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Latin American Studies

2011

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2011

The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

In 2011, the OECD turned fifty. To provide a broad foundation for further thinking on this organization, we analyse its evolution over half a century from two perspectives: phases in the international political economy and the literature on IPE. By so doing, we uncover two paradoxes. Firstly, we find that the organization’s evolution closely mirrored major phases in the postwar international political economy until recently. However, the OECD’s long-term dependence on theWest has now become an obstacle to its efforts to adapt to the latest phase, characterised by the rise of non-Western powers. Secondly, we show that, during ...


Bringing The Outside In: An Examination Of Non-Governmental Aid Organizations In Buenos Aires, Elisabeth B. Tilstra Dec 2011

Bringing The Outside In: An Examination Of Non-Governmental Aid Organizations In Buenos Aires, Elisabeth B. Tilstra

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


La Agenda Internacional De América Latina: Entre Nuevas Y Viejas Alianzas, Günther Maihold Oct 2011

La Agenda Internacional De América Latina: Entre Nuevas Y Viejas Alianzas, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

A pesar de la retórica internacional de calificar cualquier vínculo interestatal de importancia como asociación estratégica, la relación entre América Latina y sus socios tradicionales, como Estados Unidos y la Unión Europea, parece haber atravesado una etapa de desencanto. El interés de estos últimos en profundizar la cooperación económica y política con América Latina ha sufrido un debilitamiento, ya que otras regiones del mundo acapararon más su atención y sus intereses económicos, políticos o militares. Al mismo tiempo, otros actores mundiales, como China y Rusia, han tomado en consideración el importante potencial político y económico de América Latina y han ...


“Necesitamos Amar La Autonomía”: Los Retos Que Enfrenta El Desarrollo Autonómico De La Raas, Joshua L. Mayer Oct 2011

“Necesitamos Amar La Autonomía”: Los Retos Que Enfrenta El Desarrollo Autonómico De La Raas, Joshua L. Mayer

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Twenty-four years after the passage of the Autonomy Law (Ley 28) by the Nicaraguan National Assembly, the Southern Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAS) continues to struggle to exercise its newfound rights and fill the space provided to it. Especially in the five years since President Daniel Ortega took office for the second time and began an earnest effort to reinforce the autonomy kept weak over the past sixteen years, the internal challenges facing the region’s ability to assert itself in its own political and economic development have become increasingly clear. This project aims to highlight these challenges as a synthesis ...


Nicaragua 1979-1990. La Revolución Enredada. 2ª Edición., Salvador Marti I Puig Sep 2011

Nicaragua 1979-1990. La Revolución Enredada. 2ª Edición., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

El libro consta de dos partes. La primera analiza el proceso revolucionario acontecido en Nicaragua durante 1979 hasta la llegada de Violeta Barrios de Chamorro a la Presidencia, en 1990. En este período el trabajo señala las transformaciones sociales, políticas y económicas, así como la dinámica bélica (financiada por los Estados Unidos) presente durante toda la década. La segunda muestra las políticas de reforma agraria impulsadas por el FSLN y su impacto en las zonas rurales del interior, espacio dónde aparece la base social del ejército contrarrevolucionario conocido como "La Contra".


'The Earth Is Crying Out In Pains Of Childbirth': Bauxite Mining And Sustainable Rural Development In The Brazilian Atlantic Forest, Lena R. Connor Sep 2011

'The Earth Is Crying Out In Pains Of Childbirth': Bauxite Mining And Sustainable Rural Development In The Brazilian Atlantic Forest, Lena R. Connor

Environmental Analysis Program Mellon Student Summer Research Reports

In 2003, residents of the Serra do Brigadeiro Territory, a rural region of Southeastern Brazil in one of the few remaining patches of the Atlantic Forest, learned of a large number of bauxite concessions in their territory given by the federal government to the prominent Companhia Brasileira de Alumínio (CBA), Brazil’s largest aluminum producer. Because the region prides itself on its small-scale agriculture and its lush natural environment, the mining has been the source of much contention in the community. Introduced to the topic by the international conservation non-profit and research center, Iracambi, I spent two months in the ...


Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr. Aug 2011

Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr.

Judith Clifton

History can provide invaluable insights into important issues of the economic and social regulation of utilities, and offer lessons towards future debates. But the history of utility regulation – which speaks of changing, diverse and complex experiences around the world – was, unfortunately, sidelined or marginalised when economists and policymakers enthusiastically embraced the question of how to reform the utilities from the 1970s. This paper provides an overview of the three, overarching, `waves' of utility regulation from the nineteenth century to the present, documenting how, when and why the ways in which the roles of the state, the market and firms altered ...


