Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Myth Of Indian Nuke Doctrine (Cpc Journal, No.1038, Us Air Force, Alabama, Shams Uz Zaman Mr. Dec 2012

Myth Of Indian Nuke Doctrine (Cpc Journal, No.1038, Us Air Force, Alabama, Shams Uz Zaman Mr.

Mr. Shams uz Zaman

No abstract provided.


Radio As The Voice Of God: Peace And Tolerance Radio Programming’S Impact On Norms, Daniel P. Aldrich Nov 2012

Radio As The Voice Of God: Peace And Tolerance Radio Programming’S Impact On Norms, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Observers have argued that radio programming can alter norms, especially through hate radio designed to increase animosity between groups. This article tests whether or not radio programming under the countering violent extremism (CVE) policy framework can reduce potential conflict and increase civic engagement and positive views of foreign nations. Data from surveys of more than 1,000 respondents in Mali, Chad, and Niger illuminate the ways in which peace and tolerance programming changed perspectives and altered behavior in statistically significant ways. Results show that individuals exposed to multi-level U.S. government programming were more likely to listen to peace and ...


Turkiye'nin Sahraalti Afrikasi Politikasi 2011, Mehmet Ozkan Oct 2012

Turkiye'nin Sahraalti Afrikasi Politikasi 2011, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Confucian Influences On Popular Values In China And Taiwan, Lukas Danner Oct 2012

Confucian Influences On Popular Values In China And Taiwan, Lukas Danner

Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Immigration Through The Lens Of Coloniality: Comparing Georgia Anti-Latino And Israeli Anti-African Discourses And Practices, Jesse Benjamin Sep 2012

Immigration Through The Lens Of Coloniality: Comparing Georgia Anti-Latino And Israeli Anti-African Discourses And Practices, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Turkiye’Nin Afrika’Da Artan Rolu: Pratik Cabalar Ve Soylem Arayislari, Mehmet Ozkan Sep 2012

Turkiye’Nin Afrika’Da Artan Rolu: Pratik Cabalar Ve Soylem Arayislari, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Building Resilience: Social Capital In Post-Disaster Recovery, Daniel Aldrich Aug 2012

Building Resilience: Social Capital In Post-Disaster Recovery, Daniel Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Each year, natural disasters threaten the strength and stability of communities worldwide. Yet responses to the challenges of recovery vary greatly and in ways that aren’t explained by the magnitude of the catastrophe or the amount of aid provided by national governments or the international community. The difference between resilience and disrepair, as Daniel P. Aldrich shows, lies in the depth of communities’ social capital. Building Resilience highlights the critical role of social capital in the ability of a community to withstand disaster and rebuild both the infrastructure and the ties that are at the foundation of any community ...


Review Of "Foreign Policy After Tahrir Revolution: (Re)-Defining The Role Of Egypt In The Middle East" By Necati Anaz, Mehmet Ozkan Aug 2012

Review Of "Foreign Policy After Tahrir Revolution: (Re)-Defining The Role Of Egypt In The Middle East" By Necati Anaz, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


A Symbiosis Of Constitutional Development And The Federal Imperative In Nigeria, David O. Moveh Dr Jul 2012

A Symbiosis Of Constitutional Development And The Federal Imperative In Nigeria, David O. Moveh Dr

David O Moveh PhD.

The main thrust of Nigeria’s constitutional development history has been geared towards promoting a viable federal system of government for the country. Indeed, except for the Hugh Clifford’s constitution of 1922, all other constitutions operated in Nigeria in one way or the other; either proposed; or promoted a federal system of government for the country. Ironically, the federal system engendered by successive Nigerian constitutions unwittingly complicates the institutionalization of a viable constitutional framework for the country; this is evidenced in the agitations for resource control and the so called return to “true federalism”, the attempt to impose religious ...


Hungary's Illiberal Turn: Can Outsiders Help?, Cas Mudde, Erin K. Jenne Jun 2012

Hungary's Illiberal Turn: Can Outsiders Help?, Cas Mudde, Erin K. Jenne

Cas Mudde

Since the conservative FIDESZ won the 2010 Hungarian elections, the new government under Premier Victor Orban has begun an unprecedented reform of the country's political system, strongly undermining the fundamentals of liberal democracy. With the opposition parties discredited, the only hope is in a slowly developing civil society. This article looks at what the international community (in particular the EU) can do to pressure the Hungarian government to respect liberal democracy and to strengthen the democratic opposition.


La Automatización Del Voto. Entre El Miedo Y La Pasión: Un Análisis De Cuatro Casos Europeos, (Autor) Letizia Caporusso, (Traductor) Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

La Automatización Del Voto. Entre El Miedo Y La Pasión: Un Análisis De Cuatro Casos Europeos, (Autor) Letizia Caporusso, (Traductor) Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En este artículo se presenta el análisis de cuatro casos empíricos sobre el despliegue de las tecnologías de votación electrónica, resaltando sus diferentes contextos y resultados. El caso de Irlanda, donde el proceso de implementación “desde arriba” activó un debate en la opinión pública que llevo a que se cancelara. Gran Bretana es el caso donde se experimentaron diversas soluciones tecnologicas, incluso en procesos electorales con valor legal, pero se renuncio a su uso en amplia escala. En Holanda, donde ya existía el uso de máquinas electrónicas de votación se enfrentaron a diversos elementos de discusión de grupos de presión ...


