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International Relations

2004

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson Dec 2004

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson

R. James Ferguson

A compilation of many of the papers presented at the PIPSA conference on the theme Pacific Islands security : old challenges, new threats.


Refunctionalizing A Frayed American China-Taiwan Policy: Incrementalism Or Paradigmatic Shift?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang, Liao Da-Chi Oct 2004

Refunctionalizing A Frayed American China-Taiwan Policy: Incrementalism Or Paradigmatic Shift?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang, Liao Da-Chi

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper is interested in exploring whether it is possible for the US. to pursue parallel relationships with Taiwan and China, that is, whether US.-Taiwan relations can be "decoupled" from the Washington-Beijing relationship? This paper uses a spatial model to review how US-Taiwan relations have evolved since 1949, when the reality of two Chinas set in with the founding of the PRC. It discusses the increasingly unbalanced "dual track" framework of current US. policy toward China and Taiwan and contrasts the changing contexts between the SCP's time and the present post-Cold War era. It examines those most important ...


John Kerry As Commander-In-Chief: War Powers In A Kerry Administration, Ryan C. Hendrickson Dr. Oct 2004

John Kerry As Commander-In-Chief: War Powers In A Kerry Administration, Ryan C. Hendrickson Dr.

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

Unlike many previous presidential elections, in 2004 foreign policy issues are at the forefront of the American policy and electoral agenda. Not since the Vietnam era has the United States entered an election year with the United States at such a heightened state of war, with ongoing military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as covert operations deployed around the world to wage the war on terrorism. After nearly one full term with George W. Bush as commander in chief, his views on constitutional war powers have been expressed on numerous occasions. Bush, like his post World War II ...


The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2004

The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Exportkreditagenturen Und Erneuerbare Energien: Chancen Und Herausforderungen, Marcus Schaper Jul 2004

Exportkreditagenturen Und Erneuerbare Energien: Chancen Und Herausforderungen, Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

Erneuerbare Energien spielen im Kampf gegen die globale Erderwärmung eine Schlüsselrolle. Nur der verstärkte Einsatz von erneuerbaren Energien und die Steigerung von Energieeffizienz werden es ermöglichen, dass die durch klimaschädigende Gase bedingte Erderwärmung kein „gefährliches“ Ausmaß annehmen wird. Während das Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz (EEG), die Deutsche Energieagentur (dena) und andere Initiativen zu einem Boom im nationalen und europäischen Markt für erneuerbare Energien geführt haben und dadurch auch die Wirtschaftlichkeit dieser neuen Energieträger erhöht haben, sieht das Bild außerhalb der europäischen Grenzen weniger gut aus. Jedoch kann keine Klimastrategie ohne große Anstrengungen in Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern erfolgreich sein ...


The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2004

The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


International Legal Pluralism, William W. Burke-White Jul 2004

International Legal Pluralism, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Smugglers' Landscape: Geography, Route Selection And The Global Heroin Trade, James Dallis Medler Jul 2004

The Smugglers' Landscape: Geography, Route Selection And The Global Heroin Trade, James Dallis Medler

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This study focuses on transnational smuggling, and puts forth an analytical framework from the smugglers' perspective with respect to route selection, focusing primarily on aspects of economic, political, and human geography. It is predicated on three interconnected decision-making domains that constitute the smuggler's operational landscape, namely access, risk and connectivity, which interact to drive the smugglers' perceptions of route attractiveness. The first two domains operate reciprocally, primarily at the national level of analysis, and together both shape and are shaped by the third at the transnational level to form a feedback loop. With respect to connectivity, the convention of ...


Space Cooperation Under Anarchy: Commercialization Of Outer Space And Space Security In The Post-Cold War Era, Irina V. Louts Jul 2004

Space Cooperation Under Anarchy: Commercialization Of Outer Space And Space Security In The Post-Cold War Era, Irina V. Louts

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The 20th century brought the most horrific weapons and most devastating wars in the history of human civilization. It also gave us the most breathtaking discoveries and technological breakthroughs, including the opening up of outer space to human reach. The commercialization of outer space is one of the most significant developments of our time, giving us an opportunity to put the richness of this medium to the betterment of human conditions on Earth on an increasingly widening scale.

