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International Relations

2001

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Articles 1 - 30 of 81

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Managing Landmine Casualty Data, Cisr Jmu Dec 2001

Managing Landmine Casualty Data, Cisr Jmu

CISR Studies and Reports

The Mine Action Information Center (MAIC) at James Madison University implemented this project to develop a framework for the systematic collection and management of landmine casualty data. The project was premised on the lack of an adequate system for collecting and managing landmine casualty data on a global basis. Data on landmine and UXO casualties is being collected in a systematic manner in some countries, but worldwide, it is not being collected in a comprehensive or consistent manner that allows it to be compared cross-nationally and aggregated globally. The lack of an adequate system hampers the ability of mine action ...


International Cooperation In The World Of Sovereign But Interdependent Nation States: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation As An International Regime, Chien-Hong Lee Dec 2001

International Cooperation In The World Of Sovereign But Interdependent Nation States: Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation As An International Regime, Chien-Hong Lee

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2001 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Nov 2001

The Politic 2001 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Assassination As A Tool Of Antiterrorism And Counterterrorism Policies: A Primer Of Supporting Cognitions, Editor Sep 2001

Assassination As A Tool Of Antiterrorism And Counterterrorism Policies: A Primer Of Supporting Cognitions, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Supporters of legitimizing assassination of terrorist leaders and operational cadre as a tool against terrorism may choose from a number of social cognitions, or beliefs. This article discusses several such social cognitions.


21st-Century Crusades And Demonizing Islam: Commentary On Inderfuth, Editor Sep 2001

21st-Century Crusades And Demonizing Islam: Commentary On Inderfuth, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article comments on public discourse transmitted through Western-financed mass media that attempts to demonize variants of Islam--e.g., that of the Taliban.


Commentary On Psychological Warfare In The 21st Century, Editor Sep 2001

Commentary On Psychological Warfare In The 21st Century, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides commentary on 21st century challenges--threats and opportunities--to the practice of psychological warfare.


Psychological Profiles And The Intifada: Commentary On Sarhan And Al Khatib, Editor Aug 2001

Psychological Profiles And The Intifada: Commentary On Sarhan And Al Khatib, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article critiques a psychological profile that was developed to help explain the ongoing Palestinian Intifada and that was written by two physicians working at a Jordanian psychiatric hospital.


Biological Warfare: Commentary On Chyba's Analysis, Editor Aug 2001

Biological Warfare: Commentary On Chyba's Analysis, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article provides commentary on Christopher Chyba's comparative analysis of biological and nuclear warfare.


Making Life And Taking Life: The Psychology Of Assassination In The Mideast, Editor Aug 2001

Making Life And Taking Life: The Psychology Of Assassination In The Mideast, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the variants of assassination through linguistic analysis of political conflict within and between Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and a global context of nation-states and non-state political actors.


Democracy And Violence: A Review Of "The Democratic Experience And Political Violence", Editor Aug 2001

Democracy And Violence: A Review Of "The Democratic Experience And Political Violence", Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article is a book review of The Democratic Experience and Political Violence. The book was co-edited by David Rapoport, Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of California, Los Angeles and Leonard Weinberg, Foundation Professor of Political Science at the University of Nevada, Reno.


Highs And Lows: The Quest For A "Drug-Free" Olympics, Editor Aug 2001

Highs And Lows: The Quest For A "Drug-Free" Olympics, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article analyzes the quest to ensure that Olympic athletes perform without the benefits of performance-enhancing drugs.


Trends. Environmental Issues: Struggles To Think Globally, Editor Jul 2001

Trends. Environmental Issues: Struggles To Think Globally, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the difficulties of thinking globally in the context of environmentalism and environmental policy, even for proponents of environmental stewardship.


Trends. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Philosophy Without A Stone, Editor Jul 2001

Trends. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Philosophy Without A Stone, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses support for and opposition to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, or CTBT, for nuclear weapons.


Trends. Meanings And Words: Communication Catalysis And Reactivity In The Mideast, Editor Jul 2001

Trends. Meanings And Words: Communication Catalysis And Reactivity In The Mideast, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the nature of public discourse and fact construction in the context of the conflict between the state of Israel and the Palestinian National Authority.


The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jul 2001

The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Division II Faculty Publications

This paper presents a theory of the invisible hand in homogeneous spontaneous orders. It does so by answering three fundamental questions: How do spontaneous orders arise? How are they consolidated? Why do they last? Spontaneous order is conceptualized as a solution to problems of cooperation (i.e., state-of-nature and coordination problems) within variable-sum games in decentralized environments. The processes which solve such cooperation problems must be effective in overcoming various obstacles deriving from limited information, uncertainty, and transaction costs. In the emergence or origin of spontaneous order, certain rules will be selected over others because of social-psychological dispositions (i.e ...


Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White Jul 2001

Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Symbols Of Statehood: Military Industrialization And Public Discourse In India, David Todd Kinsella, Jugdep S. Chima Jul 2001

Symbols Of Statehood: Military Industrialization And Public Discourse In India, David Todd Kinsella, Jugdep S. Chima

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article examines the forces driving the pursuit of military production capacity in India, including those behind the Indian nuclear and space programmes. We are mainly interested in whether symbolic motivations regularly find expression in the public discourse. We review all articles on the subject of weapons development and production appearing in India Today from May 1977 to April 1999. There are three closely interrelated yet distinguishable concerns in the public discourse that we consider symbolic: that military industrialization is a means of asserting India's autonomy in international affairs, that it is a means of establishing India's international ...


