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Comparative Politics

2011

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Articles 151 - 180 of 180

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Witness Of The Body: The Past, Present And Future Of Christian Martyrdom, Michael Budde Dec 2010

Witness Of The Body: The Past, Present And Future Of Christian Martyrdom, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

In an age of suicide bombers and paranoid political rhetoric, the concept of martyrdom can make ordinary Christians uncomfortable or even squeamish, filled simultaneously with fascination and with dread. In Witness of the Body, twelve scholars from across academic disciplines and church traditions attempt to demystify Christian martyrdom and resituate it within the everyday practices of the church. Beginning with the earliest church history, they explore the place of martyrdom in the church through all ages and into the future. Throughout, they remind readers that Christian martyrdom is neither a quick ticket to heaven nor a cheap political ploy, but ...


Whither Secular Bear: The Russian Orthodox Church’S Strengthening Influence On Russia's Domestic And Foreign Policy, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

Whither Secular Bear: The Russian Orthodox Church’S Strengthening Influence On Russia's Domestic And Foreign Policy, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

As 2012 presidential elections in Russia draw near, evidence points to a collapse in that country’s constitutional obligation of secularism and state-church separation. Although early signs of this phenomenon can be traced back to the Yeltsin era, the Putin and Medvedev presidencies have dealt a fatal blow to secular state policy manifested both at home and abroad, as well as to Russia’s constitutional human rights principles including nondiscrimination and equality of religious beliefs. The first part of this article argues that leadership changes in the Russian government and the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) have triggered an unprecedented deepening ...


How Can You Decide About Us Without Us? A Canadian Catastrophe In Copenhagen, Sherrie Steiner Dec 2010

How Can You Decide About Us Without Us? A Canadian Catastrophe In Copenhagen, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


The Borders Of Baptism: Identities, Allegiances And The Church, Michael Budde Dec 2010

The Borders Of Baptism: Identities, Allegiances And The Church, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

Forthcoming


Martyrs And Anti-Martyrs: Reflections On Treason, Fidelity, And The Gospel, Michael Budde Dec 2010

Martyrs And Anti-Martyrs: Reflections On Treason, Fidelity, And The Gospel, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

No abstract provided.


Media And Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2010

Media And Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

No abstract provided.


Russia’S 'Orthodox' Foreign Policy: The Growing Influence Of The Russian Orthodox Church In Shaping Russia’S Policies Abroad, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

Russia’S 'Orthodox' Foreign Policy: The Growing Influence Of The Russian Orthodox Church In Shaping Russia’S Policies Abroad, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

The government of Russia and the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) - the country’s predominant religious group - recently underwent back-to-back changes in each institution’s respective leadership. This coincidence of timing has afforded a unique opportunity to reexamine the status of constitutional secularism and church-state relations in the Russian Federation. In the short space of two years, the partnership of President Dmitri Medvedev and Patriarch Kirill has further entrenched a discriminatory three-tiered status system for religious groups and - perhaps more significantly - has generated multiple new channels of influence for the ROC in Russian social and political life, including handing the Church ...


Defamation Of Religion: Rumors Of Its Death Are Greatly Exaggerated, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

Defamation Of Religion: Rumors Of Its Death Are Greatly Exaggerated, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This Article explores the recent decisions by the United Nations (“UN”) Human Rights Council and General Assembly to adopt consensus resolutions aimed at “combating intolerance, negative stereotyping and stigmatization of, and discrimination, incitement to violence and violence against, persons based on religion or belief.” These resolutions represent an effort to move past a decade’s worth of contentious roll call votes in favor of prohibiting defamation of religion within the international human rights framework. Although labeled “historic” resolutions, this Article argues that the UN’s new compromise approach endorsed in 2011 — motivated in part by the desire to end years ...


The Bottom Up Journey Of 'Defamation Of Religion' From Muslim States To The United Nations: A Case Study Of The Migration Of Anti-Constitutional Ideas, Robert Blitt Dec 2010

The Bottom Up Journey Of 'Defamation Of Religion' From Muslim States To The United Nations: A Case Study Of The Migration Of Anti-Constitutional Ideas, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This chapter is intended to elaborate on the existing academic literature addressing the migration of constitutional ideas. Through an examination of ongoing efforts to enshrine “defamation of religion” as a violation of international human rights, the author confirms that the phenomenon of migration is not restricted to positive constitutional norms, but rather also encompasses negative ideas that ultimately may serve to undermine international and domestic constitutionalism. More specifically, the case study demonstrates that the movement of anti-constitutional ideas is not restricted to the domain of “international security” law, and further, that the vertical axis linking international and domestic law is ...


