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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

On The Need For Human Rights To Constitute Structural Change: Lessons For Colombia From The Arab Spring’S Failures, Anthony Chase Oct 2019

On The Need For Human Rights To Constitute Structural Change: Lessons For Colombia From The Arab Spring’S Failures, Anthony Chase

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

Transitional processes have nowhere failed as spectacularly than in the wake of the Arab Spring's "revolutions." Contrary to popular expectations, these revolutions gave way to counter-revolutions rather than transitions to democracy and pluralistic politics. This article argues that, by settling for transitions to mere formal democracies, an opportunity was lost to engage in necessary structural change. While understandable that transitional processes shied away from addressing controversial issues -- including how to translate diversity in religious, gender, sexual, and ideological domains into the foundation of new political communities -- not doing so was a fatal error as it left untouched preexisting structures ...


The Impacts Of Warming Coffee: The Climate Change-Coffee-Migration Nexus In The Northern Triangle Of Central America, Connor Lynch Oct 2019

The Impacts Of Warming Coffee: The Climate Change-Coffee-Migration Nexus In The Northern Triangle Of Central America, Connor Lynch

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

As climate change continues to threaten every corner of the world, millions of people find their livelihoods and food security at risk as a result of a warming planet. With their human right to livelihood and adequate nutrition at threat, some make the difficult decision to emigrate in search of economic security. The climate change-migration nexus is illustrated in this poster presentation which shows how slow-onset effects of climate change jeopardize the production of coffee in the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA), a region that is particularly vulnerable. Thousands of people who depend on coffee production around Guatemala, Honduras ...


Table Of Contents Sep 2019

Table Of Contents

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

No abstract provided.


Foreword Sep 2019

Foreword

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

No abstract provided.


Recent U.S. And International Assessment Of Baltic Security Developments, Bert Chapman Sep 2019

Recent U.S. And International Assessment Of Baltic Security Developments, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to analyse Baltic security developments from U.S. government and military resources, scholarly journal articles, and multinational public policy research institute assessments. METHODS: The aim is to analyse the content and rhetoric within these resources to learn how those producing these materials view Baltic security developments and their viewpoints on how the U.S. and its allies should respond to these developments focusing on increasing Russian regional assertiveness. RESULTS: The author provides interpretations of Baltic security developments, Russian Baltic policy, and U.S. and NATO responses to these developments in materials produced by ...


Women’S Political Participation And Grassroots Democratic Sustainability In Osun State, Nigeria (2010-2015), Isola Abidemi Abiola Sep 2019

Women’S Political Participation And Grassroots Democratic Sustainability In Osun State, Nigeria (2010-2015), Isola Abidemi Abiola

Journal of Interdisciplinary Feminist Thought

Studies on Osun State and women's representation in both the federal and state levels and in the legislative and executive arms of government indicated it has the second highest women's representation in South West, Nigeria. This gives an impression that democracy is being sustained at the grassroots. However, the fact on the ground is to the contrary, especially when compared with their male counterparts and their representation in government. Therefore, this study explores women's political participation and grassroots democratic sustainability in Osun State, Nigeria from 1999 to 2015.This study adopted survey research design. Data were collected ...


Empowerment, Resistance And The Birth Control Pill: A Feminist Analysis Of Contraception In The Developing World, Abigail S. Trombley Sep 2019

Empowerment, Resistance And The Birth Control Pill: A Feminist Analysis Of Contraception In The Developing World, Abigail S. Trombley

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

The vast majority of literature on the use of contraception focuses on its frequently documented connection to socioeconomic development. Thus, contraception has become a favored programmatic element of western organizations that deliver it to women in the developing world. I analyze discourse from transnational organizations that advocate for women’s use of birth control in the developing world, as well as deliver contraceptive services themselves, in order to uncover the dominance of liberal, capitalist assumptions therein. A primary consequence of this discourse is the reconstruction of colonial relations between the global north and global south. My alternative analysis, informed by ...


Till Death Do Us Part: Will Longstanding Rivalry Impede The Ethnic Coalition Of Isis And Al Qaeda?, Bianca L. Pergher Sep 2019

Till Death Do Us Part: Will Longstanding Rivalry Impede The Ethnic Coalition Of Isis And Al Qaeda?, Bianca L. Pergher

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

According to Dr. Tricia Bacon’s and Dr. Elizabeth Grimm Arsenault’s, “Al Qaeda and the Islamic State's Break: Strategic Strife or Lackluster Leadership?,”the “strategic differences between Al Qaeda and ISIS were not sufficient to cause the split,” the strife that ensued between al Nusra and ISIS caused this complex alliance to rupture. Osama bin Laden’s effective leadership aligned a terrorist network that amassed rebel groups for the global jihadist cause. Unlike bin Laden’s elitist view to destabilize the West, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi believed the principal enemies of the jihadist movement were Shiites for their false ...