From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Aug 2011

From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

One of the consequences of major regulatory reform of the telecommunications sector from the end of the 1970s – particularly, privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation – was the establishment of a new business environment which permitted former national telecommunications monopolies to expand abroad. From the 1990s, a number of these firms, particularly those based in Europe, joined the rankings of the world's leading multinational corporations. Their internationalisation was uneven, however: while some firms internationalised strongly, others ventured abroad much slower. This article explores how the regulatory framework within which telecommunications incumbents evolved over the long-term shaped their subsequent, uneven, paths to internationalisation ...


The Absent Empire: The United States And The South American Regional Subsystem, Carlos Gustavo Poggio Teixerira Jul 2011

The Absent Empire: The United States And The South American Regional Subsystem, Carlos Gustavo Poggio Teixerira

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The United States often acted in Latin America as an empire. Nevertheless, there has been an obvious dissimilarity between US actions in South America and US actions in the rest of Latin America, which is illustrated by the fact that the United States never sent troops to invade a South American country. While geographic distance and strategic considerations may have played a role, they provide at best incomplete explanations for US relative absence south of Panama. The fact that the United States has had a distinct pattern of interactions with South America is thus not captured by the typical concept ...


Avanzando En La Integración De América Latina: Elementos Jurídico - Económicos Para La Construcción De Una Propuesta En Materia De Convergencia, Iván A. Rojas V Jun 2011

Avanzando En La Integración De América Latina: Elementos Jurídico - Económicos Para La Construcción De Una Propuesta En Materia De Convergencia, Iván A. Rojas V

Iván Rojas V

En un escenario comercial caracterizado por el auge de Acuerdos de Libre Comercio (ALC) en América Latina y el mundo – conocido como Spaghetti Bowl – la búsqueda de alternativas para la reducción de la complejidad jurídica y económica que implica la proliferación de ALC, es en la actualidad uno de los temas relevantes en el contexto académico y político regional.
Existen algunos estudios, iniciativas y propuestas preliminares para abordar el tema de la convergencia en América Latina y el Caribe, como discusiones y aportes teóricos de expertos y entidades locales y regionales que son un insumo fundamental para la discusión.
Al ...


U.S. Appellate Court Ruling Deals Fatal Blow To Argentina Brady Bond Debt Swap, Mark J. Calaguas Jun 2011

U.S. Appellate Court Ruling Deals Fatal Blow To Argentina Brady Bond Debt Swap, Mark J. Calaguas

Mark J Calaguas

No abstract provided.


A New Socialist World In Latin America?, Dana R. Ramos May 2011

A New Socialist World In Latin America?, Dana R. Ramos

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

During the last decade, the left-turn, or pink tide, in Latin America has caused many scholars to seek to explain what has fueled the political gains of leftist parties in this region. One of the main challenges is to try and define what constitutes a leftist party or a left agenda. There is a wide spectrum when it comes to classifying left-right placement ideologies and the distinction may be based on both economic and social values' differences. This study will examine a number of competing theories concerning left-right placement of three case studies: Bolivia, Venezuela, and Colombia. These three case ...


Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer Apr 2011

Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to answer the broad question: how does drug funding affect rebel group goals? More specifically, it explores why rebel groups reliant upon substantial narcotics-related revenue tend to be non-separatist in nature. The thesis tests three cases against five hypotheses in order gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that produce non-separatist goals among drug-funded rebel groups. This includes an examination the development of narcotics-fueled war economies, the role of state weakness in civil war, the reasons for non-separatist conflict perpetuation, as well as the discipline problems that arise as a result of a rebel group’s involvement ...


Women Leadership And Political Power In Lating America: A Focus On Argentina, Jazi Hiriart Apr 2011

Women Leadership And Political Power In Lating America: A Focus On Argentina, Jazi Hiriart

Undergraduate Research Conference

As is the trend in the rest of the world, women have historically been seriously under represented in leadership and political positions in Latin America. This situation hinders not only representation but democracy, political equality, and justice. An investigation of the specific historical, social, and political problems women face in order to gain political power aids in fully understanding this issue.

Argentina yields a series of lessons that are worth highlighting, as they have helped to buck this trend.


No Me Conoces: Integración Social De Refugiados Colombianos En Quito, Anna Luberoff Apr 2011

No Me Conoces: Integración Social De Refugiados Colombianos En Quito, Anna Luberoff

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

¿Qué significa ser refugiado? Técnicamente, una persona es un refugiado cuando está en una situación de peligro en su país de origen, mientras que un migrante es una persona que se mudó de su país de origen principalmente por razones económicas. Según la definición técnica de ACNUR, un refugiado es una persona que:

“debido a fundados temores de ser perseguida por motivos de raza, religión, nacionalidad, pertenencia a determinado grupo social u opiniones políticas, se encuentre fuera del país de su nacionalidad y no pueda o, a causa de dichos temores, no quiera acogerse a la protección de tal país ...