La Utilidad De La Ciencia Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

La Utilidad De La Ciencia Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Recensión: Gianfranco Pasquino, Nuevo Curso de Ciencia Política, Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, 2011, 389 pp. en:Revista Mexicana de Análisis Político y Administración Pública, Volumen 1, número 2, julio-diciembre 2012 Pp. 161-163


Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

This paper makes an assessment of the technical and social motivations that drive some governments to promote and implement e-voting mechanisms. Success stories mentioned, especially those in Latin America, and contrasted with those cases where e-voting implementation has failed, as has happened in some European countries. Finally, the relationship between new technologies that promote e-voting and the nature of the elections as a part of democracy is analyzed. It could be argued that voting is not solely a technical exercise, it is an element that merges different political and social elements that e-voting promoters should not ignore.


Política Comparada, Estado Y Democracia En La Teoría De Stein Rokkan, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Política Comparada, Estado Y Democracia En La Teoría De Stein Rokkan, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

El politólogo noruego Stein Rokkan fue uno de los científicos sociales más importantes de la posguerra, pero su contribución intelectual para la consolidación y desarrollo de la ciencia política contemporánea es aun prácticamente desconocida en el ámbito latinoamericano. Su original y a la vez compleja “Teoría del desarrollo político, de la democracia y del pluralismo”, se basa una serie de modelos para el análisis de la construcción de los Estados-nación y los procesos de democratización en Europa Occidental. Si bien tiene como foco de análisis la historia de Europa, no debe considerarse como una «teoría estrictamente europea», sino un cuerpo ...


Scott W. Hibbard, Religious Politics And Secular States: Egypt, India, And The United States, (Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010, 306 Pp), Mehmet Ozkan May 2012

Scott W. Hibbard, Religious Politics And Secular States: Egypt, India, And The United States, (Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010, 306 Pp), Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Natural Disasters (Pre-Print), Daniel P. Aldrich May 2012

The Politics Of Natural Disasters (Pre-Print), Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Political scientists, sociologists, geographers, anthropologists, economists, and historians have studied disaster recovery, best practices in disaster response, the role of the government in rebuilding, and so forth. This annotated bibliography illuminates representative examples of the interdisciplinary work in this vast academic subfield.


Los Paramilitares Y Las Campañas De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo May 2012

Los Paramilitares Y Las Campañas De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier E Revelo-Rebolledo

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde Apr 2012

The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Mass migration is thought to be a major factor behind the rise of the radical right. But while there clearly is a relationship (particularly in Western Europe), the connection is not as straightforward as is often assumed. Higher levels of immigration in the three regions examined in this report - North America, Western Europe and Central and Eastern Europe - do not correlate automatically to higher votes for radical right parties.

In short, the relationship between immigration and nativism is unclear and complex. Many assumptions are based on feeble empirical evidence - suggesting the need for more cross-national data projects. Rising numbers of ...


Transnational Islam, Immigrant Ngos And Poverty Alleviation: The Case Of The Igmg, Mehmet Ozkan Apr 2012

Transnational Islam, Immigrant Ngos And Poverty Alleviation: The Case Of The Igmg, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Externality, Contact Periphery & Incorporation, Jon D. Carlson Apr 2012

Externality, Contact Periphery & Incorporation, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Reflexiones Sobre Un Concepto Y So Uso, Cas Mudde Mar 2012

Reflexiones Sobre Un Concepto Y So Uso, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Public Support For Military Interventions Across Levels Of Political Information And Stages Of Intervention: The Case Of The Iraq War, Cigdem V. Sirin Mar 2012

Public Support For Military Interventions Across Levels Of Political Information And Stages Of Intervention: The Case Of The Iraq War, Cigdem V. Sirin

Cigdem V. Sirin

This study examines the effect of political information levels and intervention stages on the formation and continuity of public support for military interventions by analyzing survey data pertaining to the 2003 military intervention in Iraq. The results show that before and immediately after the launch of the intervention, politically uninformed individuals expressed higher support for the war compared to politically informed ones. However, as the intervention proceeded and casualties were incurred, higher rates of decrease in support were observed among the politically uninformed. Politically informed individuals, on the other hand, demonstrated more stable levels of support throughout the course of ...


