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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Foreign Aid As An Influence On Foreign Public Opinion, Cierra Powell Apr 2018

Foreign Aid As An Influence On Foreign Public Opinion, Cierra Powell

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Countries have some ability to make other countries more likely to cooperate. Strategically, one way that this can be done is through building up a resource of what Joseph Nye calls “soft power.” In the summer of 2017, I conducted interviews around these topics in Ecuador, and came to the conclusion that monetary flowsremittances, inflows of monetary aid, importscan help to build up a resource of soft power that can influence the attitudes that foreign publics have about donor countries, possibly despite a detrimental colonial experience. In this paper I build upon this idea, that monetary flows can build up ...


More People, More Puppies And Less Latin American Rabies, Lizzy Younce Apr 2018

More People, More Puppies And Less Latin American Rabies, Lizzy Younce

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Since 1983 the countries of Latin America have come together as one to eliminate the fatal disease of rabies within the region. Through their international collaboration they have reduced human rabies case incidence by over 95%. There are political, economic, social, environmental and biological factors which contribute to this successful international public health campaign. With the oversight and collaboration of researchers at Washington State University (WSU) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), last summer I examined the various factors and their impact on postexposure vaccine usage. In this talk I will present our current findings, how we found them ...


Vladimir Putin And Chechnya: Putin's Private War On "Terror", Curtis Cornelius Apr 2010

Vladimir Putin And Chechnya: Putin's Private War On "Terror", Curtis Cornelius

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Vladimir Putin came to power in 1999 with the resignation of Boris Yeltsin. He inherited a Russia rampant with crime and on the brink of economic collapse, where rich oligarchs controlled the vote in many regions. Putin needed to gain control of his country quickly. The former KGB officer had one tool that he knew how to use well: violence. Putin began to eliminate private media, he killed or imprisoned all the oligarchs, and he nationalized the country's oil. Yet there was one issue that Putin would use to grow his country's military power, which was a laughing ...


Piety And Politics: Political Opportunity Structure And The Role Of The ‘Ulama In Family Law Reform In Morocco And Tunisia, Richard Peel Apr 2009

Piety And Politics: Political Opportunity Structure And The Role Of The ‘Ulama In Family Law Reform In Morocco And Tunisia, Richard Peel

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Since its independence, the Tunisian state has vehemently promoted secularism, even at the cost of contracting the rights of citizens. Certain elements of the Tunisian population resent the strict disallowance of the hijab. Women face persecution for wearing what former President Habib Bourguiba called an “odious rag.” The Tunisian Code of Personal Status promulgated shortly after independence, outlawed polygamy and set the minimum age of marriage at 18. While debate in the country remains over the necessity of secularism, prominent Islamic activists and scholars are notably missing from the debate. The Tunisian state is infamous for cracking down on Islamist ...


Diplomacy And Counterterrorism: How Diplomatic Relationships Affected The Cia In Afghanistan From 1996-2001, Joseph Vincent Apr 2008

Diplomacy And Counterterrorism: How Diplomatic Relationships Affected The Cia In Afghanistan From 1996-2001, Joseph Vincent

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

On August 7, 1998, the United States Embassies in Tanzania and in Kenya were attacked by Osama bin Laden.1 2 Afterwards, the primary goal of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in Afghanistan was to either capture or kill bin Laden and to subdue Al Qaeda. During this time, the CIA faced many factors that contributed to the eventual failure of the CIA to achieve its goals. These factors, hereafter known as constraints, “checked, restricted, [and] compelled” the CIA “to avoid or perform some action[s].”3 The focus of this thesis is to identify and understand those areas of ...


How Much The Government?: A Comparative Analysis Of The Efficacy Of Political Opportunity Structure As A Tool To Predict The Formation And Strategy Of The Ant-Nuclear Energy Movements In France And The United States, Michelle Logan Apr 2007

How Much The Government?: A Comparative Analysis Of The Efficacy Of Political Opportunity Structure As A Tool To Predict The Formation And Strategy Of The Ant-Nuclear Energy Movements In France And The United States, Michelle Logan

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

The tensions between supply and demand of energy resources have existed for many years, though they were pushed to the forefront in the 1970s with the first oil shocks - when the developed world realized just how dependent it was on oil as a primary source to create electricity, to run cars, and to fuel industry. At this time there was a new technology that really started to become productive in the 1950s and 1960s and was poised to be the perfect solution to the world’s future energy problems: nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is a technology that is non-renewable through ...


Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt Apr 2004

Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

In early February of 1999, apprehensive Yale University students frequented their campus’s newest building—an edifice many had angrily entitled the “Stavudine building,” since more than half the $176 million used to finance its construction came from Yale’s patent on the HIV/AIDS drug Stavudine.1 The timidity and resentment felt by campus inhabitants was not without cause; over six-hundred concerned students, researchers and professors had recently signed a petition condemning Yale Medical School for making countries in emergency situations, like those in Africa, pay full price for HIV/AIDS medications.1 2 Though the Yale population was ...


Las Politicas Del Cobre: A Study Of The Anaconda Company's Involvement In Chilean Politics 1969-1973, Rebecca Ellis Apr 2003

Las Politicas Del Cobre: A Study Of The Anaconda Company's Involvement In Chilean Politics 1969-1973, Rebecca Ellis

History Undergraduate Theses

On September 4, 1970, Salvador Allende, leader of the Marxist political party Unidad Popular, was elected president. This sent tremors through the United States government and through the foreign business community in Chile. For the U.S. government the election meant the presence of a second, freely elected, leftist government in the western hemisphere. For the international corporations operating in Chile it meant the probable nationalization of their Chilean property, a policy promoted by the new president during Chile’s election campaign. Allende promised to give back to the people of Chile the foreign owned industries, especially the industry of ...


The Effects Of Structural Adjustment Liberalization On Cultural Gender Inequality As Applied To A Case Study Of Ghana, Angela Benishek Apr 2002

The Effects Of Structural Adjustment Liberalization On Cultural Gender Inequality As Applied To A Case Study Of Ghana, Angela Benishek

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

The poverty and deprivation existing today in the developing world makes it difficult for women to prosper economically. Structural Adjustment Programs are policies created by the International Monetary Fund to help countries repay their foreign debt by improving the overall prosperity of the country, and in so doing it is assumed the economic prosperity of women will increase as well. The theory being that as the wealth of the country increases it will automatically be translated into greater wealth for its citizens, including women. However, critics claim that SAPs have failed to help women, because of the cultural biases within ...


The Effect Of Economic Liberalization In Mexico On Corn Biodiversity And Mexican Culture, Sarah Marie Apr 2002

The Effect Of Economic Liberalization In Mexico On Corn Biodiversity And Mexican Culture, Sarah Marie

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Theses

Mexico is dealing with widespread farm unrest. Last summer, there was a wave of protests in the Mexican states of Veracruz, Sinaloa, Oaxaca, Campeche, Nayarit, Chiapas, and Chihuahua. The farmers, most of them working on small plots of land distributed during revolutionary land reforms at the beginning of the century, are affected by a combination of circumstances, ranging from decreasing market prices, decreases in government support, and, many claim, the explosion of free trade partly due to the North American Free Trade Agreement. The changes have touched a variety of farmers, including producers of rice, coffee, sugar, and com.1 ...


"For Those Who Have No Voice": The Historical Significance Of Chile's National Accord For Transition To Full Democracy (1985), Gwynne Cameron Apr 1999

"For Those Who Have No Voice": The Historical Significance Of Chile's National Accord For Transition To Full Democracy (1985), Gwynne Cameron

History Undergraduate Theses

Just as every Chilean will tell a different version of the story, every historian will interpret this period with a different perspective and methodology. With this in mind, I do not promise complete objectivity as I place the Pinochet years in a historical context. My personal involvement in the aftermath of the dictatorship will undoubtedly affect my interpretation of this complex period in Latin American history. As much as possible, however, I have attempted to represent the diverse perspectives of the Chilean people involved by relying heavily on taped interviews and personal observations recorded in my travel journals. In order ...


