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International and Area Studies

2015

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Articles 1 - 30 of 444

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Making Ends Meet: Using A Market-Based Approach To Incentivize Foreign Vessels To Comply With The Air Emission Standards Of Marpol Annex Vi, Xiaoxin Shi Dec 2015

Making Ends Meet: Using A Market-Based Approach To Incentivize Foreign Vessels To Comply With The Air Emission Standards Of Marpol Annex Vi, Xiaoxin Shi

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


One More Brick In The Wall: The Impact Of Personal Jurisdiction Of Ex Juris Defendants On The Relationship Between The United States And Canada, Matthew Johnson Dec 2015

One More Brick In The Wall: The Impact Of Personal Jurisdiction Of Ex Juris Defendants On The Relationship Between The United States And Canada, Matthew Johnson

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Protection Of Intellectual Property Licenses In Insolvency: Lessons From The Nortel Case, Anthony Duggan, Norman Siebrasse Dec 2015

The Protection Of Intellectual Property Licenses In Insolvency: Lessons From The Nortel Case, Anthony Duggan, Norman Siebrasse

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Judicial Implementation Of South Africa’S New Business Rescue Model: A Preliminary Assessment, Patrick C. Osode Dec 2015

Judicial Implementation Of South Africa’S New Business Rescue Model: A Preliminary Assessment, Patrick C. Osode

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


High-Tech Companies And The Decision To “Go Public”: Are Backdoor Listings (Still) An Alternative To “Front-Door” Initial Public Offerings?, Erik P.M. Vermeulen Dec 2015

High-Tech Companies And The Decision To “Go Public”: Are Backdoor Listings (Still) An Alternative To “Front-Door” Initial Public Offerings?, Erik P.M. Vermeulen

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Commercial Law And The Public Interest, Jay Lawrence Westbrook Dec 2015

Commercial Law And The Public Interest, Jay Lawrence Westbrook

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Colombian Simplified Corporation: An Empirical Analysis Of A Success Story In Corporate Law Reform, Francisco Reyes Dec 2015

The Colombian Simplified Corporation: An Empirical Analysis Of A Success Story In Corporate Law Reform, Francisco Reyes

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Natural Person, Legal Entity Or Juridical Person And Juridical Personality, Elvia Arcelia Quintana Adriano Dec 2015

The Natural Person, Legal Entity Or Juridical Person And Juridical Personality, Elvia Arcelia Quintana Adriano

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Justifications For Ucc Article 9’S Treatment Of Deposit Accounts: A Comparative Note, Catherine Walsh Dec 2015

Justifications For Ucc Article 9’S Treatment Of Deposit Accounts: A Comparative Note, Catherine Walsh

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Party Autonomy In The Enforcement Of Secured Creditor’S Rights: International Developments, Anna Veneziano Dec 2015

The Role Of Party Autonomy In The Enforcement Of Secured Creditor’S Rights: International Developments, Anna Veneziano

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Party Autonomy And Consumer Arbitration In Conflict: A “Trojan Horse” In The Access To Justice In The E.U. Adr-Directive 2013/11?, Norbert Reich Dec 2015

Party Autonomy And Consumer Arbitration In Conflict: A “Trojan Horse” In The Access To Justice In The E.U. Adr-Directive 2013/11?, Norbert Reich

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Arbitration clauses in consumer contracts have been subject to controversy in many jurisdictions; recent U.S. and Canadian Supreme Court case law have been used as examples. European Union (E.U.) law, which originally excluded arbitration in general from the Brussels/Rome regimes, has recently taken a mixed, and to some extent limited, approach by including Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) entities “imposing” a solution in its recent ADR Directive 2013/11. There seems to be an indirect encouragement to develop consumer arbitration schemes in E.U. Member States as a second route to justice. It is too early to evaluate ...


