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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Explaining The Persistence Of Female Genital Mutilation In Egypt, Kristen R. Darling May 2015

Explaining The Persistence Of Female Genital Mutilation In Egypt, Kristen R. Darling

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project examines the persistence of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt, despite a legislative ban on the practice in 2008. Between 100 and 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone FGM, with 27.2 million women cut in Egypt alone. The procedure involves the alteration of aspects of the female genitalia, including removal of the clitoris or narrowing of the vaginal opening. While many contend that the practice continues because of traditional, cultural, or even religious norms, I argue that FGM remains prevalent in Egypt because of a widespread lack of education on the subject, exacerbated by the ...


Drug Violence And Public (In)Security: Mexico's Federal Police And Human Rights Abuse, Dominic Pera May 2015

Drug Violence And Public (In)Security: Mexico's Federal Police And Human Rights Abuse, Dominic Pera

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Violence in Mexico, with dramatic political, social, and economic consequences on both Mexican and US populations, has risen dramatically in the past decade. Research has shown that the Mexican military is largely responsible for human rights abuses in Mexico. This paper will seek to answer why there are so many human rights abuses committed by the Federal Police, as public security is a police role and its deterioration threatens lives, security, and the rule of law. This paper will look at what scholars have said about the causes of police violence and public insecurity. Some say that history is responsible ...


The International Criminal Court In Crisis: Is Local Outreach The Route To Stability?, Taylor J. Kilpatrick May 2015

The International Criminal Court In Crisis: Is Local Outreach The Route To Stability?, Taylor J. Kilpatrick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The International Criminal Court is at the forefront of the international transitional justice realm today. Despite its omnipresence, there is a seemingly ceaseless succession of arguments against the Court. As this disapproval abounds, it effectively obscures the specific issues at hand. The strain on the interaction between global and local levels of justice within the scope of the ICC arguably underscores the entire crisis situation. More specifically, there is a seemingly unbridgeable distance, both physical and cultural, between the entity of the ICC and the local communities it purportedly serves. This paper seeks to address the absence of local narratives ...


A Rival To The West? Comparing The Effects Of Chinese And World Bank Health Aid On Health Outcomes In Sub-Saharan Africa, Isabel Jane Docampo May 2015

A Rival To The West? Comparing The Effects Of Chinese And World Bank Health Aid On Health Outcomes In Sub-Saharan Africa, Isabel Jane Docampo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The international community has come to criticize existing foreign aid practices for their poor coordination, misguided programming, and ineffective implementation strategies. China’s controversial aid policies pose an alternative to dominant Western aid paradigms, as they thwart conventions of conditionality and good governance paramount to traditional donors. This thesis evaluates Chinese health aid as an alternative to Western health aid via the impacts of each on sub-Saharan African health capacity, commitment to health, and overall health outcomes. Results indicate that Chinese aid does not significantly impact health in sub-Saharan Africa, while World Bank aid displays strong significant relationships with improvements ...


The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose May 2015

The Case Of Charles Horman Revisited: Complication And Conflict Within Declassification, Jacob Jose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On September 11, 1973, a military junta led by General Augusto Pinochet seized power in Chile, overthrowing the government of socialist president Salvador Allende. In the days that followed, agents of the Chilean junta rounded up, detained, imprisoned, and in many cases executed those perceived to be sympathetic to the former government. In the first two weeks following the coup, the Central Intelligence Agency estimated that the military government executed nearly 2,000 people. One victim of this repression was a U.S. citizen, Charles Horman, a journalist and filmmaker who, along with his wife, had settled in Chile in ...


Understanding Secession: An Analysis Of The 2012-2014 Debates On Independence In Scotland And Catalonia, Lucas A. Leblanc May 2015

Understanding Secession: An Analysis Of The 2012-2014 Debates On Independence In Scotland And Catalonia, Lucas A. Leblanc

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2014, the regions of Scotland and Catalonia voted on independence from their larger states, the United Kingdom and Spain. The period preceding these votes was filled with tense political discussion on a variety of topics ranging from the role of the EU to considerations over social welfare. This thesis presents a cross-regional study of the discussions on the issue of independence that occurred in the years leading up to these historically unique votes. To do this, the paper was inspired by discourse analysis methodology to perform a quantitative test on independence-leaning newspapers from each region. This method traced the ...


