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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


Exploring The Transformative Potential Of The E3+3 Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action With Iran For Improving The Iranian Economy And Its Reintegration Into The Global System, Mohammad Reza Farzanegan Dec 2015

Exploring The Transformative Potential Of The E3+3 Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action With Iran For Improving The Iranian Economy And Its Reintegration Into The Global System, Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

This is background note for my presentation at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.


International Labour Organization (Ilo) And Broader Civil Society: An Uneasy Relationship?, Piyasiri Wickramasekara Nov 2015

International Labour Organization (Ilo) And Broader Civil Society: An Uneasy Relationship?, Piyasiri Wickramasekara

PIYASIRI WICKRAMASEKARA

This powerpoint presentation discusses the interactions between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and broader civil society. There is integration of non-governmental social partners in the identity of the Organization itself – Employers’ and Workers’ Organizations in view of ILO’s focus on labour. However, ILO maintains that … “... employers’ and workers’ organizations are distinct from other civil society groups in that they represent the actors of the “real economy” and draw their legitimacy from their membership” This leads to reduced scope for ILO interaction with broader civil society described as non-governmental organizations or civil society organizations. While there is provision for accreditation ...


Muslims Lunar’S Blindness, Sajjad Khaksari Aug 2015

Muslims Lunar’S Blindness, Sajjad Khaksari

SAJJAD KHAKSARI

The age of scientists such as Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (خوارزمی), Al-Farabi (فارابی), Avicenna (پور سینا), Ghiyāth al-Dīn Jamshīd Masʿūd al-Kāshī (غیاث الدین جمشید کاشانی) And Bērūnī (بیرونی) has passed and middle east regions face hideous and offensive figures of Iranian/Saudi/ISIS etc. regimes. What happened to these people and why?!


Realism And Pm Narendra Modi’S Foreign Policy: Identification Of Gaps, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr. Jun 2015

Realism And Pm Narendra Modi’S Foreign Policy: Identification Of Gaps, Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Vivek Kumar Srivastava Dr.

Indian PM Narendra Modi is a dynamic leader. There are several discussions on his foreign policy, most of these have not studied it with a realist perspective. The present paper uses realist theoretical framework to identify the gaps in foreign policy.


Turkey And Saudis In Syria: Aligned Interests, Clashing Revisionisms, Zenonas Tziarras Jun 2015

Turkey And Saudis In Syria: Aligned Interests, Clashing Revisionisms, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

In early May, 2015 it became known that Saudi Arabia and Turkey are supporting extremist Islamist groups in Syria against the regime of Bashar al-Assad. That Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, among others, have – mostly indirectly – been supporting Islamist groups is not news as similar reports have been emerging from time to time since 2011, if not earlier. But this policy with regard to the Syrian conflict became increasingly overt amidst growing instability and lack of Western commitment to Assad’s overthrow. According to The Independent and other media, Turkish and Saudi support focuses on the overarching jihadist group Jaish ...


Assessing Isis One Year Later, Zenonas Tziarras Jun 2015

Assessing Isis One Year Later, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

A year ago the world witnessed the swift advances of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) in Iraq and Syria. Though the emergence of the group was somewhat expected for those who have been following the regional developments of the past years it caught most of the world by surprise. At the same time, its brutal tactics, military victories, resilience, evolution and extreme ideology have led many to characterize it as the greatest regional and international security threat at the moment or the most dangerous Islamist threat contemporary history has seen.


Türkiye – Güney Afrika İlişkileri, Haci Mehmet Boyraz Student May 2015

Türkiye – Güney Afrika İlişkileri, Haci Mehmet Boyraz Student

HACI MEHMET BOYRAZ Student

No abstract provided.


New Atheists And The Economy Of Outrage, Muqtedar Khan Apr 2015

New Atheists And The Economy Of Outrage, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article critiques the assault on Islam by the New Atheists and the economy of outrage that enables them.


The Arab Fall: War Of All Against All, Muqtedar Khan Feb 2015

The Arab Fall: War Of All Against All, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article explore the geopolitics of the Arab World with the rise of Daesh - ISIS.