Trends. The Privileged Status Of The Physical In Health Ideology: The Security Consequences Of Aids, Editor Jun 2001

Trends. The Privileged Status Of The Physical In Health Ideology: The Security Consequences Of Aids, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the importance of recognizing both physical and psychological factors of the AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) pandemic on security.


Trends. Trust And Diplomacy: Observations Of The New American President, Editor Jun 2001

Trends. Trust And Diplomacy: Observations Of The New American President, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the concept of trustworthiness in politics with the relationship between U.S. President George W. Bush and Russia's President Vladimir V. Putin as context.


The Psychology Of Tit For Tat In The Mideast And Throughout The World, Editor Jun 2001

The Psychology Of Tit For Tat In The Mideast And Throughout The World, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article analyzes the cognitive-behavioral heuristic of tit for tat as it applies to seemingly intractable political conflict.


Trends. A Peculiar Defense Logic: Why Terrorists Should Be Incarcerated Or Killed Without Trial, Editor Jun 2001

Trends. A Peculiar Defense Logic: Why Terrorists Should Be Incarcerated Or Killed Without Trial, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The IBPP editor discusses the logic/rationale behind the idea that convicted terrorists facing the death penalty should neither convicted nor face said penalty given that the soldiers are (or consider themselves to be) soldiers in a war.


Trends. Border Security Legislation, Terrorism-Sponsoring Nations, And Evil, Editor Jun 2001

Trends. Border Security Legislation, Terrorism-Sponsoring Nations, And Evil, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The IBPP editor discusses limiting temporary visas for visitors from alleged terrorism-sponsoring nations as a way of "tightening" the security of national borders.


Intelligent Island Discourse: Singapore’S Discursive Negotiation With Technology, Alwyn Lim Jun 2001

Intelligent Island Discourse: Singapore’S Discursive Negotiation With Technology, Alwyn Lim

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The small nation-state of Singapore has increasingly been referred to in the popular media as the Intelligent Island of the future. With significant state investment in the promotion and dissemination of information-communications technology and attendant social ramifications, this has become an area that can no longer be ignored or taken for granted. This article intends to map the conditions of possibility on which Singapore can be conceived of as an Intelligent Island, in situating the role of information technology and Intelligent Island discourse within the discourses of postcoloniality, technocapitalism, late modernity, and globalization. In particular, this article attempts to show ...


The Politicization Of Ethnicity As A Prelude To Ethnopolitical Conflict: Croatia And Serbia In Former Yugoslavia, Agneza Bozic-Roberson Jun 2001

The Politicization Of Ethnicity As A Prelude To Ethnopolitical Conflict: Croatia And Serbia In Former Yugoslavia, Agneza Bozic-Roberson

Dissertations

This interdisciplinary research develops a framework or a model for the study of the politicization of ethnicity, a process that transforms peaceful ethnic conflict into violent inter-ethnic conflict. The hypothesis investigated in this study is that the ethnopolitical conflict that led to the break up of former Yugoslavia was the result of deliberate politicization of ethnicity. The model consists o f three variables— ethnic entrepreneurs as actors, and mass media and political rhetoric as their tools for politicization of ethnicity. Ethnic entrepreneurs, with a conscious interest in mobilizing ethnicity, are given this opportunity in transitional societies in which politicized ethnicity ...


Trends. Of Missile Defense And Defense By Metaphor, Editor Jun 2001

Trends. Of Missile Defense And Defense By Metaphor, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the use of metaphor in public discourse, using the ABM Treaty and missile defense issues between Russian and the United States as context.


Trends. Diplomats Acting Badly In The 21st Century: Not Doing As Doing, Weakness As Strength, Ecce Reward, Editor May 2001

Trends. Diplomats Acting Badly In The 21st Century: Not Doing As Doing, Weakness As Strength, Ecce Reward, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the order of action vs. reward in twenty-first century diplomacy.


Ambiguity As Certainty: Taiwan And Us Military Aid, Editor May 2001

Ambiguity As Certainty: Taiwan And Us Military Aid, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores assertions as to the consequences of ambiguous versus unambiguous political communication.


The Mind-Body Problem: A Tuberculosis/Tobacco Example, Editor May 2001

The Mind-Body Problem: A Tuberculosis/Tobacco Example, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article illustrates two conflicts between what is, perhaps, best for the mind and best for the body.


Trends. The Nature Of Security Agreements: An Example From The Nuclear Weapons Arena, Editor May 2001

Trends. The Nature Of Security Agreements: An Example From The Nuclear Weapons Arena, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the nature of nuclear weapons security agreements, and the surrounding belief systems.


Psychology And Missile Defense: Again Rising Like A Phoenix, Editor May 2001

Psychology And Missile Defense: Again Rising Like A Phoenix, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies several psychological Issues bearing on the latest ballistic missile defense policies of the United States Government.