Gentle Warlords: The Potential For Violent Non-State Actors To Provide Stability, Tyler Bembenek May 2015

Gentle Warlords: The Potential For Violent Non-State Actors To Provide Stability, Tyler Bembenek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper provides a heuristic to determine the potential effects of violent non-state actors (VNSAs) on stability. It classifies VNSAs by type, categorizing groups as either clientelist, communal, or corporate. It finds that corporate VNSAs, those organized around a shared but non-ascriptive identity, such as membership in a guild or society, generally behave in a manner that is most likely to create stability. This hypothesis is supported through an in-depth examination of the Civil Defense Forces, a corporate VNSA that played a crucial role during the 1991-2002 Sierra Leone Civil War.


Chinese National Identities And Understanding The Decision For War With India In 1962, Yuhao Du Apr 2015

Chinese National Identities And Understanding The Decision For War With India In 1962, Yuhao Du

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The rise of China (PRC) has dominated scholarly debates in recent days. Since China defined territorial integrity as its “core interest”, it is widely viewed as a sign that China is going to assert its territorial claims with its neighbours (including maritime neighbours such as Philippine). With China’s growing military capabilities, China’s territorial disputes with its many neighbours are becoming one of the leading destabilizing concerns in Asia. However, current scholarship on China’s decision-making in its territorial disputes is too sparse for people outside of the Chinese Politburo to devise strategies to stabilize the region. This thesis ...


Frederick's Chessboard: Domestic Institutions And The Origins Of The Seven Years' War, Caitlin Hartnett Apr 2015

Frederick's Chessboard: Domestic Institutions And The Origins Of The Seven Years' War, Caitlin Hartnett

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores why the states involved in the Seven Years’ War chose to go to war in 1756 by analyzing the relationship between the individual leader, domestic institutions and state action. Through a structured-focus comparison of Frederick the Great’s Prussia and Newcastle’s Britain, this thesis argues that the domestic institutional structure determines the level of influence held over state action by the individual leader and their preferences.


Evidence Uptake Among International Nutrition Actors: A Case Study In Uganda, Emily Mahoney Apr 2015

Evidence Uptake Among International Nutrition Actors: A Case Study In Uganda, Emily Mahoney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A push for evidence-based decision making in the field of international

development –including maternal and child nutrition— has sparked a “data

revolution.” Researchers in the developed world have generated vast amounts of

open source data under the assumption that because of the breadth of Internet

access across the globe, anyone and everyone will utilize the data. And yet, in

developing countries, policy and practice remains largely uninformed by such

evidence. This gap between data supply and data demand is a market failure that

not only reflects systemic power dynamics, but also perpetuates under-informed

policy and practice. Through an in-depth survey ...


Life That Thrives In Hostility: Mexico's Indigenous Communities And Self-Defense Forces, Kassia M. Halcli Apr 2015

Life That Thrives In Hostility: Mexico's Indigenous Communities And Self-Defense Forces, Kassia M. Halcli

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Explores the emergence of self-defense forces as a third front in Mexico’s drug war. Argues the geographic location of these groups is best predicted by indigenous marginalization and thick social capital. Mexico’s indigenous communities enjoy a de facto autonomy of neglect from the federal state. These communities exercise social bonds in order to ensure their cultural survival. These bonds have been reinforced throughout history, from the Mexican Revolution to the Zapatista Uprising. Under conditions of weakening state institutions and rising cartel extortion/brutality, indigenous communities were the best suited to overcome collective action problems and respond proactively to ...


The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson Jan 2015

The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses a combination of foreign aid data and development proxies to assess the value of health related foreign aid and the achievements of the global community during times of increased aid focus. It uses regression models to present a statistically significant relationship between aid and health outcomes, and then utilizes three case studies comparing similar countries in order to reinforce the argument, and account for any inconsistencies within the models. Both the models and the case studies support aid as an asset in the health development of a state, and the implication is that, if this is indeed ...