Pi Gamma Mu News Sep 2019

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Plan To Attend The 2020 Pi Gamma Mu Triennial International Convention Sep 2019

Plan To Attend The 2020 Pi Gamma Mu Triennial International Convention

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


International Social Science Review Submission & Publication Guide Sep 2019

International Social Science Review Submission & Publication Guide

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


5th Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference At Reinhardt University Sep 2019

5th Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference At Reinhardt University

International Social Science Review

The Georgia Rho Chapter of Pi Gamma Mu invites undergraduate students to participate in the 5th Annual Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Undergraduate Research Conference at Reinhardt University on Friday, October 25, 2019. The event is free and is open to undergraduate Social Science students who wish to participate in a poster presentation of their research. The half-day event will include a poster session for undergraduate students to present research, a keynote address, and roundtable discussions.


The Block Beautification Project: Three Years Later, Kenneth C. Clemons Sep 2019

The Block Beautification Project: Three Years Later, Kenneth C. Clemons

International Social Science Review

This article provides an update to the 2017 piece, Community Based Project: The Block Beautification Project: One Artist’s Work to Help Make West Baltimore Beautiful, sharing the status of the West Baltimore art installations three years later.


Extended Commentary: Administrative Failures: The Immigration Detention Centers And Abu Ghraib Prison, Allison G.S. Knox Sep 2019

Extended Commentary: Administrative Failures: The Immigration Detention Centers And Abu Ghraib Prison, Allison G.S. Knox

International Social Science Review

The Trump Administration’s immigration policy regarding the separation of families at the border has horrified Americans. Numerous reports have also been published to argue that the detention centers are mismanaged with allegations of potential human rights abuses taking place. The issues surrounding the detention centers are similar to another scandal Americans have already seen: the human rights abuses that took place in Iraq at the Abu Ghraib Prison. At the core of this issue is likely an administrative failure following the ill-fated policy that many say is immoral and unjust.


Book Review: Marshall Plan Modernism: Italian Postwar Abstraction And The Beginnings Of Autonomia By Jaleh Mansoor, Michael J. Tomaselli Sep 2019

Book Review: Marshall Plan Modernism: Italian Postwar Abstraction And The Beginnings Of Autonomia By Jaleh Mansoor, Michael J. Tomaselli

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, And The Rebuilding Of Order After Major Wars By G. John Ikenberry, Bart Talbert Sep 2019

Book Review: After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, And The Rebuilding Of Order After Major Wars By G. John Ikenberry, Bart Talbert

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Democracy In Chains: The Deep History Of The Radical Right’S Stealth Plan For America By Nancy Maclean, Ben Sorensen Sep 2019

Book Review: Democracy In Chains: The Deep History Of The Radical Right’S Stealth Plan For America By Nancy Maclean, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: An American Odyssey; The Life And Work Of Romare Bearden By Mary Schmidt Campbell, John Herbert Roper Sr. Sep 2019

Book Review: An American Odyssey; The Life And Work Of Romare Bearden By Mary Schmidt Campbell, John Herbert Roper Sr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: A Village Goes Mobile—Telephony, Mediation, And Social Change In Rural India By Sirpa Tenhunen, Linda Quest Sep 2019

Book Review: A Village Goes Mobile—Telephony, Mediation, And Social Change In Rural India By Sirpa Tenhunen, Linda Quest

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Human Rights And The Care Of The Self By Alexandre Lefebvre, Patricia M. Muhammad Sep 2019

Book Review: Human Rights And The Care Of The Self By Alexandre Lefebvre, Patricia M. Muhammad

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Rights As Weapons: Instruments Of Conflict, Tools Of Power By Clifford Bob, Allison G.S. Knox Sep 2019

Book Review: Rights As Weapons: Instruments Of Conflict, Tools Of Power By Clifford Bob, Allison G.S. Knox

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Leadership And The Rise Of Great Powers By Yan Xuetong, Kofi Johnson Sep 2019

Book Review: Leadership And The Rise Of Great Powers By Yan Xuetong, Kofi Johnson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Negotiating Control: Organizations And Mobile Communication By Keri K. Stephens, Samuel B. Hoff Sep 2019