Technological advances have also made space more important militarily. A puzzle now is whether the commercialization of outer space facilitates international cooperation ...


Islam, Globalization, And Economic Performance In The Middle East, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack Jun 2004

Islam, Globalization, And Economic Performance In The Middle East, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack

Marcus Noland

The Middle East is a demographic time bomb. According to the United Nations De¬velopment Program’s (UNDP) Arab Human Development Report 2002, the population of the Arab region is expected to increase by around 25 percent between 2000 and 2010 and by 50 to 60 percent by 2020—or by perhaps 150 million people, a fig¬ure equivalent to more than two Egypts. Even under the UNDP’s more conserva¬tive scenario, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates will be the only Arab countries in 2020 with median ages above 30. These figures suggest that the region ...


9/11 And The Nature Of Intelligence Collection And Analysis, Editor Apr 2004

9/11 And The Nature Of Intelligence Collection And Analysis, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses Condoleeza Rice’s April 8, 2004 testimony before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States (US). The author focuses on the nature of intelligence collection and analysis, and their goal - to find actionable intelligence in response to terrorist acts.


A Thematic Content Analysis Of National Anthems: Europe Vs. Members Of The Arab League, Michael Moore, Daniela Kramer-Moore Apr 2004

A Thematic Content Analysis Of National Anthems: Europe Vs. Members Of The Arab League, Michael Moore, Daniela Kramer-Moore

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The authors conduct a political psychological analysis of national anthems from European, African, and Middle Eastern nations. Their results focus on the difference between anthems of European nations and members of the Arab League, and potential reasons behind those differences.


Condoleeza Rice: History As Herstory, Editor Apr 2004

Condoleeza Rice: History As Herstory, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the content and context of a classified briefing on Al Qaeda received by President Bush on August 6, 2001, and whether that briefing sufficed as a warning of the subsequent September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.


Demonizing Science And Industry, Editor Apr 2004

Demonizing Science And Industry, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the perception that leaders in science and industry seeking power or setting down confining constraints to personal behavior as well as the converse of “…following where one’s heart and soul leads.” The author continues by positing that both sets of beliefs offer similar types of mental constraints.


Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor Apr 2004

Intelligence And Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the ramifications of the lack of epistemological underpinnings from which the rightness or wrongness regarding WMD in Iraq can be constructed and adjudicated.


Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt Apr 2004

Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

In early February of 1999, apprehensive Yale University students frequented their campus’s newest building—an edifice many had angrily entitled the “Stavudine building,” since more than half the $176 million used to finance its construction came from Yale’s patent on the HIV/AIDS drug Stavudine.1 The timidity and resentment felt by campus inhabitants was not without cause; over six-hundred concerned students, researchers and professors had recently signed a petition condemning Yale Medical School for making countries in emergency situations, like those in Africa, pay full price for HIV/AIDS medications.1 2 Though the Yale population was ...


Globalizing Sympathy, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Apr 2004

Globalizing Sympathy, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The paper addresses two features of global disaster broadcasting: 1) the scope of disaster coverage and 2) the method of disaster performance, the way that disasters are turned into tragedies. This process is at the heart of "globalizing sympathy" --emotional connection with a global audience. Global media slowly, subtly, and inexorably expand our sympathy beyond the small screen and our local lives into the larger world.