Achieving Universal Access To Water And Sanitation Services: The Role Of Political Will In Implementation Practices, A Study Of Pakistan And India, Sarah Landreth Jan 2015

Achieving Universal Access To Water And Sanitation Services: The Role Of Political Will In Implementation Practices, A Study Of Pakistan And India, Sarah Landreth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Adequate access to water and sanitation services (WSS) is a fundamental component of human development and has hugely positive effects on health, education, economic productivity, gender equity, and regional stability. Achieving universal access to WSS in a sustainable manner is not only a focus of the UN Millennium Development Goals framework, but it is also a key priority for the entire globe. This paper utilizes qualitative case studies of Pakistan and India to reveal how properly channeling political will is a crucial element to improving the implementation of public service delivery for WSS. Currently, both countries exhibit huge theory-practice gaps ...


Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver Jan 2015

Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis takes a deep historical look at the adaptation of Mohandas Gandhi’s nonviolent ideology and strategy in the civil rights movement in the American South in order to understand the composition, construction, and behavior of the modern nonviolent movement known as 15M in Spain. The complete translation of Gandhi’s repertoire resulted in the formation of subversive groups, or contentious communities, which shared the common goal of desegregation and cultural integration of the southern black population. These contentious communities regrouped in nonviolent efforts, and interacted as a groupuscule with the same ideology.

This adaptation of nonviolent ideology and ...


Berlin Re-Visited: Nikita Khrushchev's Influence In The American Pressroom, Daniel Naftel Jan 2015

Berlin Re-Visited: Nikita Khrushchev's Influence In The American Pressroom, Daniel Naftel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Existing research suggests that in most cases, foreign elites hold influence over the domestic media coverage of international crises only when they are considered to be hostile. This is unsurprising, as it is often their hostile rhetoric that drives the events of the crisis. Thus far, however, there has been no distinction made between the various types of rhetoric these hostile leaders engage in, or how different categories of statements might have different degrees of influence on domestic media coverage. For example, might these foreign leaders’ more benign public utterances, that do not change the status quo of a crisis ...


Homegrown Terrorism And The British Experience: A Historical Analysis Of The Rise Of British Muslim Radicalization, Emma Rose Connolly Jan 2015

Homegrown Terrorism And The British Experience: A Historical Analysis Of The Rise Of British Muslim Radicalization, Emma Rose Connolly

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The rise in terrorist acts carried out by individuals who have been raised and radicalized within the Western countries they are attacking has increasingly become a common topic for study and conversation over the past few decades. With revelations that numerous British individuals have now joined the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the issue has heightened the interest of the British population and government. This study utilizes theories of revolution and psychological theories of radicalization in order to analyze the rise in homegrown terrorism within the British context on three levels: the societal, the global, and the individual. This ...


Sex Is The Warmest Color: Intimate Relations Of Power And Truth In England And Thailand, Maria Valershteyn Jan 2015

Sex Is The Warmest Color: Intimate Relations Of Power And Truth In England And Thailand, Maria Valershteyn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Substitutive sexuality….the infinite cannot be made into matter, but it is possible to create an illusion of the infinite: the image…and skin, a mass of scars, a skeleton’s robe…but they certainly are truth.

Andrei Tarkovsky, ‘The Sacrifice’

This honors thesis outlines the importance of sexuality and its connotations in the political as well as social sphere of society. The purpose of this work is to illustrate the underlining reasoning within people and states using a sexual discourse. By applying Michel Foucault’s theory of sexuality and relations of power, a description of a society’s system ...


The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud Jan 2015

The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Though originally ascertaining that both blowback and interest sharing were the primary causal factors giving rise to Salafist terrorism from 1991-2010, the project found evidence supporting the idea that the two concepts are related instead. Blowback, specifically from “direct interventions,” increases interest sharing by providing Salafist terrorist groups with the means to expand their objectives to make their fight seem like that of ordinary citizens thereby swelling their numbers. It can also lead to the unification of various groups who previously may have had no common goals. In turn these intertwining phenomenon lead to more attacks and damage done by ...