Varieties Of Resource Nationalism In Sub-Saharan Africa's Energy And Minerals Markets, Stefan Andreasson Jan 2015

Varieties Of Resource Nationalism In Sub-Saharan Africa's Energy And Minerals Markets, Stefan Andreasson

Stefan Andreasson

This article examines resource nationalism in sub-Saharan Africa’s energy and minerals markets. It does so by exploring economic and political developments in three cases: Nigeria as an example of a petro-state established by means of expropriation in the wake of decolonisation; South Africa, a mature mining industry shaped by its settler colonial history; and Mozambique, a new and therefore highly-dependent entrant into the league of significant natural gas producers. Extractive industries have played a controversial role in sub-Saharan Africa due in particular to the prevalence of the resource curse. Nevertheless, energy exports will continue to play an important role ...


Missiles As Messages: Appeals To Force In President Obama's Strategic Maneuverability On The Use Of Chemical Weapons In Syria, Ronald Walter Greene, Jay Alexander Frank Jan 2015

Missiles As Messages: Appeals To Force In President Obama's Strategic Maneuverability On The Use Of Chemical Weapons In Syria, Ronald Walter Greene, Jay Alexander Frank

Ronald Walter Greene

No abstract provided.


Internationales Drogenregime In Der Bewährung. Herausforderungen Durch Die Drogenpolitische Reformdebatte In Lateinamerika, Günther Maihold Jan 2015

Internationales Drogenregime In Der Bewährung. Herausforderungen Durch Die Drogenpolitische Reformdebatte In Lateinamerika, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

Das internationale Drogenregime steht seit langem unter dem Druck einer umfassenden Überprüfung. Hierfür kommen aus Lateinamerika wichtige Impulse, wo mehrheitlich die bisherige Strategie, der "Krieg gegen die Drogen", als ein Fehlschlag angesehen wird. Es wird ein Paradigmawechsel gefordert, bei dem die gemeinsame Verantwortung von produzenten- und Konsumentenländern betont und dazu aufgerufen eird, unterschiedliche Ressourcen aus dem Bereichen Gesundheitsfürsorge, Erziehung und Prävention einzusetzen., um der Organisierten Kriminalität Einhalt zu gebieten. Gelingt der Paradigmenwechsel nicht, droht das Regime auseinanderzufallen.


Africa In The Age Of Globalization: Perceptions, Misperceptions And Realities, Edward Shizha, Lamine Diallo Jan 2015

Africa In The Age Of Globalization: Perceptions, Misperceptions And Realities, Edward Shizha, Lamine Diallo

Edward Shizha

This is a collection of bold and visionary scholarship that reveals an insightful exposition of re-visioning African development from African perspectives. It provides educators, policy makers, social workers, non-governmental agencies, and development agencies with an interdisciplinary conceptual base that can effectively guide them in planning and implementing programs for socio-economic development in Africa. The book provides up-to-date scholarly research on continental trends on various subjects and concerns of paramount importance to globalisation and development in Africa (politics, democracy, education, gender, technology, global relationships and the role of non-governmental organisations). The authors challenge the familiar paradigms in order to show how ...


Civil Society At The Negotiation Table, Legitimacy Beliefs And Durable Peace, Direnç Kanol Dr. Jan 2015

Civil Society At The Negotiation Table, Legitimacy Beliefs And Durable Peace, Direnç Kanol Dr.

Direnç Kanol

It is argued that including civil society at the negotiation table can increase the perceived legitimacy of peace treaties. As a result, it can contribute to the consolidation of peace. In this paper, the author presents the findings from a controlled experiment in order to test the impact of inclusive peace negotiations on the perceived legitimacy of peace treaties. Contrary to the expectations of the scholars working on the inclusiveness and the consolidation of peace hypothesis, the results show that the treatment group in the experiment does not perceive inclusive peace agreements to be more legitimate.


Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold Sep 2014

Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

No abstract provided.


Is Israel’S Operation Protective Edge Justified?, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jul 2014

Is Israel’S Operation Protective Edge Justified?, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

While I think it is too early to evaluate whether this round of hostilities is morally just in terms of jus in bello, the means employed in the conduct of war, I think Operation Protective Edge is justified in terms of jus ad bellum, i.e., the reasons that brought about this war. I presume a lot will be written about Israel’s conduct of war, enough to fill volumes. Here I clarify my position and its underlying principles.


Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan Jun 2014

Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

A regional coalition will make the struggle against extremism more potent, more durable and less expensive, but it will take more than deft diplomacy to achieve.


Global Grid – Harnessing Green Power Round The Clock, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Jun 2014

Global Grid – Harnessing Green Power Round The Clock, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Energy interdependence, not independence will lead to increased cooperation and amity among nations. The article argues there is sufficient reason to strive towards the goal for having a global grid compatible with renewable sources.