The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2004

The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


A Double-Edged Sword: Globalization And Biosecurity, Stephen G. Brooks, Kendall Hoyt Apr 2004

A Double-Edged Sword: Globalization And Biosecurity, Stephen G. Brooks, Kendall Hoyt

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Traces Of The Stillborn? , Richard R. Weiner Apr 2004

Traces Of The Stillborn? , Richard R. Weiner

Faculty Publications

The architect Daniel Libeskind has written a noted lecture, "Traces of the Unborn." We might add, "Traces of the Stillborn." There is a tendency in historical institutionalism (HI) to concentrate on the retrieval of traces of paths taken rather than (1) to consider the processes involved in the selection of paths; and (2) to reflect upon the conditions of institutional emergence and sedimentation of paths, whether taken or untaken. Contrary to the path-dependency obsessed historical institutionalism of a Paul Pierson, this paper stresses the significance of historical case studies of institutional emergence in the earlier 20th century and their diremptive ...


Decisions Tools Manual, Cisr Mar 2004

Decisions Tools Manual, Cisr

CISR Studies and Reports

This decision tools manual outlines methods through which nations and organizations with limited resources can accurately prioritize humanitarian mine action projects and clearance efforts. This methods include a cost-benefit analysis of the socio-economic effect of mine clearance with field examples from Thailand and Ethiopia.


Mapping The Small Arms Trade: Insights From Social Network Analysis, David Todd Kinsella Mar 2004

Mapping The Small Arms Trade: Insights From Social Network Analysis, David Todd Kinsella

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent years, researchers have increasingly turned their attention to the proliferation of small arms, a transnational trade amounting to over $7 billion in value during 2002. Small arms are difficult to track and are not the stuff of military parades, but they are immensely destructive. The trade in small arms should be understood not as a market but as a network, one that shares some important properties with networked forms of organization studied by sociologists. I make this argument and then employ quantitative methods developed for the study of social networks in an effort to show the basic structure ...


Globalization And Terrorism, Muqtedar Khan Feb 2004

Globalization And Terrorism, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

No abstract provided.


Internationale Harmonisierung Von Umweltstandards Im Oecd-Rahmen: Standards Für Exportkreditagenturen, Marcus Schaper Feb 2004

Internationale Harmonisierung Von Umweltstandards Im Oecd-Rahmen: Standards Für Exportkreditagenturen, Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

No abstract provided.


Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jan 2004

Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Giulio M Gallarotti

No abstract provided.


Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jan 2004

Nice Guys Finish First: American Unilateralism And Power Illusion, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Division II Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


欧洲联盟的军事化:从民事力量向军事力量的转型, Zhimin Chen Jan 2004

欧洲联盟的军事化:从民事力量向军事力量的转型, Zhimin Chen

Zhimin Chen

No abstract provided.


Export Credit Agencies And Climate Change: What Can They Do About It?, Marcus Schaper Jan 2004

Export Credit Agencies And Climate Change: What Can They Do About It?, Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

Among the chief contributors to the anthropogenic causes of global climate change are carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the combustion of fossil fuels. Though the sources of these emissions are clearly identified, global carbon dioxide output from energy generation is still on the rise. Many industrialized countries have achieved a slow down in the increase of their emissions or even a reduction. However, emissions in developing countries are on the rise. A key challenge is to create incentives to turn around the trend of ever increasing emissions in the countries that are not obliged to reductions under the Kyoto protocol ...


Health As Foreign Policy: A U.S.-German Dialogue On Governance And Global Health., Marcus Schaper Jan 2004

Health As Foreign Policy: A U.S.-German Dialogue On Governance And Global Health., Marcus Schaper

Marcus Schaper

Health has become an issue with significant implications for economies, trade, and security in today’s globalized world. Epidemics like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) carry an impact far beyond the epicenters of the disease. The spread of HIV-AIDS leads to fundamental changes in social cohesion and state structures with far reaching international consequences. Bioterrorism with its potential for rapid pandemic poses a threat to many countries of the world. In a globalized world, health has developed into an issue of soft power. It has become part of deliberations on foreign policy and of the development of civil society and ...


The Globalization Of Liberalization: Policy Diffusion In The International Political Economy, Zachary Elkins, Beth Simmons Jan 2004

The Globalization Of Liberalization: Policy Diffusion In The International Political Economy, Zachary Elkins, Beth Simmons

Zachary Elkins

No abstract provided.