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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw May 2019

From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Human sex trafficking is an ongoing global rights violation formally recognized since 2000 through the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report, 2016). Using ecological and trauma-informed lenses, this qualitative, retrospective study used participant-centered methods to explore identity, sexuality, relationships, and factors that facilitate/ hindered community reintegration for 15 adult female survivors. Interview transcripts, Photovoice captioned images, and focus groups were analyzed using multi-level conceptual and thematic coding. Participants identified with all aspects of complex trauma, including: dissociation, self-perception/identity, relations with others and systems of meaning. Key themes included losing and regaining power, shame, and ...


An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok Jan 2018

An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Corruption is a well-documented problem in China, as well as many other developed and undeveloped countries across the world. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries that have undergone rapid economic transformation, allowing large amounts of wealth to fall into the hands of a select few individuals. Although corruption has been researched extensively, what is less covered are potential solutions that the country, and others looking to carry out similar reform, could use to combat corruption most effectively. As China has transitioned from a planned economy to a market economy, and the economy has become more powerful than ever, corruption ...


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin Jan 2018

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten Nov 2017

Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth Nov 2017

Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In the 21st century, capital punishment in the United States stands as a peculiar institution. Despite widespread international movements for its abolition, and widespread expert agreement on its ills, the death penalty still persists in the United States. America remains the only country in the Western world to retain the death penalty today. We use it frequently, executing approximately 52 people per year, a rate comparable to both Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The question of why the United States still retains the death penalty has been the subject of debate for decades. Countless historical explanations have been posited, ranging from ...


Shattering The Hire Ceiling: Why Disproportionately Few Women Are Partners At Large Law Firms, Eryn M. Hughes Mar 2017

Shattering The Hire Ceiling: Why Disproportionately Few Women Are Partners At Large Law Firms, Eryn M. Hughes

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite graduating from top law schools and getting hired as associates at competitive law firms at the same rate as men, women are still disproportionately underrepresented in partnership positions in Big Law. This paper investigates supply-side and demand-side explanations for this phenomenon. Through interview-based research and a survey of 437 attorneys, I identify the major contributing factors to this persistent gender gap. My research shows that while women are taking on more at home with regard to childcare and housework than their male colleagues, they are not significantly more interested than men in leaving large law firms despite extant scholarship ...


Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker Mar 2017

Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While campus sexual assault has recently garnered a lot of attention in the United States, there has been less recognition of individuals who experience sexual and gender-based violence outside of the university/college system. Many people who experience sexual violence have never attended a post-secondary institution, or they experienced sexual violence before they were college-aged. Because of this reality, it is important that there are resources and education about sexual violence for people at a younger age. Through an analysis of public policy, interviews with experts in the field, and a survey that I administered, this thesis examines both formal ...


The Democratic Standard Of Care In Tort Law, Gregory Jay Hall Jan 2017

The Democratic Standard Of Care In Tort Law, Gregory Jay Hall

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Social life is inherently risky. Who should bear the costs of accidental harm? That issue has been traditionally addressed in tort legal doctrine under the concept of breach of the negligence standard of care. Trial courts provide juries with instructions that, put roughly, direct the jury to decide whether the defendant’s conduct fell below what a reasonably prudent person would have done if in the defendant’s circumstances. Without further judicial direction on that issue, the jury effectively has excessive discretion in rendering a verdict. Such discretion, opens the door for at least two kinds of potential injustice. Juries ...


American Reconstitution: How The States Stabilize American Constitutional Development, Robinson Woodward-Burns Jan 2017

American Reconstitution: How The States Stabilize American Constitutional Development, Robinson Woodward-Burns

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The American Constitution is exceptionally stable. Americans have proposed and ratified only one national constitution with only twenty-seven amendments. In contrast, the American states have proposed 354 constitutions, held 250 conventions, and ratified 146 constitutions with at least 5,900 amendments. Why is the federal Constitution so much more stable than the state constitutions? Many scholars cite the federal Constitution’s higher procedural barriers to revision. But this dissertation asserts that ongoing state constitutional revision resolves national constitutional controversies, preempting federal constitutional amendment and quieting national inter-branch conflict. The dissertation tests this claim in two ways. First, it compares all ...


Constitutionalizing Health: Rights, Democracy And The Political Economy Of Health Policy, Matthew M. Kavanagh Jan 2017

Constitutionalizing Health: Rights, Democracy And The Political Economy Of Health Policy, Matthew M. Kavanagh

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In recent decades there has been an increasing trend toward “constitutionalizing” health—identifying health as a right in national constitutions. Today more than half of written constitutions in the world contain such a right. Whether that is good, bad, or immaterial for the production of population health, however, is much debated. Does constitutionalization improve wellbeing or might it simply distract from or distort good health policy? This dissertation uses a nested analysis that pairs a large-N statistical analysis of 40 years of global health data with in-depth interviews with over 165 policymakers, activists, elected officials, lawyers, and judges in South ...


A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu Apr 2016

A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu

Honors Theses (PPE)

NASA has released an account of the agency's plans for a mission to Mars. Private organizations, like SpaceX, too have expressed a goal to visit or, in some cases, even establish settlements on Mars. Yet the prospect of establishing settlements, that is, colonizing - as opposed to simply exploring - raises a number of issues. The focus of this study is on the emergence of institutions and organizations on an extraterrestrial planet like Mars. Specifically, the thesis will explore the conscious design of organizations and institutions of collective action, from the Constitutional Political Economy perspective.


