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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Hezbollah's Nasrallah: The "Great Man" Of The Levant, Nathan William Swanson Jan 2008

Hezbollah's Nasrallah: The "Great Man" Of The Levant, Nathan William Swanson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since its founding in the early 1980s, Hezbollah has become a major political player in Middle East politics. Attempts at explaining the organization's behavior, however, has been largely limited to one theory---that the group's actions are driven by long-time allies and benefactors Iran and Syria. This thesis challenges this "proxy" view of Hezbollah and explores, under the "great men" theory, the influence of the organization's Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah, a charismatic leader with celebrity status across the entire Arab world. This study finds that, while Iran and Syria were defining forces in Hezbollah's early ideologies and actions ...


Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung Jan 2008

Peasant Communities, The First Link Of The Commodity Chain Of Vicuña Fiber, Liliana L. Lay Lisung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Vicuna fiber has a high value in the textile and fashion industry and is seen on the runways of the most selective and luxurious clothing designers in Europe. However, the vicuna fiber process and commodity chain are little known. This thesis presents the commodity chain of vicuna fiber and the positive and negative impacts that vicuna fiber commercialization generates in Peruvian peasant communities. The research, based on in-depth interviews and document analysis, studies the development of this buyer-driven chain, the social actors' roles, and the policies and legislation implemented to preserve vicuna species. In response to consumption demands, the marketing ...


Neoclassical Realism And The Collapse Of The 1994 Agreed Framework, Chase O. Davidson Jan 2008

Neoclassical Realism And The Collapse Of The 1994 Agreed Framework, Chase O. Davidson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The collapse of the 1994 Agreed Framework in early 2003 has had far reaching consequences for the diplomatic relationship of the United States and North Korea. In the following thesis, neoclassical realist theory is applied to the collapse of the Agreed Framework in an effort to gain insight on the importance of domestic level variables in the successful implementation of foreign policy. The thesis also provides a roadmap for American policy makers toward the successful construction of a lasting nuclear agreement between the United States and Democratic People's Republic of Korea.


Post-Cold War Japan-Rok Relations: A Pluralist Approach, Yong Ouk Cho Jan 2008

Post-Cold War Japan-Rok Relations: A Pluralist Approach, Yong Ouk Cho

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The relationship between Japan and the ROK has been volatile in the post-Cold War period. Accounting for why the Japanese-South Korean relationship has combined cooperation and conflict in unexpected ways is a challenging task for international relations theory. The variations of the Japan-ROK relations in the post-Cold War are accounted for if we selectively use and combine different IR theoretical perspectives. This leads us to favor a pluralist approach.


Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang Jan 2008

Framing China: How U.S. Media Reported Eight U.S. State Visits By Top Chinese Leaders, Yao Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examined ways in which eight Chinese leaders' state visits to the United States have been portrayed in terms of coverage and news framing in The New York Times, The Washington Post, Time, and Newsweek. This study included content analysis of both text and photos. It was expected that the content would match the underlying political and economic situations. However, results show coverage does not always fit into economic and political categories. Exceptions occurred when unexpected incidents took place such as protests in the Tiananmen Square Incident. Generally, text coverage was balanced, with positive and negative items in most ...


In Search Of Growth: Neoliberal And Institutional Models For Economic Growth In An Age Of Globalization, Mark David Nieman Jan 2008

In Search Of Growth: Neoliberal And Institutional Models For Economic Growth In An Age Of Globalization, Mark David Nieman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The following study is an examination of the effects of globalization, regime type and macroeconomic policy on economic growth. 90 countries are examined between the years 1975-2003. While there are issues with the use of the proxy variable, the general effects can be explored. These effects are found to differ between high-income and low-income countries. The analysis finds that low-income countries should focus on improving inefficient distribution of services. High-income countries are able to choose from a range macroeconomic policies and are not forced to converge around any one policy.


The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong Jan 2007

The Influence Of Public Relations On News Coverage And Public Perceptions Of Foreign Countries, Hye Hyun Hong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) how government PR activities influence the image of that country in foreign media and publics; and (2) how the public perception of foreign countries is influenced by news coverage. Based on discussions on public diplomacy and second-level agenda-setting theory, this study hypothesized relationships among international public relations, news coverage of foreign countries, and public perceptions of foreign countries.;Secondary data were analyzed from the Foreign Agency Registration Act (FARA) report, and the results of the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (CCFR) survey. Newspaper content analysis was also conducted to reveal the ...


Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun Jan 2007

Us Media And Foreign Policy Making: The Case Study Of The Us Media Coverage On Taiwan, Zhuo Sun

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How does the American press view Taiwan? It is my contention that in foreign policy, the press supports the government, and therefore, the US press echoes the US government. The acknowledgment of the media's political linkage provides a foundation for discussions on the relationship between the media and policy making. In order to answer the question of role of the press in foreign policy making in US with respect to Taiwan, there are three sub-questions I wish to examine: (1) what was American foreign policy toward Taiwan between the years of 1995-2005? (2) What was the attitude of the ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay Jan 2006

States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis attempts to answer what causes dissent in state supreme courts. It also approaches the normative questions of whether dissent in state supreme courts is good or bad for democracy. Within I review relevant literature on state supreme courts, judicial voting behavior and dissent. I also conduct my own study of state supreme courts. I find that limited resources affect nonconsensual opinion writing on state supreme courts. I do this by creating an OLS regression model showing that the employment of law clerks causes more nonconsensual opinions and a larger caseload causes less nonconsensual opinion writing. I also find ...