Global And Regional Determinants Of Regime Type: Pakistan, Jakob A Friedman Apr 2014

Global And Regional Determinants Of Regime Type: Pakistan, Jakob A Friedman

Jakob A Friedman

Abstract: Traditional fields of study for international relations (IR) scholars have revolved around the question of how regimes interact with one another in the international sphere. This paper deals with answering the question of how regimes emerge in the first place. To this end, there are two competing narratives in IR, which seek to explain the origins of regime type. The first is that regimes are shaped entirely by a given nations regional security concerns, the other is that regimes emerge in response to global political paradigms. Throughout the exploration of the political history of Pakistan, this paper seeks to ...


Pol 210: Issues In International Politics (Spring 2014), Dylan Kissane Apr 2014

Pol 210: Issues In International Politics (Spring 2014), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Transformative Conflict Resolution In An Unstable Neighbourhood: Turkey’S Conflict Resolution Efforts In The Middle East, Talha Kose Mar 2014

Transformative Conflict Resolution In An Unstable Neighbourhood: Turkey’S Conflict Resolution Efforts In The Middle East, Talha Kose

Talha Kose

Turkey had pursued a foreign policy in the Middle East that focused on transformative conflict resolution until the beginning of the “Arab Spring”. This transformative conflict resolution approach had aimed at bringing holistic and systemic change to the entire region. Turkish foreign policy had aimed at transforming the conflict producing structures, tried to engage positively with the actors and elites and attempted to change the securitydominated agenda into a multi-dimensional agenda. Despite the dominant discourse of the transformative conflict resolution, in practice the most effective conflict resolution methods and tools that Turkey utilised during this period fell under the management ...


Islam, Democracy And Islamism After The Counterrevolution In Egypt, Muqtedar Khan Mar 2014

Islam, Democracy And Islamism After The Counterrevolution In Egypt, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article examines Muslim Brotherhood's governance during its brief reign and advances recommendations for reform.


En Busca De Sentido Para El Proceso Iberoamericano. Entre El Ocaso Y La Reforma, Günther Maihold Mar 2014

En Busca De Sentido Para El Proceso Iberoamericano. Entre El Ocaso Y La Reforma, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

El proceso iberoamericano se encuentra en una situación precaria que se refleja en el absentismo de muchos presidentes latinoamericanos en las últimas cumbres. Más allá de este síndrome formal, lo iberoamericano está profundamente herido por la falta de un proyecto político consistente y su reducción a una identidad cultural. También la competencia con las cumbres eurolatinoamericanas le ha robado al proceso iberoamericano mucho de su atractivo. Sin embargo, el verdadero reto consiste en desespañolizarlo, hacerlo independiente de los vaivenes de la política interna española y generar un fundamento más allá de la delgada base cultural, que no logra sustentar una ...


Understanding Putin's Foreign And Economic Policy Correlation, Sumantra Maitra Feb 2014

Understanding Putin's Foreign And Economic Policy Correlation, Sumantra Maitra

Sumantra Maitra

No abstract provided.


Review: The Bush Leadership, The Power Of Ideas, And The War On Terror, Dylan Kissane Jan 2014

Review: The Bush Leadership, The Power Of Ideas, And The War On Terror, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Help From Above: The Role Of International Law In Facilitating The Use Of Outer Space For Disaster Management, Brian R. Israel Jan 2014

Help From Above: The Role Of International Law In Facilitating The Use Of Outer Space For Disaster Management, Brian R. Israel

Brian R Israel

This chapter explores the role of international law as well as non-legal mechanisms in enabling the use of outer space for valuable new disaster management applications. This overall challenge is addressed in three phases, ranging from the collective action problems arising from the use of space in general, to sovereignty-based objections to observing the Earth from space, to the complex coordination challenges of harnessing existing space systems for disaster applications. One mechanism in particular, the legally non-binding International Charter for Space and Major Disasters, serves as a remarkable case study in international cooperation because of the speed with which it ...


Sumud: The Palestinian Art Of Existence, Rebecca Gould Jan 2014

Sumud: The Palestinian Art Of Existence, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


A Reply To Mearsheimer, Anna Cornelia Beyer Jan 2014

A Reply To Mearsheimer, Anna Cornelia Beyer

Dr. Anna cornelia Beyer

No abstract provided.