Una América Varias Integraciones: Retos De La Integración Latinoamericana Desde La Fragmentación Y La Convergencia., Iván A. Rojas V Mar 2011

Una América Varias Integraciones: Retos De La Integración Latinoamericana Desde La Fragmentación Y La Convergencia., Iván A. Rojas V

Iván Rojas V

Durante los últimos años la dinámica de la integración mundial se ha trasladado de los procesos multilaterales al auge de los procesos bilaterales. La aparición de numerosas negociaciones traducidas en Tratados de Libre Comercio (TLC), en particular en América Latina y el Caribe con el resto del mundo, han generado un entramado y superposición de TLC y por ende de compromisos jurídico económicos en materia comercial y no comercial (Spaghetti Bowl), que hacen cada vez más compleja las relaciones comerciales, y el papel de los Estados en la administración de los tratados, el respeto de los compromisos internacionales y las ...


The Emergence Of Latin America: A Break With History?, Mauricio Cardenas Mar 2011

The Emergence Of Latin America: A Break With History?, Mauricio Cardenas

Lectures/Events (BMW)

The idea is to discuss recent economic and social trends in Latin America, many of which defy the conventional wisdom in the U.S. about the region. At the same time, the region is divided between two ideological camps, so progress will not be uniform between countries. Understanding the origins and implications of the ideological divide is crucial.


Wikileaks Y América Latina: El "Discurso Oculto" De Los Poderosos (O James Scott Patas Arriba)., Salvador Marti I Puig Feb 2011

Wikileaks Y América Latina: El "Discurso Oculto" De Los Poderosos (O James Scott Patas Arriba)., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

l objetivo de este texto no es añadir un nueva opinión sobre lo que sucedió con Wikileaks, sino analizar el fenómeno de Wikileaks a través de los conceptos de James Scott para ver la dinámica que subyace cotidianamente entre los poderosos y los dominados. Para ello es preciso cambiar el ángulo de visión que suele presentar Scott, el cual pone énfasis en la forma de pensar, hablar, imaginar y actuar de los dominados en sus relaciones frente a los poderosos. En este trabajo se expone la cara contraria: la perspectiva desacomplejada del poder por parte de los “dominadores” –o los ...


El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Jan 2011

El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

Se presenta una revisión de los títulos publicados hasta 2009 que han analizado la situación de la ciencia política en México o algún aspecto de ésta. Destaca el crecimiento y la diversificación de autores e instituciones, de las revistas publicadas y de los enfoques y temas recurrentes. Hasta fines de los años noventa se ven autores recurrentes y momentos de auge en las publicaciones asociados a coyunturas como congresos, procesos de modificación a planes de estudio, etc., Después de estos años hay la emergencia de nuevos autores y enfoques de estudio, y que el desarrollo de estos trabajos en su ...


"Pienso, Luego Estorbo" España: Crisis E Indignación, Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 2011

"Pienso, Luego Estorbo" España: Crisis E Indignación, Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

España cambió profundamente en los últimos 30 años. A resultas de ello el país apareció en el escenario internacional como un ejemplo exitoso de transición y consolidación democrática y también de de “milagro” económico. A nivel político el estado consolidó sus instituciones representativas y desplegó con éxito un proceso de descentralización, y la ciudadanía manifestó de forma sostenida y continuada su apoyo al régimen democrático. Sin embargo durante las segunda mitad del mes de mayo de 2011, irrumpió un movimiento social –conocido como el movimiento 15M o de los Indignados- que protestó ruidosa y masivamente contra la clase política, la ...


The Sandinistas And Nicaragua Since 1979., Salvador Marti I Puig, David Close, Shelley Mcconnell Jan 2011

The Sandinistas And Nicaragua Since 1979., Salvador Marti I Puig, David Close, Shelley Mcconnell

Salvador Marti i Puig

No abstract provided.


La Democracia En México. Un Análisis A 10 Años De La Alternancia., Salvador Marti I Puig, Reynaldo Y. Ortega, Fernanda Somuano Jan 2011

La Democracia En México. Un Análisis A 10 Años De La Alternancia., Salvador Marti I Puig, Reynaldo Y. Ortega, Fernanda Somuano

Salvador Marti i Puig

Este libro presenta un estudio extenso y riguroso de los temas más relevantes de la sociedad y la política mexicana. Con esta pretensión el trabajo que tienen en las manos expone un análisis de la calidad de la democracia (tanto en el ámbito nacional como estatal), investiga sobre la participación de los mexicanos en las redes sociales y en las protestas, explora sobre su identidad partidista y el problema del clientelismo y, finalmente, establece un debate sobre el impacto de la «epidemia del crimen» y la violación de los derechos humanos sobre el sistema político. Los trabajos que aquí se ...


Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson Jan 2011

Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson

Robert Andrew Nickson

In the light of the decentralisation process now under way in Latin America, this paper seeks to address the direction of local government in the region. It proposes two Weberian ideal types of local government systems – ‘managerial’ and ‘governmental’. Ten basic features of local government systems are then used as a template to ‘situate’ Latin American local government within this typology. On the basis of this comparative framework, the paper tentatively concludes that the ‘managerial’ type of local government is gaining ground in the region.


Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier Jan 2011

Explaining The Rise Of The Left In Latin America, Luisa Blanco, Robin Grier

School of Public Policy Working Papers

Latin American politics has taken a left-hand turn in the last decade, with an increasing number of chief executives hailing from left-of-center parties. We investigate the political and socio-economic factors explaining political ideology of the chief executive in a sample of 100 elections taking place between 1975 and 2007 in eighteen Latin American countries. We find that the commodity booms in agricultural, mining and oil are positively and significantly related to the probability that a country will have a chief executive from a left-of-center political party. However, for oil exports, we observe that this effect only holds for Venezuela. We ...


Women's Political Mobilization In Argentina Stemming From The Last Military Dictatorship, Fay Walker Jan 2011

Women's Political Mobilization In Argentina Stemming From The Last Military Dictatorship, Fay Walker

Richter Research Abroad Student Scholarship

I went to Buenos Aires in the summer of 2011 to research the effect of Las Madres de Plaza de Mayo on women in modern day politics. I became interested in how Las Madres used their roles as mothers to garner international attention toward their cause. However, upon arriving in Argentina, my research began to shift. Argentina has some of the highest levels of female involvement in politics in the world, and currently has a female President. I interviewed women involved in academia, journalism, social organizations and partisan politics in regards to their history and experiences as women in politics ...


The Threat To Democracy In Brazil's Public Sphere, Daniel Nettuno Jan 2011

The Threat To Democracy In Brazil's Public Sphere, Daniel Nettuno

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis looks at the nature of violence with its endemic, and increasingly epidemic, presence in Brazil. I analyze the structure of the justice system, police force, and the many governmental security programs in order to better explain why Brazil is so violent and its government has been unable to control this violence. Living under violent conditions, Brazil has become a society where the efficient functioning of the public sphere has been undermined. This public space, shared by citizens, is what many academics believe to be a critical component of a robust and functioning democracy. In Brazil, it is shown ...


The Drug War In Mexico: Consequences For Mexico's Nascent Democracy, Katrina M. Weeks Jan 2011

The Drug War In Mexico: Consequences For Mexico's Nascent Democracy, Katrina M. Weeks

CMC Senior Theses

In recent years Mexico has been confronted with accelerating levels of violence related to drug trafficking organizations and counter-drug efforts. This paper examines the consequences of Mexico’s current drug trafficking situation on the country’s fledging democracy. In particular, the impact of the drug war on Mexico’s democratic consolidation is evaluated through civil-military relations, the judicial system, and the press. Conclusions about the prospects for Mexico’s nascent democracy are then examined.


Cuban Medical Internationalism: A Case For International Solidarity In Foreign Policy Decision Making, Eric James Fiske Jan 2011

Cuban Medical Internationalism: A Case For International Solidarity In Foreign Policy Decision Making, Eric James Fiske

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the beginning of the Revolutionary government in Cuba, a comprehensive foreign policy involving medical personal and equipment has been implemented worldwide. Known as medical internationalism, thousands of doctors have been sent to developed and less developed nations in the spirit of solidarity and humanitarian aid. Even more, thousands of students have been given free medical education in Cuba at its world renowned university, the Latin American School of Medicine (ELAM). Often, no monetary or direct political gain is made by Cuba and the doctors simply receive their normal government salary. While the success of Cuba's medical internationalism is ...


Elections And Tensions And Constitutions! Oh, My! A Process-Oriented Analysis Of Bolivian Democratization From 1993 To 2009, Laurel Kristin Dwyer Jan 2011

Elections And Tensions And Constitutions! Oh, My! A Process-Oriented Analysis Of Bolivian Democratization From 1993 To 2009, Laurel Kristin Dwyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many Latin American countries which underwent democratic regime transformations within the last thirst years have seemingly stalled. Unable to meet the demands of their citizens, which grow increasingly restless and confrontational, they have become subjected to a series of economic and political crises. Contemporary democratic theorists are at a loss to explain why this region has failed to deepen over time. The purpose of this paper is threefold: it questions the analytic utility of contemporary liberal and representative models, it argues for the inclusion of an alternative process-oriented model provided by Charles Tilly (2007), and tests this model through a ...