities In Arctic Emergency Preparedness & Response, Jim Gamble Aug 2015

Hybrid Governance In The Arctic: Carving Out A Political Space For Coastal Indigenous Communities In Arctic Emergency Preparedness & Response, Jim Gamble

ShipArc 2015 Conference

No abstract provided.


The Extension Of The Sixth Amendment Right To Effective Assistance Of Counsel, David Fountain Apr 2014

The Extension Of The Sixth Amendment Right To Effective Assistance Of Counsel, David Fountain

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right of a defendant to be represented by counsel, most importantly to have effective assistance of counsel. Evolving for nearly a century, the current state of the Sixth Amendment is a result of a historic and longstanding relationship that the Court has maintained with the Sixth Amendment resembling a tug-of-war of sorts, a back and forth that is arguably still going strong. Throughout this history the Court has refined what rights the Sixth Amendment entails as well as to what extent these rights should be provided. In accordance with Argersinger v. Hamlin, regarding the deprivation ...


Labor, Management And The Right To Work In America, Jack D. Ham Jr. Mar 2013

Labor, Management And The Right To Work In America, Jack D. Ham Jr.

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Trends And Inconsistencies In Immigration And Refugee Board Case Decisions, Julianna Beaudoin Apr 2011

Trends And Inconsistencies In Immigration And Refugee Board Case Decisions, Julianna Beaudoin

Western Migration Conference Series

The last fifteen years have included dramatic policy changes to the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). These changes are reflected through IRB year-end statistics/graphs and an anthropologically focused discussion that illustrates the need for reform to correct current inconsistencies in the IRB decision-making process.


Panel Discussion Presentation: Everything Is Connected — Why Mexico’S Problems Are Everyone’S Problems On The Colorado River, And The Other Way Around, Bret C. Birdsong Apr 2011

Panel Discussion Presentation: Everything Is Connected — Why Mexico’S Problems Are Everyone’S Problems On The Colorado River, And The Other Way Around, Bret C. Birdsong

North American Energy Water Nexus Roundtable

Panel Discussion: U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Perspectives

Colorado River Compact:

Allocates water among Upper Basin and Lower Basin
- 7.5 maf for each basin
- Extra 1 maf for lower basin

Supplies Mexico first from surplus above total apportionment to upper an lower basins
- If surplus insufficient to supply Mexico, then Mexico’s share supplied equally by upper and lower basins

Upper division states “shall not cause” flow to lower basin to be less than 75 maf in 10 years


Fortress Canada: Circling The Wagons Against Asylum-Seekers, Peter Showler Jan 2011

Fortress Canada: Circling The Wagons Against Asylum-Seekers, Peter Showler

Migration and Ethnic Relations Colloquium Series

No abstract provided.


Nuclear Technologies In The Great Basin Oral History Project, Danielle Endres Apr 2008

Nuclear Technologies In The Great Basin Oral History Project, Danielle Endres

Native American Forum on Nuclear Issues

Abstract:

The United States currently faces a nuclear waste crisis. According to a 2002 report by former Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham, “We have a staggering amount of radioactive waste in this country.”1 The Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that by 2035 the U.S. will have approximately 115,000 metric tons of high-level nuclear waste, which exceeds the capacity of the proposed federal storage site at Yucca Mountain.2 Deciding where and how to store nuclear waste is a significant nuclear, environmental, and health policy issue. The decisions that we make about nuclear waste siting greatly impact the ...


Native American Forum On Nuclear Issues Presenter Biography, Steve Newcomb Apr 2008

Native American Forum On Nuclear Issues Presenter Biography, Steve Newcomb

Native American Forum on Nuclear Issues

Biography


Native American Forum On Nuclear Issues Presenter Biography, Joe Kennedy Apr 2008

Native American Forum On Nuclear Issues Presenter Biography, Joe Kennedy

Native American Forum on Nuclear Issues

Biography


2004-2005 Program Overview, Cedarville University Feb 2005

2004-2005 Program Overview, Cedarville University

The Staley Distinguished Christian Scholar Lecture Program

Lecture Theme: Is Statecraft Soulcraft?: Law, Politics, and Faith in a Liberal Democracy