Constituent Authority, Richard Kay Dec 2010

Constituent Authority, Richard Kay

Richard Kay

The force of a constitution, like the force of all enacted law, derives, in significant part, from the circumstances of its enactment. Legal and political theory have long recognized the logical necessity of a “constituent power.” That recognition, however, tells us little about what is necessary for the successful enactment of an enduring constitution. Long term acceptance of a constitution requires a continuing regard for the process that brought it into being. There must be, that is, recognition of the “constituent authority” of the constitution-makers. This paper is a consideration of the idea of “constituent authority” drawing on a comparison ...


"God Bless America - Or Else", Michael Budde Dec 2010

"God Bless America - Or Else", Michael Budde

Michael Budde

No abstract provided.


Cancun Climate Negotiations, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Dec 2010

Cancun Climate Negotiations, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

The United Nations Climate Change Conference, held from November 29 to December 11, 2010, in Cancún, Mexico, relaunched the United Nation's multilateral facilitation role.


The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr. Dec 2010

The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr.

Salvador Santino Jr. F Regilme

Utilising constructivism this work analyses the contemporary relational complexities of East Asia vis-à-vis the European Union (EU). Mindful of the social constructivist themes of identity and interests, it is argued that there are fundamental difficulties found in these interregional relations, which must be urgently addressed. The EU continues to be under-valued and misunderstood in the eyes of the East Asian public; despite the relatively strong economic and political engagement of the Union. With the emergence of China as a global actor, Europe must reinforce its political capital amidst the failures of the EU to reconcile its policy inconsistencies juxtaposed with ...


Diffusion Through Democracy, Katerina Linos Dec 2010

Diffusion Through Democracy, Katerina Linos

Katerina Linos

No abstract provided.


Social Dialogue And Worker Representation In Eu2020: Underappreciated And Underplayed, Aline Conchon, Stefan Clauwaert, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele, Sigurt Vitols Dec 2010

Social Dialogue And Worker Representation In Eu2020: Underappreciated And Underplayed, Aline Conchon, Stefan Clauwaert, Romuald Jagodzinski, Isabelle Schömann, Michael Stollt, Kurt Vandaele, Sigurt Vitols

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Many observers of European politics warn that democracy on the continent is in peril. Conservative authors argue that European governments are threatened by a spineless surrender to “Islamofascism,” while liberals fret that Europe is being overtaken by “ghosts of a tortured past,” that is, parties on the “far Right.” Whereas the Islamofascism argument lacks empirical substance and is mostly based on (Islamo)phobia, the “tortured past” claim is largely the result of conceptual confusion and an exaggeration of reality. Neither contem- porary European democracies nor the contem- porary “far Right” groups are similar to their “equivalents” in the 1930s. The ...


Radical Right Parties In Europe: What, Who, Why?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Radical Right Parties In Europe: What, Who, Why?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Turkey-Brazil Involvement In Iranian Nuclear Issue: What Is The Big Deal?, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2010

Turkey-Brazil Involvement In Iranian Nuclear Issue: What Is The Big Deal?, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Integration In The Global South: What Role For Ibsa Dialogue Forum?, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2010

Integration In The Global South: What Role For Ibsa Dialogue Forum?, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Turquía Y Las Revoluciones Árabes, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2010

Turquía Y Las Revoluciones Árabes, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

En este artículo se analiza el acercamiento de Turquía a Oriente Medio y a las revoluciones árabes: ¿cuáles han sido los principales determinantes de la política exterior turca y la diplomacia en Oriente Medio?, ¿qué ha cambiado, o no ha cambiado, durante y después de la primavera árabe? y ¿cómo debe verse el debate sobre el «modelo turco»? Para ello se recorre la evolución de la política turca con respecto a Oriente Medio desde la década de los noventa hasta las revoluciones árabes.


Turkey’S ‘New’ Engagements In Africa And Asia: Scope, Content And Implications, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2010

Turkey’S ‘New’ Engagements In Africa And Asia: Scope, Content And Implications, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

Since the AK Party assumed power in 2002, Turkish foreign policy has gone through a tremendous change both in its content and scope. The most striking and ‘new’ aspect of Turkey’s foreign policy has been toward Africa and Asia. This article examines and offers a holistic view of these developments. African opening represents a perfect convergence of civil society and state cooperation and bear fruit in political, economic and social terms in a very short time. However, the most important implication is that it aims to conceptualize a ‘new’ Africa in Turkey by overcoming the image of two separate ...


Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, Carroy U. Ferguson Dec 2010

Beyond Tolerance: Consciously Using Universal Energy Laws, Discernment, And Harmonious Relationship Principles, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Every day we, as human beings, maneuver through a myriad of circumstances in our individual and collective life spaces. Central to our experiences is the nature, kind, and quality of our relationships. When we encounter differences (racial, ethnic, cultural, religious, economic, sexual orientation, the mentally and physically challenged), a common issue that often emerges in our experiences is the extent to which we use tolerance in relating to other people and circumstances. For this reason, I want to discuss the nature of tolerance and its limitations, and how to move beyond tolerance by consciously using Universal Energy Laws, discernment, and ...


Filistin 2010, Ali Balci Dec 2010

Filistin 2010, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2010

Gestión Electoral Comparada Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

No se puede hablar de una buena elección si no existe una buena administración. Los organismos electorales, especialmente en América Latina, desempeñan un rol central en el proceso de legitimación de las principales autoridades políticas. A partir de los procesos de democratización en la región se ha privilegiado la gestión electoral encomendada a órganos electorales independientes del ejecutivo y legislativo, autónomos en su funcionamiento y altamente especializados para llevar a cabo procesos electorales eficaces y sobre todo para evitar fraudes electorales. Pero, comparativamente ¿Qué tan eficientes son estas instituciones? ¿En qué medida su arquitectura institucional y desempeño generan confianza de ...


El “No Al Voto Electrónico”: ¿Porqué En Algunos Países La Implementación Del Voto Electrónico Es Exitosa Y En Otros Fracasa?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2010

El “No Al Voto Electrónico”: ¿Porqué En Algunos Países La Implementación Del Voto Electrónico Es Exitosa Y En Otros Fracasa?, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Tres preguntas guían este ensayo ¿Porqué se crea oposición a la implementación del voto electrónico? ¿Por qué en algunos países ha tenido éxito y en otros ha fracasado? ¿Quiénes y porqué se oponen al voto electrónico? Para responder de manera didáctica primero se hace una breve reflexión sobre la relación entre política, democracia y nuevas tecnologías; en segundo lugar, se explican las motivaciones para implementar sistemas de votación electrónica; en tercer lugar, se hace un balance entre algunos casos de éxito como en Brasil y Venezuela, y principalmente se exponen aquellos que han fracasado tales como Irlanda, Inglaterra y Holanda ...


Using Children’S Tv To Teach Globalization: Dora, Diego, Kai-Lan And Global Values?, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2010

Using Children’S Tv To Teach Globalization: Dora, Diego, Kai-Lan And Global Values?, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

Cultural homogenization is a contentious part of the globalization debate. Critics concerned with cultural homogenization fear the “McDonaldization” of global culture, usually described as a mono-directional outward wave of American pop culture swamping alternate views and traditional value systems. Less skeptical analysts of cultural globalization focus on the concept of cultural hybridization. This project uses the apparently innocuous measure of children’s TV programming in the US as a window onto the globalization debate. While globalization critics generally assume the forces of culture to be predominantly monodirectional (US/West outward), arguments for hybridity argue for a mixing of cultures. We ...


International Organizations & Regimes, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2010

International Organizations & Regimes, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Externality And Incorporation In The World-System: Abyssinia - Anomaly Or Palimpsest?, Jon D. Carlson Dec 2010

Externality And Incorporation In The World-System: Abyssinia - Anomaly Or Palimpsest?, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Japanese Liberal Democratic Party Support And The Gender Gap: A New Approach, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2010

Japanese Liberal Democratic Party Support And The Gender Gap: A New Approach, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

Scholars have argued that there is a broad gender gap in support for the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in Japan. We uncover strong evidence that age, rather than gender, along with rural or urban location, serves as the most critical determinant of party support. Through logistic regression, propensity score matching and simulation techniques applied to four large-scale datasets; we demonstrate that age effects are consistent but slowly diminishing across cohorts between the mid-1970s and the early 2000s. As Japanese women and men age, they come to support the LDP at similar rates controlling for education, income and other demographic ...


Introduction: Courts In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa Dec 2010

Introduction: Courts In Latin America, Julio Ríos-Figueroa

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.