Agricultural And Trade Policy Reform In Mexico: Procampo, Nafta, And Pre-Gatt , James Mark Hansen Jan 2000

Agricultural And Trade Policy Reform In Mexico: Procampo, Nafta, And Pre-Gatt , James Mark Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Changes in Mexico's domestic agricultural policy (PROCAMPO) and continued liberalization of trade through GATT and NAFTA have had strong effects on Mexico's agricultural production, consumption, and trade with the United States. The main objective of this study is to analyze these effects in Mexico's grain and livestock sectors. Policies within the NAFTA and GATT international trade agreements may overlap to some degree, and Mexico's domestic agricultural liberalization program (PROCAMPO) may include policies that overlap those in one or both of the international trade agreements. This study analyzes the effects of PROCAMPO, NAFTA, and pre-GATT policies compared ...


Un Peacekeeping As A Public Good: Analyses Of The Un Member States' Peacekeeping Financial Contribution Behavior , Hirofumi Shimizu Jan 1999

Un Peacekeeping As A Public Good: Analyses Of The Un Member States' Peacekeeping Financial Contribution Behavior , Hirofumi Shimizu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes UN peacekeeping as a public good. The first chapter discusses the basics of UN peacekeeping: the UN organs involved in peacekeeping, the main characteristics of various types of peace operations, the 50-year history of UN peacekeeping, the financing methods used by the United Nations for its peacekeeping operations. As an attempt to survey the change in suboptimality of UN peacekeeping efforts, the second chapter of this dissertation examines the financial burden-sharing patterns of selected UN member states for the period of 1975-96. Using non-parametric statistical tests, this chapter studies the rank correlation between GDP and share of ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


A Spatial Econometric Model For Transboundary Air Pollution Control Treaties: An Analysis Of Noncooperative International Behavior , Keith Allen Sargent Jan 1997

A Spatial Econometric Model For Transboundary Air Pollution Control Treaties: An Analysis Of Noncooperative International Behavior , Keith Allen Sargent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation develops a theoretical model that explains differences in emission reductions of transboundary air pollutants among nations based on national income, political freedom, the cost of emission reductions, emissions from other countries, the type of pollutant, and the pollutant's dispersion characteristics. The model is based on the theory of the private provision of impure public goods. This theoretical model is then used to derive a reduced form demand equation for emission reductions that can be econometrically estimated using spatial autoregressive techniques for time-series cross-section data;The econometric model is applied to 25 European nations and covers the period ...


A Cross-Sectional Empirical Study Of The Policy Perspective Of American State Juvenile Justice Law Codes , James Mcgaha Jan 1993

A Cross-Sectional Empirical Study Of The Policy Perspective Of American State Juvenile Justice Law Codes , James Mcgaha

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study describes a dichotomized juvenile justice policy, which at the surface preserves the myth of a non-punitive and prevention-oriented system, but analysis reveals the policy perspective of the American state juvenile justice law codes to be punitive nationwide. The absence of Sociological Prevention (non-punitive, systemic change oriented emphasis) across codes nationally suggests further support for the dominance of the punitive perspectives. A separate analysis of California, Illinois, and Iowa codes provides added support for the punitive perspective;Purpose of the study. The purpose of this study is to show the contrasting nature of the juvenile justice policy perspectives. Utilizing ...


Explaining International Voluntary Cooperation Under Anarchy: An Analysis Of Emergent Norm Governed Behavior As Substitute For A Global Sovereign , Daniel Steven Bahr Jan 1990

Explaining International Voluntary Cooperation Under Anarchy: An Analysis Of Emergent Norm Governed Behavior As Substitute For A Global Sovereign , Daniel Steven Bahr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

How can cooperation among states be explained? This study investigates the emergence of norms of cooperation at the international level. It utilizes superordinate conditions to explain voluntary cooperation among state in the absence of a sovereign;Literature relating to the generation of norms at the international level are reviewed from the areas of sociology, social psychology, game theory, and regime theory. Based on the review of the literature, a model employing superordinate goal theory is developed, along with independent and dependent variables;A data set consisting of 26 cases is developed from three category areas covering environmental, economic, and political ...


Measuring The Impacts Of Credit Restrictions On The Trade Performance Of Debtor Nations , Velupillai Premakumar Jan 1990

Measuring The Impacts Of Credit Restrictions On The Trade Performance Of Debtor Nations , Velupillai Premakumar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The interdependence of the developed world economy and that of the third world has been increasingly evident since the debt crisis of the eighties. International trade declined with the consequence of global economic stagnation. One major contributor to the cumulative and self reinforcing nature of the crisis is the trade impacts of the restrictive capital flows. Trade models applied to extract the debt-to-trade linkages have generally over looked the micro economic behavior that lead to the observed macroeconomic performance. Micro economic models abound that examine the theoretical concerns of this issue. This study re-examines the theoretical considerations, especially as they ...


Linkage And Complex Interdependence In The Air: A Study Of The Political Role Of The International Federation Of Air Traffic Controllers' Associations (Ifatca), Gary Wayne Munson Jan 1982

Linkage And Complex Interdependence In The Air: A Study Of The Political Role Of The International Federation Of Air Traffic Controllers' Associations (Ifatca), Gary Wayne Munson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary focus of this thesis is to analyze an international organization (IFATCA) in its role in the international community. Of specific interest to this study will be an examination of the theories of linkage and complex interdependence. These two theories, which will be covered in detail in an ensuing section, will be viewed from the perspective of IFATCA's role in the international environment.


Certain Conflicts In United States Agricultural And Foreign Trade Policies , Alvin E. Coons Jan 1946

Certain Conflicts In United States Agricultural And Foreign Trade Policies , Alvin E. Coons

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.