Book Review: Negotiating Control: Organizations And Mobile Communication By Keri K. Stephens, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Feminism’S Forgotten Fight: The Unfinished Struggle For Work And Family By Kristen Swinth, Beth M. Rauhaus Sep 2019

Book Review: Feminism’S Forgotten Fight: The Unfinished Struggle For Work And Family By Kristen Swinth, Beth M. Rauhaus

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Time And Power: Visions Of History In German Politics, From The Thirty Years' War To The Third Reich By Christopher Clark, J. Laurence Hare Sep 2019

Book Review: Time And Power: Visions Of History In German Politics, From The Thirty Years' War To The Third Reich By Christopher Clark, J. Laurence Hare

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Empire Of Neglect: The West Indies In The Wake Of British Liberalism By Christopher Taylor, Amanda Ford Sep 2019

Book Review: Empire Of Neglect: The West Indies In The Wake Of British Liberalism By Christopher Taylor, Amanda Ford

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Assessing Perceptions Of Effectiveness For A Third Sector: A Study Of Organized Neighborhood Associations And Community Clubs And The People They Serve, Jonathan Coats Sep 2019

Assessing Perceptions Of Effectiveness For A Third Sector: A Study Of Organized Neighborhood Associations And Community Clubs And The People They Serve, Jonathan Coats

International Social Science Review

Organized neighborhood associations and community clubs (ONACC) have an important role in assisting the State and individuals in addressing a variety of concerns. These groups provide communities with needed resources and reduce the economic strain on governmental budget. The success of ONACC in providing these services, however, is contingent upon residents’ participation in these groups. Residents’ willingness to participate is informed by their perception of these entities’ effectiveness. This research examines the association between various individual and neighborhood factors and respondents’ perception of the effectiveness of formally organized neighborhood associations and community groups. Using multilevel ordinal logistic regression analysis and ...


Spitting Bullets: Anger’S Long-Ignored Role In Reactions To Terror: An Examination Of College Students’ Fear And Anger Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore Sep 2019

Spitting Bullets: Anger’S Long-Ignored Role In Reactions To Terror: An Examination Of College Students’ Fear And Anger Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore

International Social Science Review

This study seeks to capture the responses of regular Americans to explore if the role of anger in responses to terror attacks, with the goal of answering two related questions: 1) Is anger an essential emotion in public reactions to terror attacks? and 2) What are the ramifications of including anger in a model of public reactions to terrorism? This paper argues that many of the negative aspects of responses to terrorism come from the anger that terrorism invokes in victim populations. Anger elicits the desire for revenge in the victim population as well as distrust of the terrorists' co-ethnics ...


Dna Evidence Of A Croatian And Sephardic Jewish Settlement On The North Carolina Coast Dating From The Mid To Late 1500s, Elizabeth C. Hirschman, James A. Vance, Jesse D. Harris Sep 2019

Dna Evidence Of A Croatian And Sephardic Jewish Settlement On The North Carolina Coast Dating From The Mid To Late 1500s, Elizabeth C. Hirschman, James A. Vance, Jesse D. Harris

International Social Science Review

While the British origins of North American colonization currently are widely accepted, there is new evidence that other countries and non-Christians may have been earlier in establishing permanent settlements on the North Atlantic coast. Using the new research tool of human genomics, this paper provides DNA evidence that Croatians and Sephardic Jews were absorbed into the ancestral population of the Lumbee Native American tribe of North Carolina during the mid- to late-1500s. We further propose that these Sephardic Jews originated, in part, from a subgroup of the Roanoke colonists of 1586. Given this, a new historical narrative of early European ...


Caravans Of Friendship: History, Tourism And Politics Along The Mexico City-Laredo Highway, 1920s–1940s, Bryan Winter Sep 2019

Caravans Of Friendship: History, Tourism And Politics Along The Mexico City-Laredo Highway, 1920s–1940s, Bryan Winter

International Social Science Review

The Mexico City-Laredo Highway was Mexico’s first long-distance paved roadway linking Mexico and the United States. At a huge total sum of over sixty-three million pesos, the Mexican government—with the help of tens-of-thousands of laborers—conquered Mexico’s vast mountainous landscape to forge a physical connection with the United States. Historians and social scientists have produced a considerable amount of material on the social, racial, and economic influences of American tourism along the US-Mexico boundary, however they have rarely investigated tourism as a mechanism to improve relations between the two countries. By investigating the promotion of friendship, by ...