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Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Security Dilemma In South Asia, East Asia, And Latin America's Southern Cone: A Cross-Regional Comparison, Bibek Chand, Lukas Danner, Nicolas Terradas Mar 2014

The Security Dilemma In South Asia, East Asia, And Latin America's Southern Cone: A Cross-Regional Comparison, Bibek Chand, Lukas Danner, Nicolas Terradas

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


La Gobernabilidad Democrática En América Latina: Cuatro Ejes De Análisis, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jan 2014

La Gobernabilidad Democrática En América Latina: Cuatro Ejes De Análisis, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

No abstract provided.


The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas May 2013

The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Using hierarchical cluster analysis, a new measure of democracy, the DCC index, is proposed and constructed from five popular indices of democracy (Freedom House, Polity IV, Vanhanen's index of democratization, Cheibub et al.'s index of democracy and dictatorship, and the Cingranelli-Richards index of electoral self-determination). The DCC was used to classify the regime types for twenty-four countries in the Americas and thirty-nine countries in Europe over a thirty-year period. The results indicated that democracy is a latent class variable. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted for the five existing democracy indices as well as the newly proposed Unified ...


Elected Kings With The Name Of Presidents. On The Origins Of Presidentialism In The United States And Latin America, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2012

Elected Kings With The Name Of Presidents. On The Origins Of Presidentialism In The United States And Latin America, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

The leaders of the independence in the Americas chose their institutions in a context of high territorial tensions, which moved them to create a potential anchor in the figure of a powerful central executive. Presidential regimes were endogenously shaped as elected monarchies by rulers who were army chiefs. The military-presidential nexus is not accidental, but constitutive and substantial. Some legacies of those choices include the frequency of military rulers as chief executives and long-standing attempts at life appointments or indefinite reelections by incumbent presidents.


Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Although there is a lively academic debate about contemporary populism in Europe and Latin America, almost no cross-regional research exists on this topic. This article aims to fill this gap by showing that a minimal and ideological definition of populism permits us to analyse current expressions of populism in both regions. Moreover, based on a comparison of four prototypical cases (FN/Le Pen and FPÖ/Haider in Europe and PSUV/Chávez and MAS/Morales in Latin America), we show that it is possible to identify two regional subtypes of populism: exclusionary populism in Europe and inclusionary populism in Latin America.


Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

This paper makes an assessment of the technical and social motivations that drive some governments to promote and implement e-voting mechanisms. Success stories mentioned, especially those in Latin America, and contrasted with those cases where e-voting implementation has failed, as has happened in some European countries. Finally, the relationship between new technologies that promote e-voting and the nature of the elections as a part of democracy is analyzed. It could be argued that voting is not solely a technical exercise, it is an element that merges different political and social elements that e-voting promoters should not ignore.


Modelos De Gestión Electoral En América Latina En Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Modelos De Gestión Electoral En América Latina En Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

A través de un método comparativo se dan a conocer los diferentes modelos de gestión electoral desarrollados a partir de los procesos de democratización de las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX en América Latina. Los criterios más relevantes para realizar el estudio son el grado de independencia y la composición de los organismos encargados de la gestión electoral. Sin embargo, aclara, existen otros criterios que señalan diferencias centrales respecto al modelo de gestión adoptado por un país dado, puede ser un modelo unificado, permanente, con funciones de administración y justicia electoral, y además con una cobertura amplia. Hace hincapié ...


Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson Jan 2011

Where Is Local Government Going In Latin America? A Comparative Perspective, Robert Andrew Nickson

Robert Andrew Nickson

In the light of the decentralisation process now under way in Latin America, this paper seeks to address the direction of local government in the region. It proposes two Weberian ideal types of local government systems – ‘managerial’ and ‘governmental’. Ten basic features of local government systems are then used as a template to ‘situate’ Latin American local government within this typology. On the basis of this comparative framework, the paper tentatively concludes that the ‘managerial’ type of local government is gaining ground in the region.


Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2010

Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

No se puede hablar de una buena elección si no existe una buena administración. Los organismos electorales, especialmente en América Latina, desempeñan un rol central en el proceso de legitimación de las principales autoridades políticas. A partir de los procesos de democratización en la región se ha privilegiado la gestión electoral encomendada a órganos electorales independientes del ejecutivo y legislativo, autónomos en su funcionamiento y altamente especializados para llevar a cabo procesos electorales eficaces y sobre todo para evitar fraudes electorales. Pero, comparativamente ¿Qué tan eficientes son estas instituciones? ¿En qué medida su arquitectura institucional y desempeño generan confianza de ...


Political Parties And Institutional Design: Explaining Constitutional Choice In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto Jan 2009

Political Parties And Institutional Design: Explaining Constitutional Choice In Latin America, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

The formulas for electing presidents and the rules determining the legislative powers of presidents are important variables for explaining the performance of presidential democracies. This article develops a strategic choice model to explain variations in these institutional features. Based on this model, it is proposed here that constitution makers are likely to opt for more-than-plurality rules of presidential elections when the number of parties necessary to pass constitutional changes increases. It is also proposed that the makers of constitutions are likely to strengthen the legislative powers of the president when the number of parties necessary to pass constitutional changes increases ...


The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank Dec 2006

The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank

Benjamin Goldfrank

No abstract provided.


“Choosing How To Choose Presidents: Parties, Military Rulers, And Presidential Elections In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto Jan 2006

“Choosing How To Choose Presidents: Parties, Military Rulers, And Presidential Elections In Latin America”, Gabriel L. Negretto

Gabriel L. Negretto

Students of presidential regimes claim that while the combination of plurality rule for presidential elections and concurrent electoral cycles favors bipartism, majority rule for electing presidents favors multipartism. I argue that a reverse causality also affects the relationship between party systems and electoral systems. Using a bargaining model of institutional change, I propose that while dominant and large parties are likely to choose plurality rule and concurrent elections, small parties are likely to choose majority rule. I also argue that military rulers and mil- itary-civilian coalitions tend to follow the logic of electoral choice of small parties. These hypotheses are ...