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Comparative Politics

2012

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Articles 151 - 173 of 173

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Exigence Of Zoning The Presidency For Nation-Building In Nigeria, David O. Moveh Mr Dec 2011

The Exigence Of Zoning The Presidency For Nation-Building In Nigeria, David O. Moveh Mr

David O Moveh PhD.

The quest for nation-building in Nigeria has again been confronted with challenges arising from agitations for a regionalized form of politics. Zoning; as these agitations have been labeled has been presented as a convenient arrangement towards giving the Northern and Southern parts of Nigeria equal opportunities for the Presidency. Yet, such an arrangement amounts to the institutionalization of regionalism and ethnic nationalism - problems which contributed to the collapse of the First Republic. This paper is a critical examination of the agitations for zoning the Presidency in Nigeria; and its implications for the nation-state project in the country. The paper examines ...


State, Ethno-Religious Divide And Conflicts In Tafawa-Balewa Local Government Area Of Bauchi State, David O. Moveh Dr Dec 2011

State, Ethno-Religious Divide And Conflicts In Tafawa-Balewa Local Government Area Of Bauchi State, David O. Moveh Dr

David O Moveh PhD.

No abstract provided.


Geen Grenzen Aan De Groei: De Belgische Syndicalisatiegraad In De Jaren 2000, Kurt Vandaele, Jean Faniel Dec 2011

Geen Grenzen Aan De Groei: De Belgische Syndicalisatiegraad In De Jaren 2000, Kurt Vandaele, Jean Faniel

Kurt Vandaele

Aan het begin van de eenentwintigste eeuw daalt de syndicalisatiegraad in heel Europa. Héél Europa? Nee, een klein landje blijft (moedig) weerstand bieden aan deze trend. Het aantal vakbondsleden blijft toenemen in België. Dit geldt voor de drie representatieve vakbondsorganisaties. En, sterker nog, het ledental houdt minstens gelijke tred met de stijging van de ‘afhankelijke’ beroepsbevolking. De syndicalisatiegraad loopt dan ook verder op. Deze bijdrage analyseert de ledencijfers tussen 2001 en 2010 in detail.


The Role Of Peasants And Ideology In Social Revolutions, Diana B. Kontsevaia Dec 2011

The Role Of Peasants And Ideology In Social Revolutions, Diana B. Kontsevaia

Diana Kontsevaia

No abstract provided.


The Comparative Study Of Party-Based Euroscepticism: The Sussex Versus The North Carolina School, Cas Mudde Dec 2011

The Comparative Study Of Party-Based Euroscepticism: The Sussex Versus The North Carolina School, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Measuring Populist Attitudes, Kirk Hawkins, Scott Riding, Cas Mudde Dec 2011

Measuring Populist Attitudes, Kirk Hawkins, Scott Riding, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Examining The Role Of Identity In Negotiation Decision Making: The Case Of Cyprus, Cigdem V. Sirin Dec 2011

Examining The Role Of Identity In Negotiation Decision Making: The Case Of Cyprus, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study examines the effects of ethnic and social identities on negotiation decision making in the context of the Cyprus conflict. I conduct a theory-driven case study of the 1959 Zurich-London agreements on Cyprus, analyzing the positions of Turkey, Greece, Britain, and the Turkish and Greek Cypriot communities during the negotiation process. I find that even in the presence of adversarial ethnic ties, decision makers who have a shared (and salient) social identity are more likely to employ collective-serving decision strategies and seek evenhanded solutions that will not jeopardize their mutual interests. In contrast, decision makers with severe ethnic fragmentation ...


Judicial Non-Compliance In A Non-Hierarchical Legal Order: Isolated Accident Or Omen Of Judicial Armageddon?, Arthur Dyevre Dec 2011

Judicial Non-Compliance In A Non-Hierarchical Legal Order: Isolated Accident Or Omen Of Judicial Armageddon?, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

In a multi-level, non-hierarchical court system, where courts at the upper echelon do not have the power to reverse the decisions of courts at the lower level, judicial cooperation appears crucial to the effectiveness of the higher-level law. For this reason, the recent judgment of the Czech Constitutional Court, which declared the decision of the Court of Justice in the Landtová case ultra vires, would seem to deal a terrible blow to the authority of European Union law. As doomsayers will be quick to point out, the Czech decision could set a dangerous precedent that may well one day bring ...


Samir Amghar, Amel Boubekeur And Michael Emerson (Eds), European Islam: Challenges For Society And Public Policy (Brussels: Centre For European Policy Studies, 2007); And Ayhan Kaya, Islam, Migration And Integration: The Age Of Securitization (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2011

Samir Amghar, Amel Boubekeur And Michael Emerson (Eds), European Islam: Challenges For Society And Public Policy (Brussels: Centre For European Policy Studies, 2007); And Ayhan Kaya, Islam, Migration And Integration: The Age Of Securitization (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


A Blueprint For India In Central Asia, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2011

A Blueprint For India In Central Asia, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Numan Hazar, Küreselleşme Sürecinde Afrika Ve Türkiye-Afrika İlişkileri (Africa And Turkey-Africa Relations In The Era Of Globalization), (Revised And Updated 2nd Edition, Ankara: Usak Yayınları, 2011, 259 Pp), Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2011

Numan Hazar, Küreselleşme Sürecinde Afrika Ve Türkiye-Afrika İlişkileri (Africa And Turkey-Africa Relations In The Era Of Globalization), (Revised And Updated 2nd Edition, Ankara: Usak Yayınları, 2011, 259 Pp), Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Gestión Electoral Y Consolidación De La Democracia En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2011

Gestión Electoral Y Consolidación De La Democracia En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

No abstract provided.


