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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Between Politics And Science: The Dilemma Of Reason, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker, Zoran S. Nikolić Jan 2014

Between Politics And Science: The Dilemma Of Reason, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker, Zoran S. Nikolić

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Curiosity, our deepest inner intellectual need and concern brought about what we today call science. This Article will try to address the problem of the interrelation between politics and science. There is no need to discuss which of the two came first, but rather the real question is to what extent can science influence the political process? Can it help proper decision-making and, if it can, to what extent? Decision-making is most often prefixed with the term political. Can the intellectual class representing the world of science have an influence on political decision-making? As C. Wright Mills rightly noticed, if ...


Model Švajcarskog Federalizma, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2012

Model Švajcarskog Federalizma, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Sa širenjem Evropske unije ka jugoistoku, odnosno u pravcu mnoštva članica bivše Jugoslavije, vrlo je verovatno da će se njene institucije, koje se karakterišu suprotnostima i nejednakošću, pokazati kao nesposobne za suočavanje sa teretom koji sa sobom nosi jedna efikasna i demokratska vladavina. Evropska unija moraće da reguje brzo kako bi se rešila inherentnog demokratskog deficita koji postoji u njenim političkim institucijama. Ako želi da ukloni jaz koji je nastao između njenih institucija i biračkog tela, Evropska unija (EU) moraće suštinski da reorganizuje strukturu datih institucija. Približavanjem ideje proširenja EU stvarnosti, ovaj fundamentalni zahtev postaće neizbežan, ukoliko nova, proširena EU ...


Customary International Law In The 21st Century: Old Challenges And New Debates, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2010

Customary International Law In The 21st Century: Old Challenges And New Debates, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

This Article will survey the new scholarship that has emerged in international law to challenge the two traditional sources of customary norms, state practice and opinio juris. With the recent growth, in the international system, of self-contained international criminal tribunals, new challenges facing international law have emerged. Institutionally structured as self-contained legal regimes, international legal tribunals such as the ICTY, ICTR, and now the ICC have nevertheless contributed to a new paradigm within international law. The jurisprudence of these international criminal tribunals, on a wide range of international legal questions, has slowly begun to be elevated into norms of customary ...


Towards A New Transitional Justice Model: Assessing The Serbian Case, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2009

Towards A New Transitional Justice Model: Assessing The Serbian Case, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Given the “third wave” of democratic development and entrenchment that has taken hold around the world within the past three decades, the topic of how these transitioning societies cope with the legacy of atrocity and criminality that often accompany authoritarian rule has taken on a fresh salience. The structural, ethical, legal, and political problems faced during such transitions have become the topic of a burgeoning “transitional justice” sub-field within the fields of Law and Political Science. This Article will survey key episodes of transitional justice in various countries since the 1970s, and then apply the lessons gleaned to the transition ...


Proportionality In The Criminal Law: The Differing American Versus Canadian Approaches To Punishment, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2008

Proportionality In The Criminal Law: The Differing American Versus Canadian Approaches To Punishment, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

The focus of this Article shall be upon the Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution and s. 12 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, both of which prohibit “cruel and unusual punishment”; and their effect on mandatory criminal sentencing (via penal statute) in the two countries. The Article shall begin by briefly explain the differences between the jurisdictional application of criminal justice in the United States and Canada. The Article will next present and explain the American Eighth Amendment approach to the constitutionality of mandatory criminal sentencing and contrast this to the Canadian s. 12 approach to ...


Racial Formation In Quebec: A Legal Retospective, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker Jan 2008

Racial Formation In Quebec: A Legal Retospective, Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

This Article shall use the experience of the Quebecois in Canada to survey the linkage between cultural formation and race in Quebecois racial identity, and then map out these linkages and their relations to the political and legal discourse that has emerged in Canada on the place of the Quebecois in the country. Cultural formation and racial formation are unmistakably linked. Specific social and linguistic separatism can over time crystallize into racial formation, especially if aided by official government recognition and legal codification. As this Article shall demonstrate, the verification of this idea can be clearly seen the experience of ...