Teaching Democracy: An Examination Of The Civitas@Bosnia And Herzegovina Program's Impact On Democratic Consolidation, Joseph Foy Apr 1999

Teaching Democracy: An Examination Of The Civitas@Bosnia And Herzegovina Program's Impact On Democratic Consolidation, Joseph Foy

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

On November 20, 1995, at Wright-Patterson Airforce Base in Dayton, Ohio, members of delegations representing Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia concluded the Bosnian Peace Proximity Talks. This resulted in the creation of the Dayton Peace Accords, and the drafting of a new democratic constitution. However, despite the efforts to create a lasting peace within the former Yugoslavia, the resolution offered only a rhetorical solution; substantive action still had to be taken. Members of many non-governmental organizations, and government-sponsored groups, began to take a significant role in preparing Bosnia-Herzegovina for the transition to ...


Crisis Of Chineseness: Value Changes In The Face Of Modernization In China, Jotaro Tateyama Apr 1997

Crisis Of Chineseness: Value Changes In The Face Of Modernization In China, Jotaro Tateyama

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

My association with China goes back more than a decade. I have been familiar with Chinese culture since my childhood. Its history, literature, philosophy, martial arts, kungfu movies, and food-all these cultural attributes have fascinated me for years. However, it was not until my sophomore year at Carroll College that I became captivated by the Reform and Opening Up and contemporary Chinese politics. That is when I learned of the Reform and Opening Up from a Japanese magazine specializing in international affairs. It has been eighteen years since China changed its course of development. The policy called Reform and Opening ...


Medecins Sans Frontieres: Activite Dans Les Mondes De Politique Et De Medecine, Kayleen O'Dell Apr 1996

Medecins Sans Frontieres: Activite Dans Les Mondes De Politique Et De Medecine, Kayleen O'Dell

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Theses

Pendant mon annee d'etude en France, 1994, j'etais une volontaire a l'association Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres a Montpellier. Cette association recupere des medicaments nonusages et non-perimes et les redistribue aux organisations d'aide humanitaire medicale. Cette association possede un bureau dans chaque departement en France, mais son organisation se situe au niveau local. Son existence est possible en France, et non pas aux EtatsUnis, parce que les medicaments (les pilules) delivres seulement par ordonnance sont empaquetes de telle fagon qu'ils resistent a la contamination. Aux Etats-Unis, nos medicaments sont mis dans une petite bouteille, et au moment ...


Historical Factors Of Japanese Defense And The Proposed National Defense Program Outline, Matthew Eussen Apr 1996

Historical Factors Of Japanese Defense And The Proposed National Defense Program Outline, Matthew Eussen

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

From the 1940s to the 1990s, Japan’s military has undergone serious changes. Reinstitutionalized, defense has grown larger within an American alliance and as a member of the United States containment strategy.3 The United States guaranteed the security of Japan through its nuclear security umbrella and an American commitment of troops to the region. As the United States economy fell into relative decline, it placed pressure upon Japan to increase its defense commitments. In 1991, the Cold War ended and a new regime took power in the Soviet Union. It was a time to celebrate -- large forces no longer ...


Where The "Land Of Snows" Meets The "Big Sky": A Study Of The Tibetan-U.S. Resettlement Project In Montana, Brandy Farnsworth Apr 1994

Where The "Land Of Snows" Meets The "Big Sky": A Study Of The Tibetan-U.S. Resettlement Project In Montana, Brandy Farnsworth

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Leaving your country, family, and heritage, and stepping off an airplane into a foreign country can be an exciting, yet overwhelming, experience. One thousand Tibetan refugees have experienced this, as they entered the United States in 1990-1993. This was part of the Tibetan- U.S. Resettlement Project. The Tibetans have been placed in cluster communities around the United States, one of them being Missoula, Montana. The reasons for the development of the Resettlement Project can be explained by examining the history of Tibet. By looking at the past we are able to understand the difficulties the Tibetans have been experiencing ...


The Fsx Controversy: Is America Selling Out To Japan?, Chad Vanisko Apr 1994

The Fsx Controversy: Is America Selling Out To Japan?, Chad Vanisko

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

International competition has eroded the once commanding U.S. advantage in technology. It has caused a shift in government and business relationships in the United States and raised fundamental questions about the conduct of American foreign policy. Both the public and the private sectors are increasingly concerned with a new set of technological issues related to industrial competitiveness. This concern has forced a reassessment of national priorities and caused both industry and government to rethink their traditional roles in the development and application of technology. The implications for foreign policy stem from one overriding fact: when it comes to advanced ...