The Planner In Action: China’S Influence As A Developing And Non-Market Economy On The Wto, Lauren Shapiro Apr 2016

The Planner In Action: China’S Influence As A Developing And Non-Market Economy On The Wto, Lauren Shapiro

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Chinese accession to the World Trade Organization in 2001 forever altered the international economy as it marked the political-economic diversification of international trade negotiations and law. Before the implications of Chinese accession became apparent, scholars predicted that Chinese WTO membership would greatly affect the Organization. While this thesis agrees with this general sentiment, it insists that China’s effect on the WTO is not wholly negative or positive and requires a nuanced, sub-institutional assessment to understand. Qualifying and expanding upon scholars’ pre-2001 predictions, this thesis argues that for the most part, China did not proactively cause instances of institutional weakness ...


Responsive Government And Duties Of Conscience, Robert C. Hughes May 2015

Responsive Government And Duties Of Conscience, Robert C. Hughes

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

Many political philosophers have defended the importance of enabling citizens to participate in law-making. Some argue that widespread citizen participation makes the law making process more likely to produce just law.1 Others argue that government must enable citizens to participate in law-making for law to be legitimate or to have legitimate authority.2 Still others argue that government must give citizens an equal share of political power in order to express equal respect for them.3 I will not dispute any of these arguments, but I believe they need to be supplemented, in part because they do not fully ...


The Effect Of Entry Regulation In The Health Care Sector: The Case Of Home Health, Daniel Polsky, Guy David, Jianing Yang, Bruce Kinosian, Rachel M. Werner Feb 2014

The Effect Of Entry Regulation In The Health Care Sector: The Case Of Home Health, Daniel Polsky, Guy David, Jianing Yang, Bruce Kinosian, Rachel M. Werner

Health Care Management Papers

The consequences of government regulation in the post-acute care sector are not well understood. We examine the effect of entry regulation on quality of care in home health care by analyzing the universe of hospital discharges during 2006 for publicly insured beneficiaries (about 4.5 million) and subsequent home health admissions to determine whether there is a significant difference in home health utilization, hospital readmission rates, and health care expenditures in states with and without Certificate of Need laws (CON) regulating entry. We identify these effects by looking across regulated and nonregulated states within Hospital Referral Regions, which characterize well-defined ...


The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman Jan 2012

The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

During President Roosevelt's first term in office (1932-1936) the Supreme Court ruled several landmark New Deal measures unconstitutional; a handful of these decisions were by 5-4 margins. It all changed in 1937, when swing Justice Owen Roberts voted to affirm a minimum wage statute in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish; a year earlier he had voted against minimum wage legislation in a similar case.

This "switch in time that saved nine" has no established consensus that explains its occurrence. Some have posited that President Roosevelt's "court packing" legislation forced Roberts's hand, while other have argued that ...


The Political Economy Of War Finance, Rosella Cappella Jan 2012

The Political Economy Of War Finance, Rosella Cappella

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

What explains the variation in how states pay for war? Leaders must choose between four primary means of war finance: taxation, domestic debt, external extraction, and printing. Each alternative has different political and economic costs and benefits. Borrowing compounds the cost of war through high interest rates; printing can result in disastrous inflation; taxation combats high inflation and minimizes cost yet can be politically damaging; while garnering money from abroad invites outside influence and fosters dependency. Conventional wisdom suggests that regime type dictates war finance strategy. However, based on statistical analysis of a novel data set and in-depth case studies ...


How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles Apr 2011

How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Congresswomen of color yield a distinct policy impact in Congress through their perspectives as women and as Americans of color, and through the mix of congressional tools they most often use. Both despite and through the legislative process and the institutional leadership positions they hold, they are able to influence policy by engaging with the executive branch. These more frequently utilized tools include scrutinizing and pressuring the executive branch as advocates, critics and advisers, and public outreach to generate more inclusive and better-informed policymaking. These congresswomen often specifically address substantive interests that are especially pronounced for people of color around ...


First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn Apr 2011

First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past fourteen years, the Supreme Court has ruled three separate times on the constitutionality of Federal Farm Promotion Programs under the First Amendment. The challenge has been that the programs, which fund generic advertisements such as “Got Milk?” and “Beef: It’s What’s For Dinner,” compel the subsidization of objectionable speech from private producers. The answers handed down from the Court have been conflicting, but each has contributed to the new, still-emerging “government speech doctrine.” In the most recent case, Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005), the Court ruled that the speech in question was completely governmental ...


"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme Jan 2001

"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"'To End This Day of Strife': Churchwomen and the Campaign for Integration, 1920-1970," explores the development and significance of a race relations agenda within a national interdenominational and interracial organization of women, known today as Church Women United (CWU). This project examines the role the organization played in the expansion of a moral language of race that reached across region, race and denomination. The keys to this expansion were twofold: First, the participation of African American churchwomen in the organization from its beginnings stimulated dialogue and action; and second, the missionary legacy of white churchwomen, which, despite its initial imperialist ...


An American Perspective On Belgian And British Environmental Law Within Europe, Eric W. Orts Jan 1999

An American Perspective On Belgian And British Environmental Law Within Europe, Eric W. Orts

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

It is unusual these days for an American to offer an outsider's view of a comparative topic that does not involve the United States either as one side of the comparison or an interested party. One does not need to look to disagreements over policies regarding NATO, Bosnia, or Iraq to find this tendency. As Europeans know only too well, we Americans are often parochial in our views, if not isolationist. The recent success of the U.S. economy as compared to Europe and Asia has not helped us to lose an unjustified sense of our own primacy. A ...


Vietnam And The Press, Michael X. Delli Carpini Jan 1990

Vietnam And The Press, Michael X. Delli Carpini

Departmental Papers (ASC)

No abstract provided.