Banu Eligur, The Mobilization Of Political Islam In Turkey, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 317pp.), Mehmet Ozkan Mar 2012

Banu Eligur, The Mobilization Of Political Islam In Turkey, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 317pp.), Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


¿Qué Hay De Nuevo En El Método Comparado?: Qca Y El Análisis De Los Conjuntos Difusos, Traductor: Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Autor: Claudius Wagemann Mar 2012

¿Qué Hay De Nuevo En El Método Comparado?: Qca Y El Análisis De Los Conjuntos Difusos, Traductor: Fernando Barrientos Del Monte, Autor: Claudius Wagemann

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

En los últimos 25 años, el Análisis Cualitativo Comparativo (QCA, por sus siglas en inglés) ha estado en el centro de atención de la metodología de las ciencias sociales. Se fundamenta en el conjunto de relaciones y objetivos establecidos en el descubrimiento de condiciones suficientes y necesarias -y sus derivadas, como las “INUS” y las “Suin”. Con el QCA es posible modelar la complejidad causal. Este artículo introduce el QCA como una técnica. Posteriormente propone tres aspectos de la complejidad causal que pueden ser manejados con el QCA: la equifinalidad, la relación de causalidad coyuntural y la asimetría. Más adelante ...


You Say You Want A (Nonviolent) Revolution, Well Then What? Translating Western Thought, Strategic Ideological Cooptation, And Institution Building For Freedom For Governments Emerging Out Of Peaceful Chaos, Donald J. Kochan Mar 2012

You Say You Want A (Nonviolent) Revolution, Well Then What? Translating Western Thought, Strategic Ideological Cooptation, And Institution Building For Freedom For Governments Emerging Out Of Peaceful Chaos, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

With nonviolent revolution in particular, displaced governments leave a power and governance vacuum waiting to be filled. Such vacuums are particularly susceptible to what this Article will call “strategic ideological cooptation.” Following the regime disruption, peaceful chaos transitions into a period in which it is necessary to structure and order the emergent governance scheme. That period in which the new government scheme emerges is particularly fraught with danger when growing from peaceful chaos because nonviolent revolutions tend to be decentralized, unorganized, unsophisticated, and particularly vulnerable to cooptation. Any external power wishing to influence events in societies emerging out of peaceful ...


A New Actor Or Passer-By? The Political Economy Of Turkey's Engagement With Africa, Mehmet Ozkan Mar 2012

A New Actor Or Passer-By? The Political Economy Of Turkey's Engagement With Africa, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

Despite its Ottoman past in the continent, Turkey did not show a serious interest in African affairs until recently. However, since 1998 there has been a revival in Turkey's involvement in developing relations with Africa. This was a passive attempt initially, but after 2005, it became an offensive one that culminated in the first Turkey–Africa Summit in 2008 and booming economic relations. Despite much rhetoric on humanitarian issues, Turkey's opening to Africa is driven by two factors: Turkey's need to diversify its economic relations in a new global political economy and its re-orientation in global politics ...


Myths, State Expansion And The Birth Of Globalization: A Comparative Perspective, Jon D. Carlson Jan 2012

Myths, State Expansion And The Birth Of Globalization: A Comparative Perspective, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

https://0-www.springer.com.library.simmons.edu/us/book/9780230120884

Myths are important, yet overlooked. Myths, dreams, desires and false information prime the pump of imperial expansion, which explains how new regions of the world get absorbed into the expanding world system. This book explores the role that information plays in the expansion of the state system. High risk, high return behavior subsidizes later 'rational' strategies. The Northwest Passage, Prester John, West African rivers of gold, and Marco Polo's silver-roofed land of Zipangu all provide examples. Not merely an artifact of history, accurate information acquisition and dissemination continues to be relevant, as ...


Building Democracy In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2011

Building Democracy In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How is democracy made real? How does an undemocratic country create new institutions and transform its polity such that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? These are some of the most pressing questions of our times, and they are the central inquiry of Building Democracy in Japan. Using the Japanese experience as starting point, this book develops a new approach to the study of democratization that examines state-society interactions as a country adjusts its existing political culture to accommodate new democratic values, institutions and practices. With reference to the country's history, the book focuses ...


Beyond Ruggie’S Guiding Principles On Business And Human Rights: Charting An Embracive Approach To Corporate Human Rights Compliance, Robert Blitt Dec 2011

Beyond Ruggie’S Guiding Principles On Business And Human Rights: Charting An Embracive Approach To Corporate Human Rights Compliance, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

To what extent should or must a corporation poised to undertake a significant international merger contemplate international human rights law? This chapter explores human rights issues related to corporate responsibility using the 2011 United Nations Guiding Principles on the effective prevention of, and remedy for, business-related human rights harm as a jumping off point. Students will be introduced to core international human rights concepts, particularly as they relate to emerging standards and best practices applicable to business-related activities.


Springtime For Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: Will Newly Democratic Arab States Guarantee International Human Rights Norms Or Perpetuate Their Violation?, Robert Blitt Dec 2011

Springtime For Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: Will Newly Democratic Arab States Guarantee International Human Rights Norms Or Perpetuate Their Violation?, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

The Arab Spring has generated unprecedented and seismic political and social upheaval across the Arab world. The reasons for the outbreak of widespread and vociferous public protest are myriad, but generally understood as including long-simmering resentment of government corruption and repression, underwhelming economic development, chronic unemployment and poor respect for human rights, including the treatment of individuals and groups affiliated with political manifestations of Islam. Despite the initial drama surrounding the street rallies, two years on, the pace of change has grown fitful and uncertain. The purpose of this chapter is to consider one narrow aspect of the Arab Spring ...