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International Relations

Michelle Pautz

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Government On The Silver Screen: Contemporary American Cinema’S Depiction Of Attractive, Capable Bureaucrats, Incompetent Cops, And Brave Soldiers, Michelle Pautz, Megan Warnement Apr 2015

Government On The Silver Screen: Contemporary American Cinema’S Depiction Of Attractive, Capable Bureaucrats, Incompetent Cops, And Brave Soldiers, Michelle Pautz, Megan Warnement

Michelle Pautz

Movies continue to be the most accessible art form to Americans and that reach allows films to have a tremendous effect on moviegoers. With more than a billion movie tickets sold annually in the United States, the ability of movies to influence the perceptions of moviegoers is pronounced. Frequently, the government is part of those depictions. Although film is routinely studied in a host of disciplines, a focus on the portrayal of government generally and government officials more specifically, remains elusive. Instead of using a case-study approach, we examine recent, popular films to investigate how government is portrayed generally and ...


The Regulatory Interactions Of Front-Line Environmental Regulators, Michelle Pautz, Sara Rinfret Apr 2015

The Regulatory Interactions Of Front-Line Environmental Regulators, Michelle Pautz, Sara Rinfret

Michelle Pautz

Faced with declining budgets, widespread enforcement problems, and an increasingly complex array of environmental challenges, regulators across the world are searching for new strategies to facilitate compliance with environmental laws. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has spearheaded these efforts with the introduction of its “Next Generation Compliance” initiative, through which the agency hopes to leverage information and technology to streamline enforcement procedures and strengthen compliance with federal environmental laws. Cynthia Giles, the Assistant Administrator for the EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) has outlined five key elements of this initiative – rules with compliance built in ...


Remembering The Regulators Themselves: Melding Administrative Procedures And Regulatory Theory, Michelle Pautz Apr 2015

Remembering The Regulators Themselves: Melding Administrative Procedures And Regulatory Theory, Michelle Pautz

Michelle Pautz

Review of Steven P. Croley, Regulation and Public Interests: The Possibility of Good Regulatory Government (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008).


Trust Between Regulators And The Regulated: A Case Study Of Environmental Inspectors And Facility Personnel In Virginia, Michelle Pautz Apr 2015

Trust Between Regulators And The Regulated: A Case Study Of Environmental Inspectors And Facility Personnel In Virginia, Michelle Pautz

Michelle Pautz

The relationships between environmental inspectors and the facility personnel at regulated firms are often presumed to be adversarial, and this assumption affects the design and implementation of environmental regulations. However, closer examination of these relationships challenges this fundamental assumption of adversarial relations in environmental policy. Interviews with 44 inspectors and regulated officials throughout Virginia found that the interactions between these two categories of actors are positive. Over 90 percent of the interviewees were positive about their interactions with one another, and inspectors and regulated officials alike indicate that they trust the other. These findings are compelling because they contest common ...


'Argo' And 'Zero Dark Thirty': Film, Government, And Audiences, Michelle Pautz Apr 2015

'Argo' And 'Zero Dark Thirty': Film, Government, And Audiences, Michelle Pautz

Michelle Pautz

With the prevalence and accessibility of film today, we must wonder how film affects its audience. In particular, how does film influence an audience’s perceptions of the government? Regardless of the content, research demonstrates that film has the power to shape perceptions of its moviegoers on a range of subjects. In this study, two recent films,Argo and Zero Dark Thirty, were chosen as case studies to explore how Hollywood portrays the intelligence community in film and shapes opinions about the government more broadly. This research found that about 25% of viewers of the two films changed their opinion ...


The Decline In Average Weekly Cinema Attendance, 1930-2000, Michelle C. Pautz Apr 2015

The Decline In Average Weekly Cinema Attendance, 1930-2000, Michelle C. Pautz

Michelle Pautz

Since the beginnings of the motion picture industry, with the one small Edison studio in New Jersey in the early 1900s, America has fallen in love with films. One could argue and debate the reasons, employing everything from sociology to psychology to economics; but one thing is certain: This love affair has changed over the years. This change is perhaps most evident in the decline in the percentage of the United States population that goes to the cinema weekly. One interesting aspect of cinema attendance is that during the Great Depression, which swept the United States in the 1930s, a ...


U.S. Environmental Policy In Action: Practice And Implementation, Sara Rinfret, Michelle Pautz Apr 2015

U.S. Environmental Policy In Action: Practice And Implementation, Sara Rinfret, Michelle Pautz

Michelle Pautz

This volume provides a comprehensive look at the creation, implementation, and evaluation of environmental policy, which is of particular importance in an era of congressional gridlock. With a focus grounded in the front lines of environmental policy, readers are afforded examples of how environmental policy works through case studies and voices sections, thereby enriching the text's practical approach to understanding contemporary American environmental policy.


Civil Servants On The Silver Screen: The Depiction Of Government In American And Australian Cinema, Michelle Pautz Apr 2015

Civil Servants On The Silver Screen: The Depiction Of Government In American And Australian Cinema, Michelle Pautz

Michelle Pautz

With the prevalence of government, it is unsurprising to find it frequently represented on the silver screen. But, with the ability of film to influence perceptions and attitudes, questions arise, including: how is government portrayed on the silver screen? Are government bureaucrats berated or praised? This research examines the representation of government—and civil servants in particular—in a comparative setting. The top 100 box office grossing films of all time in the United States and Australia were selected to address the question: how do these films in the United States and Australia depict government? This study analyzes these 200 ...