La (Des)Confianza Ciudadana Hacia Las Elecciones. México Y América Latina En Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2011

La (Des)Confianza Ciudadana Hacia Las Elecciones. México Y América Latina En Perspectiva Comparada, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En este texto se exploran algunas hipótesis explicativas sobre la relación entre los altos porcentajes de rechazo a los partidos, al lado de percepciones de comicios fraudulentos, y la paradójica contradicción de los (relativamente) altos índices de participación en el caso de México en perspectiva comparada con la región latinoamericana. Las preguntas guía y que se tratará de responder son dos: 1) ¿Cómo explicar la existencia de altos índices de desconfianza hacia los partidos políticos y una percepción casi generalizada de que las elecciones son fraudulentas? y 2) ¿Cómo explicar que no obstante tal desconfianza los niveles de votación sigan ...


La Institucionalización De La Ciencia Política En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2011

La Institucionalización De La Ciencia Política En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En este breve ensayo se trata de explicar el proceso de institucionalización de la ciencia política en AL a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XX. Primero se explican los dilemas intelectuales y el contexto de su desarrollo temprano: una ciencia política amplia y tradicional que rechazaba el universalismo científico; la dependencia de otras ciencias, al principio el Derecho y luego la sociología, y los problemas que ello trajo consigo, y por último un contexto político ambiguo marcado por el autoritarismo que en algunos países cerraba universidades y centros de investigación, mientras que en otros promovía la disciplina. Posteriormente ...


"Not To Electronic Voting": Why Is Electronic Voting Successful In Some Countries And Fails In Others?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2011

"Not To Electronic Voting": Why Is Electronic Voting Successful In Some Countries And Fails In Others?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

The objective of this paper is to highlight aspects that are not technical, or legal or strictly electoral but must be considered in the process of implementing electronic voting systems. Electronic voting is a reality that has gained momentum in several countries, but it is important to note that it is not a linear process, initially it is not quite socially accepted, nor is it a process that must forcefully and necessarily be implemented in all democracies. It is therefore important to explain why in some countries its implementation has been successful and why in others it has not.


Maritime Piracy And The Construction Of Global Governance, Michael Struett, Jon D. Carlson, Mark Nance Dec 2011

Maritime Piracy And The Construction Of Global Governance, Michael Struett, Jon D. Carlson, Mark Nance

Jon D. Carlson

Piratical attacks have become more frequent, violent, costly and increasingly threaten to undermine order in the international system. Much attention has focused on Somalia, but piracy is a problem worldwide. Recent coordination efforts among states in South East Asia appear to have helped in the area, but elsewhere piracy has expanded. Interestingly, international law has long recognized piracy as a crime and provided tools for universal suppression, yet piracy persists. In this book, a handpicked group of leading experts in the field of International Relations use maritime piracy as a means to expose the incongruities in our understanding of global ...


Generational Analysis In Ir Meets The World Values Survey, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2011

Generational Analysis In Ir Meets The World Values Survey, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Causes Of International Conflict - Syllabus, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2011

Causes Of International Conflict - Syllabus, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Mightier Than The Sword: Social Science And Development In Countering Violent Extremism, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2011

Mightier Than The Sword: Social Science And Development In Countering Violent Extremism, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Countering terrorism through social science-based development assistance is a new policy model that moves beyond traditional methods based on the application of military force, public diplomacy, pressure to democratize, or broad-based poverty alleviation. The core elements of this framework for countering violent extremism (CVE) involve 1) pushing U.S. military responses “downstream” and using them sparingly, 2) reducing marginalization of peripheral communities and encouraging re-integration, 3) providing locally based counter-narratives to those of violent extremist organizations, and 4) increasing the legitimacy and capacity of partner governments.


Social, Not Physical, Infrastructure: The Critical Role Of Civil Society After The 1923 Tokyo Earthquake, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2011

Social, Not Physical, Infrastructure: The Critical Role Of Civil Society After The 1923 Tokyo Earthquake, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Despite the tremendous destruction wrought by catastrophes, social science holds few quantitative assessments of explanations for the rate of recovery. This article illuminates four factors—damage, population density, human capital, and economic capital—that are thought to explain the variation in the pace of population recovery following disaster; it also explores the popular but relatively untested factor of social capital. Using time-series, cross-sectional models and propensity score matching, it tests these approaches using new data from the rebuilding of 39 neighborhoods in Tokyo after its 1923 earthquake. Social capital, more than earthquake damage, population density, human capital, or economic capital ...


Post-Crisis Japanese Nuclear Policy: From Top-Down Directives To Bottom-Up Activism, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2011

Post-Crisis Japanese Nuclear Policy: From Top-Down Directives To Bottom-Up Activism, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Over the past fifty years, Japan has developed one of the most advanced commercial nuclear power programs in the world. This is largely due to the government’s broad repertoire of policy instruments that have helped further its nuclear power goals. These top-down directives have resulted in the construction of 54 plants and at least the appearance of widespread support for nuclear power. By the 1990s, however, this carefully cultivated public support was beginning to break apart. And following the earthquake and tsunami of March 2011 and resulting nuclear crisis in the Fukushima nuclear complex, the political and social landscape ...


How States Facilitate Small Arms Trafficking In Africa: A Theoretical And Juristic Interpretation, Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D. Dec 2011

How States Facilitate Small Arms Trafficking In Africa: A Theoretical And Juristic Interpretation, Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

Jeffrey Ian Ross Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Essentials Of Comparative Politics Arabic Translation Chapter 1, Patrick H. O'Neil Dec 2011

Essentials Of Comparative Politics Arabic Translation Chapter 1, Patrick H. O'Neil

Patrick H. O'Neil

No abstract provided.