Lessons And Best Practices For Designers Of Fast Track, Low Value, High Volume Global E-Commerce Odr Systems, Louis F. Del Duca, Colin Rule, Brian Cressman Dec 2015

Lessons And Best Practices For Designers Of Fast Track, Low Value, High Volume Global E-Commerce Odr Systems, Louis F. Del Duca, Colin Rule, Brian Cressman

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

The momentum behind development of global online fast track low value high volume dispute resolution (hereafter ODR) continues to accelerate. Consumer and business groups around the world are promoting fair, proportionate, effective, online, fast track redress for low value high volume cross border e-commerce disputes. As a result, there will continue to be increasing demand for a variety of effective ODR systems design and procedural rules. Best practices developed by entities like eBay and lessons learned from the work of UNCITRAL Working Group III can be helpful in developing framework models for fast track low value high volume e-commerce ODR ...


The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly In Distribution Contracts: Limitation Of Party Autonomy In Arbitration?, Pilar Perales Viscasillas Dec 2015

The Good, The Bad, And The Ugly In Distribution Contracts: Limitation Of Party Autonomy In Arbitration?, Pilar Perales Viscasillas

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Limits On Party Autonomy In International Commercial Arbitration, Giuditta Cordero-Moss Dec 2015

Limits On Party Autonomy In International Commercial Arbitration, Giuditta Cordero-Moss

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


An Institutional Approach To The Creation Of Innovation Ecosystems And The Role Of Law, Toshiyuki Kono, Kazuaki Kagami Dec 2015

An Institutional Approach To The Creation Of Innovation Ecosystems And The Role Of Law, Toshiyuki Kono, Kazuaki Kagami

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Hague Principles, The Cisg, And The “Battle Of Forms”, Peter Winship Dec 2015

The Hague Principles, The Cisg, And The “Battle Of Forms”, Peter Winship

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva Dec 2015

From Paper To Electronic Order: The Digitalization Of The Check In The Usa*, Benjamin Geva

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Aziz Case And Unfair Contract Terms In Mortgage Loan Agreements: Lessons To Be Learned In Spain, Immaculada Barral-Viñals Dec 2015

Aziz Case And Unfair Contract Terms In Mortgage Loan Agreements: Lessons To Be Learned In Spain, Immaculada Barral-Viñals

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Should Clauses Prohibiting Assignment Be Overridden By Statute?, Louise Gullifer Dec 2015

Should Clauses Prohibiting Assignment Be Overridden By Statute?, Louise Gullifer

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


International B2b Contracts - Freedom Unchained?, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Claudio Marti Whitebread Dec 2015

International B2b Contracts - Freedom Unchained?, Ingeborg Schwenzer, Claudio Marti Whitebread

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


On The Intellectual History Of Freedom Of Contract And Regulation, Hans-W. Micklitz Dec 2015

On The Intellectual History Of Freedom Of Contract And Regulation, Hans-W. Micklitz

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Foreword, Mary Hiscock, Hans-W. Micklitz Dec 2015

Foreword, Mary Hiscock, Hans-W. Micklitz

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Seventeenth Biennial Meeting Of The International Academy Of Commercial And Consumer Law Dec 2015

Seventeenth Biennial Meeting Of The International Academy Of Commercial And Consumer Law

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Clean Bill Of Lading In Contract Of Carriage And Documentary Credit: When Clean May Not Be Clean, Časlav Pejović Dec 2015

Clean Bill Of Lading In Contract Of Carriage And Documentary Credit: When Clean May Not Be Clean, Časlav Pejović

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Unsettling: The Flawed Us Refugee System, Kanyakrit Vongkiatkajorn Dec 2015

Unsettling: The Flawed Us Refugee System, Kanyakrit Vongkiatkajorn

Capstones

The US has had a long commitment to resettling refugees, and currently funds one of the largest third-country resettlement programs through UNHCR in the world. However, an examination of US's refugee resettlement program shows that the program often does not live up to its promises, and has long ignored systemic issues. This report takes a specific look at the experience of newly-resettled Syrian refugees, and includes memos by the author that was submitted for a larger group project.