Positive And Negative Paths To Peace In Northern Ireland, J. Todd Merrell Apr 1989

Positive And Negative Paths To Peace In Northern Ireland, J. Todd Merrell

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Tell me why, oh why, Billy Reid had to die, But he died with a gun in his hand. Tell me why, oh why Billy Reid had to die, He died to free Ireland. Twas in the town of Belfast All in the month of May Three youthful Irish soldiers Set out upon their way A mission to accomplish Ireland's freedom, which we need, And the leader of that gallant band was Lieutenant Billy Reid. But the bullet caught our Billy, His life it took away, and there on a street in Belfast An Irish martyr lay.1 This ...


Refugee Politics And The Origins Of The Cold War: The Hungarian Experience In Montana, Margaret Hill Apr 1988

Refugee Politics And The Origins Of The Cold War: The Hungarian Experience In Montana, Margaret Hill

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Following the destruction caused by World War II, world leaders, specifically Franklin D. Roosevelt and Josef Stalin, were responsible for leading the mankind into a new era of post-war reconstruction. The necessary alliance of East and West was pitifully short-lived: the ideological conflict between capitalism and communism erupted into the Cold War. Caught in this conflict were countries struggling to rebuild themselves. Due to the quest for spheres of influence, parts of Eastern, as well as Western, Europe were divided between the two dominant powers. One of these nations was Hungary. Due to the national climate during the Cold War ...


Strategies For Greater Autonomy: U.S. - Japan Security Relations And The Development Of The Fourth Defense Buildup Plan, Takeshi Hirose Apr 1988

Strategies For Greater Autonomy: U.S. - Japan Security Relations And The Development Of The Fourth Defense Buildup Plan, Takeshi Hirose

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

In many ways, international relations have entered a new phase. The superpowers seem to be moving toward arms control as witnessed in the INF treaty. The United Nations has restored its self-confidence through successful intermediary activities. As recent U.S.-Soviet summits indicate, the climate of detente is reemerging. Japan, however, seems to be going in the opposite direction. In 1988, Japan, regardless of its constitutional restraints, has become the third largest spender on defense only behind the superpowers. The self-imposed ceiling on the defense budget, i.e., one percent of its Gross National Product, was breached in 1986. The ...


The Pueblo Incident: Crisis Diplomacy In Northeast Asia, Carey Hester Apr 1986

The Pueblo Incident: Crisis Diplomacy In Northeast Asia, Carey Hester

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

On 23 January 1968, the U.S.S. Pueblo, a United States Navy intelligence collection ship operating off the eastern shore of Wonsan, North Korea, was challenged, fired upon, and subsequently seized by a flotilla of North Korean naval ships. The Pueblo—with its crew bound, blindfolded, and guarded at gun point—was towed to Wonsan Harbor. The ship's crew, numbering eighty-three men, was detained in North Korea for eleven months until a diplomatic solution resolving the crisis was reached between the governments of the United States and North Korea. This thesis will examine the Pueblo incident within the ...


The Arms Control Process: Its Development And Linkage, Michael Manion Apr 1980

The Arms Control Process: Its Development And Linkage, Michael Manion

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

This thesis will discuss the major nuclear arms control efforts that have materialized between the United States and the Soviet Union. The discussion will be both an historical account of and a commentary on these nuclear arms control attempts. First, a sketch of the major efforts from 1946 to 1969 will be presented to the reader. The trials and tribulations of the Soviet Union and the United States during this period will become very apparent. The conclusion that is drawn is that the failure to control nuclear armaments during these nascent stages was due to a lack of technological development ...


Russo-Finnish Relations, 1937-1947, Rex Martin Apr 1973

Russo-Finnish Relations, 1937-1947, Rex Martin

History Undergraduate Theses

In 1967 the Finnish Republic celebrated Its fiftieth anniversary. That Finland can celebrate her freedom is rather amazing In view of the Soviet Union’s domination, with the exception of Greece, of every nation In East Europe from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. It is hard to believe that Finland, which In the period from 1939 to 19444 fought two wars against the Soviet Union and lost both, can still be independent.

In the 1920's and 1930’s Finland was regarded, by foreigners and Finns alike, as the extreme outpost of the Western "civilized" world against the East. Prevailing ...