Fish Landings At The World’S Commercial Fishing Ports, Tim Huntington, Fiona Nimmo, Graeme Macfadyen Dec 2015

Fish Landings At The World’S Commercial Fishing Ports, Tim Huntington, Fiona Nimmo, Graeme Macfadyen

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

In 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) adopted the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing (PSMA). Countries that ratify the treaty commit to exert greater control at ports over foreign-flagged vessels to detect IUU catch before it is offloaded from vessels, and prevent the ill-gotten catch from entering the world’s markets. The PSMA, when effectively implemented globally, will be a major deterrent to IUU fishing. A major challenge to selecting ports for enhanced controls has been the lack of data on which ports are the world ...


Examining Human Capital Capacity’S Influence On Human Development And Poverty Reduction In Sub-Saharan Africa, Theodore J. Davis Jr. Dec 2015

Examining Human Capital Capacity’S Influence On Human Development And Poverty Reduction In Sub-Saharan Africa, Theodore J. Davis Jr.

International Journal of African Development

The aim of this paper is to examine and expand our focus on human capital capacity building as a foundation for poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. The data showed significant differences in the human capital capacity building characteristics as measured by demographic, education and gender equality characteristics. In analyzing select human capital capacity building markers, the findings suggest that the educational indicators were among the strongest in explaining the variation in human development in Sub-Saharan Africa. The findings showed that gender inequality was a serious inhibitor of human development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Overall, the Sub-Saharan nations with the lowest level ...


Authoritarian Member States In International Organizations, Matt Barg Dec 2015

Authoritarian Member States In International Organizations, Matt Barg

Master's Theses

This thesis investigates under which conditions do authoritarian Member States exist in International Organizations that require democratic governance in their treaty law. The European Union is used as a case study along with two of its Member States that are in the process of transitioning to democracy from previous authoritarian regimes—Hungary and Romania. This thesis employs stealth authoritarian theory to analyze how a democratizing Member State may violate these laws and revert to authoritarian governance. It also critiques international enforcement mechanisms to consider their effectiveness to enforce their laws and norms as well as prevent an authoritarian reversal. Finally ...


Power, Subjectivity, And Life In Spain: A Continuation Of Elite Power, Matthew Mason Dec 2015

Power, Subjectivity, And Life In Spain: A Continuation Of Elite Power, Matthew Mason

Master's Theses

On December 20, Spain will hold national elections to determine the new prime minister and national and local parliaments. These elections will be another crossroads in the long history of Spain. The elections come about in a political and social atmosphere of ‘change’ and ‘regeneration,’ marked by the rise of two new political parties, Podemos and Ciudanos. These parties are the new forces in the political scene in Spain. This atmosphere of change is the result of the 2008 economic crisis. The economic crisis of 2008 was not only an economic crisis in Spain, but it provoked a political and ...


Evolution Of A Nation After A Dictatorship: How Law, Politics And Society Of The 1973 Dictatorship In Uruguay And Of The Subsequent Return Of Democracy In 1985, Potentially Helped Evolve The Nation Of Today., Jonathan A. Fein Proaño Dec 2015

Evolution Of A Nation After A Dictatorship: How Law, Politics And Society Of The 1973 Dictatorship In Uruguay And Of The Subsequent Return Of Democracy In 1985, Potentially Helped Evolve The Nation Of Today., Jonathan A. Fein Proaño

Master's Theses

In 1973, Uruguay’s president authored a coup d’état with the military and changed the history and fabric of Uruguay. Once democracy returned to Uruguay in 1985, it was a chance to see if an evolution of the law, politics and society would occur. This thesis aims to analyze and understand the patterns of change and de-evolution or evolution that happened during the dictatorship and then over the last 30 years. I break down the process of changes that happened legally and politically, how the dictatorship and its leaders used law to destroy rule of law, and how society ...